Lawrence Township, Mercer County, New Jersey

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Not to be confused with Lawrence Township, Cumberland County.
Lawrence Township, New Jersey
Township of Lawrence
Israel Stevens House
Israel Stevens House
Nickname(s): 
"Where Nature Smiles for 22 Miles"[1]
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Lawrence Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lawrence Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°17′45″N 74°43′12″W / 40.295887°N 74.720093°W / 40.295887; -74.720093Coordinates: 40°17′45″N 74°43′12″W / 40.295887°N 74.720093°W / 40.295887; -74.720093[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyMercer
FormedFebruary 20, 1697 as Maidenhead Township
IncorporatedFebruary 21, 1798
RenamedJanuary 24, 1816 as Lawrence Township
Named forCapt. James Lawrence
Government
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • BodyTownship Council
 • MayorChris Bobbitt (D, term ends December 31, 2019)[4][5]
 • AdministratorKevin P. Nerwinski[6]
 • Municipal clerkKathleen S. Norcia[7]
Area
 • Total22.063 sq mi (57.143 km2)
 • Land21.808 sq mi (56.483 km2)
 • Water0.255 sq mi (0.660 km2)  1.15%
Area rank124th of 565 in state
4th of 12 in county[2]
Elevation82 ft (25 m)
Population
 • Total33,472
 • Estimate 
(2016)[13]
32,897
 • Rank68th of 565 in state
4th of 12 in county[14]
 • Density1,534.8/sq mi (592.6/km2)
 • Density rank330st of 565 in state
8th of 12 in county[14]
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP code
08648[15]
Area code(s)609[16]
FIPS code3402139510[2][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0882126[2][19]
Websitewww.lawrencetwp.com

Lawrence Township is a township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. The township is part of the New York Metropolitan area as defined by the United States Census Bureau,[20] but directly borders the Philadelphia metropolitan area and is part of the Federal Communications Commission's Philadelphia Designated Market Area.[21] As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 33,472,[10][11][12] reflecting an increase of 4,313 (+14.8%) from the 29,159 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,372 (+13.1%) from the 25,787 counted in the 1990 Census.[22]

History[edit]

What is now Lawrence Township was originally formed as Maidenhead Township on February 20, 1697, while the area was still part of Burlington County in West Jersey. The township was named by the early Quaker settlers after Maidenhead, a Thames River village west of London. It became part of the newly created Hunterdon County on March 11, 1714. Maidenhead Township was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798.[23]

On January 24, 1816, the municipality was renamed Lawrence Township, in honor of Captain James Lawrence — commander of the frigate USS Chesapeake, one of the naval heroes of the War of 1812, and a native of relatively nearby Burlington, New Jersey— best known for his dying command of "Don't Give up the Ship".[24] Lawrence Township became part of Mercer County at its creation on February 22, 1838. Portions of the township were taken to form Millham Township on February 10, 1882, which was annexed six years later by Trenton.[23]

On September 23, 2003, at approximately 8:25am, an F1 tornado ripped through Lawrence Township. The tornado followed a path along Princeton Pike and caused widespread damage to homes. There were no fatalities.[25][26]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 22.063 square miles (57.143 km2), including 21.808 square miles (56.483 km2) of land and 0.255 square miles (0.660 km2) of water (1.15%).[2][3]

Lawrenceville (with a 2010 Census population of 3,887[27]) is a census-designated place and unincorporated community located within Lawrence Township.[28]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include:[29] Bakersville, Clarksville, Colonial Lakelands, Coxs Corner, Eldridge Park,[citation needed] Franklin Corner, Harneys Corner, Lawrence Station, Lewisville, Louisville, Port Mercer, Princessville, Quaker Bridge, Rosedale, Slackwood and Sturwood Hamlet.

