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Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts

The Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts is the first in the line to discharge the powers and duties of the office of governor following the incapacitation of the Governor of Massachusetts. The constitutional honorific title for the office is His, or Honor; the Massachusetts Constitution provides that when a governor dies, resigns, or is removed from office, the office of governor remains vacant for the rest of the 4-year term. The lieutenant governor discharges powers and duties as Acting Governor and does not assume the office of governor; the first time this came into use was five years after the constitution's adoption in 1785, when Governor John Hancock resigned his post five months before the election and inauguration of his successor, James Bowdoin, leaving Lieutenant Governor Thomas Cushing as acting governor. Most Jane Swift became acting governor upon the resignation of Paul Cellucci; the lieutenant governor serves in place of the governor when he or she is outside the borders of Massachusetts.

A one-year term, the office of lieutenant governor now carries a four-year term, the same as that of the governor. The lieutenant governor is not on a ticket with the governor; the 1780 constitution required a candidate for either office to have lived in Massachusetts for at least seven years preceding election, own at least £1,000 worth of real property and to "declare himself to be of the Christian religion". However, only the residency requirement remains in effect, both men and women have served in the office. Amendment Article LXIV changed the election from every year to every two years, Amendment Article LXXXII changed it again to every four years; the office is held by Karyn Polito, inaugurated in January 2015. The role of Lieutenant Governor has its roots in the role of Deputy Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay; the Deputy, along with the Governor, the Council of Assistants were elected by freemen of the colony. They served as executives in the governance of the colony but as executive officers of the Company of Massachusetts Bay.

These royal officers were to remain in London, as was the case with other royal colonial companies. However, John Humphrey and John Winthrop, the first Deputy and Governor traveled to the colony instead. In the colonial era the Governor and Deputy served as chief magistrates along with the Council, the Governor served as General of the militia and the Deputy as Colonel. In the early days of the colony the Deputy Governor was elected to a one year term along with the Governor. With the revocation of the charter of 1629 and the establishment of the Dominion of New England, all this was changed. Now the Royal Officers were to be appointed by the Privy Council, they were to serve the interests of the Crown. The Royal Government in Great Britain was frustrated with their lack of control of the New England colonies and sought to reassert their authority. Now styled "Lieutenant Governor", the new royal appointees came into conflict with the colonists and General Court who wished to regain authority of provincial affairs.

The last Lieutenant Governor was Thomas Oliver. Part the Second, Chapter II, Section II, Article I of the Massachusetts Constitution reads, There shall be annually elected a lieutenant governor of the commonwealth of Massachusetts, whose title shall be, His Honor and who shall be qualified, in point of religion and residence in the commonwealth, in the same manner with the governor: and the day and manner of his or her election, the qualifications of the electors, shall be the same as are required in the election of a governor; the Lieutenant Governor serves ex officio as a member of the Massachusetts Governor's Council. Massachusetts law provides for the lieutenant governor to serve as the chairman of the award selection committee for the Madeline Amy Sweeney Award for Civilian Bravery; the lieutenant governor is elected on a joint ticket with the governor, ensuring that they have the same political party affiliation. When the state constitution was first enacted in 1780, elections for the two offices were independent, were held annually.

Constitutional amendments enacted in 1918 extended the terms of both offices to two years, with elections in even-numbered years. In 1964 the constitution was amended again to extend the terms to four years, in 1966 to allow for the grouping of governor and lieutenant governor on the ballot by political party. Elections are held in even-numbered years. Lieutenant governors who acted as governor during a portion of their terms are marked by asterisks. Parties Democratic Democratic-Republican Federalist Know Nothing Republican Whig As of January 2017, there are eight former lieutenant governors of Massachusetts who are living at this time, the oldest lieutenant governor of Massachusetts being Francis X. Bellotti; the most recent death of a former lieutenant governor of Massachusetts was that of Paul Cellucci, on June 8, 2013. List of Governors of Massachusetts Government of Massachusetts Massachusetts gubernatorial election, 2006 Massachusetts gubernatorial election, 2002 Hutchinson, Thomas; the History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay.

