Thy is a traditional district in northwestern Jutland, Denmark. It is situated north of the Limfjord, facing the North Sea and Skagerrak, has a population of around 44,000; the capital is Thisted population of 14.000. Snedsted and Hurup are minor towns in the area. Since the Danish municipal reform of 1 January 2007, Thy is identical with Thisted Municipality which belongs to the North Denmark Region; the southernmost part of Thy, the Thyholm Peninsula, belongs to Struer Municipality in the Central Denmark Region. Before the merger, Thy consisted of four municipalities: Hanstholm, Thisted and Thyholm. Thy forms the western part of the North Jutlandic Island and borders Hanherred to the northeast with Vendsyssel further northeast. In the Limfjord is the island of Mors, considered a twin district of Thy, south of the fjord is Hardsyssel in western mainland Jutland. Thy is traditionally regarded part of western Jutland alike; the dialect belongs to the West Jutlandic group. Thy has a varied landscape.
In the north it is marked by flat coastal plains which were covered by sea in neolithic times, but fell dry because of the post-glacial rebound. These are interrupted with higher-lying plains. In the slopes that formed the coast in these times, high-lying limestone is visible - hence the name of the Limfjord; the eastern stretch, facing the Limfjord, has quite fertile soil, is hilly and dotted with small villages and farms like the landscape in most of rural Denmark. The landscape is marked by most trees bending eastwards; the west coast has high dunes with Leymus grass and sea-buckthorn. Behind the dunes, there is heath with stretches of Calluna heather, Iceland moss, crowberry, blueberry and orchids including the unique Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. Calcifugiens; this is the result of huge sand drifts in the 15th to 19th centuries which covered much fertile land. The sand drifting affected the whole west coast of Jutland, various other parts of Denmark as well like Tisvilde on Zealand for example.
Since Thy is exposed to winds from both the north and the west from the North Atlantic, the sand drift went the furthest inland in this area, as far as 18 km. Parts of the sandy stretches have been turned into conifer woods. A line of lakes, believed to have been caused by the sand drifts blocking the outflow to the sea, mark the border between the western, sparsely populated sandy area and the eastern, fertile farmland; the wetlands Vejlerne in the northeast are the largest bird sanctuary in Northern Europe. Nearby is the bird cliff Bulbjerg. On 22 August 2008, Thy National Park opened, as the first of three realized national parks out of seven planned. On 10 July 2007, a police officer from Hanstholm found a hermit in the state forest of Hjardemål Klit, one of the more deserted areas in the north of Thy. For three years, the middle-aged man from Zealand had been living in the primitive forest shelters of the district and made a living from collecting empty bottles. For the same period he had been missed by his parents, who thought he was dead, but he was now re-united with them on the initiative of the police officer.
Forest workers told they were aware of the man's existence that he had left behind many eggshells at the shelters and was nourished on eggs, but since he didn't do any harm they had left him alone. On 19 November 2012, a dead wolf was found in the national park area. After thorough DNA-tests it was confirmed that there was a 100% match with a wolfpack in the Lausitz-region in Sachsen, Germany; the wolf was four years old and it is believed that it traversed the 850 km to Thy National Park. Wolves have been exterminated in Denmark for 200 years. In the beginning of 2013 a wolf-like creature was observed in Thy and a carcass bearing marks associated with a wolf-kill was found on 18 February. On 1 March 2013, the Minister of the Environment Ida Auken, initiated on this background the formulation of a Danish action plan concerning wolves. Thy is the same word as Old Norse þjóð, meaning people; the Danish Census Book of King Valdemar II of 1231 mentions Thiuthæsysæl. Thy is by some scholars thought to be the origin of the Teutons.
In the stone age before it got its name, Thy exported fine flint present in the limestone. A Neolithic flint quarry has been restored at Hov east of Thisted. Thy has a great number of burial mounds. In the viking age the area had vital trade links across the North Sea, being Christianised from England by Saint Theodgarus, a missionary from Thuringia and trained in England, unlike other parts of Denmark that were Christianised from the south; the former cathedral and monastery of Theodgarus in Vestervig is today the largest village church of Scandinavia. In 1085 Thy was the gatehead for King Canute the Holy's plans to retake England from William the Conqueror, with 1,000 ships gathered in the Limfjord until the expedition was cancelled and a peasant uprising broke out. In the Second World War Denmark was occupied by Nazi Germany; the German Wehrmacht built huge fortifications along the west coast of Jutland for fear that the allied invasion would take place here. The vast bunker complexes in Hanstholm are open to the public.
