Sergio Oliva was a Cuban bodybuilder known as "The Myth". This sobriquet was given to him by bodybuilder/writer Rick Wayne but Oliva himself has doubted this claim. Wayne had begun calling Oliva "The Myth" because everyone who saw him at the 1967 Montreal World's Fair said he was "Just unbelievable". Oliva was born in Cuba on July 4, 1941. At 12, he worked with his father in the sugar cane fields of Guanabacoa; when Oliva was 16, his father suggested. In the absence of a birth certificate, the recruiting officer took the senior Oliva's word that his son was old enough to enlist in the fight against communism. After losing the war to Fidel Castro, Oliva took to hanging out at the beach. There, he met a fellow beachgoer. After just six months of training Oliva was doing clean and jerks with over 300 lb and totaling 1000 lb in the three major lifts at a bodyweight of 195 lb, considered a middle-heavyweight. In 1962, the National Weightlifting Championship for Cuba was won by Alberto Rey Games Hernandez.
Because Games received an injury, Oliva was chosen to represent Cuba at the 1962 Central American and Caribbean Games hosted in Kingston, Jamaica. During his stay in Jamaica, Oliva snuck out of his quarters, he ran at top speed. Arriving breathlessly, he received political asylum. Soon, 65 other Cuban nationals followed him, including Castro's entire weightlifting team and their security guards. Soon afterward, Oliva was living in Miami, working as a TV repairman. In 1963 Oliva moved to Illinois. There he worked at a local steel mill and began working out at the Duncan YMCA. Working 10- to 12-hour days at the steel mill and putting in another 2.5–3 hours at the gym gave Oliva little time for anything else. Soon the bodybuilding grapevine was abuzz with gossip about a Cuban powerhouse who lifted more than any of the local Olympic champs. Oliva won his first bodybuilding competition, the Mr. Chicagoland contest, in 1963, he was successful again at the Mr. Illinois in 1964. Mr. America, winning 2nd place though he won the trophy for "Most Muscular."
In 1966, he won the AAU Jr. Mr. America, again he claimed the trophy for "Most Muscular", he joined the International Federation of BodyBuilders IFBB in which he won both the professional Mr. World and Mr. Universe Contests. In 1967, he won the prestigious Mr. Olympia contest. Oliva went on to win the Mr. Olympia title three years in a row, at 5 feet 8 inches and at a contest weight of 225lbs. Oliva's 1968 Mr Olympia win was uncontested. In 1969, he won his third consecutive Mr. Olympia by beating a Mr. Europe, a Mr. International, four-time Mr. Universe winner Arnold Schwarzenegger. In his 1977 autobiography, "Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder", Arnold tells of their first encounter: "Then for the first time, I saw Sergio Oliva in person. I understood why they called him "the Myth", it was as jarring. He destroyed me, he was so huge, he was so fantastic, there was no way I could think of beating him. I felt some of my pump go away. I tried, but I'd been so taken back by my first sight of Sergio Oliva that I think I settled for 2nd place before we walked out on the stage...
I never like to admit defeat. There were no two ways about it."However, Schwarzenegger won his first Mr. Olympia title by edging the Myth the following year with a score of 4-3. Oliva was banned from competing in the 1971 IFBB Mr. Olympia because he competed in the 1971 NABBA Mr. Universe; this was controversial because Schwarzenegger had competed for this same contest the year before and without Sergio to challenge Arnold, some felt that the contest was fixed. "I'd coasted to my second title as Mr. Olympia, in Paris in 1971; the only possible challenger had been Sergio - nobody else was in my league - and he'd been barred from the contest, along with others, because of a dispute between federations." Oliva was permitted to guest pose at the 1971 Mr Olympia. After this setback, Oliva was fiercely determined to beat Arnold Schwarzenegger and prove once and for all that he was the world's greatest bodybuilder. In 1972, under the High Intensity Training system of Arthur Jones, the designer of Nautilus training equipment, Oliva challenged Schwarzenegger for the 1972 Olympia in Essen Germany.