2. Boston: Thomas & John Fleet. Office of the Governor CNN.com 2006 election results OurCampaigns.com

Shahabuddin Medical College

Shahabuddin Medical College is a medical college of Bangladesh. It is located at Gulshan of capital city Dhaka. Established in 2003, this institute is one of the private medical colleges of Bangladesh, it offers a program leading to an MBBS degree. The college is affiliated to University of Dhaka. Shahabuddin Medical College was established in 2003, the college began admitting students. Academic classes started on 18 April, celebrated as "SMC DAY"; the 1st year, beginning class, or "Batch", was named SM-01. MBBS Departments Pre clinical departments Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Community Medicine Pharmacology Pathology Microbiology Forensic Medicine Clinical departments Medicine Surgery Gynae Obs Each entering Class of the college, known as a "Batch", is designated by the prefix'SM' followed by the batch number. SM is a short form of "Shahabuddin Medical" Official website

Bloody Buccaneers

Bloody Buccaneers is an album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 1991. All songs written by Kooymans except where noted. "Making Love to Yourself" – 4:52 "Temporary Madness" – 3:33 "Going to the Run" – 3:53 "Joe" – 4:37 "Planet Blue" – 4:21 "Bloody Buccaneers" – 4:49 "One Shot Away from Paradise" – 3:45 "When Love Turns to Pain" – 4:47 "In a Bad Mood" – 5:23 "Pourin' My Heart Out Again" – 3:59 Rinus Gerritsen - bass, keyboard Barry Hay - vocals George Kooymans - guitar, vocals Cesar Zuiderwijk - drums Producers: Golden Earring, John Sonneveld Engineer: John Sonneveld Design: Sander F. Van Hest Cover design: Koos O. Artwork: Koos O. Sander F. Van Hest Illustrations: Koos O. Sander F. Van Hest Photography: Kees Tabak Russian heavy metal band Aria covered "Going to the Run" song with adapted lyrics in Russian, it was first released in 1999 and in 2004

Emil Haury

Emil Walter "Doc" Haury was an influential archaeologist who specialized in the archaeology of the American Southwest. He is most famous for his work at Snaketown, a Hohokam site in Arizona. Emil was the youngest of four children born to Professor Gustav A. Haury and Clara K. Ruth Haury. Gustav was a professor at Bethel College a Mennonite college in Newton; when they were both six, Emil Haury met his future first wife, Hulda Penner, when she and her family visited Newton from a nearby Mennonite community. After graduating high school in 1923, Emil attended the University of Arizona where he earned his bachelor's degree in 1927 and his M. A. in 1928. It was during the 1928-29 school year. In 1934 Haury earned his PhD from Harvard University. One of the first field experiences came in 1925; that year he was apprenticed to Byron Cummings, A. E. Douglass, Harold Gladwin where their major work occurred at Cuicuilco right outside of Mexico City, it was at this time. It was through connections made through Cummings that Haury was in attendance at the first Pecos Conference in 1927.

In 1928 the New York stockbroker turned archaeologist Harold Gladwin along with Winifred McCurdy started the Gila Pueblo Archaeological Foundation. In 1930 Haury became the assistant director at Gila Pueblo. During his time with Gila he was able to expand his work throughout New Mexico, it was through this extensive research that Haury became part of the group, to define the Hohokam culture. Thus, it helped Haury in defining the Mogollon culture. With the assistance and support from Gladwin, Haury was able to conduct large amounts of field research and publish reports; the 1930s was a time of plenty for Haury. Some of the excavations he conducted included the Tusayan Ruins, Canyon Creek Ruin and Harris Village, arguably his most famous research at Snaketown. Between his extensive work with Gila Pueblo, Haury managed to earn his PhD from Harvard, his dissertation dealt with the excavations by Frank Hamilton Cushing's excavations at Los Meurtos, a Hohokam site in Arizona. One of Haury's passions that lasted throughout his career was the presence of Paleoindians in the Southwest.

He conducted several excavations at Paleoindian sites and subsequently wrote several papers on the subject. In 1926 Pleistocene megafauna hunting in the Southwest was proven by the discoveries at Folsom, New Mexico; that same year Haury alongside Cummings began excavations at Whitewater Draw in southeastern Arizona where they excavated a mammoth skeleton, above a deposit of artifacts from the Cochise Culture. This was Haury's first experience with Paleoindian archaeology in the Southwest. During the late 1930s and early 1940s excavations, led by Julian Hayden and Haury, were conducted in the area of Ventana Cave in Arizona. Ventana Cave is a rock shelter with extensive stratigraphy of which the lowest layer was attributed to the Cochise culture while upper layers were attributed to more recent inhabitants; the impact of the work done by Haury and others at Vetnana cave helped in the understanding of Paleoindians in the Southwest. In April 1952, Haury excavated the Naco Mammoth Kill Site near Naco, finding the fossilized bones of a mammoth, killed by at least 8 Clovis points about 10,000 years ago.

