Lewes is the county town of East Sussex, England. It is the police and judicial centre for all of Sussex and is home to Sussex Police, East Sussex Fire & Rescue Service, Lewes Crown Court and HMP Lewes; the civil parish is the centre of the Lewes local government district and the seat of East Sussex County Council at East Sussex County Hall. A traditional market town and centre of communications, in 1264 it was the site of the Battle of Lewes; the town's landmarks include Lewes Castle, the remains of Lewes Priory, Bull House, Southover Grange and public gardens, a 16th-century timber-framed Wealden hall house known as Anne of Cleves House. Other notable features of the area include the Glyndebourne festival, the Lewes Bonfire and the Lewes Pound. Archaeological evidence points to prehistoric dwellers in the area. Scholars think that the Roman settlement of Mutuantonis was here, as quantities of artefacts have been discovered in the area; the Saxons built a castle. The place-name'Lewes' is first attested in an Anglo-Saxon charter circa 961 AD, where it appears as Læwe and Laewes.
It appears as Lewes in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name means'hills', from the Old English hlæw meaning'hill'. After the Norman invasion, William the Conqueror rewarded William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, with the Rape of Lewes, a swathe of land along the River Ouse from the coast to the Surrey boundary, he rebuilt Lewes Castle on the Saxon site. Lewes was the site of a mint during the Late Anglo-Saxon period and thereafter a mint during the early years after the Norman invasion. In 1148 the town was granted a charter by King Stephen; the town became a port with docks along the River Ouse. The town was the site of the Battle of Lewes between the forces of Henry III and Simon de Montfort in the Second Barons' War in 1264, at the end of which de Montfort's forces were victorious and rebuilt the castle. Simon the Monfort rebuilt the castle; the battle took place in fields now just west of Landport. At the time of the Marian Persecutions of 1555–1557, Lewes was the site of the execution of seventeen Protestant martyrs, who were burned at the stake in front of the Star Inn.
A memorial to the martyrs was unveiled on Cliffe Hill in 1901. Through the 17th and 18th centuries, Lewes developed as the county town of Sussex, expanding beyond the line of the town wall, it was an active port and developed related iron and ship building industries. In 1846 the town became a railway junction, with lines constructed from the north and east to two railway stations; the development of Newhaven ended Lewes's period as a major port. During the Crimean War, some 300 Finns serving in the Russian army captured at Bomarsund were imprisoned at Lewes. Lewes became a borough in 1881. Lewes Town Hall opened in 1893 in premises converted from the former Star Inn and in 1913 Council Offices were added in Arts-and-Crafts style. Lewes Victoria Hospital opened in 1909 in its current premises, as Victoria Hospital and Infirmary, having been on School Hill where it opened as the Lewes Dispensary and Infirmary in 1855; the name Lewes is the name of the parliamentary constituency and the local district council as well as Lewes Town Council.
Lewes is where the East Sussex County Council has its main offices, located at County Hall in St Anne's Crescent. Lewes District Council is administered from offices in Southover House on Southover Road. Lewes Town Council is based in the Town Hall on Lewes High Street; the Town Council comprises Liberal Democrats and Independents. For many years, Lewes was dominated by the Conservatives at local level. In 1991, the Liberal Democrats won the District Council for the first time, the constituency returned a Liberal Democrat MP for the first time in 1997; the Conservatives won back control of the District Council in 2011, strengthened this position in 2015. The elections in May 2019 made the Conservatives the largest party but without overall control of the Council. A Co-operative Alliance of Greens, Liberal Democrats and Independents succeeded in ousting the Conservative Leader in July 2019 and electing the first Green Leader of the Council, Zoe Nicholson who appointed a Cabinet of Co-operative Alliance Members.
