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Legislative Assembly of Alberta

The Legislative Assembly of Alberta is the deliberative assembly of the Alberta Legislature in Alberta, Canada. The Alberta legislature meets in the Alberta Legislature Building in the provincial capital, Edmonton; the Legislative Assembly consists of 87 members, elected first past the post from single-member electoral districts. Bills passed by the legislature are given royal assent by Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta; the maximum period between general elections of the assembly, as set by the country's Constitution, is five years, but the premier controls the date of election and selects a date in the fourth or fifth year after the preceding election. Since 2011, Alberta has fixed election date legislation, fixing the election to a date between March 1 and May 31 in the fourth calendar year following the preceding election. Alberta has never had a minority government, so an election as a result of a vote of no confidence has never occurred. To be a candidate for election to the assembly, a person must be a Canadian citizen older than 18 who has lived in Alberta for at least six months before the election.

Senators, senators in waiting, members of the House of Commons, criminal inmates are ineligible. The current and 30th Alberta Legislative Assembly was elected on April 16, 2019; the first session of the first Legislature of Alberta opened on March 15, 1906, in the Thistle Rink, north of Jasper Avenue. In this arena Alberta MPs chose the provincial capital and the future site for the Alberta Legislature Building: the bank of the North Saskatchewan River. Allan Merrick Jeffers, a graduate of the Rhode Island School of Design was the architect, chosen to build the assembly building. In September 1912 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada, declared the building open; the current members of the Legislature were elected in the 30th Alberta general election held on April 16, 2019. Bold indicates cabinet members, party leaders are italicized. Absent from Legislature during 2008-2012 term†Absent from Legislature during 2015-2019 term The 30th Alberta Legislative Assembly was constituted after the general election on April 16, 2019.

The United Conservative Party, led by Jason Kenney, won a majority of seats and formed the government. The New Democrats, led by outgoing Premier Rachel Notley, won the second most seats and formed the official opposition. Party leaders are italicized. Bold indicates cabinet minister. Legislative Assembly of Alberta web site Legislative Assembly of Alberta history - Citizens guide Canadian Governments Compared Legislative Assembly of Alberta - History

USS Leutze (DD-481)

USS Leutze was a Fletcher-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Admiral Eugene H. C. Leutze. Leutze was laid down on 3 June 1941 by Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton and launched 29 October 1942. Leutze, daughter of Rear Adm. Gilbert Jonathan Rowcliff; the ship was commissioned 4 March 1944, Commander B. A. Robbins, Jr. in command. Leutze completed the necessary performance trials and continued the training of her crew on escort missions to Pearl Harbor and Eniwetok during June and July 1944. On 2 August she departed Seattle for the war zone a sleek new destroyer and returned 1 year and 1 day a battered veteran about to be scrapped. In this short interval she had played a part in five invasions and a major naval battle before a kamikaze ended her fighting days. After departing Seattle, the destroyer rehearsed in the Hawaiian and Solomon Islands for the invasion of the Palaus. Arriving off Peleliu 12 September, Leutze bombarded enemy positions ashore and suffered her first casualty when shrapnel from an enemy shell sprayed the ship.

Withdrawn on 24 September, she joined Task Group 77.2 at Manus Island, for the invasion of the strategically important Philippines. Action off Leyte began 18 October with little serious opposition to the preinvasion bombardment but rose to a crescendo climax with the Battle of Leyte Gulf 24 and 25 October. Leutze, first firing on an enemy plane two days earlier, suffered 11 casualties on the morning of the 24th when hit during an enemy bombing and strafing run; that night in Surigao Straits with Rear Adm. Jesse B. Oldendorf’s 7th Fleet support ships, she attacked with torpedoes the ships of Japan’s Southern Force under Adm. Shoji Nishimura. During this phase of the last major battle between surface ships, Nishimura lost two battleships and three destroyers in a vain attempt to force his way through the Straits and attack the American invasion fleet. Thereafter with its surface fleet decimated, Japan again resorted to airstrikes. Although Leutze emerged unscratched, on a single day 1 November, four sister ships of her screen were crashed by suicide planes.

