Limpopo is the northernmost province of South Africa. It is named after the Limpopo River, which forms the province's northern borders; the name "Limpopo" has its etymological origin in the Ndebele language, the original inhabitants of the area, meaning "strong gushing waterfalls". The capital is Polokwane; the province was formed from the northern region of Transvaal Province in 1994, was named Northern Transvaal. The following year, it was renamed Northern Province, which remained the name until 2003, when it was formally changed to Limpopo after deliberation by the provincial government and amendment of the South African Constitution. An alternate name considered for the province was Mapungubwe; the Northern Ndebele people traditionally are the majority in the province. However, majority of them now speak Sepedi, a home language for the Sekhukhune district. Most Matebele clans have been assimulated into the Tswana communities; the Northern Ndebele are found from Hammarskraal, Zebediela right up to the Limpopo river.
Some moved north and settled among the Venda people and got assimilated like the Chivhase and Mhwaduba chieftancies. The maTsonga make up 17.0% of the population while their neighbors the VhaVenda make up 16.7%. The Pulana and Khilobedu languages are in an unwritten form and efforts have been made to resuscitate the languages. Traditional leaders and chiefs still form a strong backbone of the province’s political landscape. Established in terms of the Limpopo House of Traditional Leaders Act, Act 5 of 2005, the Limpopo House of Traditional Leaders’s main function is to advise government and the legislature on matters related to custom and culture including developmental initiatives that have an impact on rural communities. On 18 August 2017 Kgoshi Malesela Dikgale was re-elected as the Chairperson of the Limpopo House of Traditional Leaders; the Zion Christian Church is the largest African initiated church operating across Southern Africa. The church's headquarters are at Zion City Moria in South Africa.
The church was founded by Engenas Lekganyane in 1910 in his home village of Thabakgone, near Polokwane. According to the 1996 South African Census, the church numbered 3.87 million members. By the 2001 South African Census, its membership had increased to 4.97 million members. The final number of ZCC members is most between 8 and 10 million, in total, according to figures provided by Neal Collins from The New Age and Alex Matlala from The Citizen, two South African newspapers. Limpopo Province shares international borders with districts and provinces of three countries: Botswana's Central and Kgatleng districts to the west and northwest Zimbabwe's Matabeleland South and Masvingo provinces to the north and northeast and Mozambique's Gaza Province to the east. Limpopo is the link between countries further afield in sub-Saharan Africa. On its southern edge, from east to west, it shares borders with the South African provinces of Mpumalanga and North West, its border with Gauteng includes that province's Johannesburg-Pretoria axis, the most industrialised metropolis on the continent.
The province is at the centre of regional and international developing markets. Limpopo contains much of the Waterberg Biosphere, a massif of 15,000 km2, the first region in the northern part of South Africa to be named a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve; the current Premier of Limpopo Province is Stanley Mathabatha, representing the African National Congress. Limpopo Province is divided into five district municipalities; the district municipalities are in turn divided into 25 local municipalities: The province is a typical developing area, exporting primary products and importing manufactured goods and services. It is one of the poorest regions of South Africa with a big gap between poor and rich residents in rural areas; the bushveld is beef cattle country, where extensive ranching operations are supplemented by controlled hunting. About 80% of South Africa's game hunting industry is found in Limpopo. Sunflowers, cotton and peanuts are cultivated in the Bela-Bela and Modimolle areas. Modimolle is known for its table grapes.
Tropical fruit, such as bananas, pineapples and pawpaws, as well as a variety of nuts, are grown in the Tzaneen and Louis Trichardt areas. Tzaneen is at the centre of extensive citrus and coffee plantations, a major forestry industry. Most of the farmers and house holds suffer from water supply, therefore they drill their boreholes in their premises. Limpopo's rich mineral deposits include the platinum group metals, iron ore, high- and middle-grade coking coal, antimony and copper, as well as mineral reserves like gold, scheelite, vermiculite and mica. Commodities such as black granite and feldspar are found. Mining contributes to over a fifth of the provincial economy. Limpopo has the largest platinum deposit in South Africa; the Waterberg Coalfield, the eastern extension of Botswana's Mmamabula coalfields, is estimated to contain 40% of South Africa's coal reserves. Near Modjadjiskloof, at Sunland Baobab farms, there is a large Baobab tree, fashioned into a rather spacious pub; the Limpopo Department of Economic Development and Tourism has targeted the province as a preferred eco-tourism destination.