Many area residents often refer to all of Lawrence Township as Lawrenceville, as a significant majority of township residents use a Lawrenceville mailing address as specified by the United States Postal Service, while other residents have mailing addresses in either Princeton or Trenton. The township was notified by the Postal Service in 2007 that the preferred designation for the ZIP code 08648 would be changed to "Lawrence Township".[30]

The township borders the Mercer County municipalities of Ewing Township, Hamilton Township, Hopewell Township, Princeton, Trenton and West Windsor Township.[31]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,032
18101,086
18201,35424.7%
18301,4335.8%
18401,5568.6%
18501,83818.1%
18602,02410.1%
18702,25111.2%
18803,17441.0%
18901,448*−54.4%
19001,5557.4%
19102,52262.2%
19203,68646.2%
19306,29370.7%
19406,5223.6%
19508,49930.3%
196013,66560.8%
197019,56743.2%
198019,7240.8%
199025,78730.7%
200029,15913.1%
201033,47214.8%
Est. 201632,897[13][32]−1.7%
Population sources:
1790-1920[33] 1840[34]
1850-1870[35] 1850[36] 1870[37]
1870[38] 1880-1890[39]
1890-1910[40] 1910-1930[41]
1930-1990[42] 2000[43][44] 2010[10][11][12]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[23]

Census 2010[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,472 people, 12,524 households, and 8,116 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,534.8 per square mile (592.6/km2). There were 13,239 housing units at an average density of 607.1 per square mile (234.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 69.68% (23,322) White, 10.76% (3,602) Black or African American, 0.20% (66) Native American, 14.10% (4,721) Asian, 0.09% (29) Pacific Islander, 2.73% (913) from other races, and 2.45% (819) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.48% (2,503) of the population.[10]

There were 12,524 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.[10]

In the township, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 13.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.3 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 82.7 males.[10]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,693 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,442) and the median family income was $108,743 (+/- $4,377). Males had a median income of $68,305 (+/- $6,890) versus $50,103 (+/- $5,345) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $43,136 (+/- $3,030). About 4.4% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.[45]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 29,159 people, 10,797 households, and 7,233 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,317.0 people per square mile (508.5/km²). There were 11,180 housing units at an average density of 504.9 per square mile (195.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 79.22% White, 9.28% African American, 0.08% Native American, 7.91% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.79% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.61% of the population.[43][44]

There were 10,797 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.05.[43][44]

In the township the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.[43][44]

The median income for a household in the township was $67,959, and the median income for a family was $82,704. Males had a median income of $56,681 versus $38,468 for females. The per capita income for the township was $33,120. About 2.6% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.[43][44]

Economy[edit]

Lawrence Township is home to the headquarters of:

Quaker Bridge Mall is a two-level, indoor shopping center located in Lawrenceville on U.S. 1, near Interstate 295. The mall opened in 1975, and has over 100 retail establishments. The mall's anchor stores include J.C. Penney, Lord & Taylor, Macy's, Sears and Old Navy. The mall has a gross leasable area of 1,076,000 square feet (100,000 m2).[48] Quaker Bridge Mall also had a renovation in 2011-2012, and was finished around August 2012.

Lawrenceville has a small business district. The Lawrence Shopping Center and other businesses along U.S. Route 1 provide additional commercial clusters in the township.

The transmitter for WKXW-FM, better known as New Jersey 101.5, is located near the Quaker Bridge Mall.[49]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Lawrence Township operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of municipal government, which was implemented in 1970. The township is governed by a Council consisting of a Mayor and four Council Members who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election every other year.[8] A Mayor is selected by the Council from among its members at an annual reorganization meeting to serve a term of one year.

