Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population of more than 9 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the third-largest city in the Americas, behind São Paulo and Mexico City. Lima was named by natives in the agricultural region known by native Peruvians as Limaq, a name that it had acquired over time, it became most important city in the Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru. Around one-third of the national population lives in the metropolitan area. Lima is home to one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in the New World; the National University of San Marcos, founded on 12 May 1551, during the Spanish colonial empire, is the first established and the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.

Nowadays the city is considered as the political, cultural and commercial center of the country. Internationally, it is one of the thirty most populated urban agglomerations in the world. Due to its geostrategic importance, it has been defined as a "beta" city. Jurisdictionally, the metropolis extends within the province of Lima and in a smaller portion, to the west, within the constitutional province of Callao, where the seaport and the Jorge Chávez airport are located. Both provinces have regional autonomy since 2002. In October 2013, Lima was chosen to host the 2019 Pan American Games, these games were held at venues in and around Lima, were the largest sporting event hosted by the country, it hosted the APEC Meetings of 2008 and 2016, the Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group in October 2015, the United Nations Climate Change Conference in December 2014, the Miss Universe 1982 contest. According to early Spanish articles the Lima area was once called Itchyma, after its original inhabitants.

However before the Inca occupation of the area in the 15th century, a famous oracle in the Rímac valley had come to be known by visitors as Limaq. This oracle was destroyed by the Spanish and replaced with a church, but the name persisted: the chronicles show "Límac" replacing "Ychma" as the common name for the area. Modern scholars speculate that the word "Lima" originated as the Spanish pronunciation of the native name Limaq. Linguistic evidence seems to support this theory as spoken Spanish rejects stop consonants in word-final position. Non-Peruvian Spanish speakers may mistakenly define the city name as the direct Spanish translation of "lime", the citrus fruit; the city was founded in 1535 under the name City of Kings because its foundation was decided on 6 January, date of the feast of the Epiphany. This name fell into disuse, Lima became the city's name of choice; the river that feeds Lima is called Rímac and many people erroneously assume that this is because its original Inca name is "Talking River".

However, the original inhabitants of the valley were not Incas. This name is an innovation arising from an effort by the Cuzco nobility in colonial times to standardize the toponym so that it would conform to the phonology of Cuzco Quechua; as the original inhabitants died out and the local Quechua became extinct, the Cuzco pronunciation prevailed. Nowadays, Spanish-speaking locals do not see the connection between the name of their city and the name of the river that runs through it, they assume that the valley is named after the river. The Flag of Lima has been known as the "Banner of Peru's Kings' City", it is embroidered in the center is its coat of arms. Lima's anthem was heard for the first time on 18 January 2008, in a formal meeting with important politicians, including Peruvian President Alan García, other authorities; the anthem was created by Euding Maeshiro and record producer Ricardo Núñez. In the pre-Columbian era, what is now Lima was inhabited by indigenous groups under the Ychsma policy, incorporated into the Inca Empire in the 15th century.

In 1532 a group of Spanish conquistadors, led by Francisco Pizarro, defeated the Inca ruler Atahualpa and took over his empire. Since the Spanish Crown had appointed Pizarro governor of the lands he conquered, he chose the Rímac Valley to found his capital on 18 January 1535, as Ciudad de los Reyes. In August 1536, rebel Inca troops led by Manco Inca Yupanqui besieged the city but were defeated by the Spaniards and their native allies. Lima gained prestige after being designated capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and site of a Real Audiencia in 1543. During the next century it flourished as the centre of an extensive trade network that integrated the Viceroyalty with the rest of the Americas and the Far East. However, the city was not free from dangers; the 1687 Peru earthquake destroyed mos

William Bernard Herlands

William Bernard Herlands was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. Born in New York City, New York, Herlands received a Bachelor of Science degree from City College of New York in 1925 and a Bachelor of Laws from Columbia Law School in 1928, he was in private practice in New York City from 1928 to 1931. He was an Assistant United States Attorney of the Southern District of New York from 1931 to 1934, was an assistant corporate counsel for New York City from 1934 to 1935, he was an assistant to the special prosecutor of New York County from 1935 to 1937. He was Commissioner of Investigation for New York City from 1938 to 1944, he was a Judge of the New York Court of Domestic Relations in 1940, returning to private practice in New York City from 1940 to 1954. He was a special assistant state attorney general of New York from 1944 to 1945, a special prosecutor for Richmond County, New York from 1951 to 1954, he was a member of the New York State Board of Mediation from 1950 to 1954, was special counsel to the New York State Tax Commission from 1953 to 1954.

He was State Commissioner of Investigation for New York from 1954 to 1955. On August 12, 1955, Herlands received a recess appointment from President Dwight D. Eisenhower to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated by Judge Edward Augustus Conger. Formally nominated to the same seat by President Eisenhower on January 12, 1956, Herlands was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 26, 1956, received his commission the next day. Herlands served in that capacity until his death on August 1969, in New York City. William Bernard Herlands at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center

Yui Yokoyama

Yui Yokoyama is a singer and member of the Japanese idol girl group AKB48. She was the second General Manager of the AKB48 Group.. She has served as the captain of AKB48 Team A, was a former member of AKB48 sister group NMB48. Since 2011, Yokoyama was a member of the group Not Yet. Yokoyama's first attempt to join AKB48 or a sister group was for SKE48's second generation, but her audition was unsuccessful, she passed the auditions with AKB48, became a ninth-generation kenkyusei member on September 20, 2009. She was the first of her generation to be promoted, which took place at AKB48 Tokyo Matsuri on October 10, 2010, where she became a member of Team K. In 2011, she secured her first participation on an AKB48 single title track by placing 19th in the AKB48 general elections, her first A-side single was "Everyday, Katyusha". In 2012, she placed 15th in the AKB48 general elections. In the AKB48 Tokyo Dome Concert in 2012, it was announced that Yokoyama would join NMB48 and therefore hold a concurrent position between AKB48's Team A and NMB48.

In the same year in November, she sang on the A-side for NMB48's sixth single "Kitagawa Kenji". In 2013, she placed 13th in the AKB48 general election and third in its rock-paper-scissors tournament. On April 28, 2013, NMB48 revoked her concurrency and she remained in AKB48. On December 8, 2014, it was revealed that Yokoyama would succeed Minami Takahashi's job as the General Director of AKB48 after Takahashi's leaving. With the graduation of Minami Takahashi scheduled on April 8, 2016, Yui became the current "Soukantoku" on December 8, 2015 during the 10th anniversary stage of AKB48 Theater. On March 31, 2019, Yokoyama stepped down from the position of General Manager and became a regular member. Mion Mukaichi assumed the title the next day. Yui Yokoyama's birthday coincides with AKB48's anniversary. "Shūmatsu Not Yet" "Naminori Kakigōri" "Perapera Perao" "Suika Baby" "Hirihiri no Hana" AKBingo! Naruhodo High School NMB Genin!! Majisuka Gakuen 2, Otabe Sailor Zombie, Member of idol group, Milk Planet.

The Movie Owarai Seishun Girls!, herself Yume wa Ushi no Oishasan, narration NMB48 Geinin! The Movie Returns Sotsugyō! Owarai Seishun Girls!! Aratanaru Tabidachi, cameo Yuihan ISBN 9784054061583 AKB48 official profile Agent Profile Yui Yokoyama on Twitter Yui Yokoyama on IMDb