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Ian Fraser Kilmister, better known as Lemmy, was an English singer and musician. He is best remembered as the founder, lead singer and primary songwriter of the heavy metal band Motörhead. Lemmy's music was one of the foundations of the heavy metal genre, he was known for his appearance, which included his signature friendly mutton chops, his military-influenced fashion sense, his gravelly rasp of a voice, once declared "one of the most recognisable voices in rock". He was noted for his unique way of singing, once described as "looking up towards a towering microphone tilted down into his weather-beaten face", he was known for his bass playing style and using his Rickenbacker bass to create an "overpowered, distorted rhythmic rumble", while another notable aspect of his bass sound was that he played power chords using overdriven tube stacks by Marshall. Lemmy was born in Stoke-on-Trent and grew up between there, the nearby towns of Newcastle-under-Lyme and Madeley, the Welsh village of Benllech.

He was influenced by rock and roll and the early works of The Beatles, which led to him playing in several rock groups in the 1960s such as The Rockin' Vickers. He worked as a roadie for Jimi Hendrix and The Nice before joining the space rock band Hawkwind in 1971, singing lead vocals on their hit "Silver Machine". In 1975, he was fired from Hawkwind after an arrest for drug possession; the band's success peaked around 1980 and 1981, including the hit single "Ace of Spades" and the chart-topping live album No Sleep'til Hammersmith. Lemmy continued to record and tour with Motörhead until his death on 28 December 2015 in Los Angeles, where he had lived since 1990, he was diagnosed with prostate cancer two days before his death. Alongside his music career, he had minor cameos in film and television, he was well known for his hard-living lifestyle, which included chain-smoking and the daily consumption of high amounts of alcohol and amphetamines. Lemmy was born on 24 December 1945 in the Burslem area of Staffordshire.

When he was three months old, his father, an ex-Royal Air Force chaplain and concert pianist, separated from his mother. He moved with his mother and grandmother to nearby Newcastle-under-Lyme to Madeley; when Lemmy was 10, his mother married former rugby player George L. Willis, who had two older children from a previous marriage and Tony, whom Lemmy disliked, they moved to a farm in the Welsh village of Benllech, with Lemmy commenting that "funnily enough, being the only English kid among 700 Welsh ones didn't make for the happiest time, but it was interesting from an anthropological point of view". He attended Sir Thomas Jones' School in Amlwch, where he was nicknamed "Lemmy", it was suggested by some that the name originated from the phrase "lemmy a quid'til Friday" because of his alleged habit of borrowing money from people to play slot machines, although Lemmy himself said that he did not know the origin of the name. He soon started to show an interest in rock and roll and horses. At school, Lemmy noticed a pupil who had brought a guitar to school and had been "surrounded by chicks".

His mother had a guitar, which he took to school, was himself surrounded by girls though he could not play. By the time he left school, he had moved with his family to Conwy, he went on to work several odd jobs, including one at the local Hotpoint electric appliance factory, while playing guitar for local bands such as the Sundowners and spending time at a horse-riding school. He saw the Beatles perform at the Cavern Club in Liverpool when he was 16, learned to play along on guitar to their first album Please Please Me, he admired the sarcastic attitude of the group that of John Lennon, said of the group, "Brian Epstein cleaned them up for mass consumption, but they were anything but sissies. They were from Liverpool a hard, sea-farin' town, all these dockers and sailors around all the time who would beat the piss out of you if you so much as winked at them; the Rolling Stones were the mummy's boys—they were all college students from the outskirts of London. The Stones made great records, but they were always shit on stage, whereas the Beatles were the gear."

