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Leeds

Leeds is the largest city in the county of West Yorkshire in Northern England 170 miles north of central London. Leeds has one of the most diverse economies of all the UK's main employment centres and has seen the fastest rate of private-sector jobs growth of any UK city, it has the highest ratio of private to public sector jobs of all the UK's Core Cities, with 77% of its workforce working in the private sector. Leeds has the third-largest jobs total by local authority area, with 480,000 in employment and self-employment at the beginning of 2015. Leeds is ranked as a High Sufficiency level city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Leeds is the cultural and commercial heart of the West Yorkshire Urban Area. Leeds is served by five universities, has the fourth largest student population in the country and the country's fourth largest urban economy. Leeds was a small manorial borough in the 13th century, in the 17th and 18th centuries it became a major centre for the production and trading of wool, in the Industrial Revolution a major mill town.

From being a market town in the valley of the River Aire in the 16th century, Leeds expanded and absorbed the surrounding villages to become a populous urban centre by the mid-20th century. It now lies within the West Yorkshire Urban Area, the United Kingdom's fourth-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.6 million. Today, Leeds has become the largest legal and financial centre outside London with the financial and insurance services industry worth £13 billion to the city's economy; the finance and business service sector account for 38% of total output with more than 30 national and international banks located in the city, including an office of the Bank of England. Leeds is the UK's third-largest manufacturing centre with around 1,800 firms and 39,000 employees, Leeds manufacturing firms account for 8.8% of total employment in the city and is worth over £7 billion to the local economy. The largest sub-sectors are engineering and publishing, food and drink and medical technology.

Other key sectors include retail and the visitor economy and the creative and digital industries. The city saw several firsts, including the oldest-surviving film in existence, Roundhay Garden Scene, the 1767 invention of soda water. Public transport and road communications networks in the region are focused on Leeds, the second phase of High Speed 2 will connect it to London via East Midlands Hub and Sheffield Meadowhall. Leeds has the third busiest railway station and the tenth busiest airport outside London; the name derives from the old Brythonic word Ladenses meaning "people of the fast-flowing river", in reference to the River Aire that flows through the city. This name referred to the forested area covering most of the Brythonic kingdom of Elmet, which existed during the 5th century into the early 7th century. Bede states in the fourteenth chapter of his Ecclesiastical History, in a discussion of an altar surviving from a church erected by Edwin of Northumbria, that it is located in...regione quae vocatur Loidis.

An inhabitant of Leeds is locally known as a word of uncertain origin. The term Leodensian is used, from the city's Latin name; the name has been explained as a derivative of Welsh lloed, meaning "a place". Leeds developed as a market town in the Middle Ages as part of the local agricultural economy. Before the Industrial Revolution, it became a co-ordination centre for the manufacture of woollen cloth, white broadcloth was traded at its White Cloth Hall. Leeds handled one sixth of England's export trade in 1770. Growth in textiles, was accelerated by the building of the Aire and Calder Navigation in 1699 and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in 1816. In the late Georgian era, William Lupton, Lord of the Manor of Leeds, was one of a number of central Leeds landowners with the mesne lord title, some of whom, like him, were textile manufacturers. At the time of his death in 1828, Lupton's land in Briggate in central Leeds included a mill, manor house and outbuildings; the railway network constructed around Leeds, starting with the Leeds and Selby Railway in 1834, provided improved communications with national markets and for its development, an east-west connection with Manchester and the ports of Liverpool and Hull giving improved access to international markets.

Alongside technological advances and industrial expansion, Leeds retained an interest in trading in agricultural commodities, with the Corn Exchange opening in 1864. Marshall's Mill was one of the first of many factories constructed in Leeds from around 1790 when the most significant were woollen finishing and flax mills. Manufacturing diversified by 1914 to printing, engineering and clothing manufacture. Decline in manufacturing during the 1930s was temporarily reversed by a switch to producing military uniforms and munitions during World War II. However, by the 1970s, the clothing industry was in irreversible decline, facing cheap foreign competition; the contemporary economy has been shaped by Leeds City Council's vision of building a'24-hour European city' and'capital of the north'. The city has developed from the decay of the post-industrial era to become a telephone banking centre, connected to the electronic infrastructure of the modern global economy. There has been growth in the corporate and legal sectors, increased local affluence has led to an expanding retail sector, including the luxury goods market.

Leeds City Region Enterprise Zone was launched in April 201

List of state leaders in 1264

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, other rulers in the year 1264. China - Emperor Lizong Emperor Duzong Korea – Wonjong Japan Monarch – Emperor Kameyama Kamakura shogunatePrince Munetaka Shikken - Hōjō Nagatoki Hōjō Masamura Khmer EmpireJayavarman VIII Mongol EmpireKublai Khan Pagan KingdomNarathihapate Sukhothai KingdomSi InthrathitPrincipality of AchaeaWilliam II Villehardouin Kingdom of AragonJames I Kingdom of BohemiaOtakar II Bulgarian EmpireConstantine Tikh, Tsar of Bulgaria Byzantine EmpireMichael VIII Crown of CastileAlfonso X Kingdom of DenmarkEric V Kingdom of EnglandHenry III Despotate of EpirusMichael II Komnenos Doukas Kingdom of FranceLouis IX Kingdom of GwyneddLlywelyn ap Gruffudd Holy Roman EmpireRichard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans and Alfonso X of Castile, King of the Romans County of HollandFloris V Kingdom of HungaryBéla IV Grand Duchy of LithuaniaTreniota Vaišelga Kingdom of NavarreTheobald II Kingdom of NorwayMagnus VI Duchy of PolandBolesław V the Chaste, High Duke of Poland Kingdom of PortugalAfonso III Kingdom of ScotlandAlexander III Kingdom of Sweden Monarch – Valdemar I RegentBirger Jarl, regent of Sweden Armenian Kingdom of CiliciaHethum I Kingdom of CyprusHugh II Mamluk Sultanate of EgyptBaibars Ilkhanate – Hülëgü Seljuks of Turkey, Kilij Arslan IV KaramanidsMehmet I Empire of TrebizondAndronikos II

Valerie Cruz

Valerie Cruz is an American actress. Cruz was born in New Jersey of Cuban ancestry, she received a BFA theatre degree. She played Grace Santiago in Nip/Tuck, she played a main character in Nip/Tuck. She has made guest appearances in series such as Grey's Las Vegas. In 2007, she appeared as Connie Murphy, a tough Chicago police detective, in SciFi Channel's adaptation of The Dresden Files; the show lasted for one season. She has played Maria Nolan on the CW's Hidden Palms. In 2008, she appeared in season three of Dexter, playing Sylvia Prado, the wife of Assistant District Attorney Miguel Prado. In 2009, she appeared in the horror film The Devil's Tomb and the HBO series True Blood, in which she played the part of Isabel. In 2009, she played Olivia in the film La Linea. In 2010 she became part of the cast of the ABC drama Off the Map, canceled by ABC On May 13, 2011. In 2011 she had a recurring role as a Homeland Security agent in the Syfy series Alphas. In 2012, she played an evil doctor in the "Organ Grinder" episode of Grimm.

She starred on The Following as Agent Gina Mendez. 2008 ALMA Awards Nomination.