Lilongwe

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Lilongwe
Lilongwe downtown
Lilongwe downtown
Lilongwe is located in Malawi
Lilongwe
Lilongwe
Location of Lilongwe
Coordinates: 13°59′S 33°47′E / 13.983°S 33.783°E / -13.983; 33.783Coordinates: 13°59′S 33°47′E / 13.983°S 33.783°E / -13.983; 33.783
CountryMalawi
RegionCentral Region
DistrictLilongwe
Government
 • MayorDesmond Bikoko [1]
Area
 • Total727.79 km2 (281.00 sq mi)
Elevation
1,050 m (3,440 ft)
Population
 • Total989,318
 • Density1,482/km2 (3,840/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
ClimateCwa
Websitewww.llcitycouncil.org

Lilongwe (UK: /lɪˈlɒŋw/, US: /-wi, lɪˈlɔːŋw/, Chewa: [ɽiˈɽoᵑɡʷe]) is the capital and most populated city of the African state of Malawi. It has a population of 989,318 as of the 2018 Census, up from a population of 674,448 in 2008;[3] the city is located in the central region of Malawi, in the district of the same name, near the borders with Mozambique and Zambia, and it is an important economic and transportation hub for central Malawi.[4] It is named after the Lilongwe River.

History[edit]

Lilongwe was first set up as a boma by the local leader Njewa in 1902,[5] it becomes an administrative center in 1904.[6]

In the 1920s, its location at the junction of several major roadways, increased Lilongwe’s importance as an agricultural market centre for the fertile Central Region Plateau.[7]

As a trading post, Lilongwe was officially recognised as a town in 1947.[8] After gaining independence, it increasingly developed into an important trading centre in Malawi's central region, its growth was encouraged when the country's then leader, Hastings Kamuzu Banda, established it as Malawi's new capital city in 1975.[9] The last government offices were relocated to Lilongwe in 2005.[10]

In 1965, Malawi’s first president, Hastings Kamuzu Banda, selected it as an economic growth point for northern and central Malawi.[3] Lilongwe became the capital of Malawi in 1974, replacing the previous capital, Zomba.[11]

Development projects of the 1970s and ’80s included the construction of Lilongwe International Airport, which currently serves the city; rail connections to Salima to the east and the Zambian border to the west, industrial areas in the northern part of the city, and an agricultural program for the fertile tobacco lands of the Central Region Plateau.[3] Lilongwe's population continues to experiencing rapid growth.

The city's population is increasing rapidly, with an annual growth rate of 4.3%.[4]

Politics[edit]

Local government[edit]

Lilongwe is governed by Lilongwe City Council, which is dominated by Malawi Congress Party.

Parliament[edit]

The Malawian parliament is in Lilongwe.

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[4][12]
1966 19,425
1977 98,718
1987 223,318
1998 440,471
2008 674,448
2018 (projected) 1,227,100

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Lilongwe is located on a plateau in Central Malawi, forming part of the East African Rift Valley situated at an altitude of 1,050 m (3,440 ft) above sea level, along Lilongwe River.

Climate[edit]

Lilongwe features a humid subtropical climate that borders on a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwa), with pleasantly warm summers and mild winters. Due to the altitude, temperatures are lower than would be expected for a city located in the tropics. Lilongwe features a short wet season that runs from December to March and a lengthy dry season that covers much of the remainder of the year, particularly June and July which are cooler than the rest of the year. However, the city sees heavy downpours during its rainy season, seeing around 200 millimetres (7.9 in) of rain in a month during the wettest months.[citation needed]

Climate data for Lilongwe (extremes 1981–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.5
(90.5)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
31.5
(88.7)
28.0
(82.4)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
33.1
(91.6)
34.5
(94.1)
34.2
(93.6)
32.4
(90.3)
34.5
(94.1)
Average high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
21.4
(70.5)
22.6
(72.7)
25.9
(78.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.3
(81.1)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.1
(70.0)
21.1
(70.0)
20.2
(68.4)
18.3
(64.9)
16.2
(61.2)
16.1
(61.0)
17.3
(63.1)
20.6
(69.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.9
(73.2)
21.8
(71.2)
19.8
(67.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.3
(63.1)
15.8
(60.4)
13.1
(55.6)
10.1
(50.2)
9.9
(49.8)
11.1
(52.0)
13.8
(56.8)
16.8
(62.2)
18.5
(65.3)
18.3
(64.9)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
11.7
(53.1)
11.3
(52.3)
8.1
(46.6)
3.0
(37.4)
0.5
(32.9)
0.1
(32.2)
1.4
(34.5)
5.1
(41.2)
7.9
(46.2)
10.0
(50.0)
11.8
(53.2)
0.1
(32.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 223
(8.8)
187
(7.4)
128
(5.0)
44
(1.7)
12
(0.5)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
10
(0.4)
63
(2.5)
199
(7.8)
869
(34.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 18 16 15 8 4 1 1 1 0 2 8 17 91
Average relative humidity (%) 83 83 82 78 74 69 65 60 52 53 62 78 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 136.4 144.1 170.5 213.0 263.5 243.0 241.8 263.5 294.0 282.1 234.0 139.5 2,625.4
Mean daily sunshine hours 4.4 5.1 5.5 7.1 8.5 8.1 7.8 8.5 9.8 9.1 7.8 4.5 7.2
Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst[13]
Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[14]

