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Lavr Kornilov

Lavr Georgiyevich Kornilov was a Russian military intelligence officer and general of Siberian Cossack origin in the Imperial Russian Army during World War I and the ensuing Russian Civil War. He is today best remembered for the Kornilov Affair, an unsuccessful endeavor in August/September 1917, intended to strengthen Alexander Kerensky's Provisional Government, but which led to Kerensky having Kornilov arrested and charged with attempting a coup d'état, undermined Kerensky's rule. Kornilov escaped from jail in November 1917, subsequently became the military commander of the anti-Bolshevik Volunteer Army which took the charge of anti- Bolshevik opposition in the south of Russia, he and his troops were badly outnumbered in many of their encounters, he was killed by a shell on 13 April 1918 while laying siege to Ekaterinodar, the capital of the Kuban Soviet Republic. One story relates how Kornilov was born as a Don Cossack Kalmyk named Lorya Dildinov and adopted in Ust-Kamenogorsk, Russian Turkestan by the family of his mother's brother, the Russian Cossack Khorunzhiy Georgy Nikolayevich Kornilov, whose wife was of Kazakh origin.

But his sister wrote that he had not been adopted, had not been a Don Cossack, that their mother had Polish and Altai Oirot descent. But Boris Shaposhnikov, who served with Pyotr Kornilov, the brother of Lavr, in 1903, mentioned the "Kyrgyz" ancestry of their mother - this name was used in reference to Kazakhs in 1903. Kornilov's Siberian Cossack father was a friend of Potanin, a prominent figure in the Siberian autonomy movement. Kornilov entered military school in Omsk in 1885 and went on to study at the Mikhailovsky Artillery School in St. Petersburg in 1889. In August 1892 he was assigned as a lieutenant to the Turkestan Military District, where he led several exploration missions in Eastern Turkestan and Persia, learned several Central Asian languages, wrote detailed reports about his observations. Kornilov returned to St. Petersburg to attend the Mykolayiv General Staff Academy and graduated as a captain in 1897. Again refusing a posting at St. Peterburg, he returned to the Turkestan Military District, where he resumed his duties as a military intelligence officer.

During the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 Kornilov became the Chief of staff of the 1st Infantry Brigade, was involved in the Battle of Sandepu and the Battle of Mukden. He was promoted to the rank of colonel. Following the end of the war, Kornilov served as military attache in China from 1907 to 1911, he studied the Chinese language, travelled extensively, sent detailed reports to the General Staff and Foreign Ministry. Kornilov paid much attention to the prospects of cooperation between Russia and China in the Far East and met with the future president of China, Chiang Kai-shek. In 1910 Kornilov was recalled from Beijing but remained in St. Petersburg for only five months before departing for western Mongolia and Kashgar to examine the military situation along China's border with Russia. On 2 February 1911 he became Commander of the 8th Infantry Regiment of Estonia and was appointed commander of the 9th Siberian Rifle Division, stationed in Vladivostok. In 1914, at the start of World War I, Kornilov was appointed commander of the 48th Infantry Division, which saw combat in Galicia and the Carpathians.

In 1915, he was promoted to the rank of major general. During heavy fighting, he was captured by the Austrians in April 1915, when his division became isolated from the rest of the Russian forces. After his capture, Field Marshal Conrad, the commander of the Austro-Hungarian Army, made a point of meeting him in person; as a major general, he was a high-value prisoner of war, but in July 1916 Kornilov managed to escape back to Russia and return to duty. After the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II, he was given command of the Petrograd Military District in March 1917. On 8 March, Kornilov placed the Empress Alexandra and her children under house arrest at the Alexander Palace, replacing the Tsar's Escort and Combined Regiments of the Imperial Guard with 300 revolutionary troops. In July, after commanding the only successful front in the disastrous Russian offensive of June 1917, he became Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Provisional Government's armed forces. In the mass discontent following the July Days, the Russian populace grew skeptical about the Provisional Government's abilities to alleviate the economic distress and social resentment among the lower classes.