In Stockport, Lemmy joined local bands the Rainmakers and the Motown Sect who played northern clubs for three years. In 1965, he joined The Rockin' Vickers who signed a deal with CBS, released three singles and toured Europe being the first British band to visit the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; the Rockin' Vickers moved to Manchester. Leaving the Rockin' Vickers, Lemmy moved to London in 1967, he shared a flat with Noel Redding, bassist of the Jimi Hendrix Experience, with Neville Chesters, their road manager. He got a job as a roadie for the band. In 1968, he joined the psychedelic rock band Sam Gopal under the name Ian Willis and recorded the album Escalator, released in 1969. After meeting Simon King at a shopping centre in Chelsea in 1969, he joined the band Opal Butterfly. See Hawkwind In August 1971, Lemmy joined the space rock band Hawkwind, who were based in Ladbroke Grove, London, as a bassist and vocalist, he had no previous experience as a bass guitarist, was cajoled into joining before a benefit gig in Notting Hill by bandmate Michael "Dik Mik" Davies, to have two members who enjoyed amphetamines.

Lemmy states that he auditioned for H

Ralph Allen (journalist)

Ralph Allen was a Canadian journalist and novelist. Born in Winnipeg, Allen was raised and educated in Oxbow, Saskatchewan. At sixteen he became a sports reporter for The Winnipeg Tribune, before moving to Toronto's renowned The Globe and Mail where he served as a war correspondent during the Second World War. In 1946, he joined newsmagazine Maclean's, becoming editor in 1950, he left Maclean's in 1960 and worked for The Toronto Star from 1964 until his death in 1966. Allen was the author of several books, including the novel Peace River Country and Ordeal by Fire: Canada, 1910-1945, a history of Canada during the period of the two world wars. In 1967, Christina McCall edited a collection of Allen's newspaper and magazine columns entitled The Man From Oxbow. Oxbow's town museum is named in Allen's honour, he was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1990. Home Made Banners, a novel about World War II The Chartered Libertine, a novel about the CBC Peace River Country, a novel about a family's search for a home in Canada's Peace River Country Ordeal by Fire: Canada, 1910-1945, a history of Canada from World War I to World War II Ask the Name of the Lion, a novel about conflict in the Congo The High White Forest, a novel about Canadians in the Battle of the Bulge The Man from Oxbow: The Best of Ralph Allen, a collection of some of Allen's newspaper and magazine columns, edited with an introduction by Christina McCall Newman Ralph Allen at The Canadian Encyclopedia Works by Ralph Allen at Faded Page Ralph Allen at the Canadian Football Hall of Fame Maclean's: The First 100 Years

Elana Eden

Elana Eden is an Israeli actress of film and stage, best known for her film debut as the title role in 20th Century Fox's biblical epic The Story of Ruth. Eden was born in Tel Aviv District, British Mandate of Palestine, her father, Zvi Cooper, was a Polish-born landscape gardener who had settled in Palestine after World War I. Her mother was born in Russia, she has two older siblings: a sister Tamar. She learned English at school and attended high school at a kibbutz of the Sharon plain, she worked as a writer for Tel Aviv's newspaper Haaretz. Eden decided to become an actress after seeing a performance of George Bernard Shaw's play Pygmalion when she was 15 years old, she won a scholarship to study acting at Israel's Habima Theatre Drama School and made her stage debut in the play Lysistrata, which she performed over 50 times in various locations in Israel. After having served as a machine gunner and volunteer with the Israeli Army, Eden auditioned for the film The Diary of Anne Frank in London in 1957, she was one of the five finalists for the part until Millie Perkins was cast.

When searching for an actress to play the title role in 20th Century Fox's CinemaScope biblical epic The Story of Ruth, producer Samuel G. Engel remembered her previous screen test for The Diary of Anne Frank and Eden arrived in Hollywood in August 1959 to do more screen tests for the part of Ruth. Of the 29 actresses who were tested, Eden was cast as Ruth; the film crew changed her stage name from "Elana Cooper" to "Elana Eden," because "Cooper did not sound Jewish." For the film, she lost 10 pounds in three weeks, giving up "bread and butter, sour cream, rich sauces and cakes" for "steak, cottage cheese and fresh fruit." Of her portrayal, Variety wrote: "She gives a performance of dignity, projecting an inner strength through a delicate veneer." Daniel A. Poling, editor of the Christian Herald, thought that Eden's portrayal of Ruth was "worthy of an Oscar." Her performance was complimented by columnist Hedda Hopper. After her appearance in The Story of Ruth, Eden appeared in several television series in both the United States and Israel.

