SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lhotse

Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 8,516 metres, after Mount Everest, K2, Kangchenjunga. Part of the Everest massif, Lhotse is connected to the latter peak via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres above sea level, the mountain comprises the smaller peaks Lhotse Middle at 8,414 m, Lhotse Shar at 8,383 m; the summit is on the border between the Khumbu region of Nepal. An early attempt on Lhotse was by the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, headed by Norman Dyhrenfurth, it included two Austrians and two Swiss, was the first expedition in the Everest area to include Americans. The Nepalese liaison officer was Gaya Nanda Vaidya, they were accompanied by several climbing Sherpas. After a brief look at the dangerous southern approaches of Lhotse Shar, they turned their attention, during September and October, to the Western Cwm and the northwest face of Lhotse, on which they achieved an altitude of about 8,100 metres.

They were beaten back by low temperatures. Under Schneider's direction, they completed the first map of the Everest area; the expedition made several short films covering local cultural topics and made a number of first ascents of smaller peaks in the Khumbu region. The main summit of Lhotse was first climbed on May 18, 1956, by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger from the Swiss Mount Everest/Lhotse Expedition. On May 12, 1970, Sepp Mayerl and Rolf Walter of Austria made the first ascent of Lhotse Shar. Lhotse Middle remained, for the highest unclimbed named point on Earth; the Lhotse standard climbing route follows the same path as Everest's South Col route up to the Yellow Band beyond Camp 3. After the Yellow Band, the routes diverge with climbers bound for Everest taking a left over the Geneva Spur up to the South Col, while Lhotse climbers take a right further up the Lhotse face; the last part to the summit leads through the narrow "Reiss couloir" until the Lhotse main peak is reached.

By December 2008 371 climbers had summitted Lhotse. Lhotse was not summited in 2014, 2015, or 2016 due to a series of incidents, however, it was summited again in May 2017. In 2016 Ang Furba Sherpa died from a fall. 1955 Attempt by the International Himalayan Expedition. 1956 May 18 First ascent of the main summit: Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss. 1965 First attempt on Lhotse Shar by a Japanese expedition – reached 8,100 m. 1970 May 12 First ascent of Lhotse Shar by an Austrian expedition, Sepp Mayerl, Rolf Walter. 1973 First attempt on the South Face by a Japanese expedition led by Royei Uchida. 1974 December 25 First attempt of an 8,000-meter peak in winter. Polish climbers Andrzej Zawada and Andrzej Heinrich reached a height of 8,250 meters. 1975 Attempt on the South Face by Reinhold Messner. 1977 Second ascent of the main summit by a German expedition led by Dr. G. Schmatz. 1979 Ascent of the main summit by Andrzej Czok and Jerzy Kukuczka without the use of supplemental oxygen. Ascent was in company of Zygmunt Andrzej Janusz Skorek.

4 days second group climbed to the peak - Janusz Baranek, Adam Bilczewski, Stanisław Cholewa, Robert Niklas. Leszek Czarnecki, climbed with the group without the use of supplemental oxygen, but carrying the oxygen to elevation of 8350 m, where he was forced to turn back due to inclement weather. 1980 April 27 Attempt on Lhotse Shar by the French climber Nicolas Jaeger, last seen at 8,200 metres. 1981 Attempt on the South Face by a Yugoslavian expedition led by Aleš Kunaver. Vanja Matijevec and Franček Knez reach the top of the Face but not the summit. 1981 April 30 First solo ascent without the use of supplement oxygen of the main summit by Hristo Prodanov, as part of the first Bulgarian Himalayan expedition. 1981 October 16 Second ascent of Lhotse Shar Switzerland, Colin Molines 1984 May 20/21 Members of the Czechoslovak expedition led by Ivan Galfy climb the South Face of Lhotse Shar for the first time. 1986 October 16 Ascent by Reinhold Messner, thus becoming the first person to climb all of the fourteen eight-thousanders.

1987 May 21 the Brazilian Otto William Gerstenberger Junior and the Swiss Haans Singera reach the summit. 1988 December 31 Krzysztof Wielicki, a Polish climber, completed the first winter ascent of Lhotse. 1989 October 24 Jerzy Kukuczka perishes while climbing the South Face when his secondhand rope breaks. An international expedition led by Reinhold Messner to climb the South Face was unsuccessful. 1990 April 24 Tomo Česen from Slovenia, makes a first solo ascent of South Face of Lhotse. Controversy of his climb is raised by the Soviet Himalayan expedition, claiming that his ascent would be impossible. Reinhold Messner would raise his doubts. 1990 October 16 First ascent of South Face by the Soviet Himalayan expedition members Sergey Bershov and Gennadiy Karataev. 1994 May 13 Carlos Carsolio got mountaintop solo, introducing a world speed record at 23 h 50 min rise from Base Camp to the summit. 1996 Chantal Mauduit becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Lhotse. 1996 May 17 Anatoli Boukreev solo ascent, world speed record at 21 hours 1

List of presidents of Serbia

This article lists the presidents of Serbia. The list includes the heads of state of the Socialist Republic of Serbia, a constituent country of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and heads of state of the Republic of Serbia, a constituent country of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia / State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Prior to 1974, Serbia's head of state was the speaker of the Serbian parliament; the President of the Republic is directly elected to a five-year term and is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of two terms. In addition to being the Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces, the President has the procedural duty of appointing the Prime Minister with the consent of the National Assembly, has some influence on foreign policy; the President's office is located in Novi dvor. Serbia became independent on 5 June 2006. List of Serbian monarchs List of heads of state of Serbia, for a comprehensive list of Serbian heads of state since 1804 President of Serbia Prime Minister of Serbia President of Serbia and Montenegro Prime Minister of Serbia and Montenegro List of heads of state of Yugoslavia Prime Minister of Yugoslavia Official Web Site of The President of Serbia People´s Office of the President

Redwillow River

The Redwillow River is a tributary of the Wapiti River in northern Alberta and north-eastern British Columbia, Canada. It flows in the south of Peace River Country; the Redwillow River forms in north-eastern British Columbia as an outflow of Stony Lake, in the Rocky Mountain Foothills, north of Yoho Mountain and south of Lone Mountain, at an elevation of 1,080 meters. A campground is established on the shore of Stony lake west of the river origin, is accessible through local roads south of the Heritage Highway, it flows east between Lone Mountain and Squaw Mountain, where it receives the waters from Rat Lake and other mountainside creeks. South Redwillow River is a right tributary that brings water from Quicksand Lake. After draining Little Prairie Lakes, it continues east and receives water from Thunder Creek and Hiding Creek; the Redwillow River becomes meandered as it progresses east and north-east into the province of Alberta. It continues through prairie land and receives water from Lattice Creek and further east from Diamond Dick Creek as it passes between the communities of Rio Grande and Elmworth.

South of Beaverlodge it receives the waters of Beaverlodge River flows into the Wapiti River, at an elevation of 575 meters, 83 kilometers east of its origin. In British ColumbiaRat Lake South Redwillow River Little Prairie Lakes Thunder Creek Hiding CreekIn AlbertaLattice Creek Diamond Dick Creek Beaverlodge River List of British Columbia rivers List of Alberta rivers