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Jackie Jeschelnig

Jaclyn "Jackie" Jeschelnig-Ulm is an American hammer thrower. A graduate of Ashland University, she won five NCAA Division II and nine Great Lakes Intercollegiate Athletic Conference championship titles in both the hammer and weight throw, achieved a thirty-ninth-place finish at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Jeschelnig owned an outdoor personal best of 68.83 m by placing first at the 2004 Ohio State Relays Meet in Columbus, Ohio that secured her a spot on the U. S. track and field team for the Olympics. Born and raised in Mentor, Jeschelnig started her hammer throw career upon enrolling at Ashland University as a member of the track and field team for the Ashland Eagles under head coach Jud Logan. While competing for the Eagles, she compiled a record of fourteen titles throughout her four-year collegiate career. Jeschelnig posted an all-time NCAA Division II meet record of 64.86 m in the hammer throw and 20.53 m in the non-Olympic 20-pound weight, which garnered her as a ten-time NCAA All-American and as GLIAC's most valuable track and field athlete in 2002.

On February 17, 2003, Jeschelnig was featured in Sports Illustrated's Face of the Crowd magazine issue. After graduating from Ashland University in May 2003 with a mathematics major, Jeschelnig joined with eight other athletes for Ashland Elite's athletic program, devised to help Olympic aspirants undergo rigorous training for future track and field meets. Jeschelnig entered the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens on her official international debut, as a member of the U. S. Olympic track and field team, in the women's hammer throw, along with fellow athletes Anna Mahon and Erin Gilreath. Two months before the Games, she finished fourth at the Olympic Trials in Sacramento, but saved a permanent spot on the U. S. team for achieving an Olympic A-standard of 68.83 m from the Ohio State Relays Meet in Columbus, Ohio. Jeschelnig started her opening throw with a satisfying distance of 58.00 m, before committing a startling foul on her second attempt. She extended a remarkable toss to 62.23 m on her third attempt, but it was not worthily enough to put her through to the final, leaving Jeschelnig in last place among the Americans and thirty-ninth overall against a field of forty-eight hammer throwers at the end of the qualifying round.

Jeschelnig is assigned as an assistant head coach on the women's hammer throw team for the Ohio State Buckeyes at Ohio State University. Moreover, she resides with her husband and fellow thrower Rich Ulm and works as a client support manager at Quantum Health Center in Columbus, Ohio. Jackie Jeschelnig at World Athletics Profile at USA Track & Field Player Bio – Ashland Eagles

American Women's Himalayan Expedition

The American Women's Himalayan Expedition was a 1978 expedition to Annapurna which placed the first two women, first Americans, on its summit. The expedition was led by Arlene Blum and consisted of thirteen women, six sherpas. On October 15, Vera Komarkova, Irene Beardsley, Mingma Tshering Sherpa and Chewang Ringjin Shepa summitted Annapurna via the Dutch Route; the all woman nature of the expedition was designed by Arlene and Alison Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz during a 1972 expedition on Noshaq. Arlene, who having been rejected from high altitude expeditions as a woman stated “Few American women get a chance to climb that high, to lead, or to participate in a major expedition. No American woman climbed to 8000 meters, only seven women from any country climbed that high. We this climb give a number of women sufficient experience so that they can be invited on mixed expeditions, or organize their own."Led by Blum, they underwent psychological tests and individual training programs. The counter culture of the 70s led teams to rebel against the military inspired siege style mountaineering.

As the first female team, many of the women were determined to forge their own leadership methods and styles independent of the male lead expeditions before them. The team spent a year raising the money needed for the climb by selling T-shirts with the slogan, A Woman’s Place is on Top, they received sponsorship from the American Alpine Club and support from the National Geographic Society, Johnson & Johnson and OB Tampons. At the time, Annapurna had been climbed by eight people, via three different routes. Annapurna has since emerged as one of the most dangerous mountains in the Himalayas with a 32% fatality to summit ratio, it is avalanche prone, not appreciated at the time. They approached the mountain siege style, leaving Pokhara with more than 12,000 pounds of supplies, a team of porters, 13 women and 6 Sherpas. Blum had wanted to employ female low-altitude porters and train them to be climbers, but ran into difficulties with the Sherpas' union and the women hired were not strong load carriers.

They arrived at base camp on August 26, pushed up a rib towards the north to camp 2. From there the route choice was between most recent ascent of the mountain The Dutch Rib, direct and technical and a new variation of the Spanish Route which appeared easier, they settled on the Dutch Rib after watching several avalanches on the Spanish Route. They waited until the mountain was opened at a prayer-flag raising ceremony, began upwards towards camp 3 on September 12. On September 19 Komarkova and Chewang were forced to retreat to base camp due to multiple avalanches. On the 27th Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz, Liz Klobusicky-Mailänder and Lakpa established camp 3, another near avalanche miss cleared the rib making it more passable; the same day an avalanche made it with the wind from it flattening tents. They had reached camp four by October 8, planned to set up a final camp before the summit. Blum wanted the first summit team to consist of three women, no Sherpas, with Sherpas ascending on the second team.

However, Komarkova pushed to have Sherpas Chewang join them. The first summit team consisted of Komarkova, Irene Beardsley, Mingma Tsering Sherpa and Chewang Ringjin Sherpa after Piro Kramer, an eye surgeon, retreated after getting a frostbitten right index finger; the team reached the top on October 15. Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz and Vera Watson were keen to make a second summit attempt with a large team, they could not convince Whitehouse to join them, as she thought that their decision-making skills were compromised. They decided to continue anyway, with Wangyel accompanying them to camp 5, climb the unclimbed 8,051-meter central peak. However, Wangyel descended after leaving them without a siege-style support structure, they failed to make a scheduled radio call, their bodies were found by Lhakpa Norbu and Mingma below camp four, three days later. Initial reports from the New York Times called the climb an inspiration to women, noting that women's mountaineering in America had'come of age', it was symbolic and relevant to second wave feminism.

Blum's book on the expedition, Annapurna: A Woman's Place, was cited by Kitty Calhoun as an inspiration to mountaineers. At the time, the expedition received some criticism by men, including David Roberts, for having Sherpas forge a path to the summit on an all women's expedition and for perceived poor decision making leading to the deaths of Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz and Watson; this was denounced by Blum as hypocritical, since there were no objections to Sherpa forged paths on recent all-male expeditions and that there had been one death for every summit on Annapurna. Historian Julie Rak noted that had Chadwick-Onyszkiewicz succeeded at the first ascent of the central peak the narrative might have been different