After a period of tender overhaul, she steamed out of Kossol Roads 1 January 1945 for the invasion of Lingayen Gulf, Philippines. En route the ship received ice cream for all hands for returning a sailor fallen overboard from Makin Island, she arrived in Lingayen Gulf 6 January for fire support. While supporting this operation, Leutze 7 January sank a Japanese patrol vessel and 9 January a small suicide boat loaded with explosives. Careful preparations were made for the next assault. Iwo Jima, desired as an airfield site, was selected as the target. Practicing with underwater demolition teams at Ulithi and conducting exercises until beyond Saipan, Leutze arrived Iwo Jima 16 February. Despite intensive previous bombing and shelling, enemy fire was heavy. While protecting Navy frogmen on 17 February, she took, a shell on the after part of the forward stack. Remaining until the completion of her mission, she transferred her wounded commanding officer and three other injured and resumed station. In accordance with the Commanding Officer's recommendation, Lt. Leon Grabowsky was elevated to Commanding Officer of Leutze.

Upon assuming command on 17 January 1945, Grabowsky became the youngest modern destroyer commander in the US Navy at age 27 years, 4 months. Ordered back to Ulithi the next day for repairs, Leutze returned to Iwo Jima early in March but only for four days, as much of this fleet was now needed for Operation Iceberg, the conquest of Okinawa; this last big amphibious operation of the war, unlike Iwo Jima, took place within range of Japanese land-based planes. While escorting battleship New York for the preinvasion shelling of 27 March, Leutze made two depth charge runs which sank a midget submarine. On a second voyage with Mobile and Oakland, she arrived Okinawa 3 April; this was 2 days after D-Day but in time for the first of the Japanese operations “Ten Go”, the massed kamikaze attacks. Of the first wave of attacking aircraft to filter through the outer screen on 6 April, she splashed two and knocked down a third. Disregarding the danger, she proceeded alongside to assist the thrice-hit and burning Newcomb.

The fourth plane to hit this ship skidded across the deck and exploded its bomb against Leutze’s port quarter. The kamikaze severed her fantail and left seven crew members missing, one dead, 30 wounded. Lt. Leon Grabowsky, Leutze’s acting commanding officer, received the Navy Cross for his part in aiding Newcomb, in the fighting of his own ship. Recalling her firefighting parties from Newcomb, she maneuvered clear, brought her flooding under control and was towed to Kerama Retto anchorage for emergency repairs. Departing 10 July via Guam and Pearl Harbor, she reached Hunters Point Drydocks, San Francisco, 3 August. Following the end of the war, her repairs were halted. Leutze decommissioned 6 December 1945, was struck from the Navy Register 3 January 1946, purchased for scrap by Thomas Harris, New Jersey, 17 June 1947. Leutze received five battle stars for World War II service; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

USS Leutze website at navsource.org: USS Leutze hazegray.org: USS Leutze

1977 Toyota Tamaraws season

The 1977 Toyota Tamaraws season was the third season of the franchise in the Philippine Basketball Association. The Toyota Tamaraws were the top qualifier in the Group A standings with nine wins and five losses in the All-Filipino Conference; the Tamaraws missed out a finals stint for the first time in seven conferences and settled for a third-place finish via 3-0 sweep off Tanduay. In the Open Conference, the Tamaraws came up with the best imports - Bruce "Sky" King and John "Dr. I" Irving. Toyota wound up again with a 9-5 won-loss card after the two-round eliminations. In the semifinal round, Toyota forced a playoff game with arch rival Crispa for the second finals berth following a 104-92 victory, but fell short in the do-or-die game, 87-90; the Tamaraws clinch third place at the expense of Seven-Up. Toyota came back with a vengeance in the Invitational championship, snapping Crispa's dynastic rule while claiming the league's first three-game title-romp; the visiting Emtex Sacronels had a clean seven-game sweep in the elimination round and sealed a titular meeting with the Tamaraws.

