Led Zeppelin II is the second album by the English rock band Led Zeppelin, released on 22 October 1969 in the United States and on 31 October 1969 in the United Kingdom by Atlantic Records. Recording sessions for the album took place at several locations in both the United Kingdom and North America from January to August 1969; the album's production was credited to the band's lead guitarist and songwriter Jimmy Page, it was Led Zeppelin's first album on which Eddie Kramer served as engineer. The album exhibited the band's evolving musical style of blues-derived material and their guitar riff-based sound, it has been described as the band's heaviest album. Six of the nine songs were written by the band, while the other three were reinterpretations of Chicago blues songs by Willie Dixon and Howlin' Wolf. One single, "Whole Lotta Love", was released outside of the UK, peaked as a top-ten single in over a dozen markets around the world. Led Zeppelin II was a commercial success, was the band's first album to reach number one on charts in the UK and the US.
The album's cover designer David Juniper was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Recording Package in 1970. On 15 November 1999, the album was certified 12× Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for sales passing 12 million copies. Since its release, various writers and music critics have cited Led Zeppelin II as one of the greatest and most influential albums of all time. Led Zeppelin II was conceived during a busy period of Led Zeppelin's career from January through August 1969, when they completed four European and three American concert tours; each song was separately recorded and produced at various studios in the UK and North America. The album was written on tour, during periods of a couple of hours in between concerts, a studio was booked and the recording process begun resulting in spontaneity and urgency, reflected in the sound. Several songs resulted from improvisation while touring, including during the instrumental sections of "Dazed and Confused", were recorded live in the studio.
The album used a wide variety of recording studios in the UK and the US. Some of these were ill-equipped. A more favourable set-up was Mystic Studios in Los Angeles with Chris Huston engineering. Lead singer Robert Plant complained that the writing and mixing sessions were done in many different locations, criticised the writing and recording process. "Thank You", "The Lemon Song" and "Moby Dick" were overdubbed during the tour, while the mixing of "Whole Lotta Love" and "Heartbreaker" was done on tour. Page stated "In other words, some of the material came out of rehearsing for the next tour and getting new material together."Recording sessions for the album took place at Olympic and Morgan Studios in London, England. Production was credited to Jimmy Page, with Eddie Kramer engineering. Kramer said, "The famous Whole Lotta Love mix, where everything is going bananas, is a combination of Jimmy and myself just flying around on a small console twiddling every knob known to man."Kramer gave great credit to Page for the sound, achieved, despite the inconsistent conditions in which it was recorded: "We cut some of the tracks in some of the most bizarre studios you can imagine... but in the end it sounded bloody marvellous...
There was one guy in charge and, Mr. Page." Page and Kramer spent two days mixing the album at A&R Studios. The finished tracks reflect the evolving sound of their live performances. Plant had his first songwriting credits on Led Zeppelin II. "Whole Lotta Love" was built around a three-note Page riff. The lyrics were taken directly from Willie Dixon's "You Need Love", which led to the group being sued for plagiarism settling out of court; the arrangement resembles the Small Faces track "You Need Loving". With basic tracks recorded on Page's houseboat, the middle section of the song contained a variety of overdubbed instruments and vocals which were mixed live by Page and Kramer, making full use of stereo panning and other controls available on the desk; the song was edited down to a single in the US. In the UK, a single release was cancelled, it was issued as a single in 1997. The song was subsequently re-recorded by the Collective Consciousness Society. Led Zeppelin performed "Whole Lotta Love" at every gig from June 1969 onwards.