By all accounts, Sergio was in his all-time greatest shape and confident he would regain the Mr. Olympia title. Arnold beat Sergio into 2nd place and was crowned Mr Olympia yet again, he said "In Essen, it seemed like all the top Bodybuilders turned up at their best except for me. Sergio was back more impressive than I remembered." "Compared with all of the other Bodybuilders I've faced, Sergio was in a class by himself. I was struck by, it was so hard to look impressive next to him with those incredible thighs, that impossibly tiny waist, those incredible triceps."After being disqualified from the 1973 IFBB Mr. International that Sergio won, he severed all ties with the Joe Weider controlled IFBB and continued competing for other world bodybuilding federations, he won the World BodyBuilding Guild Mr. Galaxy in 1972 and 1973, the WBBG Mr. Olympus in 1975, 1976 and 1978, the WABBA Professional World Championships in 1977 and 1980, the WABBA Professional World Cup in 1980 and 1981. After a 12-year hiatus from the IFBB, Oliva was invited back to the IFBB and came out of retirement to compete in the 1984 Mr. Olympia.
Spartanburg Methodist College
Spartanburg Methodist College is a private institution of higher learning located in Spartanburg, South Carolina. The college serves an 800 student body and offers six associate degrees as well as paths to bachelor’s degrees with concentrations in business, English and religion. Spartanburg Methodist College was founded as Textile Industrial Institute in 1911 by Dr. David English Camak, a visionary Methodist minister. At its founding as a work-study cooperative, TII served young adults working in area textile mills by offering high school level courses in preparation for advanced education or employment. In this first cooperative education program in the country, students worked a week and took classes for a week; this arrangement enabled the school to provide resources for life. In 1927, the first two years of college-level work were added to the curriculum to provide graduates with an associate degree in liberal arts for transfer to senior level colleges; the continued close relationship between TII and local business and industry led to the development of associate degrees that prepared students for immediate employment.
In 1940, the high school classes were dropped from the TII curriculum. In 1942, Textile Industrial Institute became Spartanburg Junior College and for the next twenty-five years focused its efforts on providing associate degrees designed for transfer into a wide variety of bachelor's degree programs. Beginning in 1965, the College began a cycle of growth during which over three-fourths of the present campus buildings were erected or renovated, the curriculum was broadened and strengthened, student enrollment doubled and new expertise was added through faculty growth and development. In 1974, Spartanburg Junior College became Spartanburg Methodist College. Since its founding, the College has been affiliated with the mission work of the United Methodist Church and its forebear, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South; the relationship between the College and the church has continued across the years through the General Board of Global Ministries and the Board of Global Ministries of the South Carolina Annual Conference.
The College’s name attests to the pride the institution’s trustees, faculty and student body take in working and studying at a college based on the traditional values of the church and the United States of America. Today, Spartanburg Methodist College serves a diverse student body from several states of the United States as well as from several different nations of the world; the College seeks to meet the educational needs of its student body by enabling each student to meet the challenges of a technologically based future. Spartanburg Methodist College offers a variety of educational programs to meet the needs of the traditional college student and of the non-traditional working adult; the college is led by a Board of Trustees comprising 24 members, with six clergy members and 18 laity. Terms are staggered on a three-year basis. Scott Cochran has served as the College's eighth president since November 16, 2015. Spartanburg Methodist College is affiliated with the United Methodist Church and with the South Carolina Annual Conference.
It is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and the University Senate of the United Methodist Church. * Fall 2009 data provided by Spartanburg Methodist College Enrollment: 808 Percent of Freshman applicants admitted: 70% Male/Female Ratio: 50% / 50% Racial composition: Caucasian 58% / African-American 30% / Hispanic 9% / Other minorities 2% On-campus residents vs. commuter students: 66% / 34% Spartanburg Methodist College serves students from every part of South Carolina. In fall 2009, 42 of the state’s 46 counties are represented in the student body, In addition, students from seven states, one US territory, three foreign countries are enrolled. Sixty-one non‐SC resident students account for six percent of the student body. SMC offers six degree programs: Associate in Arts, Associate in Science, Associate in Criminal Justice, Associate in Religious Studies, Associate in Fine Arts, Associate in Business, it offers an online Criminal Justice program. The college is a Division I member of Region X of the National Junior College Athletic Association.
