Law and Justice is a national-conservative, Christian democratic and right-wing populist political party in Poland, a member of the European Conservatives and Reformists Party. With 198 seats in the Polish Sejm and 48 in the Senate, PiS is the largest political party in the Polish parliament; the current twenty-five PiS MEPs sit in the European Conservatives and Reformists Group in the European Parliament. The party was founded in 2001 by the Kaczyński twins and Jarosław, as a centrist and Christian democratic party, it was formed from part of the Solidarity Electoral Action, with the Christian democratic Centre Agreement forming the new party's core. The party won the 2005 election. Law and Justice formed coalition with far-right League of Polish Families and populist Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland. Jarosław served as Prime Minister, before calling elections in 2007, in which the party came in second to Civic Platform. In these elections PiS lost most of the moderate electorate and took over voters from former coalition members and turned to nationalism and populism.
League of Polish Families and Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland had no longer members in parliament. Several leading members, including sitting president Lech Kaczyński, died in a plane crash in 2010; the party programme is dominated by the Kaczyńskis' conservative and order agenda. It has embraced economic interventionism, while maintaining a conservative stance that in 2005 moved towards the Catholic Church; the party is solidarist and mildly Eurosceptic, shares similar political tactics with Hungary's Fidesz but with anti-Russian stances. The party was created on a wave of popularity gained by late president of Poland Lech Kaczyński while heading the Polish Ministry of Justice in the AWS-led government, although local committees began appearing from 22 March 2001; the AWS itself was created from a diverse array of many small political parties. In the 2001 general election, PiS gained 44 seats in the lower chamber of the Polish Parliament with 9.5% of votes. In 2002, Lech Kaczyński was elected mayor of Warsaw.
He handed the party leadership to his twin brother in 2003. In the 2005 general election, PiS took first place with 27.0% of votes, which gave it 155 out of 460 seats in the Sejm and 49 out of 100 seats in the Senate. It was universally expected that the two largest parties, PiS and Civic Platform, would form a coalition government; the putative coalition parties had a falling out, related to a fierce contest for the Polish presidency. In the end, Lech Kaczyński won the second round of the presidential election on 23 October 2005 with 54.0% of the vote, ahead of Donald Tusk, the PO candidate. After the 2005 elections, Jarosław should have become Prime Minister. However, in order to improve his brother's chances of winning the presidential election, PiS formed a minority government headed by Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz as prime minister, an arrangement that turned out to be unworkable. In July 2006, PiS formed a right-wing coalition government with the agrarian populist Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland and the nationalist League of Polish Families, headed by Jarosław Kaczyński.
Association with these parties, on the margins of Polish politics affected the reputation of PiS. When accusations of corruption and sexual harassment against Andrzej Lepper, the leader of Self-Defence, surfaced, PiS chose to end the coalition and called for new elections. In the 2007 general election, PiS managed to secure 32.1% of votes. Although an improvement over its showing from 2005, the results were a defeat for the party, as Civic Platform gathered 41.5%. The party won 166 out of 39 seats in Poland's Senate. On 10 April 2010, its former leader crash. Jarosław Kaczyński becomes the sole leader of the party, he was the presidential candidate in the 2010 elections. The party won the 2015 parliamentary election, this time with an outright majority—something no Polish party had done since the fall of Communism. In the normal course of events, this should have made Jarosław Kaczyński prime minister for a second time. However, Beata Szydło, perceived as being somewhat more moderate than Kaczyński, had been tapped as PiS' candidate for prime minister.
The Law and Justice government has been accused of posing a threat to the Polish liberal democratic system by majority of opposition groups. PiS' 2015 victory prompted creation of a cross-party opposition movement, the Committee for the Defence of Democracy. Law and Justice has supported controversial reforms carried out by the Hungarian Fidesz party, with Jarosław Kaczyński declaring in 2011 that "a day will come when we have a Budapest in Warsaw". Proposed 2017 judicial reforms, which according to the party were meant to improve efficiency of the justice system, sparked protest as they were seen as undermining judicial independence; as of December 2017, the draft bill is being amended following a veto from President Andrzej Duda. Law and Justice has been accused by The Economist for undermining democracy and the rule of law and promoting right-wing extremism. However, it still enjoys support from many within the country, as some see it as a force that restored rule of law after the perceived corruption of Civic Platform, exemplified for instance by the inability of the Civic Platform's
Fine Citizen is the fourth studio album by American rock band Moby Grape. It was released on July 1969, by Columbia Records. After completing the album, the band went on hiatus until 1971 when they reunited with Skip Spence and Bob Mosley to record the reunion album, 20 Granite Creek. After the departure of Bob Mosley, the remaining trio headed to Nashville where they cut this album in just three days with legendary Columbia Records producer Bob Johnston; this album fulfilled the band's contract with Columbia Records. At the time, the band was in the midst of legal disputes with their manager, Matthew Katz, with the result that certain songs written by band members were instead credited to their road manager, Tim Dell'Ara. In particular, songs written by Jerry Miller and Don Stevenson became Tim Dell'Ara songs, to counter Matthew Katz withholding royalties on previous recordings. Replacing Bob Mosley on bass was famed Nashville session musician Bob Moore, who had played bass on many Elvis Presley sessions and was one of the founders of Monument Records, for many years the recording home of Roy Orbison.