It was the closing number of their live shows between 1970 and 1973 extended to form a rock'n'roll medley towards the end of the set. A different arrangement of the song was played for the Knebworth Fayre concerts in 1979, it was the last song the group performed live with Bonham, on 7 July 1980. "Whole Lotta Love" has since been critically praised as one of the definitive heavy metal tracks, though the group have never considered themselves to fit that specific style."What Is and What Should Never Be" was written by Plant. It features a variety of dynamics during the track, along with flanged vocals and wide-pa
The Montreal Juniors were a junior ice hockey team in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League from 1975 to 1982. They played at the Montreal Forum in Montreal, Canada; the Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge were renamed in 1975. The most famous graduate from the team is Denis Savard; the team played for seven seasons as the Montreal Juniors before moving to Verdun. Two members of the Montreal Juniors would be enshrined in the HHOF. One of them played for the Juniors, the other was one of the team's coaches. Denis Savard was a local superstar and centreman, who played three seasons with the Juniors racking up 455 points in three years, he would go on to play many years for the Chicago Blackhawks, won a Stanley Cup with the Montreal Canadiens in 1993. Jacques Laperrière was part of many Montreal Canadiens championship teams. After retiring as a player, Laperrière took on the position of coach of the Montreal Juniors prior to the 1975-76 season. Partway through the following year he resigned, as the pressure and violence at the amateur level caused him to sour on his new profession.
1975-1976 Lost to Cornwall Royals 4 games to 2 in quarter-finals. 1976-1977 Defeated Chicoutimi Saguenéens 9 points to 7 in quarter-finals. Lost to Quebec Remparts 9 points to 1 in semi-finals. 1977-1978 Defeated Verdun Eperviers 8 points to 0 in quarter-finals. Defeated Cornwall Royals 8 points to 2 in semi-finals. Lost to Trois-Rivières Draveurs 8 points to 0 in finals. 1978-1979 Defeated Quebec Remparts 8 points to 4 in quarter-finals. Lost to Trois-Rivières Draveurs 8 points to 2 in semi-finals. 1979-1980 Defeated Quebec Remparts 4 games to 1 in quarter-finals. Lost to Sherbrook Castors 4 games to 1 in semi-finals. 1980-1981 Lost to Trois-Rivières 4 games to 3 in quarter-finals. 1981-1982 Eliminated by finishing 7th place in an 8 team round-robin
"My Love" is a 1965 single release by Petula Clark which, in early 1966, became an international hit, reaching No. 1 in the US: the track continued Clark's collaboration with songwriter and record producer Tony Hatch. In November 1965, on a flight from London to Los Angeles, Tony Hatch was putting the finishing touches on his composition "The Life and Soul of the Party", which he planned to record with Clark in Los Angeles to serve as her next single. During casual conversation with the American sitting next to him, Hatch was advised that this song's title would be meaningless to the American public. Hatch proceeded to write lyrics for a song whose title - "My Love" - could not conceivably present any comprehension issue. "My Love" was featured the backing of the Wrecking Crew. Petula Clark would recall: "We recorded three songs on that session... I liked the two other songs quite a lot, but I didn't like'My Love'... I thought. I had got so used to these wonderful songs that Tony had been writing with all these different moods and I thought "My Love" was just a bit flat."
Clark would describe how she tried to discourage Warner Bros A&R man Joe Smith from issuing "My Love" as a single: "He's a small man physically...about the right height for me. I was able to get hold of his lapels, I said to him,'Joe, I don't care which you put out, but just don't put out "My Love", and he said:'Trust me, baby.'" Smith did in fact okay the release of "My Love" as a single, it returned Clark to the top of the US charts for the first time since "Downtown", her breakthrough success. "My Love" spent 13 weeks on the Billboard Hot 100, reaching No. 1 on 5 February 1966, spending two weeks at that position. This made Clark the first British female to have two US No. 1 hits. A No. 1 hit on Canada's "RPM Play Sheet", "My Love" returned Clark to the top ten on the UK's Record Retailer chart for the first time since "Downtown" two years previous, with a March 1966 peak of No. 4. In the UK the single earned a Silver disc for sales of 200,000 units. Translated recordings by Clark made "My Love" a hit in France and Germany as "Mon amour", "L'amore e il vento", "Verzeih' die dummen Tränen".