Its Environment and Tourism Programme encompasses tourism, protected areas and community environment development to achieve sustainable economic growth. While Limpopo is one of South Africa's poorest provinces, it is rich in wildlife
Clive Naive Murray is a footballer from Grenada, playing for Paradise FC International in the GFA Premier Division. He was born in the parish of St. Patricks and was raised in the village of Mt. Rich by his mother Nola Murray. Murray attended the Hermitage Government School after those 7 years he went on to the St. Andrews Anglican Secondary school representing the school in both cricket and soccer. Since he had a passion for soccer he followed his heart and developed his self in that area, he represented his school in track and field events at the Intercol Games, held annually for the school athletes around Grenada. Besides being a great athlete, he excelled academically, acquiring all subjects he attempted in the CXC annual exam, he started his professional career with the Mt. Rich Football Club, a second division club, where he developed his innate skills and was in the top three in the league in assists and goals, the leading scorer being his teammate Claude'Suger' James. Getting national attention, he was persuaded to join ASOMS Paradise FC in July 2010, who made his debut in the Premier Division.
On 7 February 2012, he left Grenada and signed in Thailand for Roi Et United F. C. of the Thai Regional League North-East Division. Murray is a member of the Grenada national football team and was the first player to score for Grenada in a CONCACAF Gold Cup, he did it on 10 June 2011, scoring the opening goal of the game against Honduras at the FIU Stadium in Miami, in the 2011 edition. However his goal only secured the lead for 8 minutes before Honduras scored seven goals of their own giving a final score of 1–7. Scores and results list Grenada's goal tally first. Clive Murray at Soccerway
Buzz Aldrin's Race Into Space abbreviated BARIS, is a 1993 space simulation strategy game for MS-DOS. The player takes the role of Administrator of NASA or head of the Soviet space program with the ultimate goal of being the first side to conduct a successful manned Moon landing, it was developed by Strategic Visions and published by Interplay Productions as a computer version of LIFTOFF!, a 1989 board game developed by Fritz Bronner. BARIS was re-released in 1994 on CD-ROM, incorporating the earlier updates to the floppy disk version, a few new updates, improved video of the mission launches, new multiplayer modes; the developers worked to maintain historical accuracy, including all the actual major space hardware and several alternative proposals that were considered at the time, but did make some compromises and simplifications in the name of game balance and avoiding complexity. They consulted Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin, who gave permission for his name to be used for the game. Buzz Aldrin's Race Into Space has two sides, the United States and the Soviet Union, unlike LIFTOFF! which supported up to four.
Each player controls a space center, which doubles as a navigational menu, directs funding toward purchasing hardware and development, recruiting and training astronauts, conducting launches. While the ultimate goal of the game is to conduct a successful manned Moon landing, it is necessary to complete several milestone achievements to ensure success. Historical milestones in the game range from launching a satellite, like Sputnik 1, to conducting a lunar orbital mission, like Apollo 8. Skipping a milestone results in a safety penalty to any mission depending on it. For example, skipping a manned lunar orbital mission would cause a safety penalty to all mission steps during a Moon landing mission. Play begins in spring of 1957 and proceeds with turns lasting six months each for up to 20 years to the end of 1977, or until the first player conducts a manned Moon landing, or until one player is dismissed from his/her program. At the start of each turn, the game randomly chooses an "event card" to give the player with a piece of historical information, sometimes with positive or negative effects on the game.