In a contemporary review for The Village Voice, music critic Robert Christgau gave the album a "C+" and wrote, "In which what should have been America's greatest rock group gasps its last. Quite mediocre, despite a couple of lovely Peter Lewis songs." "Changes, Circles Spinning" – 2:27 "Looper" – 3:02 "Truly Fine Citizen" – 1:47 "Beautiful Is Beautiful" – 2:29 "Love Song" – 2:22 "Right Before My Eyes" – 2:02 "Open Up Your Heart" – 2:36 "Now I Know High" – 6:10 "Treat Me Bad" – 2:17 "Tongue-Tied" – 2:01 "Love Song, Part Two" – 2:41 "Rounder" – 2:02 "Miller’s Blues" – 6:06 "Changes" – 4:17 "Skip’s Song" – 3:26 "Looper" – 2:06 "Soul Stew" – 2:18 "Cockatoo Blues" – 3:41 Peter Lewis - rhythm guitar, vocals Jerry Miller - lead guitar, vocals Don Stevenson - drums, vocalsAdditional personnelBob Moore - bass Album - Billboard
Harvest Time is the debut album from Finnish progressive rock band Elonkorjuu released in 1972. It was re-issued as a CD formation in 2002; the album is inspired by groups like Free with more progressive style. The original pressing of Harvest Time is considered the most expensive Finnish vinyl album with a price up to €1,500. Side one "Unfeeling" – 3:23 "Swords" – 4:03 "Captain" – 3:42 "Praise to Our Basement" – 4:44 "Future" – 3:56Side two "Hey Hunter" – 3:41 "The Ocean Song" – 3:17 "Old Man's Dream" – 4:44 "Me and My Friend" – 4:02 "A Little Rocket Song" – 4:04 Heikki Lajunen – vocals Jukka Syrenius – guitar, vocals Veli-Pekka Pessi – bass guitar Eero Rantasila – drums Ilkka Poijärvi – organ, flute
Lucius Marcius Celer Marcus Calpurnius Longus was a Roman senator, active during the second century AD. He was suffect consul in the last nundinium of 144 with Decimus Velius Fidus as his colleague. Longus is known from inscriptions. There has been a disagreement over the evidence of Calpurnius Longus' life since Edmund Groag first set forth the facts of his existence in his last book, a prosopography of the proconsuls of Achaea; the most recent investigation of his life was by Giuseppe Camodeca, who established a time line of his life up to his suffect consulship, which he dated to 148. Camodeca was unaware that Werner Eck had published a military diploma that securely dated Calpurnius longus' tenure in that magistracy to 144. Accordingly, all dates taken from Camodeca's article for Calpurnius Longus' life below are adjusted four years earlier; the earliest office attested for Calpurnius Longus was quattuorviri viarum curandarum, or one of the four overseers of street maintenance in Rome, one of the magistracies that comprised the vigintiviri.
This is dated as between the years 117 and 120. He is next attested as military tribune of Legio I Italica, stationed at the time in Moesia. We can conclude Calpurnius Longus was appointed quaestor, for completion of this traditional Republican magistracy was the usual manner men were enrolled in the Roman Senate. Although we can safely surmise he held the next two steps of the traditional Republican magistracies -- either plebeian tribune or aedile praetor -- where his next attested office, legatus proconsularis or assistant to the proconsul, of Bithynia and Pontus fit in: although during the second century the duties legatus proconsularis was assumed after a Senator was praetor, there are examples of men assuming these duties before acceding to that rank. Nonetheless, it is estimated Calpurnius Longus was legatus proconsularis around 136, and that he was proconsul of Achaea, his last attested position before his consulate, around 140. We have no evidence about Calpurnius Longus after his consulship
Robert Malcolm McRae Jr. was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee. Born in Memphis, Tennessee, McRae received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Vanderbilt University in 1943 and was a United States Naval Reserve Lieutenant during World War II, from 1943 to 1946, he received a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1948. He was in private practice in Memphis from 1948 to 1964, he was an assistant city attorney of Memphis from 1961 to 1964. He was a judge of the 15th Judicial Circuit Court in Memphis from 1964 to 1966. McRae was nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson on September 22, 1966, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee vacated by Judge Marion Speed Boyd, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 20, 1966, received his commission on November 3, 1966. He served as Chief Judge from 1979 to 1986, he assumed senior status on December 31, 1986.
McRae served in that capacity until his death on June 25, 2004. One of McRae's notable cases was Northcross v. Board of Education, which implemented desegregation busing in the now defunct Memphis City Schools. Robert Malcolm McRae Jr. at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center
Turner High School is a accredited public high school located in Kansas City, United States, serving students in grades 9-12. The school is part of the Unified School District 202 in the Turner District. Turner High School dates back to the 1920s, it is the only high school in the district. Turner High School was located in the building that now houses the Turner Recreation Association. In the 1950s, it moved to a new building. In the late 1990s, a bond issue was passed to build a new high school facility. After passing, the new Turner High School was built on a piece of land, once a farm; the farm was torn down and in 2001, the new Turner High School opened its doors. Pat Pettey, Kansas State House of Representatives 1993-1996. Graduate of Turner High School 1964. Matt Vogel, voice of Kermit the Frog since 2008, a 1989 graduate of Turner High School. List of high schools in Kansas List of unified school districts in Kansas Turner High School