"Mon amour" reached No. 35 in Wallonia, in a tandem ranking with "My Love" and "Si tu prenais le temps". The Norwegian rendering "Det er så lett å leve livet" was recorded in 1966 by Vigdis Mostad the Swedish rendering "Det är så lätt att leva livet" by Gitte Haenning and the Finnish rendering "Rakkauteni" by Hannele Laaksonen. "Rakkauteni" was recorded by Laila Kinnunen whose version appears on the 2002 compilation Kadonneet Helmet. Mrs. Miller covered the song in 1966, on her debut album with Capitol Records entitled Mrs. Miller's Greatest Hits and is on the 1997 compilation CD of her work released on Capitol's Ultra-Lounge label: Wild, Cool & Swingin', The Artist Collection Vol. 3: Mrs. Miller. John Davidson covered it in 1966 for his album Time of My Life!. The 1967 album release Pet Project by the Bob Florence Big Band features an instrumental version of "My Love", the album being devoted to songs associated with Petula Clark. Sonny James covered "My Love" in 1970, his version reached No. 1 that May on the Billboard Hot Country Singles chart, in the midst of his then-record string of 16-straight No. 1 singles in as many releases.
In 1970 C&W singer Barbara Fairchild recorded "My Love" for her debut album Someone Special. Nancy Boyd remade "My Love" for her 1987 album of classic hit songs Let's Hang On credited to Nancy Boyd & Cappello's. Florence Henderson performed the song as a serenade on the famous 1969 "Tonight Show" segment in which Tiny Tim married Miss Vicky. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Menestho felix is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies. The broadly elongate-conic shell is subdiaphanous, it measures 2.6 mm. The whorls of the protoconch are small completely obliquely immersed, only part of the last rounded volution is visible above the first of the whorls; the 5 1/2 whorls of the teleoconch are well rounded and moderately shouldered. They are marked by strong. Developed. Spiral keels which are separated by subequal, rounded sulci; the latter are somewhat broader than the keels and crossed by many slender raised axial threads. Three keels are present upon the first and second, on the third a fourth keel appears at the suture, but the greater part of it is covered up by the summit of the succeeding volution; the penultimate whorl has four keels, the posterior one of which marks the summit and is a little wider than the rest and somewhat flattened. The periphery of the body whorl is marked by a sulcus; the base of the shell is well attenuated.
It is ornamented like the spaces between the sutures. These keels, as well as the sulci diminish in breadth from the periphery to the umbilical region; the aperture is oval. The outer lip is thin, showing the external sculpture within; the columella is rather heavy, somewhat curved, backed up by the attenuated base and provided with a strong oblique fold at its insertion. The parietal wall is covered by a thin callus; this marine species is found off Japan and the Gulf of Thailand
Marianne Brandt was an Austrian operatic singer with an international reputation. She was born as Marie Bischof in Vienna and was educated at the music conservatory in that city studied with Pauline Viardot-García, she first attracted attention on stage in 1867 as Rachel in La Juive and soon afterward accepted an engagement at the Graz opera. From 1868 to 1886, she was associated with the Royal Opera in Berlin. Brandt travelled to New York during the 1880s, where she sang for several seasons the principal contralto rôles at the Metropolitan Opera House under Anton Seidl's baton. Two other leading Germanic singers, the soprano Lilli Lehmann and the bass-baritone Emil Fischer, were performing at the Met at the same time as Brandt, her associate artist for her 1887 tour was the pianist Carl Lachmund. She returned to Vienna in 1890, working in concert performances, she died in 1921, aged 78, in Vienna and was buried in the Hadersdorf-Weidlingau cemetery in Penzing. Gifted with a rich contralto/mezzo-soprano voice of extraordinary compass and possessing exceptional histrionic gifts, Brandt was regarded, in her prime, as being one of the greatest German operatic vocalists of the 19th century.