Thy is still a rural area, the traditional businesses of agriculture and fishery being more prevalent than in many other areas of Denmark. Tourism is a major business in summer, the coastal villages
The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between the United Kingdom, Norway, Germany, the Netherlands and France. An epeiric sea on the European continental shelf, it connects to the ocean through the English Channel in the south and the Norwegian Sea in the north, it is more than 970 kilometres long and 580 kilometres wide, with an area of 570,000 square kilometres. The North Sea has long been the site of important European shipping lanes as well as a major fishery; the sea is a popular destination for recreation and tourism in bordering countries and more has developed into a rich source of energy resources including fossil fuels and early efforts in wave power. The North Sea has featured prominently in geopolitical and military affairs in Northern Europe, it was important globally through the power northern Europeans projected worldwide during much of the Middle Ages and into the modern era. The North Sea was the centre of the Vikings' rise. Subsequently, the Hanseatic League, the Netherlands, the British each sought to dominate the North Sea and thus access to the world's markets and resources.
As Germany's only outlet to the ocean, the North Sea continued to be strategically important through both World Wars. The coast of the North Sea presents a diversity of geographical features. In the north, deep fjords and sheer cliffs mark the Norwegian and Scottish coastlines, whereas in the south, the coast consists of sandy beaches and wide mudflats. Due to the dense population, heavy industrialization, intense use of the sea and area surrounding it, there have been various environmental issues affecting the sea's ecosystems. Adverse environmental issues – including overfishing and agricultural runoff and dumping, among others – have led to a number of efforts to prevent degradation of the sea while still making use of its economic potential; the North Sea is bounded by the Orkney Islands and east coast of Great Britain to the west and the northern and central European mainland to the east and south, including Norway, Germany, the Netherlands and France. In the southwest, beyond the Straits of Dover, the North Sea becomes the English Channel connecting to the Atlantic Ocean.
In the east, it connects to the Baltic Sea via the Skagerrak and Kattegat, narrow straits that separate Denmark from Norway and Sweden respectively. In the north it is bordered by the Shetland Islands, connects with the Norwegian Sea, which lies in the north-eastern part of the Atlantic; the North Sea is more than 970 kilometres long and 580 kilometres wide, with an area of 570,000 square kilometres and a volume of 54,000 cubic kilometres. Around the edges of the North Sea are sizeable islands and archipelagos, including Shetland and the Frisian Islands; the North Sea receives freshwater from a number of European continental watersheds, as well as the British Isles. A large part of the European drainage basin empties into the North Sea, including water from the Baltic Sea; the largest and most important rivers flowing into the North Sea are the Elbe and the Rhine – Meuse watershed. Around 185 million people live in the catchment area of the rivers discharging into the North Sea encompassing some industrialized areas.
For the most part, the sea lies on the European continental shelf with a mean depth of 90 metres. The only exception is the Norwegian trench, which extends parallel to the Norwegian shoreline from Oslo to an area north of Bergen, it has a maximum depth of 725 metres. The Dogger Bank, a vast moraine, or accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris, rises to a mere 15 to 30 m below the surface; this feature has produced the finest fishing location of the North Sea. The Long Forties and the Broad Fourteens are large areas with uniform depth in fathoms; these great banks and others make the North Sea hazardous to navigate, alleviated by the implementation of satellite navigation systems. The Devil's Hole lies 200 miles east of Scotland; the feature is a series of asymmetrical trenches between 20 and 30 kilometres long and two kilometres wide and up to 230 metres deep. Other areas which are less deep are Fisher Bank and Noordhinder Bank; the International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the North Sea as follows: On the Southwest.