Region X includes colleges in the Carolinas, West Virginia, Virginia. SMC offers 14 intercollegiate athletic programs which include Men's and Women's Soccer, Men's and Women's Tennis, Men's and Women's Golf, Men's and Women's Basketball, Men's and Women's Cross Country, Volleyball and Wrestling; the college's athletic teams have won numerous regional and national titles. The men's soccer team won the 1994 NJCAA national championship. Several other teams have made appearances in their respective NJCAA Division I national tournaments in recent years — most women's golf, men's tennis, men's cross country, women's cross country, men's and women's half marathon and volleyball. Temporary Services led by All American Coach/Quarterback Christian Sessions and All American Left Guard/Defensive End Alumni of the college include major leaguers Orlando Hudson, Reggie Sanders, Dwight Smith, Sebastián Velásquez. Bodybuilder Lee Haney attended the school. Spartanburg Methodist College website Spartanburg Methodist College - Admissions Office Spartanburg Methodist College - Financial Aid Office NJCAA Website - Spartanburg Methodist College City of Spartanburg Spartanburg Convention and Visitor's Bureau
Spartanburg, South Carolina
Spartanburg is the most populous city in and the seat of Spartanburg County, South Carolina, United States, the 12th-largest city by population in the state. The city of Spartanburg has a municipal population of 37,013, Spartanburg County has an urban population of 180,786 as of the 2010 census; the Spartanburg Metropolitan Statistical Area, including Spartanburg and Union counties, had a population of 317,057 as of the 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. Spartanburg is the second-largest city in the greater Greenville–Spartanburg–Anderson Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 1,385,045 as of 2014, it is part of a 10-county region of northwestern South Carolina known as "The Upstate," and is located 98 miles northwest of Columbia, 80 miles west of Charlotte, North Carolina, about 190 miles northeast of Atlanta, Georgia. Spartanburg is a major city in South Carolina, it is the site of headquarters for Denny's. Spartanburg is home of the BMW Spartanburg factory.
Spartanburg was formed in 1785 and was named after a local militia called the Spartan Regiment in the American Revolutionary War. The Spartan Regiment, commanded by Andrew Pickens, participated in the nearby Battle of Cowpens. In 1831, Spartanburg was incorporated becoming known as the "Hub City": railroad lines radiated from the city forming the shape of a wheel hub, it became a center of textile manufacturing in the late 19th century, with around 40 textile mills being established through the early 1900s. During World War I Camp Wadsworth was used to train 100,000 soldiers for the war. Camp Croft trained soldiers during World War II; the facility was adapted as Croft State Park. By the 1950s, the production in these mills began to decline. Most textile manufacturing jobs were moved offshore by the companies. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 square miles, of which 19.1 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 0.47%, is water. The city of Spartanburg has a humid subtropical climate with long and humid summers, cool to semi mild winters.
The average annual temperature is 61.6 °F. In the summer season from June through September, average highs are in the 80's to low 90's F, while in the winter months average highs are in the mid 50's F. Annual rainfall is spread evenly throughout the whole year. Spartanburg sees little snowfall, with the annual average being only 1.4 inches. Average precipitation is 51.3 inches and the average growing season is 231 days. Lawson's Fork Creek, a tributary of the Pacolet River, was once known for its plentiful wildlife and crystal clear waters. Parks and woodlands line much of its banks, rocky shoals and natural waterfalls can be found throughout its course, it stretches from the northern end of the county to the eastern end, where it empties into the Pacolet. The Cottonwood Trail is a walking trail located in the Edwin M. Griffin Nature Preserve that runs along part of Lawson's Fork Creek; the trail includes picnic areas, a raised path over an extensive wetlands area and access to sporadic sandbars.
Located just east of downtown, it is used by cyclists and walkers. Since the Lawson's Fork floodplain is not suitable for development, wildlife populate the area. Larger animals that can be found here include white-tailed deer, wild turkeys, pileated woodpeckers, mallard ducks, Canada geese and snapping turtles. Hatcher Garden and Woodland Preserve, is a preserve located in the midst of an urban environment. Retired social activist Harold Hatcher and his wife Josephine transformed an eroding gully into a thick woods and flower garden which now provides a haven for birds and other wildlife. Early European settlers to this area included French fur trappers, English woodsmen, Scots-Irish farmers. Few remnants survive from these early pioneering days, but traces can be found in the more rural areas of the county. Walnut Grove Plantation, an 18th-century farmhouse, has been preserved by The Spartanburg County Historical Association; the site of a locally famous skirmish during the American Revolutionary War, it was the home of the Moore family.
