Motörhead were an English rock band formed in June 1975 by bassist and songwriter Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister, the sole constant member, guitarist Larry Wallis and drummer Lucas Fox. The band are considered a precursor to the new wave of British heavy metal, which re-energised heavy metal in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Though several guitarists and drummers have played in Motörhead, most of their best-selling albums and singles feature the work of Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor on drums and "Fast" Eddie Clarke on guitars. Motörhead released 22 studio albums, 10 live recordings, 12 compilation albums, five EPs over a career spanning 40 years. A power trio, they had particular success in the early 1980s with several successful singles in the UK Top 40 chart; the albums Overkill, Ace of Spades, the live album No Sleep'til Hammersmith cemented Motörhead's reputation as a top-tier rock band. The band are ranked number 26 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock; as of 2016, they have sold more than 15 million albums worldwide.

Motörhead are classified as heavy metal, their fusion of punk rock into the genre helped to pioneer speed metal and thrash metal. Their lyrics covered such topics as war, good versus evil, abuse of power, promiscuous sex, substance abuse, most famously, the latter theme being the focus of their hit song "Ace of Spades". Motörhead has been credited with being part of and influencing numerous musical scenes, thrash metal and speed metal especially. From the mid-1970s onward, Lemmy insisted that they were a rock and roll band, he has said that they had more in common with punk bands, but with their own unique sound, Motörhead is embraced in both punk and metal scenes. Lemmy died on 28 December 2015 from cardiac arrhythmia and congestive heart failure, after being diagnosed with prostate cancer; the day after his death, drummer Mikkey Dee and guitarist Phil Campbell both confirmed that Motörhead had disbanded. By 2018, all three members of Motörhead's classic lineup had died. Lemmy was dismissed from Hawkwind in May 1975 after being arrested in Canada for drug possession.

Now on his own, Lemmy decided to form a new band called Motörhead, the name was inspired by the final song he had written for Hawkwind. Lemmy wanted the music to be "fast and vicious, just like the MC5", his stated aim was to "concentrate on basic music: loud, city, arrogant, speedfreak rock n roll... it will be so loud that if we move in next door to you, your lawn will die". He recruited guitarist Larry Wallis on the recommendation of Mick Farren, based on Wallis' work with Steve Peregrin Took's band Shagrat, Lucas Fox on drums. According to Lemmy, the band's first practice was at the now defunct Sound Management rehearsal studios, in Kings Road, Chelsea in 1975. Sound Management leased the basement area of furniture store The Furniture Cave, located in adjacent Lots Road. Kilmister has said, their first engagement was supporting Greenslade at The Roundhouse, London on 20 July 1975. On 19 October, having played 10 gigs, they became the supporting act to Blue Öyster Cult at the Hammersmith Odeon.

The band were contracted to United Artists by Andrew Lauder, the A&R man for Lemmy's previous band, Hawkwind. They recorded sessions at Rockfield Studios in Monmouth with producer Dave Edmunds, during which Fox proved to be unreliable and was replaced by drummer Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor, a casual acquaintance of Lemmy's, their record label was dissatisfied with the material and refused to release it, although it was subsequently issued as On Parole in 1979 after the band had established some success. In March 1976, deciding that two guitarists were required, the band auditioned an acquaintance of drummer Taylor's named "Fast" Eddie Clarke. Wallis, continuing to tour with a reformed Pink Fairies, quit after the auditions and Clarke remained as the sole guitarist; this trio of Lemmy/Clarke/Taylor is today regarded as the "classic" Motörhead line-up. In December, the band recorded the "Leaving Here" single for Stiff Records, but United Artists intervened to prevent its general release as the band were still under contract to them, despite the label's refusal to issue their debut album.

Initial reactions to the band had been unfavourable. By April 1977, living in squats and with little recognition and Clarke decided to quit the band, after some debate, they agreed to do a farewell show at the Marquee Club in London. Lemmy had become acquainted with Ted Carroll from Chiswick Records and asked him to bring a mobile studio to the show to record it for posterity. Carroll was unable to get the mobile unit to the Marquee Club, but showed up backstage after the engagement and offered them two days at Escape Studios with producer Speedy Keen to record a single; the band took the chance, instead of recording a single they laid down 11 unfinished tracks. Carroll gave them a few more days at Olympic Studios to finish the vocals and the band completed 13 tracks for release as an album. Chiswick issued the single "Motorhead" in June, followed by the album Motörhead in August, which spent one week in the UK Albums Chart at number 43; the band toured the UK supporting Hawkwind in June from late July they commenced the "Beyond The Threshold Of Pain Tour" with The Count Bishops.