Pavel Milyukov, the Kadet leader, describes the situation in Russia in late July as, "Chaos in the army, chaos in foreign policy, chaos in industry and chaos in the nationalist questions". Kornilov, appointed commander-in-chief of the Russian army in July 1917, considered the Petrograd Soviet responsible for the breakdown in the military in recent times and believed that the Provisional Government lacked the power and confidence to dissolve the Petrograd Soviet. Following several ambiguous correspondences between Kornilov and Alexander Kerensky, Kornilov commanded an assault on the Petrograd Soviet; because the Petrograd Soviet was able to quickly

Hugo Anton Fisher

Hugo Anton Fisher was an artist known for painting landscapes in watercolor. He was born into a family of artists in Kladno, Bohemia. In 1874, he immigrated to New York, in 1886, he moved to Alameda, California with his wife and children. About 1894, Fisher moved to Hawaii and opened a studio in Honolulu, but he left Hawaii for the mainland late in 1896. Fisher died in Alameda, California in 1916. One of Fisher’s children, Hugo Melville Fisher, was a California-based impressionist painter; the Adirondack Museum, the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, the Hawaii State Art Museum, the Jersey City Museum, the Oakland Museum of California, Thiel College are among the public collections holding work by Hugo Anton Fisher. Forbes, David W, he Makana, The Gertrude Mary Joan Damon Haig Collection of Hawaiian Art and Prints, Hawaii State Foundation of Culture and the Arts, 2013, pp. 26–27 Severson, Don R. Finding Paradise: Island Art in Private Collections, University of Hawaii Press, 2002, pp. 82–3

Articles of association

In corporate governance, a company's articles of association is a document which, along with the memorandum of association form the company's constitution, defines the responsibilities of the directors, the kind of business to be undertaken, the means by which the shareholders exert control over the board of directors. It refers to that document of the company in which rules of internal management to achieve the objective laid down in the memorandum of association are stated; the term articles of association of a company, or articles of incorporation, of an American or Canadian Company, are simply referred to as articles. The Articles are a requirement for the establishment of a company under the law of India, the United Kingdom, Nigeria and many other countries. Together with the memorandum of association, they are the constitution of a company; the equivalent term for LLC is Articles of Organization. Equivalent terms operate in other countries, such as Gesellschaftsvertrag in Germany, statuts in France, statut in Poland, Ukrainian: статут in Ukraine, Jeong-gwan in South Korea.

In South Africa, from the new Companies Act 2008 which commenced in 2011, articles and memoranda of association have been replaced by a "memorandum of incorporation" or "MOI". The MOI gives more scope to vary how to the company is governed than the previous arrangement; the following is based on British Company Law, references which are made at the end of this Article. The Articles can cover a medley of topics, not all of, required in a country's law. Although all terms are not discussed, they may cover: The issuing of shares, different voting rights attached to different classes of shares Valuation of intellectual rights, the valuations of the IPR of one partner and, in a similar way as how we value real estate of another partnerThe appointments of directors - which shows whether a shareholder dominates or shares equality with all of the contributors Directors meetings - the quorum and percentage of vote Management decisions - whether the board manages or a founder Transferability of shares - assignment rights of the founders or other members of the company do Special voting rights of a Chairman, his/her mode of election The dividend policy - a percentage of profits to be declared when there is profit or otherwise Winding up - the conditions, notice to members Confidentiality of know-how and the founders' agreement and penalties for disclosure First right of refusal - purchase rights and counter-bid by a founder.

Drag along provisions – majority shareholders force a sale on the other shareholders. Good and bad leaver provisions – determine the price paid for shares transferred following cessation of directorship or employment. A Company is run by the shareholders, but for convenience, day-to-day working, by the elected Directors; the shareholders elect a Board of Directors at the Annual General Meeting, which may be statutory.and uk The number of Directors depends on the size of the Company and statutory requirements. The Chairperson is a well-known outsider but he /she may be a working Executive of the company of an American Company; the Directors may, or may not, be employees of the Company. In the emerging countries there are some major shareholders who come together to form the company; each has the right to nominate, without objection of the other, a certain number of Directors who become nominees for the election by the shareholder body at the AGM. The Treasurer and Chairperson is the privilege of one of the JV partners.

Shareholders may elect Independent Directors. The Chair would be a person not associated with the promoters of the company, a person is a well-known outsider. Once elected, the BOD manages the Company; the shareholders play no part till the next AGM/EGM. The Objectives and the purpose of the Company are determined in advance by the shareholders and the Memorandum of Association, if separate, which denotes the name of the Company, its Head- Office, street address, Directors and the main purposes of the Company for public access, it can not be changed except at statutory allowance. The MOA is filed with a Registrar of Companies, an appointee of the Government of the country. For their assurance, the shareholders are permit of the Memorandum of Association. Any matter in the Articles of Association not within the scope of the Memorandum of Association of the company is void; the Board meets several times each year. At each meeting there is an'agenda' before it. A minimum number of Directors is required to meet.

