SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lawrence of Brindisi

Lawrence of Brindisi, born Giulio Cesare Russo, was a Roman Catholic priest and a theologian as well as a member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. He was beatified on 1 June 1783 and was canonized as a saint on 8 December 1881, he was named a Doctor of the Church in 1959. Giulio Cesare Russo was born to a family of Venetian merchants. After the early death of his parents, he was raised by his uncle and educated at Saint Mark's College in Venice. Cesare joined the Capuchins in Verona as Brother Lawrence, he received further instruction from the University of Padua. An accomplished linguist, in addition to his native Italian, Lawrence could read and speak Latin, Greek, Bohemian and French fluently. Lawrence was ordained a priest at the age of 23. At the age of thirty-one, Lawrence was elected superior of the Capuchin Franciscan province of Tuscany, he was appointed definitor general to Rome for the Capuchins in 1596. He was sufficiently proficient in Hebrew. Beginning in 1599, Lawrence established Capuchin monasteries in modern Germany and Austria, furthering the Counter-Reformation and bringing many Protestants back to the Catholic faith.

In 1601, he served as the imperial chaplain for the army of Rudolph II, Holy Roman Emperor, recruited Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur, to help fight against the Ottoman Turks. He led the army during the brief liberation of Székesfehérvár in Hungary from the Ottoman Empire, armed only with a crucifix. In 1602, he was elected vicar general of the Capuchin friars, at that time the highest office in the Order, he refused the office. He entered the service of the Holy See. After serving as nuncio to Spain, he retired to a monastery in 1618, he was recalled as a special envoy to the King of Spain regarding the actions of the Viceroy of Naples in 1619, after finishing his mission, died on his birthday in Lisbon. He was entombed at the Poor Clares' Convento de la Anunciada in Villafranca del Spain, he was beatified in 1783 by Pope Pius VI, canonized in 1881 by Pope Leo XIII, declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope John XXIII in 1959. His feast day is 21 July. St. Lawrence of Brindisi Complete Works were published in 15 volumes, in a critical edition, between 1926 and 1956.

They comprise: Mariale Lutheranismi hypotyposis Explanatio in Genesim Quadragesimale primum Quadragesimale secundum Quadragesimale tertium Quadragesimale quartum Adventus Dominicalia Sanctorale Sermones de temporeHis original manuscripts comprise 13 volumes in parchment and are located at the Archivio dei Cappuccini di Mestre. Francis of Assisi St. Lawrence Seminary High School Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, patron saint archive St. Lorenzo Da Brindisi Saint Lorenzo of Brindisi Saint Lawrence of Brindisi A Homily by Lawrence of Brindisi

Arto Paasilinna

Arto Tapio Paasilinna was a Finnish writer, being a former journalist turned comic novelist. One of Finland's most successful novelists, he won a broad readership outside of Finland in a way few other Finnish authors have before. Translated into 27 languages, over seven million copies of his books have been sold worldwide, he has been claimed as "instrumental in generating the current level of interest in books from Finland". Paasilinna is known for his 1975 novel The Year of the Hare, a bestseller in France and Finland, translated into 18 languages, awarded three international prizes, adapted twice into feature films. Arto Paasilinna's brothers are Reino Paasilinna and Mauri Paasilinna. Arto Paasilinna was born on 20 April 1942 in the Alakylä part of the municipality of Kittilä, in Lapland, Finland, his parents were Hilda-Maria Paasilinna. The Paasilinnas had seven children, five sons and two daughters, including the writer Erno Paasilinna. Paasilinna studied at the Elementary School Line at the Lapland Folk Academy.

Paasilinna worked as a journalist at Nuoren Voiman Liitto, Nuori Voima-lehti and various newspapers as writer and editor. At the weekly magazine Apu, he was an editor and a columnist. In 1975, at the age of 33, Paasilinna found journalism growing "more superficial and meaningless" and desired a change; the book was an immediate success and from 1975 on Paasilinna became an independent writer able to support himself with his novels, signed to Finnish publisher WSOY since 1977. He still was a columnist on Finnish radio. In 2000, Paasilinna was included in the 6th edition of literary critic Pekka Tarkka's dictionary Suomalaisia nykykirjailijoita. In 2002, for Paasilinna's 60th anniversary, journalist Eino Leino published a biography of Paasilinna called Lentojätkä. Arto Paasilinnan elämä"; the same year Paasilinna published. As of 2009, Paasilinna had published about 12 non-fiction books and 35 novels, with one novel each year from 1972 to 2009: as his publishers say, "The annual Paasilinna is as much an element of the Finnish autumn as falling birch leaves."

