click links in text for more info

Li Jishen

Li Jishen was a Chinese military commander and statesman. He served as commander of the Fourth Army of the Republic of China, governor of Guangdong, military affairs commissioner, acting president of the Whampoa Military Academy. After opposing Chiang Kai-shek and being expelled from the Kuomintang in 1947, he became one of the six Vice Chairmen of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China with that government's founding on October 1, 1949. Li was born into a scholar-gentry family in Cangwu County, Guangxi in 1886, his mother died. In 1903, Li enrolled at Wuzhou Middle School, where he studied under the right wing Kuomintang leader Hu Hanmin. In 1904, he transferred to the Liangguang Military Middle School in Guangdong, three years was selected for advanced study at the Officers Military Academy in Beijing, he interrupted his studies after the Wuchang revolt of October 1911 to serve as chief of staff of the 22nd division of the revolutionary army in Jiangsu. After the establishment of the Republic of China, Li completed his education and remained at the academy, now called the Military Staff College.

Li returned to Guangdong in 1921 at the invitation of Guangdong Army chief of staff Deng Keng. Deng was assassinated in March 1922, Chen Jiongming staged a coup in June of that year, which Li helped to put down. For this, he received command of the army's 1st Division. In 1924, after serving as commissioner of reconstruction of the West River-Wuzhou area and as Wuzhou garrison commandor, Li became deputy dean of the newly established Whampoa Military Academy under Chiang Kai-shek. After Sun Yat-sen's death in March 1925, the Guangdong government was reorganized as the National Government, Li was appointed commander of the Fourth Army, the Guangdong Army, he spent the next year destroying Chen Jiongming's remaining power. When the Northern Expedition began in July 1926, Li's Fourth Army joined the push northward. During this time, Li served as governor of Guangdong, military affairs commissioner, acting president of the Whampoa Military Academy. In 1927, he was elected to the Central Executive Committee of the Kuomintang.

In November 1927, Li left Guangdong with Wang Jingwei to attend a plenary session of the Committee in Shanghai on the subject of restoring party unity. In his absence, Zhang Fakui staged a coup. Forces loyal to Li forced Zhang to surrender, Li returned to Guangdong on 4 January 1928. On 7 February 1928, Li was made a member of the standing committee of the Military Affairs Commission, he was made commander in chief of the newly established Eighth Route Army. On 1 March, Li became chairman of the Guangdong branch political council of the Kuomintang, on 30 March he was made chief of the general staff of the Northern Expedition. During the remainder of the year, Li attended meetings in Beijing, served as acting commander in chief of the Nationalist forces when Chiang Kai-shek left Beijing for Nanjing, he was appointed to the State Council on 8 October and resigned as governor of Guangdong in November. In 1929, Li traveled to Nanjing to attend the Third National Congress and mediate a dispute that had arisen between the Nationalist government and the New Guangxi clique.

However, talks broke down in March, the members of the clique were expelled from the Kuomintang, Li was placed in detention. He was not freed until after the Japanese attack on Mukden in 1931. Li did not have significant political power until 1933, when he joined with Chen Mingshu to launch a revolt in Fujian. Li was made chairman of the people's revolutionary government at Fuzhou, but the revolt was suppressed, Li was forced to flee to Hong Kong in January 1934. In 1935, Li joined with associates to found the Chinese People's Revolutionary League, which advocated resistance against Japan and overthrow of the Nationalist government. In 1936, Li participated in a joint Guangdong-Guangxi revolt against the government, but after it collapsed, Li returned to Hong Kong; the order for his arrest was rescinded. In 1938, Li was restored to membership in the Kuomintang, again became a member of the Military Affairs Commission and the State Council. During the Sino-Japanese War, Li served in several military posts.

In 1944, he was appointed president of the Military Advisory Council, but instead worked to consolidate resistance against Japan in southern Guangxi. At the Sixth National Congress of the Kuomintang in May 1945, Li was elected to the Central Supervisory Committee of the Kuomintang, served as a delegate to the National Assembly the following year. On 8 March 1947, Li issued a statement calling for reconciliation between the Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party. For this, he was again expelled from the Kuomintang for making unwarranted statements and inciting the people to riot. Li began working to unite current and former Kuomintang members who opposed National government policies; this led to the formation of the Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang in 1948, with Li as its first chairman. Li left Hong Kong in early 1949 and traveled north to Beiping, where he assisted in the preparatory work for the founding of the People's Republic of China. After the inauguration of the new government, Li became one of its six vice-chairmen, as well as Vice-President of the Sino-Soviet Friendship Association.