This is a statutory requirement. It is presided over by the Vice-Chair; the Directors survey their area of responsibility. They may determine to make a'Resolution' at the next AGM or if it is an urgent matter, at an EGM; the Directors who are the electives of one major shareholder, may present his/her view but this is not so - they may have to view the Objectives of the Company and competitive position. The Chair may have to break the vote. At the AGM, the various Resolutions are put to vote; the AGM is called with a notice sent to all shareholders with a clear interval. A certain quorum of shareholders is required to meet. If the quorum requirement is not met, it is canceled and another Meeting called. If it at that too a quorum is not met, a Third Meeti

Sara Agnes Rice Pryor

Sara Agnes Rice Pryor, born Sara Agnes Rice, was an American writer and community activist in New York City. Born in Virginia, she moved north after the American Civil War with her husband and family to rebuild their life, he was Confederate general. She and her husband both renounced the confederacy after settling in New York. Mrs. Pryor was among founders of a home for women and children in New York, she helped found heritage organizations including Preservation of the Virginia Antiquities, the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Mary Washington Memorial Association, the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America. She was active in fundraising to support their goals, she was noted as a central figure in fundraising for a yellow-fever outbreak to benefit children in Jacksonville, Florida. Mrs. Pryor published two histories, two memoirs of the Civil War years, novels by the Macmillan Company in the early 1900s, her first memoir was recommended by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, which encouraged southern women writers to defend the southern cause.

Her memoirs have been sources for historians on the life of her society during and after the war years. Sara Agnes Rice was born in Halifax County, Virginia to Samuel Blair Rice, a Baptist preacher, his second wife, Lucinda Walton Leftwich, who had more than 10 children together. At about the age of three, Sara was adopted by her childless aunt, Mary Blair Hargrave, her husband, Dr. Samuel Pleasants Hargrave, lived with this couple in Hanover, Virginia; the aunt and uncle were slaveholders. When she was about eight, they moved to Charlottesville seeking a better education for her, as documented in *"Mary Blair Destiny".. Sara and her husband were never slaveholders. From her father's side she was granddaughter of William Rice of "Greenwood", Charlotte county, Va. and Mary Bacon Crenshaw. Great-granddaughter of David Rice, of Kentucky, Mary Blair. Sara named one of her daughters "Mary Blair" in keeping with her grandfather William's wish to honor the original Mary Blair, his mother. David Rice acted in the capacity of clergyman and orator to the Hanover militia in 1775.

He was, in 1792, a member of the convention which framed the first constitution of the State of Kentucky. From her mother's side she was granddaughter of Rev. William Frances Otey. Great-granddaughter of Col. John Otey, of Bedford, Va. and Mary Hopkins. Col. John Otey served as captain of a battalion of riflemen. Descendant of Col. William Leftwich, Samuel Blair, Maj. Gen. Joel Leftwich. On November 8, 1848, Sara Agnes Rice married Roger Atkinson Pryor, of an old Tidewater family. A journalist, he became a politician and was elected to both the US Congress and the Confederate Congress after secession. Although they were not slaveholders, each had grown up with slaves, he was a fiery orator in support of the institution prior to the Civil War, though he publicly regretted his support for the Confederacy. Sara and Roger A. Pryor had seven children together, the last born after the war. Maria Gordon Pryor, married her cousin Henry Crenshaw Rice, who had a daughter Mary Blair who authored several books under the pen name Blair Niles Blair Niles Theodorick Bland Pryor, died at age 20 a suicide, as he had been suffering from depression.

Admitted to Princeton College at a young age, he was its first mathematical fellow. He was buried in Princeton Cemetery. Roger Atkinson Pryor, became a lawyer in New York. Mary Blair Pryor, married Francis Thomas Walker and, as documented in *"Mary Blair Destiny", she had daughter Mary Blair Walker Zimmer Buried in Princeton Cemetery. William Rice became a physician and surgeon in New York and died young, he was buried in Princeton Cemetery. Lucy Atkinson Pryor, married the architect A. Page Brown. Francesca Theodora Bland Pryor, Petersburg, VA, married William de Leftwich Dodge, a painter, they lived in Paris and New York. Sara and Roger Pryor's great-great-great-granddaughter is Erin L. Richman, author of *"Mary Blair Destiny"; when her husband was commissioned as an officer in the Confederate Army, Mrs. Pryor traveled with his company and worked as a nurse, their children were cared for by his family, as they had been living in Petersburg. After he resigned his commission to go with General Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry, she returned to Petersburg to keep their family together.

