Lent is a solemn religious observance in the Christian liturgical calendar that begins on Ash Wednesday and ends six weeks before Easter Sunday. The purpose of Lent is the preparation of the believer for Easter through prayer, doing penance, mortifying the flesh, repentance of sins and self-denial; this event is observed in the Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, Methodist, Presbyterian, Oriental Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. Some Anabaptist and evangelical churches observe the Lenten season; the last week of Lent is Holy Week, starting with Palm Sunday. Following the New Testament story, Jesus' crucifixion is commemorated on Good Friday, at the beginning of the next week the joyful celebration of Easter Sunday recalls the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. In Lent, many Christians commit to fasting, as well as giving up certain luxuries in order to replicate the account of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ's journey into the desert for 40 days. Many Christians add a Lenten spiritual discipline, such as reading a daily devotional or praying through a Lenten calendar, to draw themselves near to God.
The Stations of the Cross, a devotional commemoration of Christ's carrying the Cross and of his execution, are observed. Many Roman Catholic and some Protestant churches remove flowers from their altars, while crucifixes, religious statues, other elaborate religious symbols are veiled in violet fabrics in solemn observance of the event. Throughout Christendom, some adherents mark the season with the traditional abstention from the consumption of meat, most notably among Lutherans, Roman Catholics and Anglicans. Lent is traditionally described as lasting for 40 days, in commemoration of the 40 days Jesus spent fasting in the desert, according to the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, before beginning his public ministry, during which he endured temptation by Satan. Depending on the Christian denomination and local custom, Lent ends either on the evening of Maundy Thursday, or at sundown on Holy Saturday, when the Easter Vigil is celebrated. Regardless, Lenten practices are properly maintained until the evening of Holy Saturday.
The English word Lent is a shortened form of the Old English word lencten, meaning "spring season", as its Dutch language cognate lente still does today. A dated term in German, Lenz, is related. According to the Oxford English Dictionary,'the shorter form seems to be a derivative of *laŋgo- long... and may have reference to the lengthening of the days as characterizing the season of spring'. The origin of the -en element is less clear: it may be a suffix, or lencten may have been a compound of *laŋgo-'long' and an otherwise little-attested word *-tino, meaning'day'. In languages spoken where Christianity was earlier established, such as Greek and Latin, the term signifies the period dating from the 40th day before Easter. In modern Greek the term is Σαρακοστή, derived from the earlier Τεσσαρακοστή, meaning "fortieth"; the corresponding word in Latin, quadragesima, is the origin of the terms used in Latin-derived languages and in some others. Examples in the Romance language group are: Catalan quaresma, French carême, Galician coresma, Italian quaresima, Occitan quaresma, Portuguese quaresma, Romanian păresimi, Sardinian caresima, Spanish cuaresma, Walloon cwareme.
Examples in non-Latin-based languages are: Albanian kreshma, Basque garizuma, Croatian korizma, Irish carghas, Swahili kwaresima, Tagalog kuwaresma, Welsh crawys. In other languages, the name used refers to the activity associated with the season, thus it is called "fasting period" in Czech and Norwegian, it is called "great fast" in Arabic, Polish and Ukrainian. Romanian, apart from a version based on the Latin term referring to the 40 days has a "great fast" version: postul mare. Dutch has three options, one of which means fasting period, the other two referring to the 40-day period indicated in the Latin term: vastentijd and quadragesima, respectively. Various Christian denominations calculate the 40 days of Lent differently; the way they observe Lent differs. In the Roman Rite since 1970, Lent ends on Holy Thursday Evening; this comprises a period of 44 days. The Lenten fast excludes Sundays and continues through Good Friday and Holy Saturday, totaling 40 days. In the Ambrosian Rite, Lent begins on the Sunday that follows what is celebrated as Ash Wednesday in the rest of the Latin Catholic Church, ends as in the Roman Rite, thus being of 40 days, counting the Sundays but not Holy Thursday.