King and Irving displayed an overwhelming show of power in Toyota's three-game sweep over the Brazilians. The championship was the first for coach Dante Silverio in the third conference. Sportingpage.blogspot.com

1972 FA Cup Final

The 1972 FA Cup Final took place on 6 May 1972 at Wembley Stadium. It was the 44th to be played at Wembley, it was contested between cup holders Arsenal, who had won the Football League and the FA Cup the previous season, Leeds United, who had won the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and finished 2nd in the league the previous season. They had never won the trophy before. Arsenal planned to make it the third decade for a club to return as Cup-holders and win again for the second successive year, as Newcastle United had done in 1952 and Tottenham Hotspur in 1962; the final is the origin of the song "Leeds! Leeds! Leeds!" as the B-side of the Leeds cup final song, still played by United and other Leeds sports teams. The Leeds duo Mick Jones and Allan'Sniffer' Clarke combined to produce a goal in the fifty-third minute. Jones sent across a hard, shoulder-high centre and Clarke headed powerfully past Arsenal keeper Geoff Barnett's left hand from fifteen yards. A match that fell below the highest level began badly with a foul by Clarke on Alan Ball in the first five seconds and the first of four bookings — Bob McNab bringing down Peter Lorimer as early as the second minute.

Neither side played up to their capabilities, yet both had their moments. Charlie George's fierce volley cannoned back off the bar for Arsenal, both Clarke and Lorimer struck the woodwork for Leeds. Leeds' jubilation at the end was tempered by a last-minute injury to Mick Jones, who dislocated his elbow and had to be helped up the steps by Norman Hunter to receive his winners' medal. Match Programme at fa-cupfinals.co.uk Game facts at soccerbase.com Full Results from the 1972 FA Cup competition at soccerbase.com Match Report at Mighty Whites

The 25th Hour

The 25th Hour is the 2001 debut novel by David Benioff. A film adaptation, for which Benioff wrote the screenplay, was directed by Spike Lee and released in 2002; the idea for the book came when Benioff returned home to New York for Passover while he was away working in Wyoming. He had to undergo emergency surgery. Benioff said: "Walking the halls of Mount Sinai afterward, seeing people walking up 5th Avenue and Central Park and trapped in the hospital, I had a sense of being so close to the city and not being a part of it." He continued: "I thought,'What if you are not stuck for five days, but seven years?' And, writing what you don't know. Taking a banal problem and making it much more serious."Benioff spent two years writing the novel, completed the book as his thesis for a Master of Fine Arts degree in creative writing at the University of California Irvine in 1999. The book was titled Fireman Down, but was changed to The 25th Hour on the advice of the publisher who accepted the book with a $7,500 advance.

The book was published in 2001. He was asked to adapt the book into a screenplay by Tobey Maguire who had read a preliminary trade copy and became interested in making a film of the book, it was directed by Spike Lee. New York drug dealer Monty Brogan is arrested for drug possession with intent to sell, sentenced to seven years in prison, he spends his last night of freedom with two friends, contemplating his uncertain future and the decisions he made that brought him to this point. Publishers Weekly said The 25th Hour was "brilliantly conceived, this gripping crime drama boasts dead-on dialogue, chiaroscuro portraits of New York's social strata and an inescapable crescendo of tension." Bookseller said that it had "powerful characterization and dialogue". Entertainment Weekly rated it an A-minus, saying that Benioff "shows a knack for critiquing his genre while revitalizing its cliches" and the novel "achieves both pathos and excitement."

Sergey Bobruk

Sergey Antonovich Bobruk was a Belarusian Soviet Army lieutenant general and a Hero of the Soviet Union. After joining the Red Army during the final phases of the Russian Civil War, Bobruk became a junior commander in cavalry units, serving in the suppression of the Basmachi movement. During the interwar period, he went on to serve in staff positions, by the beginning of Operation Barbarossa was head of a division operational department. After serving in the Battle of Smolensk and the Battle of Moscow, Bobruk became chief of staff of the 153rd Rifle Division in early 1942, serving the latter in the Battle of Stalingrad, after which the division became the 57th Guards Rifle Division. Continuing in his position with the 57th Guards during the first months of 1943, he was transferred to become chief of staff of the 6th Guards Rifle Corps, with which he served for most of the year. Bobruk commanded the 47th Guards Rifle Division during the Nikopol–Krivoi Rog Offensive and was made a Hero of the Soviet Union for his leadership in it.