As of 2018, members of the Lawrence Township Council are Mayor Chris Bobbitt (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2021; term as mayor ends 2019), James S. Kownacki (D, 2021), Cathleen M. Lewis (D, 2019), David C. Maffei (D, 2019) and Michael S. Powers (D, 2019).[4][50][51][52][53]

In August 2015, the Township Council appointed Ian J. Dember on an interim basis to fill the seat expiring in December 2017 that had been held by Stephen Brame until his death the previous month.[54][55] In the November 2015 general election, Democrat Chris Bobbitt was elected to serve the balance of the term.[53]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Lawrence Township is located in the 12th Congressional District[56] and is part of New Jersey's 15th state legislative district.[11][57][58]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township).[59] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[60] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).[61][62]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 15th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township, Mercer County) and in the General Assembly by Reed Gusciora (D, Trenton) and Verlina Reynolds-Jackson (D, Trenton).[63][64] Reynolds-Jackson was sworn into office on February 15, 2018 to fill the seat of Elizabeth Maher Muoio, who had resigned from office on January 15, 2018 to serve as Treasurer of New Jersey.[65][66] The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township).[67] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).[68]

Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. All officials are chosen at-large in partisan elections, with the executive serving a four-year term of office while the freeholders serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year.[69] As of 2014, the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D, term ends December 31, 2015; Princeton).[70] Mercer County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chair Andrew Koontz (D, 2016; Princeton),[71] Freeholder Vice Chair Samuel T. Frisby, Sr. (2015; Trenton),[72] Ann M. Cannon (2015; East Windsor Township),[73] Anthony P. Carabelli (2016; Trenton),[74] John A. Cimino (2014, Hamilton Township),[75] Pasquale "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (2015; Lawrence Township)[76] and Lucylle R. S. Walter (2014; Ewing Township)[77][78][79] Mercer County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Paula Sollami-Covello (D, 2015),[80] Sheriff John A. Kemler (D, 2014)[81] and Surrogate Diane Gerofsky (D, 2016).[82][83]

New Jersey Lottery is headquartered in the One Lawrence Park Complex in Lawrence Township.[84][85]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 19,237 registered voters in Lawrence Township, of which 7,718 (40.1%) were registered as Democrats, 3,152 (16.4%) were registered as Republicans and 8,342 (43.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 25 voters registered to other parties.[86]

Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016[87] 27.7% 4,231 68.6% 10,490 3.6% 201
2012[88] 31.9% 4,688 66.7% 9,798 1.4% 201
2008[89] 31.6% 4,771 66.3% 10,025 1.2% 177
2004[90] 36.3% 5,228 60.1% 8,658 0.7% 151

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 66.7% of the vote (9,798 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 31.9% (4,688 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (201 votes), among the 16,398 ballots cast by the township's 20,890 registered voters (1,711 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 78.5%.[91][92] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 66.3% of the vote (10,025 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 31.6% (4,771 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (177 votes), among the 15,115 ballots cast by the township's 19,981 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.6%.[89] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 60.1% of the vote (8,658 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 36.3% (5,228 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (151 votes), among the 14,412 ballots cast by the township's 18,440 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 78.2.[90]

Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2017[93] 29.9% 2,777 68.0% 6,318 2.1% 199
2013[94] 51.4% 4,634 46.6% 4,205 2.0% 178
2009[95] 38.1% 3,858 54.7% 5,528 6.2% 623

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 51.4% of the vote (4,634 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 46.6% (4,205 votes), and other candidates with 2.0% (178 votes), among the 9,276 ballots cast by the township's 20,298 registered voters (259 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 45.7%.[96] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 54.7% of the vote (5,528 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 38.1% (3,858 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.3% (537 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (86 votes), among the 10,113 ballots cast by the township's 19,495 registered voters, yielding a 51.9% turnout.[95]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Edith Memorial Chapel at the Lawrenceville School

The Lawrence Township Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2015-16 school year, the district and its seven schools had an enrollment of 3,995 students and 323.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.4:1.[97] Schools in the district (with 2015-16 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[98]) are Eldridge Park Elementary School[99] (grades K-3; 281 students), Ben Franklin Elementary School[100] (PreK-3; 425), Lawrenceville Elementary School[101] (PreK-3; 319), Slackwood Elementary School[102] (K-3; 266), Lawrence Intermediate School[103] (4-6; 913), Lawrence Middle School[104] (7-8; 595) and Lawrence High School[105] (9-12; 1,143).[106][107]