The day for beginning the Lenten fast is the first weekday in Lent. The special Ash Wednesday fast is transferred to the first Friday of the Ambrosian Lent; until this rite was revised by Saint Charles Borromeo the liturgy of the First Sunday of Lent was festive, celebrated in white vestments with chanting of the Gloria in Excelsis and Alleluia, in line with the recommendation in Matthew 6:16, "When you fast, do not look gloomy". During Lent the Church discourages marriages, but couples may do so if they forgo the special blessings of the Nuptial Mass and reduced social celebrations; the period of Lent observed in the Eastern Catholic Churches corresponds to that in other churches of Eastern Christianity that have similar traditions. In Protestant and
No Man's Land is a thriller novel written by American author David Baldacci. This is the fourth installment in the John Puller book series; the novel addresses a mystery hinted at in the previous novels: the disappearance of Puller's mother. In doing so, Puller is forced to revisit his childhood memories. Baldacci has said "in this book I was able to go back and allow to see his childhood through his own eyes. I hoped to humanize him and deepen his character." The protagonist, John Puller, Jr. a former Army Ranger who served at Iraq and Afghanistan and now works for the U. S. Army’s Criminal Investigations Division, is spurred to investigate the unsolved case of his mother's sudden disappearance of thirty years ago when his elderly father, John Puller, Sr. is accused of her murder. No Man's Land was published on November 15, 2016 by Grand Central Publishing in hardcover and ebook, as well as trade paperback The trade paperback and international mass market paperback editions are scheduled to go on sale March 21, 2017, followed by the mass market paperback on July 25, 2017.
No Man's Land reached #2 on the New York Times Bestseller List on December 4, 2016 in both the Hardcover and Combined Print/eBook categories. Associated Press book reviewer Waka Tsunoda wrote that the book "has a strong element of science fiction, is action-packed and thought-provoking." Official website The Escape by David Baldacci - Official Book Trailer on YouTube
Emmanuel Mwape was a Zambian footballer, regarded as Zambia's best goalkeeper in history. Nicknamed ‘Mannix’, Mwape kept goal for Zambia at CAN 1974 and featured for Roan United and Rokana United, he was named Zambian Sportsman of the Year in 1974 and his younger brother Kenny played in goal for Zambia in 1980. Mwape was born 1950 and first played for Roan's youth team in 1963 team before breaking into the main team at the age of 17 while he was still a schoolboy, as understudy to Zambia national team goalkeeper Happy Malama, he featured for Zambia Schools and his impressive performances saw him being called to the senior national team the following year when he made his full international debut in a friendly against Uganda on 4 July 1968 at Kitwe’s Scrivener Stadium. It was an inauspicious start as he conceded two goals in the first 18 minutes after two poor clearances from him and he was replaced by Malama. Mwape was spared the blushes, he was left out of the Zambia's tour of Uganda in October of that year but was back that month as reserve goalkeeper for the World Cup qualifier against Sudan which Zambia won 4-2 but lost the second leg by the same score line and were eliminated due to a strange rule by FIFA which favoured the team that won the second leg in the event of a tie.
Mwape became Zambia's first-choice goalkeeper in 1971 although for the most part of 1973, coach Ante Buselic preferred Joseph Chomba of Zambia Army FC He was in goal as Zambia made an appearance at their first CAN tournament at Egypt 1974 and he played every minute of every game as they went all the way to the final only to lose 2-0 to Zaire after a replay. He was voted the best goalkeeper at the tournament by a panel of journalists after which Mwape said he deserved the award despite it being the first time he had taken part in a big tournament; that year, Mwape won the Challenge Cup with Roan and at the end of the year he was voted Zambia's Sportsman of the Year. In 1975, he lost his place to Abraham Nkole but returned for the two legged World Cup qualifier against Uganda in February 1977; the following month, he was left out of the national team for failing to report to camp and his club revealed that he had been missing from Luanshya since featuring for Zambia against Uganda. It emerged in April.
This was prompted by Roan's reluctance to give him chance to sit for his crafts training course at work which led to frustration. He moved to Rokana United, this led to the emergence of his understudy at Roan Vincent Chileshe who took over at the national team. In 1980, Mwape's younger brother Kenny played in goal for Zambia giving the siblings a unique record. Mwape made a comeback when he captained a young Zambian team to the CECAFA tournament and the following year, he traveled to CAN 1982 as a reserve goalkeeper; the following year, he joined the coaching staff under Moses Simwala. He joined the coaching bench of Nchanga Rangers in 1989. Mwape fell sick and died on 8 April 1991 at Nchanga South Hospital in Chingola