In February 1961, she played Shasme Hasmar in the Adventures in Paradise episode "Who Is Sylvia?". She played another role, a young Czech woman named Anna, in The Barbara Stanwyck Show episode "The Hitch-Hiker", she appeared in Trunk to Cairo, starring Audie Murphy, George Sanders, Marianne Koch, the 1968 episode "The Revolutionary" of The Name of the Game. Eden married Israeli author and playwright Nissim Aloni in 1962 and divorced him in 1965, she married American composer Fredric "Fred" Myrow on 6 June 1969. They had three daughters: Rachael and Neora. Eden was a speaker at the "kickoff" dinner for the 1967 United Jewish Appeal campaign and the Modesto Jewish Welfare in Modesto, California. Lysistrata Tuvia Ha'Choleh The Diary of Anne Frank Elana Eden on IMDb Elana Eden at the TCM Movie Database

ITMO University

ITMO University is a large state university in Saint Petersburg and is one of Russia's National Research Universities. ITMO University is one of 15 Russian universities that were selected to participate in Russian Academic Excellence Project 5-100 by the government of the Russian Federation to improve their international competitiveness among the world's leading research and educational centers. Research priorities of ITMO University are concentrated in photonic technologies; the university consists of 18 departments, 7 research institutes and one academy, with a total of 119 chairs. As of April 1, 2014, the total number of students is 13,890, with over 900 being foreign nationals; the university employs 1,163 instructors, including over 800 PhDs. Many of its staff members and researchers have received government awards and designations of “honored science worker,” the highest in Russia. Vladimir Vasilyev has been the university's Rector since 1996; the University's birthday is considered to be 26 March 1900, when a Mechanics and Watchmaking Department was opened in the Prince Nicholas Vocational School.

At the time it was the only school in the Russian Empire. The first year, some 65 applications were received for 30 places. Eighteen students were admitted to 18 to Mechanics and Optics sections. In 1917 the Mechanics and Watchmaking Department became its own entity - Petrograd Technical College for Mechanics and Watchmaking. Norbert Boleslavovich Zavodsky became its headmaster. In 1920, most of its classes were transformed into Petrograd College for Fine Optics; the municipalities allocated a building for it in Demidov Pereulok. The colleges’ manufacturing facilities made a variety of complex optical and fine mechanics products; the first in USSR group of instrument engineers graduated here in 1931. In 1930, the college was transformed into Leningrad Training Center, in 1933, Leningrad Institute of Fine Mechanics and Optics became a separate college, its first research laboratory was established in the Department of Optical Glass Technologies. Thanks to research here the USSR could get away from importing expensive foreign abrasives.

In 1937, LITMO opened the first in the USSR laboratory for calculating machinery, transformed into the Department of Mathematical and Computing Devices. By the autumn of 1939 it became one of the institute's top departments and focused on developing electromechanical computing devices and control devices. By 1940, it had over 1,400 students and employed 27 professors as well as 80 associated professors and PhDs. With the beginning of the Second World War, 189 students and 85 staff members went to the front lines, while over 450 joined the People's Militia. Classes continued and only at the end of 1942 the students and instructors were evacuated to the town of Cherapanovo by Novosibirsk. During the Siege of Leningrad, LIFMO continued to operate a military repair facility for the Leningrad front, it was established in the first days of war and it fabricated test and measurement instruments for army and navy units. During the Siege, the facility developed improved optical sights, fixed artillery binoculars, gun panoramas, anti-aircraft sighting telescopes, machined “cups” for anti-aircraft shells and parts for land and sea mines.