The plantation lies south of Spartanburg near the town of Roebuck, is open to the public for tours and during annual festivals. The Seay House, another 18th-century home, is a more typical representative of a pioneer home, its single stone fireplace and simple construction were common traits of farmsteads from this period. The Price House, the third 18th-century home maintained by the Historical Association, is unique, its sturdy Flemish-bond brick construction and three stories are less common in this area. By examining the original inventory lists of the house, the Historical Association has been able to retrieve period pieces that approximate the original contents of the house. First established in the 1780s as a courthouse village, Spartanburg may have been named for the Spartan regiment of the South Carolina militia; the city was incorporated in 1831, at the time of the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Cowpens, a pivotal fight of the American Revolution that took place only a few miles away.
The city's streets and architectural record reflect the changes of the 20th centuries. Morgan Square, the city's primary downtown hub, is the original courthouse village, it was founded adjacent to a small spring on the western slope of a ridge, which forms the border of the Tyger and Pacolet River watersheds. The square's name derives from Daniel Morgan, the general who commanded the American forces at Cowpens. A statue of Morgan was placed in the square in 1881; the oldest
Fairburn is a city in Fulton County, United States, with a population of 12,950, according to the 2010 census. Though it has a rich history of its own, the city is now a linked suburb of Atlanta, which lies just a few miles to the north. Fairburn is located along a railroad line and was the county seat of Campbell County starting in 1871, it was chosen as county seat in a referendum in 1871, spurred by the original seat of Campbellton refusing to allow the Atlanta & West Point Railroad line through on account of the anticipated noise in the 1850s. The railroad instead passed through Fairburn. Campbellton faded away as Fairburn grew; the government of Campbell County went bankrupt in 1931 during the Great Depression and, along with Milton County to the north, was absorbed into Fulton County when 1932 began. The community is named in England. Fairburn is located at 33°33′45″N 84°34′53″W. Fairburn is located along Interstate 85, which leads northeast 20 miles to downtown Atlanta and southwest 142 miles to Montgomery, Alabama.
Georgia State Route 74 runs through the city, leading south 13 miles to Peachtree City. Some areas in nearby Fayette County have a Fairburn mailing address. According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 17.1 square miles, of which 16.9 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 1.24%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 5,464 people, 1,879 households, 1,416 families residing in the city; the population density was 750.9 people per square mile. There were 2,005 housing units at an average density of 275.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 47.64% African American, 43.08% White, 0.29% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 6.46% from other races, 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.01% of the population. There were 1,879 households out of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.26. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $39,679, the median income for a family was $42,219. Males had a median income of $32,708 versus $28,940 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,898. About 6.1% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over. Fulton County Schools serves Fairburn. Arlington Christian School is a private school in Fairburn. Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System operates the Fairburn Branch. Landmark Christian School is a private school in Fairburn; the Bedford School is a private school in Fairburn.
Georgia Military College has a campus located in Fairburn. Brenau University has a satellite campus in Fairburn. Fairburn is home in operation during the springtime; the City of Fairburn hosts the "Fairburn Festival" each fall, featuring a parade, local food and crafts vendors and musical performances. Rappers Playboi Carti and UnoTheActivist are from Fairburn. In 2018, YouTuber Drew Morris, known by his username Not The Expert, created a fictional university in NCAA Football 14 known as University of Georgia at Fairburn for a series on his YouTube channel that chronicles the rise of the UGF Pandas program from the worst school in college football to success
Dorian Andrew Mientjez Yates is an English former professional bodybuilder. He won the Mr. Olympia title six consecutive times from 1992 to 1997, he has the fifth-highest number of Mr. Olympia awards of all time, thus ranking behind Ronnie Coleman, Lee Haney, Arnold Schwarzenegger and Phil Heath, he is considered to be one of the top bodybuilders in modern history and is most known for his wide and thick back. Yates grew up in rural Staffordshire. Yates' father died of heart attack when Yates was 13. After his father's death the family moved to Birmingham, he started working out in 1983. Yates' professional record consists of two second-place finishes, his career ended in large part due to chronic acute injuries, including torn biceps and triceps, the latter just three weeks prior to his final contest, the 1997 Mr. Olympia, which he won in spite of the injury, generating a controversy among fellow athletes and amateurs. Yates espoused a style of training known as HIT, which states that maximum muscle stimulation can be reached through short, high-intensity workout sessions rather than long duration workouts.