Divisions[edit]

Lilongwe is divided into a New and Old City; the former hosts hotels, embassies, governmental institutions, and offices while the latter has markets, bus stations, cafes and restaurants. The modern shops of the City are contrasted by the street and walled markets of Old Town.[9]

Economy[edit]

See also: Economy of Malawi

While Blantyre is the commercial Capital of Malawi, Lilongwe's economy is dominated by the government and public institutions. Kanengo, in the north of the city, is the main industrial area, where food processing, tobacco storage and sales, maize storage, and other activities related to light industry take place. Finance, banking, retail trade, construction, transport, public administration, tourism, and tobacco manufacturing are the main economic activities in the city. 76 percent of Lilongwe's population live in informal settlements, while poverty stands at 25 percent and unemployment at 16 percent.[10] The civil service employs about 27 percent of all formal workers, while 40 percent work in the private sector and 2 percent are self-employed.[4]

King's African Rifles War Memorial, Downtown Lilongwe

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Kamuzu International Airport (LLW) is located to the north of the city.[15]

Buses[edit]

There are regular bus services from Lilongwe to Blantyre, Zomba, Kasungu and Mzuzu.[16] International buses to South Africa, Zambia and Tanzania are available daily.

Rail[edit]

There is a rail service to Lilongwe. To the west the line runs towards Zambia, and to the east to Salima.[17]

Education[edit]

The University of Malawi was founded in 1964.

There are 38 private and 66 public primary schools with a total of 103,602 pupils as well as 29 secondary schools with 30,795 students in Lilongwe.[4]

Places of worship[edit]

Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Christian churches and temples (Protestant: Lutheran Church of Central Africa, Church of Central Africa Presbyterian, Reformed Presbyterian Church of Malawi, Evangelical Christian: Baptist Convention of Malawi, Assemblies of God, Catholic: Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lilongwe). [18]There are also Muslim mosques.

Sports[edit]

A new national stadium with a capacity of 40,000 has been constructed with the help of a $70 million loan from the Government of the People's Republic of China;[19] the stadium is called Bingu National Stadium (BNS) which was officially opened early 2017. The other football stadiums include Silver Stadium (Area 47), Civo Stadium (Area 9) and Nankhaka Ground (Area 30). Big teams in Lilongwe are Silver Strikers, Civo Sporting, Blue Eagles, Kamuzu Barracks and Masters Security FC.

Basketball is played at African Bible College, Civo Court, Don Bosco, and other private institutions. Other sporting disciplines in Lilongwe include Netball played at Gateway Mall, Don Bosco, Nankhaka and ABC.

There is also a Rugby Union competition based in the city, with multiple teams competing.

House numbering and suburbs[edit]

Areas[edit]

The city of Lilongwe is divided into areas which are assigned a number; the numbers are assigned chronologically, not geographically, so Area 1 would be the first area, Area 2 the second and so on.

House numbers[edit]

Houses in Lilongwe are given a number: Area number / random number. So a house in Area 43 might be called 43/123.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Lilongwe is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Malawi Mayoral polls: MCP's Bikoko elected mayor for Lilongwe City Council, promises forensic audit for past three financial years". MaraviPost.
  2. ^ https://malawi.unfpa.org/sites/...pdf/2018%20Census%20Preliminary%20Report.pdf
  3. ^ a b c "Lilongwe | national capital, Malawi". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e http://www.zaragoza.es/contenidos/medioambiente/onu//issue06/1136-eng.pdf
  5. ^ Kalinga, Owen J. M. (2012). Historical Dictionary of Malawi. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5961-6.
  6. ^ Britannica, Lilongwe, britannica.com, USA, accessed on June 30, 2019
  7. ^ Roman Adrian Cybriwsky, Capital Cities around the World: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2013, p. 156
  8. ^ "Lilongwe". expertafrica.com.
  9. ^ a b "Lilongwe – Malawi Tourism – Malawi Safari – Malawi Attractions". malawitourism.com.
  10. ^ a b "Malawi Reports: Urban Profiles of Blantyre, Lilongwe, Mzuzu and Zomba". UrbanAfrica.Net.
  11. ^ "Lilongwe | Malawi | Expert Africa". www.expertafrica.com. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  12. ^ http://media.wix.com/ugd/672989_62cfa13ec4ba47788f78ad660489a2fa.pdf
  13. ^ "Klimatafel von Lilongwe (Int. Flugh. Kamuzu) / Malawi" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  14. ^ "Station Lilongwe" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  15. ^ "(LLW) Lilongwe International Airport". flightstats.com.
  16. ^ "Getting there & away". Lilongwe. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  17. ^ "(Malawi Rail Map)" (PDF). Railroad Development Corporation. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  18. ^ Britannica, Malawi, britannica.com, USA, accessed on July 7, 2019
  19. ^ "Malawi, China sign loan agreement to construct new stadium". Malawi Nyasa Times – Malawi breaking news in Malawi. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  20. ^ "Taipei City Council". tcc.gov.tw.
  21. ^ "Zambia: Lusaka, Lilongwe Cities Twin". 20 August 2004. Retrieved 1 April 2018 – via AllAfrica.
  • Gerke, W.J.C. & Viljoen, Charl J. Master Plan for Lilongwe the Capital City of Malawi (Johannesburg: Swan Publishing, 1968)

External links[edit]

Lilongwe travel guide from Wikivoyage