As an admirable interpreter of Wagnerian rôles, she contributed to the success of the Bayreuth music festivals in 1876 and 1882. In 1890 she took up residence in Vienna as a vocal teacher. One of her pupils was Edyth Walker, her voice can be heard on a few Pathé recordings which she made during the early 1900s while in semi-retirement. Gilman, D. C.. "Brandt, Marianne". New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead
Adele Hagner Stamp was the first dean of women at the University of Maryland, College Park and named dean of women emeritus from the University Board of Regents. In 1990 she was inducted into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame. In 1983, the University of Maryland named the student union building in her honor. In 1893, Adele H. Stamp was born in Maryland. Stamp grew up in Catonsville 20 miles from the University of Maryland, College Park campus where she would work for nearly four decades, she attended Western High School. Between 1913 and 1915, Stamp taught physical education at Catonsville High School. During the summers of 1914 and 1915, she enrolled in a "College Courses for Teachers" program at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. Stamp enrolled at Sophie Newcomb College, she spent the summers of 1915 and 1916 teaching physical education at Alfred University, she returned to Maryland in the summer of 1917 to serve as summer school instructor at the University of Maryland. As World War I approached, Stamp applied her experience as a recreation director and classwork in sociology as a social worker for the War Work Council of the Young Women's Christian Association, where she formed recreation programs for female factory workers.
She led recreation education for the 5,000 women employed at the Old Hickory Munitions Plant in Jacksonville, Tennessee 1918–1919. During 1919 and 1920 Stamp served as the director of recreation for female workers at the Industrial Service Center of the YWCA in New Orleans while finishing her studies at Newcomb College. In 1921, Stamp graduated from with a degree in sociology. After graduation, Stamp accepted a position with the Red Cross as a field representative in the South. Soon after, University of Maryland president Albert F. Woods offered her the position of Dean of Women, which she accepted. Stamp served as Dean of Women at the University of College Park for 38 years, she took the position as a one-year contract, renewed for a second year before being extended to comprise the remainder of her career. The university had just begun admitting women in 1916. During Stamp's tenure as Dean of Women, enrollment of female students increased from 93 in 1922 to 4,000 in 1960. In 1923, she organized the Maryland State Association of Deans of Women, which soon gained membership from neighboring Delaware and Washington, DC.
In 1924, Stamp earned a master's degree in sociology at the University of Maryland, where she completed a thesis entitled "Community Organization in Maryland Welfare Organization." She undertook additional graduate work at Catholic University of American University. During her time as dean of women, Stamp founded or helped to found many organizations: Women's Student Government Association at Maryland Campus Club Senior Honor Society Freshman Honor Society Student chapter of the American Red Cross When Stamp retired in December 1960, the University of Maryland Board of Regents awarded Stamp the title dean of women emeritus. Emeritus is the highest faculty honor bestowed by the board, Stamp the first to receive the title; the Baltimore Sun, reporting on her retirement, mused that her 38 years of service was the "longest record of continuous service at a single school of any dean of women in the United States". While at the University of Maryland, Stamp participated in or help found numerous community and civic organizations: American Association of University Women.
Chair of Library Extension and of Education, for which she made speeches throughout Maryland urging higher salaries for teachers, better schools, support for education bills in the legislature. Democratic National Convention. Maryland Historical Society. National Democratic Women's Club; the Board of Regents of the University of Maryland awarded Stamp the designation "Emeritus" at her retirement in 1960. The University of Maryland, College Park named the student Union in her honor in 1983 in recognition of her contributions to the university; the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame inducted Stamp in 1990. The Prince George's County Historical Society inducted Stamp to their Hall of Fame in 1995. Alpha Lambda Delta awards the annual Adele Hagner Stamp Fellowship, named in her honor. Maryland Women's Hall of Fame Prince George's County Historical Society Hall of Fame Adele's Circle of Women, University of Maryland