The training style was popularized by Arthur Jones and Mike Mentzer. Yates earned the nickname of "The Shadow" for his tendency to unexpectedly appear at major bodybuilding contests and steal the win, having remained out of the public eye for long periods beforehand, he was reported to have turned down several large supplement endorsement contracts and avoided interviews and other television publicity in order to maintain privacy and full commitment to his training. Yates is considered to be the first of the "mass monsters" in bodybuilding, he combined this enormous muscle mass along with tremendous conditioning quoted as "granite hardness". He was criticized for being among the first prominent bodybuilders to exhibit an inflated stomach, most a side effect of HGH use, a tendency which has become rampant since. In retrospect, regarding his injuries, he considers that his main error was maintaining an extreme level of training intensity all year long when approaching contests, while being on a restricted "cutting" diet which weakens the body globally.
Regarding the use of performance enhancing drugs, referencing the documentary "Super Size Me", he stated that eating three meals a day at McDonalds is more harmful for the metabolism than his twelve years of regular steroid use. In 1987, Yates purchased Temple Gym, located on Temple Street in Birmingham. In 2006, he franchised four additional Temple Gym locations, three of which are in the UK. Yates formed the California-based company Heavy Duty Inc. in 1994 with Mike Mentzer and Ray Mentzer. The company marketed bodybuilding-related books. In 1998, Yates partnered with Kerry Kayes to form the bodybuilding supplement company CNP Professional, which marketed a Dorian Yates Approved product line in the U. S, he left the company in 2006 to form his own company, Dorian Yates Ultimate Formulas, which offers a line of protein and weight-gain supplements. He started a second company in 2010, EU Peptides, which sells peptide hormones and other pro-hormone supplements, he left EU Peptides in 2012. In 2011, Yates founded a third company, DY Nutrition, which specializes in pre-workout formulas and has released several training DVDs.
Yates and a partner took over the gym in 1987 and became the sole owner of the gym. It has franchises in California, Las Vegas, the UK. It's spread across 3000 square feet and Blue is a new workout to 220 lbs. DY Nutrition is a line of supplements that consists of whey protein supplements, pre-workout, post-workout supplements owned and endorsed by Yates. Yates is married to Brazilian fitness model Glauce "Gal" Ferreira, she had won the IFBB South American Bodyfitness event and was the IFBB World Bodyfitness Champion 2007. They met each other for the first time at the 2008 Arnold Classic, they live in Marbella. Yates' son, has taken up bodybuilding and works with his father. Yates has advocated alternative treatments including the use of cannabis oil, he has made statements in interviews concerning the negative health effects of sodium fluoride additives in tap water and the discovery of cancer viruses and sterilants in some vaccines. In a 2013 interview, he endorsed the use of some psychedelic entheogens for religious and spiritual purposes, including ayahuasca.
Yates has taken several controversial political positions, such as calling for a new investigation of the 9/11 attacks. In 1993, Yates published an autobiography titled Guts. In 1996, Yates released a workout video of the same title, which features his weekly weight training routines. In 1998, Yates coauthored A Warrior's Story, in which he chronicles his path to success in bodybuilding. In 2012, Yates released a mass gain video trainer in collaboration with bodybuilding.com called Blood and Guts, based on the HIT theory. In 2017, Yates attended the worldwide premiere of the London Real feature film, Dorian Yates: Inside The Shadow, held at BAFTA in London. Height: 5 ft 10.5 in Off Season Weight: 310 pounds Competition Weight: 265 pounds Upper Arm Size: 51 cm Thigh Size: 79 cm Waist Size: 88 cm Calf Size: 52 cm Chest size: 142.24 cm 1985 World Games, 7th Heavyweights 1986 British Championships, 1st Heavyweight 1988 British Championships, 1st Heavyweight and overall 1990 Night of Champions, 2nd 1991 Night of Champions, 1st 1991 Mr. Olympia, 2nd 1991 English Grand Prix, 1st 1992 Mr. Olympia, 1st 1992 Engli
Larry Scott (bodybuilder)
Larry Dee Scott, nicknamed "The Legend" and "The Golden Boy," was an American IFBB professional bodybuilder. He won the inaugural 1965 Mr. Olympia competition and defended the crown at the 1966 Mr. Olympia contest before retiring. Larry Dee Scott was born in Idaho to Thea Scott and machinist Wayne Scott, he began training at age 16 and won the Mr. Idaho competition in 1959 at age 20. After moving to California, he promptly won Mr. California, Mr. Pacific Coast, Mr. America, Mr. Universe; when Joe Weider created the IFBB's Mr. Olympia title, Scott won the first two contests in 1965 and 1966. Although retiring after his 1966 Olympia win, he staged a brief comeback in 1979 before he retired from competition in 1980, he studied electronics at the California Air College, was known to be a devout Mormon. He married Rachel Scott; the Scotts had five children: daughter Susan, sons Erin, Nathan and Michael. Derek died in a motorcycle accident in 1992, Michael died in 1993, he played a minor role in the 1964 movie Muscle Beach Party.