Private schools[edit]

Lawrence Township is home to two parochial schools operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton: Notre Dame High School is a coeducational, Roman Catholic, college preparatory school for students in grades 9-12[108] and Saint Ann School, which serves 341 students in pre-3 through eighth grade.[109][110]

Lawrenceville is home to the Lawrenceville School, a coeducational, independent boarding school for ninth through twelfth grades, founded in 1810.[111]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Centennial Lake at Rider University

Founded in 1865 and granted university status in 1992, Rider University is a private university with its main campus just south of Lawrenceville that serves nearly 6,000 undergraduate and graduate students.[112]

Miscellaneous education[edit]

Lawrence Township is the headquarters location for the Educational Testing Service ("ETS").

The Princeton Community Japanese Language School teaches weekend Japanese classes for Japanese citizen children abroad to the standard of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), and it also has classes for people with Japanese as a second language.[113] Courses are taught at Memorial Hall at Rider University.[114] The main office of the school is in Princeton although the office used on Sundays is in Memorial Hall.[113]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

View north along Interstate 95 from U.S. Route 206 in Lawrence Township

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 132.33 miles (212.96 km) of roadways, of which 102.37 miles (164.75 km) were maintained by the municipality, 11.48 miles (18.48 km) by Mercer County and 18.48 miles (29.74 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[115]

Two major transportation routes traverse the Township. Interstate 295 runs through as a semicircle while U.S. Route 1, the other major highway, bisects the municipality. U.S. 1 is in effect three different roads: the original route from Trenton to New Brunswick in the southern half of the Township, the limited access Trenton Freeway, and the combined road in the northern half that serves as a regional arterial linking the Interstates with New Brunswick and Route 18.

U.S. Route 206 is the main artery within the township itself, running from Trenton to Princeton roughly north-to-south. It is a segment of the historic Lincoln Highway, and before that, it was part of the main New York-Philadelphia Post road. Locals refer to it alternately as Route 206 or Lawrence Road. Major county routes that pass through include County Route 533, County Route 546 and County Route 569.

View north along U.S. Route 1 from Interstate 295 in Lawrence Township.

Lawrence Township had been the site of what was called the "abrupt ending" of Interstate 95. This was a result from politics in Somerset County that eliminated a planned connection of the Somerset Freeway to Interstate 287. Originally, when drivers travelled along I-95 north while approaching the interchange for U.S. Route 1, the 95 designation abruptly ended and the highway turned southward and became Interstate 295. Drivers wishing to continue north were required to find an alternate route, either by taking US 1 north, or continue along Interstate 295 south to the Central Jersey Expressway (Interstate 195) east and to the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) at Exit 7A in Robbinsville Township. This portion of interstate (between the Hopewell Township border and U.S. 1) was renumbered from I-95 to I-295 in May 2018.

Public transportation[edit]

The busy Northeast Corridor rail line, carrying Amtrak and NJ Transit trains, runs along the eastern edge of the township. The nearest stations are in Hamilton, Trenton, Princeton and Princeton Junction.

NJ Transit provides bus service to Trenton on the 600, 603, 605, 606, 609 and 613 routes, and local service on route 612.[116]

A rail spur used to run to Lawrenceville from Trenton, but was discontinued in the 1970s and is now a bicycle trail. From Lawrenceville, a trolley line to Princeton existed from 1900 to 1941, but was dismantled before World War II, and the right-of-way largely has reverted to neighboring landowners.[117]

The nearest commercial airport is Trenton-Mercer Airport, formerly known as the Mercer County Airport, in Ewing with nonstop service to 10 major cities in the eastern half of the United States. Lawrence Township is roughly equidistant to the other two nearby commercial airports, Philadelphia International Airport and Newark Liberty International Airport.