After the war, Roger Pryor moved to New York. Sara Rice Pryor and the children joined him, moving to Brooklyn Heights in 1868, her second memoir describes their struggling through ten years of poverty. Mrs. Pryor sewed all the clothes for her children, found places for the younger girls at the Packer School, got a loan from a family friend with her husband's war silver as collateral, helped her husband with his law studies; the couple became prominent among a number of influential southerners in the North, who were known as "Confederate carpetbaggers." Mrs. Pryor became active in the social life of New York in the late nineteenth century. While she and her family were struggling, Mrs. Pryor and her friends realized that other women and children needed help. Together with other women in Brooklyn Heights, she raised mone

Sport in England

Sport in England plays a prominent role in English society. Popular teams sports in England include football, field hockey, rugby union, rugby league, netball. Major individual sports include badminton, tennis, golf, cycling and horseracing. A number of modern sports were codified in England during the nineteenth century, among them cricket, rugby union, rugby league, field hockey, squash and badminton; the game of baseball was first described in 18th century England. England has its own national team in most team sports, but the United Kingdom sends a combined team to the Olympics. Competition between the home nations was traditionally at the centre of British sporting life, but it has become less important in recent decades. In particular, football's British Home Championship no longer takes place. In some sports there are still national English, Scottish and Northern Irish teams; the club competitions in most team sports are English affairs rather than British ones. There are various anomalies however, such as the participation of the three largest Welsh football clubs in the English league system and an English club in the Scottish Football League.

The relative prominence of national team and club competition varies from sport to sport. In football, club competition is at the centre of the agenda most of the time because clubs plays more matches each year, but the four national teams are followed avidly. In cricket the national team is much more followed than the county competitions, which have a limited profile, whereas in rugby league club competition overshadows international fixtures. Rugby union falls between these two with high-profile international competitions and a strengthening club game. Sport England is the governing body responsible for distributing funds and providing strategic guidance for sporting activity in England. There are five National Sports Centres: Bisham Abbey, Crystal Palace, Holme Pierrepont National Watersports Centre and Plas Y Brenin National Mountain Centre in Wales. Everyday Sport is Sport England’s physical activity campaign. There are 49 County Sport Partnerships in England with areas for responsibility separated by Local Authority County boundaries.

The English Institute of Sport is a nationwide network of support services, aimed at improving the standard of English athletes. Services include sports medicine, sports massage, applied physiology and conditioning, nutrition and Performance Lifestyle support, it is based at other satellite centers. The Minister for Sport and Tourism and the Department for Culture and Sport have responsibility for sport in England. England, like the other nations of the United Kingdom, competes as a separate nation in some international sporting events; the English association football and rugby union teams have contributed to a growing sense of English identity. Supporters are more to carry the St George's Cross whereas thirty years ago the British Union Flag would have been the more prominent. There are four sports in England. Association football is played from August to May. Rugby union is a winter sport. Cricket is played from April to September. Rugby league is traditionally a winter sport, but since the late 1990s the elite competition has been played in the summer to appeal to the family market, take advantage of the faster pitches.

The most popular sport in the UK, association football was first codified in 1863 in London. It is known in the US and a few other countries as'soccer.' The impetus for this was to unify English public university football games. There is evidence for refereed, team football games being played in English schools since at least 1581. An account of an kicking football game from Nottinghamshire in the fifteenth century bears striking similarity to football; the playing of football in England is documented since at least 1314. England is home to the oldest football clubs in the world, the world's oldest competition and the first football league; the modern passing game of football was developed in London in the early 1870s For these reasons England is considered the cradle of the game of football. The governing body for football in England is The Football Association, the oldest football organisation in the world, it is responsible for the recreational game and the main cup competitions. They have however lost a significant amount of power to the professional leagues in recent times.

English football has a league system which incorporates thousands of clubs, is topped by four professional divisions. The elite Premier League is the richest football league in the world; the other three professional divisions are the run by the English Football League, the oldest league in the world, include another 72 clubs. Annual promotion and relegation operates between these four divisions and between the lowest of them and lower level or "non-League" football. There are a small number of professional clubs outside the top four divisions, many more semi-professional clubs, thus England has over a hundred professional clubs in total, more than any other country in Europe. The two main cup competitions in England are the FA Cup, open to clubs down to Level 10 of the English football pyramid structure; each seaso

Cristian Coimbra

Cristian Michael Coimbra Arias is a Bolivian football central defender who plays for club Royal Pari in the Bolivian Primera División. Coimbra began his football career in 2007 with Guabirá. In 2012, he joined Sport Boys Warnes and helped the club gain promotion to first division the following year, his good form rewarded him with a transfer to Blooming in July 2014. Coimbra was summoned to the Bolivia national team for the 2015 Copa America, he made his debut on June 15 at Valparaíso's Estadio Elías Figueroa in a 3-2 victory over Ecuador, coming off the bench in the 56th minute replacing Ricardo Pedriel. Cristian Coimbra at National-Football-Teams.com Cristian Michael Coimbra Arias fichajes.com Cristian Coimbra at Soccerway Soccerpunter profile