In August, Tony Secunda took over the management of the band, their cohesiveness became so unstable that by March 1978, Clarke and Taylor had formed and were performing as The Muggers with Speedy Keen and Billy Rath. In J

Hou Hsiao-hsien

Hou Hsiao-hsien is a Taiwanese film director, screenwriter and actor. He is a leading figure in Taiwan's New Wave cinema movement, he won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival in 1989 for his film A City of Sadness, the Best Director award at the Cannes Film Festival in 2015 for The Assassin. Other regarded works of his include The Puppetmaster and Flowers of Shanghai. Hou was voted "Director of the Decade" for the 1990s in a poll of American and international critics by The Village Voice and Film Comment. In a 1998 New York Film Festival worldwide critics' poll, Hou was named "one of the three directors most crucial to the future of cinema." A City of Sadness ranked 117th in the British Film Institute's 2012 Sight & Sound critics' poll of the greatest films made. A Hakka, Hou Hsiao-hsien was born in Mei County, Guangdong province in 1947, he and his family fled the Chinese Civil War to Taiwan the following year. Hou was educated at the National Taiwan Academy of the Arts. Internationally, Hou is known for his austere and aesthetically rigorous dramas dealing with the upheavals of Taiwanese history of the past century by viewing its impacts on individuals or small groups of characters.

A City of Sadness, for example, portrays a family caught in conflicts between the local Taiwanese and the newly arrived Chinese Nationalist government after World War II. It was groundbreaking for broaching the long-taboo February 28 ensuing White Terror, it became a major critical and commercial success, garnered the Golden Lion award at the 1989 Venice Film Festival, making it the first Taiwanese film to win the top prize at the prestigious international film festival. His storytelling is elliptical and his style marked by extreme long takes with minimal camera movement but intricate choreography of actors and space within the frame, he uses extensive improvisation to arrive at the final shape of his scenes and the low-key, naturalistic acting of his performers. His compositions are decentered, links between shots do not adhere to an obvious temporal or causal narrative logic. Without abandoning his famous austerity, his imagery has developed a sensual beauty during the 1990s under the influence of his collaboration with cinematographer Mark Lee Ping-Bin.

Hou's consistent screenwriting collaborator since the mid-1980s has been the renowned author Chu T’ien-wen, a collaboration that began with the screenplay for Chen Kunhou's 1983 film, Growing Up. He has cast revered puppeteer Li Tian-lu as an actor in several of his movies, most notably The Puppetmaster, based on Li's life. Hou's films have been awarded top prizes from prestigious international festivals such as the Venice Film Festival, Cannes Film Festival, Berlin Film Festival, Hawaii International Film Festival and the Nantes Three Continents Festival. Six of his films to date have been nominated for the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival. Hou was voted "Director of the Decade" for the 1990s in a poll of American and international critics put together by The Village Voice and Film Comment, he contributed two songs to the soundtrack of Dust of a film he produced. He directed the Japanese film Café Lumière for the Shochiku studio as an homage to Yasujirō Ozu; the film deals with themes reminiscent of Ozu—tensions between parents and children and between tradition and modernity—in Hou's indirect manner.

His 2005 film Three Times features three stories of love set in 1911, 1966 and 2005 using the same actors, Shu Qi and Chang Chen. In August 2006, Hou embarked on his first Western project. Filmed and financed in France, Flight of the Red Balloon is the story of a French family as seen through the eyes of a Chinese student; the film is the first part in a series of films sponsored by the Musée d'Orsay and stars Juliette Binoche. In 2010, Hou directed the 3D short film for Taipei Pavilion in Expo 2010 Shanghai China. Hou has had some acting experience, appearing as the lead in fellow Taiwanese New Wave auteur Edward Yang's 1984 film Taipei Story, he starred as Lung, a former minor league baseball star, stuck operating an old-style fabric business, longing for his past days of glory. Lung tries to find his way in Taipei. Hou had a small role in the 2013 Chinese comedy-drama film Young Style, about a group of teenagers in high school. In 2015, Hou won the Best Director award at the Cannes Film Festival for The Assassin.