In January 1953, Li became a member of the committee assigned to draft the first constitution of the People's Republic. He served as a delegate to the National People's Congress in 1954; the new constitution reduced the number of vice-chairmen from six to two, so Li gave up his post and became a vice Vice Chair

1986 Big South Conference Baseball Tournament

The 1986 Big South Conference Baseball Tournament was the postseason baseball tournament for the Big South Conference, held from May 13–15, 1986, on the campus of Augusta State University in Augusta, Georgia. Four teams participated in the double-elimination tournament; the Big South played the season at the NCAA Division I level, but did not receive an automatic bid to the 1986 NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament. Coastal Carolina won the championship; the top four finishers from the regular season qualified for the tournament. Terry Spires was named Tournament Most Valuable Player. Spires was a shortstop for Coastal Carolina

Ozjasz Thon

Abraham Ozjasz Thon was a rabbi, early Zionist, leader of the Jewish community in Poland. Thon studied sociology under George Simmel; as a student, he assisted Theodor Herzl in the ideological preparations for the First Zionist Congress, in 1897 published a groundbreaking philosophical study of Zionism, Zur geschichtsphilosophischen Begrendung des Zionismus. Thon wrote literary and scientific academic works and journalistic essays, a 1910 work on the philosophical and sociological methods of Herbert Spencer. In 1897, Ozjasz Thon was appointed to the rabbinate of a position he held until his death, he was the rabbi of the Tempel Synagogue of the more religiously-liberal constituency within the Jewish community. He promoted a Zionist program despite the overall assimilationist trends prevalent in the Jewish community at that time, was an adherent of Ahad Ha'Am's school of Jewish identity. In 1906, Thon made an unsuccessful bid to represent the Jewish National Party in Kolomyya, Eastern Galicia, in the elections to the Austrian parliament.

He expanded them after the First World War. He represented the Western Galician Jewish National Council at the Versailles Peace Conference. In 1919, Thon was elected to the first Sejm and served in the Polish parliament until 1931, where his oratory received a hearing among antisemitic MPs. Thon is buried in Krakow's New Jewish Cemetery. Encyclopaedia Judaica, vol. 15, pp. 1121–1123. Jerusalem: Keter Publishing, 1971

Litchfield, Ohio

Litchfield is an unincorporated community in central Litchfield Township, Medina County, United States. It is situated at the junction of State Routes 83 and 18, about nine miles northwest of the city of Medina; this town is part of the Buckeye Local School District, along with Liverpool Township and York Township. Litchfield Township was part of the Western Reserve, a tract of land King George II promised to the Colony of Connecticut in 1662. Just after the war of 1812, an eastern land speculator and Puritan named Judge Uriel Holmes, Jr. of Litchfield, Connecticut bought the land in this area. Although records are scarce, it seems no one settled permanently in the territory at that time though he built three roads, including Smith Road; when no one claimed the land, its ownership reverted to the state of Connecticut and was set apart as No. 3, Range 16. The dwellings of the Wyandot Indians were seen along Center Creek as late as 1822, but they moved to other lands as the newcomers to Litchfield and Liverpool vied for the wild game.

No traces of them were found by the first settlers of Litchfield Township. Official settlement of this area began in February 1830, when Cyrus Cook of Connecticut, his wife and child built a brush hut on the north part of the township land; that May, a group of their families arrived. These were our first settlers. In more recent history, the township was known for dairy production cheese; the term Western Reserve lives on in such institutions as Western Reserve Academy and Case Western Reserve. Works Cited Perrin, William Henry and JH Battle. History of Medina County and Ohio: Containing a History of the State of Ohio, from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time. Chicago: Baskin & Battey. 1881. EPUB file. Oviatt Cole, Ohio State Auditor. Josephine Sophia White Griffing, reformer

Fritz Brickell

Fritz Darrell Brickell was an American professional baseball player who played in parts of three seasons for the New York Yankees and Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball. He was the son of former Major League outfielder Fred Brickell. An infielder and a native of Wichita, Brickell stood 5 feet 5 inches tall and weighed 157 pounds, his eight years in the Yankee farm system were interrupted by two trials with the Bombers. After a two-game stint as a defensive replacement at the start of the 1958 season, Brickell received a more extended audition with the Yanks in the middle of 1959, getting into 18 games, including nine starts at shortstop, in June and July, his ten hits included his only MLB home run, a two-run shot off former Yankee Tom Morgan with the Detroit Tigers. After spending 1960 in Triple-A, Brickell was traded to the expansion Angels on the eve of the 1961 season, he was the first starting shortstop in Angels' franchise history: on April 11, 1961, at Memorial Stadium, he went one-for-four at bat and handled nine chances in the field, turning a double play but committing two errors, as the Angels shocked the Baltimore Orioles, 7–2.

But Brickell struggled on both offense and defense, batting only.122 in 49 at bats and making seven errors in 71 total chances. He started his last game on May 8, spent most of 1961 with the Toronto Maple Leafs of the International League. All told, he played in the minors through 1962. Three years after his retirement, Brickell, a noted chewer of tobacco, died from cancer of the jaw at the age of 30. List of second-generation Major League Baseball players Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs Fritz Brickell at the SABR Bio Project, by Stephen Roney, retrieved July 16, 2013

Tal Afar Citadel

The Tal Afar Citadel is a citadel located in Tal Afar, a city in Nineveh Governorate in northwest Iraq. The citadel was built by the Ottoman Empire, although it contains remains dating back to the Assyrian period. Following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the citadel housed the mayoral and police headquarters of Tal Afar, it was used as a base by American forces in the Battle of Tal Afar in 2005. Tal Afar fell to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in June 2014, the militants used the citadel as a prison for women and girls who were to be forcibly married to ISIL members. In December 2014, ISIL blew up the city's western walls, causing extensive damage; the militants excavated some of the ruins within the citadel to look for antiquities which they could sell. UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova condemned the destruction of the citadel; the citadel was recaptured by Iraqi forces during the battle to recapture Tal Afar in 2017