After the Siege was lifted, the re-evacuation document was signed on August 10, 1944. The students and instructors returned to the city, classes started again that October; the university began to develop after the war. In the fall of 1945 it opened a new faculty – Electrical Instrumentation, soon reorganized into Radio Engineering. Here was established one of the first in the country Department of Quantum Radio Electronics, which began to train specialists in this field, it became an important milestone in the development of lasers in the USSR. Engineering Physics Department was established here in 1946 on the initiative of the president and several members of the USSR Academy of Sciences. From this department in 1954 graduated Dr. Yuri Denisjuk, a future renowned scientist, author of several discoveries in holography, laureate of the state award. In 1956, the researchers of the Computing Devices Department began to work on the first calculating machine “LITMO-1”, finished in 1958, it did binary engineering calculations but the data was entered and the results were presented in the familiar decimal system.

A laboratory for laser technologies was opened in the 1960s. The building on Sablinskaya Street, now the main campus, was built in the 1970s; the following decade saw the beginning of microprocessor technology research and the opening of the Interdisciplinary Institute of Advanced Studies to train manufacturing professionals in new areas of engineering and technology. In 1992, LIFMO became Saint Petersburg Institute of Fine Mechanics and Optics, in 1994 it acquired the university status; the Faculty of Computer Technologies and Controls, the largest at the university, opened in 1994. In 1994 the institute was the initiator and key developer of RUNNET, an IP network that unites all large research and education centers in Russia; the work was overseen by Dr. Vasilyev; the institute placed satellite dishes “Russia’ Rainbow,” rented from the military, on other universities. In 1995, the research center “Computer Optics” was established. In 2003 the institute was renamed into Saint Petersburg State University of Information Technologies and Optics.

Over the last decade Academy of Management Methods and Technologies was added to the ITMO structure as well as Interdisciplinary Institute of Professional Trainin

Gmina Nowy Dwór Gdański

Gmina Nowy Dwór Gdański is an urban-rural gmina in Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. Its seat is the town of Nowy Dwór Gdański, which lies 36 kilometres south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk; the gmina covers an area of 213 square kilometres, as of 2006 its total population is 17,887. Apart from the town of Nowy Dwór Gdański, Gmina Nowy Dwór Gdański contains the villages and settlements of Cyganek, Gozdawa, Jazowa Druga, Kępiny Małe, Kępki, Kmiecin, Łączki Myszewskie, Leśnowo, Lubieszewo Pierwsze, Lubieszynek Drugi, Marzęcino, Myszkowo, Orliniec, Orłówko, Orłowo, Orłowskie Pole, Osłonka, Piotrowo, Rakowe Pole, Rakowo, Robakowiec, Różewo, Rychnowo Żuławskie, Solnica, Stawiec, Suchowo, Trojaki, Tuja, Wężowiec, Wężownica, Zawadka and Żelichowo. Gmina Nowy Dwór Gdański is bordered by the gminas of Elbląg, Gronowo Elbląskie, Nowy Staw, Ostaszewo and Sztutowo. Polish official population figures 2006

Big Lean

Lorenzo Lee-Jae Wright, better known by his stage name Big Lean, is a Canadian rapper and songwriter from Toronto, Canada. Lean began making music in 2008, two years after his friend and rapper Blits was shot dead as he felt that he should carry on his friends legacy, he gained attention in 2011 being featured on the single "Reality" by DJ Charlie Brown released alongside other Toronto artists P. Reign and Jahvon, he is independently signed to the label Da Degrees. He subsequently released his third mixtape Can't Stop Now in 2014 with features from Chief Keef, Juicy J and Chinx Drugz and his debut album Enough is Enough was released in 2015 with features from Nipsey Hussle, Juelz Santana and was executively produced by Lean's longtime friend, Boi-1da; the album received a 7/10 rating by Exclaim!. After releasing a freestyle of "Leg Over", Big Lean was featured on the single In The Morning by Mr Eazi; the song peaked at number 7 on the Billboard charts and a music video released on March 1, 2017.