When he started weight training in 1956, his narrow shoulders were a particular weak spot. He trained with Vince Gironda, a well-known bodybuilder of the time, became best known for his arm development his impressive and unusually long biceps, he attributed his biceps to an exercise called the "Preacher Curl", invented by Gironda known as the "Scott Curl" due to its association with Scott. Scott was a popular physique model during the early to mid-1960s, working for photographers Bruce of Los Angeles, Don Whitman, Pat Milo. Milo introduced Scott to a larger audience and helped him hone his posing and photographic persona: the "boy next door". Larry appeared in all of Joe Weider's bodybuilding magazines, including Mr. America and Muscle Builder appearing in Demi Gods, Muscles a Go-Go and The Young Physique; as an IFBB member, he wrote for Joe Weider's publications. From 1960 until his first retirement in 1966, Scott was bodybuilding's top superstar. Bodybuilding magazines soon began capitalizing on his all-American image.
His popularity become known as "Larry Fever" and reached its apex at the first Mr. Olympia competition in 1965, winning the "jewel"-encrusted crown against Harold Poole. Scott won the 1966 Mr. Olympia title, receiving a $1,000 prize. News of his retirement at the age of 28 shocked the sport, but he prioritized his second marriage and felt he had done all he could in competitive bodybuilding after two Olympia wins. Rod Labbe, a freelance writer and fan, collaborated with Scott on five articles: a two-part interview in Flex magazine, two articles in Ironman, the "Poetry in Motion" article in MuscleMag International, a promotional article/interview for Scarlet: the Film Magazine about American International's Muscle Beach Party, with.. Five years after his passing, Labbe wrote a Scott tribute article for the March 2019 issue of Muscle & Fitness entitled, "My friend, Larry Scott." Scott retired to Salt Lake City, operating his personal training company Larry Scott Fitness & Nutrition. The company sold custom gym equipment and health supplements.
He was inducted into the IFBB Hall of Fame in 1999. On March 8, 2014, Scott died of complications from Alzheimer's disease at his home in Salt Lake City, Utah, he was 75 years old. The first IFBB professional bodybuilder to build 20" upper arms, using Vince Gironda's principles, popularizing Vince's preacher curl bench so much it is now known as "Scott curls"; the first bodybuilder to win Mr. America, Mr. Universe, Mr. Olympia competitions. Won the first two Mr Olympia contests, 1965 and 1966; the only bodybuilder never to lose a Mr. Olympia competition. Popularized an exercise combination of a dumbbell press and side lateral raise, known as the "Scott press". 1959 Mr. Idaho, 1st 1960 Mr. California – AAU, Winner 1960 Mr. California – AAU, Most Muscular, 1st 1960 Mr. Los Angeles – AAU, Most Muscular, 3rd 1960 Mr. Los Angeles – AAU, 3rd 1961 Mr. Pacific Coast – AAU, Most Muscular, 1st 1961 Mr. Pacific Coast – AAU, Winner 1962 Mr. America, Medium, 2 and Overall 1963 Mr. Universe, Medium, 1st 1964 Mr. Universe, Medium, 1st and Overall 1965 Mr. Olympia, 1st 1966 Mr. Olympia, 1st 1979 Canada Diamond Pro Cup, 9th 1979 Grand Prix Vancouver, Did not place List of male professional bodybuilders List of female professional bodybuilders The official Larry Scott website Larry Scott on IMDb Larry Scott Gallery
Bodybuilding is the use of progressive resistance exercise to control and develop one's musculature for aesthetic purposes. An individual who engages in this activity is referred to as a bodybuilder. In competitive bodybuilding, bodybuilders appear in lineups and perform specified poses for a panel of judges who rank the competitors based on criteria such as symmetry and conditioning. Bodybuilders prepare for competitions through the elimination of nonessential body fat, enhanced at the last stage by a combination of extracellular dehydration and carbohydrate loading, to achieve maximum muscular definition and vascularity, as well as tanning to accentuate the contrast of the skin under the spotlights. Bodybuilders may use other performance-enhancing drugs to build muscles; the winner of the annual IFBB Mr. Olympia contest is recognized as the world's top male professional bodybuilder; the winner of the Women's Physique portion of the competition is regarded as the world's top female professional bodybuilder.