A line joining the Walde Lighthouse and Leathercoat Point. On the Northwest. From Dunnet Head in Scotland to Tor Ness in the Island of Hoy, thence through this island to the Kame of Hoy on to Breck Ness on Mainland through this island to Costa Head and to Inga Ness in Westray through Westray, to Bow Head, across to Mull Head and on to Seal Skerry and thence to Horse Island. On the North. From the North point of the Mainland of the Shetland Islands, across to Graveland Ness in the Island of Yell, through Yell to Gloup Ness and across to Spoo Ness in Unst island, through Unst to Herma Ness, on to the SW point of the Rumblings and to Muckle Flugga all these being included in the North Sea area.
Nykøbing Mors is the largest town on the Danish Limfjord island of Mors. The town received its charter in 1299 and has a population of 9,031, it belongs to Region Nordjylland. Nykøbing was the place of birth of Danish-Norwegian author Aksel Sandemose and the reputed inspiration for the fictional town of Jante, associated with the Jante Law, in Sandemose's novel A Fugitive Crosses His Tracks. Nykøbing was the seat of the former Dueholm monastery, now part of the Morsland Historical Museum. Located just outside the village on a spit is Nykøbing Mors Cricket Club Ground; the ground has in the past held Women's One Day Internationals, including matches for the now defunct Denmark women's team. Søren Larsen and Sons had a shipyard in Nykøbing Mors. There, the tallship, Søren Larsen was built in 1949, it is a brigantine Her current homeport is Australia. Mads Christian Holm a Danish shipbuilder and ship-owner who founded the shipping company D/S Norden Jens Lind a Danish apothecary and mycologist Kirstine Smith statistician and creator of optimal design of experiments Aksel Sandemose a Danish-Norwegian writer Aksel Madsen a Danish long-distance runner, competed in the marathon at the 1928 Summer Olympics Tyge Ahrengot Christensen a Danish botanist and phycologist Tommy Troelsen a Danish former footballer, manager and TV presenter, 191 caps for Vejle Boldklub John Degnbol-Martinussen Professor of international development at Roskilde University, an authority on international development policy.
Morten Hedegaard a former Danish cricketer Mogens Dahl Nielsen a former Danish cricketer Morslands Historiske Museum This article is a translation of the corresponding article on the Danish Wikipedia, accessed on 25 April 2007
An isthmus is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water by which they are otherwise separated. A tombolo is an isthmus that consists of a spit or bar, a strait is the sea counterpart of an isthmus. Canals are built across isthmuses, where they may be a advantageous shortcut for marine transport. For example, the Panama Canal crosses the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Another example is the Welland Canal in the Niagara Peninsula, it connects Lake Ontario to Lake Erie. The city of Auckland in the North Island of New Zealand is situated on an isthmus. Isthmus and land bridge are related terms with isthmus having a broader meaning. A land bridge is an isthmus connecting the Earth's major landmasses; the term land bridge is used in biogeology to describe land connections that used to exist between continents at various times and were important for migration of people, various species of animals and plants, e.g. Bering Land Bridge.
An isthmus is a land connection between two bigger landmasses, while a peninsula is rather a land protrusion, connected to a bigger landmass on one side only and surrounded by water on all other sides. Technically, an isthmus can have canals running from coast to coast, thus resemble two peninsulas. Major isthmuses include the Isthmus of Panama and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in the Americas, the Isthmus of Kra in South-East Asia, the Isthmus of Suez between Africa and Asia, the Karelian Isthmus in Europe. Of historic importance was the Isthmus of Corinth in Greece. Land bridge List of isthmuses List of straits
Danish is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status. Minor Danish-speaking communities are found in Norway, Spain, the United States, Canada and Argentina. Due to immigration and language shift in urban areas, around 15–20% of the population of Greenland speak Danish as their first language. Along with the other North Germanic languages, Danish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples who lived in Scandinavia during the Viking Era. Danish, together with Swedish, derives from the East Norse dialect group, while the Middle Norwegian language before the influence of Danish and Norwegian Bokmål are classified as West Norse along with Faroese and Icelandic. A more recent classification based on mutual intelligibility separates modern spoken Danish and Swedish as "mainland Scandinavian", while Icelandic and Faroese are classified as "insular Scandinavian".