The Naco site was the first Clovis mammoth kill association to be identified. The Lehner Ranch site is a mammoth kill site in the San Pedro Valley in Cochise County in southeast Arizona. In 1952 Haury began investigating an arroyo where a rancher, Edward F. Lehner, had observed bones sticking out from a deep layer; these bones were identified as mammoth bones. After excavating several projectile points were found in situ with the mammoth bones. A hearth was discovered. Lehner Ranch became another one of Haury's seminal works in Southwestern Paleoindian archaeology. Haury's work with the Hohokam began in 1930. There were many questions surrounding discoveries in southern Arizona beginning with A. V. Kidder in the early 20th century to Harold and Winifred Gladwin's work up through 1930s. One of Haury's first projects after becoming the Assistant director of Gila Pueblo was to investigate a site known as Roosevelt 9:6; the importance of understanding the Hohokam was important to Haury and one of his most famous projects was at Snaketown where he conducted extensive excavations and on which he wrote a book.

Haury was the first to claim. Haury was a critical figure in the chronology of the Hohokam because of his work in establishing a timeline for the Pioneer period Hohokam. Haury was a proponent of the idea that the Hohokam had contact with Mesoamerica; the Roosevelt 9:6 site was a Colonial Period Hohokam site near the Salt River north of Globe, Arizona. The site came to the attention of archaeologists when pottery sherds and cremations were exposed by the recession of Roosevelt Lake. Working for Gila Pueblo alongside the Gladwins, Haury published an extensive and detailed report of the findings; this report along with those published by the Gladwins, were important in the establishment of ceramic typologies, burial techniques, lifeways of the Hohokam. By the 1960s there was a lot of controversy surrounding the Hohokam and where they fit or didn't fit chronologically. Haury decided to re-visit a site where Gladwin had first conducted research in the 1930s. Snaketown was the epitomes Hohokam site, it was strategically placed in the proximity of th

Andrew P. Forbeck

Andrew Peter Forbeck was a United States Navy seaman received the Medal of Honor for actions aboard USS Pampanga on July 16, 1900, during the Philippine American War. Seaman Forbeck is buried in Erie Cemetery, Pennsylvania, he is buried in Pennsylvania. His grave can be found in section 24, lot 184. Rank and Organization: Seaman, U. S. Navy. Born: August 29, 18,9, New York. Accredited to: New York. G. O. No.: 55, July 19, 1901. Citation: For distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy during the battle of Katbalogan, Philippine Islands, July 16, 1900. List of Medal of Honor recipients List of Philippine–American War Medal of Honor recipients "Andrew P. Forbeck". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-10-23. "Gravesite". Home of Heroes. Retrieved September 27, 2010. "Medal of Honor citation". Home of Heroes. Retrieved September 27, 2010. "Forbeck, Andrew Peter - Medal of Honor Resting Places". Waymarking.com website. Retrieved September 27, 2010

Billtown, Nova Scotia

Billtown is a community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, located in Kings County. Ebenezer Bill, a New England Planter, was granted 1000 acres of land on July 21, 1761. According to the grant, a 78-acre plot in the centre of the property was intended to include a commercial area, a town hall, a school, a church property. From 1829 to 1961 there were schools in Billtown. A community of properties which extended along the road that serviced the area developed. By the early 1900s this included a temperance hall, multiple general stores, a blacksmith, two schools. On December 1, 1914, the 14.8 mile North Mountain Branch railroad was completed and the Billtown Train Station was opened. This station would continue to be used until 1961. Apple warehouses were built near the station. In the early 1920s telephone was introduced. In 1934 Electricity was brought to the community; as was typical of planter communities in the area and homesteads to farms were built along the roads servicing the area and this type of community remains to today.

The Cornwallis Church of Billtown's edifice was erected in 1822, was dedicated on August 10, 1823, held its last service on April 6, 1872. A larger building had been erected for increasing membership and hosted its first service on April 14, 1872. In 1903 this church was torn down and construction began on a third building. On October 25, 1903, the Billtown Baptist Church is still used today. Agriculture fruit crops such as strawberrys and dairy farming are a prominent industry in Billtown; the Billtown Baptist Church hosts an annual Strawberry Supper. Senator Caleb Rand Bill Political Figure William C. Bill Education in the area is serviced by Aldershot Elementary in Kentville, serving grades primary through five high school at Northeast Kings Education Centre in Canning. Billtown on Destination Nova Scotia