He is "constantly being translated into new languages", 18 of his books have been translated overall into at least 27 languages: the translations beyond neighboring Scandinavian countries include: 17 into Italian, 16 into German, 11 into French, 9 into Slovenian, 6 into Dutch, 5 into Spanish, 4 into Korean, 2 into English and Catalan. Described as "The brightest star in the Finnish translated-literature firmament" by Finnish newspaper Helsingin Sanomat, his success is claimed as having been "instrumental in generating the current level of interest in books from Finland" by his publisher WSOY. Paasilinna's books reflect quite common Finnish life from a middle-aged male perspective, in rural Finland. Fast-paced and humorous in style, many of these narratives can be described as picaresque adventure stories with a satirical angle towards modern life. Certain of his stories have been described as modern fables, such as The Year of the Hare, which sets an ex-journalist's quest for authentic life and values in the Finnish backwoods against the emptiness and meaninglessness of modern consumer society.

Vatanen, the hero of this novel, takes an injured young hare with him on his quest, nursing the animal back to health, while his own dissatisfaction with his former urban lifestyle becomes more evident. His 1974 novel Paratiisisaaren Vangit appears as Prisonniers du Paradis; this book is the humorous story of a UN charter. The passengers are lumberjacks and other forestry workers and nurses; as with The Year of the Hare, the narrator is a journalist. The multinational castaways give Paasilinna ample opportunity to poke fun at issues of language domination and national stereotypes; the castaways set up a cashless society in which the only remuneration comes in the form of a cup of alcohol distilled in their jungle café in exchange for work for the collectivity. There is a family planning clinic offering free IUDs. Soon, they find that they are not come up with a plan to get help. Two of his novels, Lentävä kirvesmies and Rovasti Huuskosen petomainen miespalvelija were adapted to graphic novels by Hannu Lukkarinen.

Titles in quotes are indicative for untranslated books. Fictionhis 36 novels are: 1972: Operaatio Finlandia 1974: Paratiisisaaren vangit 1975: Jäniksen vuosi 1976: Onnellinen mies 1977: Isoisää etsimässä 1979: Sotahevonen 1980: Herranen aika 1981: Ulvova mylläri 1982: Kultainen nousukas 1983: Hirtettyjen kettujen metsä 1984: Ukkosenjumalan poika 1985: Parasjalkainen laivanvarustaja 1986: Vapahtaja Surunen 1987: Koikkalainen kaukaa 1988: Suloinen myrkynkeittäjä 1989: Auta armia

Cesare Pascarella

Cesare Pascarella, was an Italian dialect poet and a painter. He was appointed to the Royal Academy of Italy in 1930. Pascarella was born in Rome and was a painter, his literary activity began in 1881 with the publication of sonnets in Romanesco dialect. In the same period he made friends with Gabriele D'Annunzio, he made a series of journeys through Africa and the Americas in 1882–1885. On his return to Rome he published the collection Villa Glori, hailed as a masterwork by Giosuè Carducci. Well received was the imaginative La scoperta dell'America. In 1905 Pascarella began Storia nostra, a history of Rome, planned as a sequence of 350 sonnets, but was left unfinished after 270 had been written, he founded in 1904 with other artists, among which Giuseppe Ferrari, the group "XXV della campagna romana". Pascarella's papers, his library, photographs and drawings were purchased by the Royal Academy of Italy in 1940; the body is ordered. Er morto de campagna La serenata Er fattaccio Villa Glori Cose der monno L'allustra scarpe La scoperta dell'America I sonetti Le prose Viaggio in Ciociaria Posthumous publications: Italia nostra Taccuini Storia nostra Romanesco dialect Rendina, Claudio.

Enciclopedia di roma. Rome: Newton & Compton. Works by Cesare Pascarella at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Cesare Pascarella at Internet Archive