The Chair of the Council is Liberal Democrat. The Parliamentary constituency Lewes has been held the Conservatives since the 1870s, with the exception of the period from 1997 to 2015 when Liberal Democrat Norman Baker held the seat for 18 years, before being defeated by Maria Caulfield who retained her seat in the 2017 and 2019 general elections. In organisational terms, Lewes became one of the non-county boroughs within the Sussex, East county under the Local Government Act 1933. In 1974, Lewes District Council was formed on 1 April 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, was a merger of the former borough of Lewes along with Newhaven and Seaford urban districts and Chailey Rural District; the election in 2015 was the first time in which Green Councillors had been elected to the Lewes District Council, all from the wards in the town of Lewes. The town of Lewes became a civil parish with the title of town; the representation from Lewes wards at local government levels, as at the latest elections, is as follows.
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Zarna was a Roman town of the Roman Empire during late antiquity. An exact location for the town has been lost to history, although that it was in the Roman province of Africa Proconsolare means it must have been in northern Tunisia. In antiquity the town was the seat of a Christian bishopric, suffragan of the Archdiocese of Carthage. Only one bishop of this diocese is documented Vitale, who took part in the antimonotelita Council of Carthage of 646. Today Zarna survives as a titular bishopric of the Roman Catholic Church and the current bishop is Francisco Antonio Ceballos Escobar of Puerto Carreño. Who replaced Edmar Peron in 2016
Alexander "Alex" Stalock is an American professional ice hockey goaltender playing for the Minnesota Wild in the National Hockey League. Stalock was drafted 112th overall in the 2005 NHL Entry Draft by the San Jose Sharks. Alex Stalock was born in Saint Paul and played high school hockey for the South St. Paul, Minnesota Packers, he attended college at the University of Minnesota Duluth, where he played college hockey for three years before starting his professional career. On February 1, 2011, he made his NHL debut in relief of Antti Niemi. Playing 29 minutes and 47 seconds, Stalock allowed no goals on nine shots to record his first NHL win in a 5–3 victory over the Phoenix Coyotes. Shortly after his debut he was reassigned to the Sharks minor league affiliate, Worcester Sharks, in the American Hockey League. In a game against the Manchester Monarchs on February 4, he suffered a sliced nerve behind his knee after being stepped on by the skate of Manchester's Dwight King, sidelining him for the remainder of the 2010–11 season.
Afterwards, he went through many months of rehabilitation. Stalock was sidelined until January 21, 2012, when he started in goal for San Jose's ECHL affiliate, the Stockton Thunder. After six games in Stockton, Stalock was called up to Worcester. On July 10, 2013, the San Jose Sharks re-signed Stalock to a one-year contract. In September 2013, Stalock was selected as the San Jose Sharks backup goaltender for the 2013–14 season. Stalock made his first NHL start on October 27, saving 38 shots in a 5–2 victory against the Ottawa Senators. On January 16, 2014, Stalock recorded his first shutout in a 3–0 win over the Florida Panthers. Against the Los Angeles Kings on January 27, Stalock passed Evgeni Nabokov for the Sharks' longest streak without allowing a goal with 178:55, 7:37 longer than Nabokov's highest. Stalock made his first career playoff start against the Los Angeles Kings on April 28, 2014. In the 2015–16 season, on February 27, 2016, Stalock's tenure with the Sharks came to an end when he was traded, along with Ben Smith and a conditional 4th round pick in 2018 to the Toronto Maple Leafs in exchange for James Reimer and Jeremy Morin.
Stalock was placed on waivers the following day by the Maple Leafs and upon clearing was assigned to the AHL with affiliate, the Toronto Marlies on February 29, 2016. Stalock left the Leafs organization as a free agent in the off-season and on July 1, 2016, signed a one-year, two-way contract with the Minnesota Wild. On February 2, 2017, the Wild signed Stalock to a two-year, $1.3 million extension. He earned his first shutout with the Wild, in three seasons, against his former team, the Toronto Maple Leafs, on December 14, 2017. Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database Alex Stalock profile and statistics at TheAHL.com