Until the 16th century, Danish was a continuum of dialects spoken from Schleswig to Scania with no standard variety or spelling conventions. With the Protestant Reformation and the introduction of printing, a standard language was developed, based on the educated Copenhagen dialect, it spread through use in the education system and administration, though German and Latin continued to be the most important written languages well into the 17th century. Following the loss of territory to Germany and Sweden, a nationalist movement adopted the language as a token of Danish identity, the language experienced a strong surge in use and popularity, with major works of literature produced in the 18th and 19th centuries. Today, traditional Danish dialects have all but disappeared, though regional variants of the standard language exist; the main differences in language are between generations, with youth language being innovative. Danish has a large vowel inventory comprising 27 phonemically distinctive vowels, its prosody is characterized by the distinctive phenomenon stød, a kind of laryngeal phonation type.
Due to the many pronunciation differences that set apart Danish from its neighboring languages the vowels, difficult prosody and "weakly" pronounced consonants, it is sometimes considered to be a difficult language to learn and understand, some evidence shows that small children are slower to acquire the phonological distinctions of Danish. The grammar is moderately inflective with strong and weak inflections. Nouns and demonstrative pronouns distinguish neutral gender. Like English, Danish only has remnants of a former case system in the pronouns. Unlike English, it has lost all person marking on verbs, its syntax is V2 word order, with the finite verb always occupying the second slot in the sentence. Danish is a Germanic language of the North Germanic branch. Other names for this group are the Scandinavian languages. Along with Swedish, Danish descends from the Eastern dialects of the Old Norse language. Scandinavian languages are considered a dialect continuum, where no sharp dividing lines are seen between the different vernacular languages.
Like Norwegian and Swedish, Danish was influenced by Low German in the Middle Ages, has been influenced by English since the turn of the 20th century. Danish itself can be divided into three main dialect areas: West Danish, Insular Danish, East Danish. Under the view that Scandinavian is a dialect continuum, East Danish can be considered intermediary between Danish and Swedish, while Scanian can be considered a Swedified East Danish dialect, Bornholmsk is its closest relative. Danish is mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Swedish. Proficient speakers of any of the three languages can understand the others well, though studies have shown that speakers of Norwegian understand both Danish and Swedish far better than Swedes or Danes understand each other. Both Swedes and Danes understand Norwegian better than they understand each other's languages; the reason Norwegian occupies a middle position in terms of intelligibility is because of its shared border with Sweden resulting in a similarity in pronunciation, combined with the long tradition of having Danish as a written language which has led to similarities in vocabulary.
Among younger Danes, Copenhageners are worse at understanding Swedish than Danes from the provinces, in general, younger Danes are not as good at understanding the neighboring languages as are Norwegian and Swedish youths. The Danish philologist Johannes Brøndum-Nielsen divided the history of Danish into a period from 800 AD to 1525 to be "Old Danish", which he subdivided into "Runic Danish", Early Middle Danish and Late Middle Danish. By the eighth century, the common Germanic language of Scandinavia, Proto-Norse, had undergone some changes and evolved into Old Norse; this language was called the "Danish tongue", or "Norse language". Norse was written in the runic alphabet, first with the elder futhark and from the 9th century with the younger futhark. From the seventh century, the common Norse language began to undergo changes that did not spread to all of Scandinavia, resulting in the appearance of two dialect areas, Old West Norse and Old East Norse. Most of the changes separating East Norse from West Norse started as innovatio
Løgstør is a town in Denmark with a population of 4,284 It is located 47 km west of Aalborg and 64 km north of Viborg. Løgstør city centre consist of old streets with small houses built in the 1800s for fishermen and sailors. One of these houses was donated by Danish housemen to the author and poet Johan Skjoldborg in 1918, who lived in the house until his death, it is located on Johan Skjoldborgs Vej. The name Løgstør is mentioned for the first time in 1514, where the city is described as a fishing village; the site developed into a charging and trading space, in 1523 the city became a customs office. Although Løgstør is an old trading place that, like Nibe, flourished in the 16th century due to its herring markets, but it only got its first merchant's rights in the year 1900. Over and over again, the merchant position from Aalborg set itself counter to neighbouring attempts to expand trade opportunities and create economic growth in the smaller communities. In 1598, Aalborgian complaints made a royal ban on Løgstør's spirited trade in grain and icecream, in 1752, Aalborg's powerful merchants blocked the small harbour town's application, as the merchants once again feared increased competition in the Limfjord area.