The title is held by Juliana Malacarne, who has won every year since 2014. Since 1950, the NABBA Universe Championships have been considered the top amateur bodybuilding contests, with notable winners such as Reg Park, Lee Priest, Steve Reeves, Arnold Schwarzenegger. Winners go on to become professional athletes. Stone-lifting traditions were practiced in ancient Egypt and Tamilakam. Western weightlifting developed in Europe from 1880 to 1953, with strongmen displaying feats of strength for the public and challenging each other; the focus was not on their physique, they had large bellies and fatty limbs. Bodybuilding developed in the late 19th century, promoted in England by German Eugen Sandow, now considered as the "Father of Bodybuilding", he allowed audiences to enjoy viewing his physique in "muscle display performances". Although audiences were thrilled to see a well-developed physique, the men displayed their bodies as part of strength demonstrations or wrestling matches. Sandow had a stage show built around these displays through Florenz Ziegfeld.
The Oscar-winning 1936 musical film The Great Ziegfeld depicts the beginning of modern bodybuilding, when Sandow began to display his body for carnivals. Sandow was so successful at flexing and posing his physique that he created several businesses around his fame, was among the first to market products branded with his name, he was credited with inventing and selling the first exercise equipment for the masses: machined dumbbells, spring pulleys, tension bands. His image was sold by the thousands in "cabinet cards" and other prints. Sandow was a perfect "Gracilian", a standard of ideal body proportions close to those of ancient Greek and Roman statues. Men's physiques were judged by how they matched these proportions. Sandow organized the first bodybuilding contest on September 14, 1901, called the "Great Competition", it was held at the Royal Albert Hall in London. Judged by Sandow, Sir Charles Lawes, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the contest was a great success and many bodybuilding enthusiasts were turned away due to the overwhelming amount of audience members.
The trophy presented to the winner was a gold statue of Sandow sculpted by Frederick Pomeroy. The winner was William L. Murray of Nottingham; the silver Sandow trophy was presented to second-place winner D. Cooper; the bronze Sandow trophy — now the most famous of all — was presented to third-place winner A. C. Smythe. In 1950, this same bronze trophy was presented to Steve Reeves for winning the inaugural NABBA Mr. Universe contest, it would not resurface again until 1977 when the winner of the IFBB Mr. Olympia contest, Frank Zane, was presented with a replica of the bronze trophy. Since Mr. Olympia winners have been awarded a replica of the bronze Sandow. On January 16, 1904, the first large-scale bodybuilding competition in America took place at Madison Square Garden in New York City; the competition was promoted by Bernarr Macfadden, the father of physical culture and publisher of original bodybuilding magazines such as Health & Strength. The winner was Al Treloar, declared "The Most Perfectly Developed Man in the World".
Treloar won a substantial sum at that time. Two weeks Thomas Edison made a film of Treloar's posing routine. Edison had made two films of Sandow a few years before; those were the first three motion pictures featuring a bodybuilder. In the early 20th century and Charles Atlas continued to promote bodybuilding across the world. Alois P. Swoboda was an early pioneer in America. Many other important bodybuilders in the early history of bodybuilding prior to 1930 include: Earle Liederman, Zishe Breitbart, Georg Hackenschmidt, Emy Nkemena, George F. Jowett, Finn Hateral, Frank Saldo, Monte Saldo, William Bankier, Launceston Elliot, Sig Klein, Sgt. Alfred Moss, Joe Nordquist, Lionel Strongfort, Gustav Frištenský, Ralph Parcaut, Alan P. Mead. Actor Francis X. Bushman, a disciple of Sandow, started his career as a bodybuilder and sculptor's model before beginning his famous silent movie career. Bodybuilding became more popular in the 1950s and 1960s with the emergence of strength and gymnastics champions, the simultaneous popularization of bodybuilding magazines, training principles, nutrition for bulking up and cutting down, the use of protein and other food supplements, the opportunity to enter physique contests.