Big Lean appeared on 6ixBuzz's 2018 compilation album 6ixUpsideDown, which peaked at 87 on the Canadian Albums Chart, with the single "M. I. A." Alongside Safe. Lorenzo Lee-Jae Wright was born on February 11, 1989, in Toronto, Canada. Both his parents were Jamaican immigrant and he was one of three children, he was left to be raised by his mother. He was raised in an impoverished area in Toronto's east end. Lorenzo gained the nickname "Lean" as a child after a friend of his misheard his mother calling him "Lee", a shortened version of his middle name "Lee-Jae." Lorenzo went on to use the moniker "Big Lean" as his stage name. Lean has stated that his mother was supportive in life and told him that he can achieve anything he put his mind too. During his high school years, Wright was recruited in a top-level basketball program, the Scarborough Basketball Association, however, he dropped out due to financial problems; as a result, he began to sell drugs on the streets which got him into trouble with law enforcement.

Big Lean's older brother passed away in 2002. A person Lean describes as a major influence in his life, stating that he never smoked marijuana because of his older brother; the loss of his older brother made focus less on his studies. Lean attended numerous high schools but due to his poor attendance, this led to his expulsion, he dropped out of high school. Big Lean began making music at the age of 19, two years after his friend and rapper Blits was shot dead as he felt that he should carry on his friends legacy. Lean started releasing numerous tracks to little success, he released his debut mixtape I'm Here Now on November 25, 2010, where the majority of the production was handled by Boi-1da and a vocal feature from Belly. It contained production from his childhood friend "Yung Tony" now known as OVO Hush, a mutual friend of Drake, it wasn't until 2011. DJ Charlie Brown released his first single "Reality", which saw him put together a collection of Toronto artists including P. Reign, Jahvon & Big Lean.

It was released on February 9, 2011. This brought Lean into the spotlight of other commercially successful artists as well as the DJ entering the rap industry, he released his debut single "You Got It Good" on March 22, 2011. Big Lean dropped his sophomore mixtape Something Gotta Give in October 11, 2011, it featured guest appearances from R. O. Z. and Sizzla, Boi-1da served as executive producer of the album. He released the single "My Lifestyle" on December 27, 2012, featured Chief Keef; the following year, he released the single "Too much for TV" featuring Juicy J and the single "Squeeze" featuring Chinx Drugz with a music video released on September 6, 2013. All singles went on to be featured on his third mixtape mixtape "Can't Stop Now" was released on July 15, 2013. Lean made a return to music in late 2014 with the release of "Everything's alright", it was the first promotional single for his upcoming studio album. The music video contained cameos from Jimmy Johnson. Big Lean released his debut studio album Enough is Enough on September 4, 2015.

The album was supported by two singles including "Benjamins" featuring Juelz Santana, released on March 6, 2015. and the single "California Water" featuring Nipsey Hussle. A music video for the single was released a year on June 8, 2016; the non-album singles "Wavy" featuring Halal Gang member Mo-G was released on February 29, 2016 and "More Than Music" was released on March 13, 2016. Big Lean released the single "Stamina" on September 11, 2016 after receiving a shoutout from Drake earlier in the year. Lean made an appearance on the single "Ya Ya" by Baka Not Nice released on November 6, 2016. A remix of his single "Stamina" featuring PartyNextDoor was released on January 7, 2017, was placed on OVO Sound Radio and subsequently led to Big Lean supporting the artist on his international tour. In March 2017, he released the single "On Deck" After releasing a freestyle over "Leg Over", Big Lean was featured on the single In The Morning by Mr Eazi; the song peaked at number 7 on the Billboard charts on February 25, 2017, a music video released on March 1, 2017.

He collaborated with the afrobeats singer again in August 2017 on "Long Time" and was produced by Juls. In December 2017, Big Lean was on the Noisey's documentary 6IX RISING; the 75-minute documentary showcased Toronto's hip-hop scene alongside other Canadian rap artists. Lean enlisted British rapper Giggs, to feature on his second track of 2018; the single was released by British media outlet GRM Daily on