In 1747 and 1751, Løgstør was ravaged by violent fires, in these difficulties the population declined, so that in 1769 the city had only 392 inhabitants. Due to the shallow harbour Løgstør had difficulty finding ships at Løgstør, fewer created after Agger Tangs were pierced at Thyborøn in 1825 so that they could now sail into the Limfjord from the North Sea, it was therefore decided to build Frederik VII's Frederick VII was the king of Denmark. The channel was a width of approx. 25 m and a depth of 3 m and walked along the mainland west and southwest of Løgstør, so that it could be added to the shopping district. Several hundred ships passed the Channel every year, at the end of the 19th century 3,000 vessels arrived. Year. A ferry through Løgstør Land was a shortcut to Løgstør Harbour and the closed canal in 1913 for shipping traffic, it was preserved for cultural reasons. Agriculture came to play an increasing role for Løgstør, trade in agricultural products necessitated a better infrastructure.
The harbor was therefore expanded, new roads were built and in 1893 the railway arrived at the city. Seven years the city acquired a commercial property rights. In 1942 the Aggersund bridge was built over the fjord, Løgstør's opland was expanded to include the southern part of Han Herred. Løgstør Church, a neo Gothic building built in red brick in 1893 with a tall slanting tower facing west. Johan Skjoldborg's grave is in the cemetery. Close to the harbor lies Løgstør Grunde Fyr built in 1908. There is a double stove with two wooden towers on a brick building; the lighthouse is considered one of the most distinctive lighthouses in Denmark. Next to the harbour is Hotel du Nord, an old hotel with restaurant. Limfjordsskolen in Løgstør is a special education school for young people with disabilities; the school was founded in 1969 by Åndssvageforsorgen, by the County Council leader in the county of Nordjylland, Leo H. Jensen, who, as the first leader of the Limfjord School, 1969-1976, had established the pedagogical principles.
Limfjordskolen was transferred to the county of Nordjylland in 1980 and since 2007 is operated by Vesthimmerland Municipality. The school has 44 students aged 17-20 + years; the stay is 3 years. Løgstør is a former municipality in Region Nordjylland on the Jutland Peninsula in northern Denmark; the municipality, including the island of Livø, covered an area of 218 km2, had a total population of 10,270. Its last mayor was a member of the Venstre political party. A bridge connects the former municipality near Tolstrup to the town of Aggersund on the far side of the Agger Strait; the island of Livø lies off the former municipality's western shores, is a protected nature reserve. On 1 January 2007, Løgstør municipality ceased to exist as a result of Kommunalreformen, it was merged with Farsø, Aars municipalities, to form the new Vesthimmerland municipality, with an area of 815 square kilometres and a total population of 39,176. Peder Horrebow astronomer, the moon crater Horrebow is named after him. Jørgen Christian Jensen Danish-born Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross Christian Mejdahl former chairman of the Danish parliament, lives in Himmerland Henrik Rasmussen former professional football player, 322 matches in the AaB shirt Peter Jensen is a London-based mens and womenswear designer.
Karsten Lauritzen a Danish Venstre politician and Tax Minister of Denmark Vesthimmerland municipality's official website Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities mapNotes
Johan Skjoldborg was a Danish educator, novelist and memoirist. Johan Martinus Nielsen Skjoldborg was born in the parish of Øsløs in Thisted in north Jutland, Denmark, he was educated in Nibe and trained as a teacher at Ranum Seminarium in Ranum. He was employed as a school teacher until he resigned in 1902. In his years he lived in a house, donated to him in Løgstør. Johan Skjoldborg's childhood home in Øsløs was opened as a museum in 1961 on the centenary of his birth. Among his works are the novel En Stridsmand from 1896, the play Slægten from 1925, the two volumes Min Mindebog from 1934/1935. Larsen, Tove Hedegaard. Johan Skjoldborg: en bibliografi. ISBN 87-980556-6-6. Works by or about Johan Skjoldborg at Internet Archive Skjoldborgs Hus website