Points of interest[edit]

The Port Mercer Canal House is located at 4378 Quakerbridge Road, along the Delaware and Raritan Canal near the border of West Windsor Township and Princeton. The house was built in the 1830s as housing for the bridge tender and his family. The bridge tender was needed to open the swing bridge when canal boats came through, then close it to allow traffic to cross over the canal.

The Delaware and Raritan Canal has an intact walking towpath for most of its length. Additional walking trail areas in the township include Shipetaukin Woods, Carson Road Woods, and part of Rosedale Park. Lawrence Township is part of the Lawrence Hopewell Trail,[118] currently under development.[119]

Brearley Oak (May 2013)

Jasna Polana was the home of John Seward Johnson I of Johnson & Johnson. His widow converted it into Tournament Players Club at Jasna Polana golf course.

Terhune Orchards, a winery and produce farm.

Colonial Lake, a local man-made lake, centerpiece of the township's Colonial Lake Park.

The Brearley Oak, the largest Black Oak tree in New Jersey,[120] is located along the Princeton Pike.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lawrence Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kuperinsky, Amy. "'The Jewel of the Meadowlands'?: N.J.'s best, worst and weirdest town slogans", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 22, 2015. Accessed July 12, 2016. "Lawrence Township, in Mercer County, chose to capitalize on its square mileage with 'Where Nature Smiles for 22 Miles.' Joseph DallePazze, the town's mayor in the '70s and '80s, is credited with coining the motto, says township clerk Kathleen Norcia, even though, as sloganeer Swartz points out, the slogan is eerily reminiscent of Spring Lake Township, Michigan's motto, 'Where nature smiles for seven miles.'"
  2. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  3. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Town Council, Township of Lawrence. Accessed January 28, 2019.
  5. ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
  6. ^ Manager, Township of Lawrence. Accessed January 26, 2018.
  7. ^ Municipal Clerk, Township of Lawrence. Accessed July 11, 2016.
  8. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 73.
  9. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Lawrence, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lawrence township, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 13, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lawrence township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 13, 2012.
  13. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  14. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 19, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Lawrence Township, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 19, 2012.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Lawrence, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  17. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed November 26, 2012.
  19. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  20. ^ New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 29, 2018.
  21. ^ - Philadelphia Market Area Coverage Maps, Federal Communications Commission. Accessed March 29, 2018.
  22. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 13, 2012.
  23. ^ a b c Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. pp. 162-163. Accessed July 13, 2012.
  24. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 25, 2015.
  25. ^ Tornado damages homes and power lines in Lawrence Twp. Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine., The Daily Princetonian, September 24, 2003.
  26. ^ NCDC: Event Details
  27. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Lawrenceville CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 19, 2012.
  28. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 19, 2012.
  29. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 20, 2015.
  30. ^ Lawrence Township Assigned ZIP Code Designation, Lawrence Township, October 31, 2007. Accessed November 19, 2012. "The United States Postal Service (USPS) has notified Lawrence Township Officials that the postal ZIP Code 08648 has been approved for designation as Lawrence Township."
  31. ^ Areas touching Lawrence Township, MapIt. Accessed August 25, 2015.
  32. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  33. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 13, 2013.
  34. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 13, 2013. Population for 1840 is listed as 1,156.
  35. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 275, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 13, 2013. "Lawrence, in 1850, contained a population of 1,838; in 1860, 2,024; and in 1870, 2,251. At the village of Lawrenceville, in this township are two superior Seminaries of learning, one for males, conducted by the Rev. Samuel M. Hamel, D.D., and the other for females, by the Rev Charles William Nassau, D.D. Millham contained in 1870, 677 inhabitants."
  36. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 139. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 13, 2013.
  37. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 13, 2013.
  38. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed November 19, 2012. Source lists a total population of 2,254 for the township, including the 677 residents of Millham.
  39. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 13, 2012.
  40. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  41. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  42. ^ Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
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