Le Moustier

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Le Moustier
Le Moustier
Le Moustier
Le Moustier 1 in 1909
Le Moustier in France
Le Moustier in France
Location in France
Le Moustier in France
Le Moustier in France
Le Moustier (France)
Location Peyzac-le-Moustier
Region Dordogne, France
Coordinates 44°59′38″N 1°3′36″E / 44.99389°N 1.06000°E / 44.99389; 1.06000Coordinates: 44°59′38″N 1°3′36″E / 44.99389°N 1.06000°E / 44.99389; 1.06000
Site notes
Excavation dates 1863
Archaeologists Henry Christy, Édouard Lartet.
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Criteria Cultural: (i), (iii) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 85-014
Inscription 1979 (3rd Session)

Le Moustier is an archeological site consisting of two rock shelters in Peyzac-le-Moustier, a village in the Dordogne, France. It is known for a fossilized skull of the species Homo neanderthalensis that was discovered in 1908. The Mousterian tool culture is named after Le Moustier, which was first excavated from 1863 by the Englishman Henry Christy and the Frenchman Édouard Lartet.

The Le Moustier skull is estimated to be approximately 45,000 years old.[1] Its characteristics include a large nasal cavity and a somewhat less developed brow ridge and occipital bun, as might be expected in a juvenile.

After discovery, the skull was dismantled, cast and reconstructed at least four times. During this process, the skull received considerable amounts of damage; for example, when it was sold to the Museum für Völkerkunde in Berlin, a dentist broke the alveolar bone to access the teeth. The skull is now missing many parts, the teeth glued into the wrong position, and it has been dipped into glue, covered with varnish, and painted with plaster. Consequently its scientific value is much reduced. [2]


  1. ^ Australian Museum [Retrieved 2012-01-06]
  2. ^ Weber, Gerhard (2011). Virtual anthropology : a guide to a new interdisciplinary field. Wien London: Springer. ISBN 978-3-211-48647-4. 

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