To date, Hou has directed a total of 18 feature films, three short film segments of omnibus films, which leads to a total 21 films he directed. Out of the 21 films he has directed, he has written or co-written 11 of those films in addition to writing or co-writing 10 other films directed by other filmmakers, including Taipei Story, Heartbreak Island and My Favorite Season. Hou has directed a total of 18 feature films. Out of these 18, Hou has written 11. Hou's first film as a director, as well as writer, was Cute Girl or Lovable You, a formulaic romantic comedy starring Kenny Bee, Anthony Chan and Feng Fei-fei; the film was devised as a vehicle for Bee and Feng, who were popular pop-stars in Hong Kong and Taiwan at the time. Hou would collaborate with both Bee and Fong on in his next feature film, Cheerful Wind. Although the film was shot in a more commercial style unlike his work, film critic and writer David Bordell stated that Cute Girl and the

Dmitry Mertvago

Dmitry Borisovich Mertvago was a Russian official, Privy Councillor, Tauride Civil Governor, Provisions Master General, memoirist. Grandfather of Elizaveta Bezobrazova. Comes from a noble family. Got a home education. In 1774, along with his family, was captured by Yemelyan Pugachev, Dmitry's father was hanged in his own village. In 1775 he entered the guard as a non-commissioned officer, joined the service in 1779 as a sergeant. From 1781 in the civil service: prosecutor in Orenburg, from 1786 adviser to the civil chamber in Ufa, from 1787 adviser to Ufa provincial government, he married one of the daughters of state councilor Mark Poltoratsky. From 1797 he served in the Provisional expedition of the College of War in St. Petersburg, promoted to major general. In early 1802, he retired. At the end of 1802, under the patronage of Gavrila Derzhavin, he was appointed chief overseer of the Crimean salt lakes. In December 1803 – October 1807, the Taurian civil governor. Since 1807, Provisions Master General, head of the Provision Department of the War Ministry.

In this position he clashed with the Minister of War Aleksey Arakcheyev. In 1810 he was dismissed from service, lived in his estate in the Tver province. In 1817, he was appointed senator to Moscow. In the last years of his life, he maintained close relations with the Archbishop of Moscow and Kolomna Philaret Drozdov. From 1807, at the insistence of Derzhavin, Mertvago began working on the "Notes" in which he described the events of the Pugachev's Rebellion, the reign of Emperor Paul I, he gave portraits of prominent statesmen of the late 18th – early 19th centuries. Mertvago, Dmitry. Notes. Aksakov, Sergey. Memories of Dmitriy Mertvago; the Russian Messenger. Arnoldov, Mikhail. Dmitriy Mertvago. Simbirsk: Collection of historical and statistical materials about Simbirsk province. Kravchuk, Alexander. Dmitry Borisovich Mertvago as a Taurian civilian governor. Scientific notes of the Vernadsky Tauride National University. Pp. 116–127. Kravchuk, Alexander. To the biography of Tavrichesky Governor Dmitry Mertvago.

Kiev: Third Zarembiv Readings: Materials of the Third All-Ukrainian Zaremche Scientific Readings "Ukrainian Memory of the Matter: Modern Problems and Trends" dedicated to the 20th Anniversary of the Center of Memorization of the NAS of Ukraine and UTOPIK, May 23, 2011. Pp. 77–85. Kravchuk, Alexander. "The states of the spiritual rule of Mohammedan law and the rules for the production and the duties of the spiritual" of Governor Dmitry Mertvago. Kiev: Third Zarembiv Readings: Materials of the Third All-Ukrainian Zaremche Scientific Readings "Ukrainian Memory of the Matter: Modern Problems and Trends" dedicated to the 20th Anniversary of the Center of Memorization of the NAS of Ukraine and UTOPIK, May 23, 2011. Pp. 126–132. Kravchuk, Alexander. Governor Dmitry Mertvago and the re-establishment of industrial viticulture in the South-Eastern Crimea. Current Issues of History and Ethnography of the South-Eastern Crimea: Proceedings of the IV International Scientific Conference. Pp. 53–58. Kravchuk, Alexander.

On the history of the administrative practices of Tavricheskaya civil governor Dmitry Borisovich Mertvago. Electronic scientific publication Almanac "Space and Time". Russian life in the memoirs of contemporaries of the 18th century. Moscow. 2012. Pp. 646–663. Creative Nineteenth Century: Issues of the History of Taurida Governorate