In the final year of the war he led the 31st Guards Rifle Corps in its westward advance, continuing his command into the early postwar period. After serving as commander of the 4th Army in the mid-1950s, Bobruk ended his career as an advisor to the People's Liberation Army, retiring due to illness in 1959. Bobruk was born on 15 February 1901 in the village of Shubichi, Mikhailovsky volost, Pruzhansky Uyezd, Grodno Governorate in a peasant family of Belarusian ethnicity. After completing primary school in 1914, he worked as a laborer in a shoe factory in Taldom, from 1919 was a helper and assistant machinist in the machine-mechanical workshop. During the Russian Civil War, he joined the Red Army on 28 June 1920 and was sent to cavalry courses at the 4th Tver Cavalry School. While at the school, he participated in the suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion as part of a cadet unit. Upon his graduation, Bobruk was appointed a platoon commander with the 18th Saratov Cavalry Courses on 1 August 1921, in May 1922 he was transferred to Tashkent to hold the same position in the 15th Almaty Cavalry Courses of the Turkestan Front.

Between November 1922 and June 1923 he underwent retraining at the Turkestan Front cavalry refresher courses in Tashkent. Upon graduation, he was sent to the 2nd Hisor Cavalry Regiment of the 1st Separate Turkestan Brigade, serving as a platoon commander and assistant squadron commander, regimental reconnaissance officer, squadron commander. With the regiment, he fought in battles against the Basmachi of Ibrahim Bek and Kara Murza in eastern Bukhara from July 1923 to April 1925. In May of the latter year, Bobruk was transferred to the Ukrainian Military District to serve as a platoon commander in the 51st Cavalry Regiment of the 9th Cavalry Division. From April 1926, he served in the 50th Cavalry Regiment of the same division as an assistant squadron commander, commander of an economic and cavalry platoons, acting squadron commander, assistant regimental chief of staff. From March to June 1933 he studied at Red Army cavalry advanced training courses in Novocherkassk returned to his previous position.

Transferred to the 28th Cavalry Division of the Kiev Military District in July 1945, he served as assistant head of the 1st staff unit of the division. In April 1936 he became chief of staff of the 10th Cavalry Regiment of the 23rd Cavalry Division, from January 1938 was acting head of the 1st staff unit of the division. In March of the latter year Bobruk was appointed assistant chief of staff of the 5th Cavalry Division, with which he fought in the Soviet invasion of Poland, advancing into western Ukraine. From February 1940, he served as chief of the 1st staff department of the 34th Cavalry Division of the Kiev Special Military District. In April, he was transferred to the Volga Military District as head of the operational department and deputy chief of staff of the 148th Rifle Division in Saratov. During the same year, he graduated from the correspondence department of the Frunze Military Academy. After the beginning of Operation Barbarossa in June 1941, Bobruk and the division as part of the 21st Army were sent from Engels to the Western Front and on 2 July the division entered the fighting at Chausy and Krichev.

On 7 July it fought with it in the Battle of Smolensk. In early August, elements of the 148th fought in battles on the Sozh River, retreating to the east in stubborn defensive fighting. Between 25 August and 9 September it transferred to the 3rd Army of the Bryansk Front returned to the 13th Army of the same front and in participated in heavy fighting with elements of the German 2nd Panzer Group. At the beginning of October it fought in the Oryol–Bryansk Defensive operation. Having suffered heavy losses, on 7 October it was withdrawn to the front reserve for rebuilding, on 12 October began preparing the defense of Yelets. On 29 November, the division fought in the Yelets defensive operation. In the fighting for Yelets between 3 and 8 December, Kazaki on 11 December, Livny between 14 and 25 December, Bobruk was reported to have shown "courage and dedication". In March 1942, he was sent to the Volga Military District to serve as the chief of staff of the 153rd Rifle Division, forming at Chapayevsk.

On 12 July, the division as part of the 63rd Army arrived on the Stalingrad Front, taking up defensive positions along the left bank of the Don River in the area of the Kazanskaya and Vyoshenskaya stanitsas, fighting in the Battle of Stalingrad. Until mid-November, the division units held their positions, in early December it became part of the newly formed 1st Guards Army of the Southwestern Front, participating in Operation Little Saturn. For its "cou