For example, the player may be informed that Operation Paperclip has increased the effect of research and development for that turn. On the way to the Moon landing, the two space programs compete for prestige in order to secure funding. Players gain prestige points through space exploration "firsts", which include historical milestone missions that improve lunar mission safety, but ancillary achievements, such as the first Mars flyby or first woman in space; the player to make the second successful mission of a certain type will gain some prestige points, whereas subsequent missions may earn few or no points. Prestige points are lost through mission failures those involving astronaut/cosmonaut fatalities; the heart of the game is the space missions. At each step of a mission, the safety factor of the relevant component is checked against a random number, adjusted by relevant astronaut skill bonuses, safety penalties and other factors. If the check fails, an error occurs; such an error may range from catastrophic mission failure down to no effect.
Placing a satellite in orbit has three steps, while a Moon landing can have well over twenty. Missions are non-interactive. While developing LIFTOFF! with Task Force Games, Fritz Bronner had considered making a computer version, but did not find much interest within Task Force. As Task Force had not optioned the LIFTOFF! computer game when they were contractually able, Bronner decided to undertake the development independently. In November 1990 he met and recruited 22-year-old Michael McCarty as programmer and formed Strategic Visions as a partnership, but concluded that publishing would be too daunting a task, they decided to program for Amiga and released a videotape demo on that platform in June 1991. However, by September they concluded that the Amiga market was shrinking and decided to change platforms to IBM PC compatible. In August 1991, Strategic Visions signed with Interplay Entertainment to publish the game, with a projected release of May 1992. By this time, Buzz Aldrin was on the project in an advisory role.
It was around this time that Bronner added the feature of astronaut/cosmonaut skills and morale, which made no impact on the performance of a mission. Astronaut/cosmonaut skills were randomized at the start of each game. Strategic Visions and Interplay showed a demo of Buzz Aldrin's Race Into Space at the 1992 Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas and held a reception at Caesars Palace where Buzz Aldrin spoke about his experiences in the space program. Software testing began in September 1992, which proved a daunting task: one tester calculated that with all mission types and hardware permutations factored in, there were over 12,000 possible missions. With failure modes factored in, this number increased to 50 million possible mission outcomes. In January 1993, the informative companion to the manual was the last major step delaying shipping; the book was written by Anthony Mesaros with help from NASA and was a detailed description of the Space Race with Russia and a detailed description of the various rocket
Pheel Khana School is a Primary and High School in Ragho Majra area of walled Patiala fort. The Pheel Khana School was founded in 1955 along with its sister institution Senior Model School, Civil Lines Patiala as part of a'Model School' program of Government of Punjab; the name Pheel Khana is derived from Persian word for "Elephant Farm" of Maharaja of Patiala. The Pheel Khana school campus adjoins the old city wall between Top Khana Gate; the wall is gone, however many of the gates of old walled city of Patiala are still standing. Pheel Khana School is affiliated with Punjab School Education Board and has enrolment of over 1200 students in classes from Nursery to 12th grade. S. Soni - 1955 Shanta Razdan - 1955 Manjit Kaur Pal - 1955 Sarda Kaura - 1960 Pritpal Singh - 1966 Hem Lata Deol - 1968 Jasmer Kaur Kang - 1977 Vimal Sethi - 1980 Perminder Bir - 1987 S. P. Pandove - 1989 Pushpa Dewan - 1990 Mahinder Khanna - 1992 Nirmal Kaur Chaddha - 1997 Narinder Pal Mehta - 2004 Amrik sir - 2007 Darshan sir pathi sir - 2009 S. Ajit Singh Bhatti Karamjit Singh - 2013 Punjab School Education Board Batchmates link Reunion of 1973 batch on Flickr.com
Robert James Manion, was a Canadian politician best known for leading the Conservative Party of Canada from 1938 until 1940. Manion was born in Pembroke, Ontario, of Irish Catholic descent, the son of Mary Ann and Patrick James Manion, he studied medicine at Queen's University, Ontario and at the University of Edinburgh before settling in his hometown of Fort William, Ontario where his parents had lived since 1888. In 1915, he enrolled with the Canadian Army Medical Corps. Attached to the 21st Canadian Battalion, he was awarded the Military Cross for heroism at the battle of Vimy Ridge, he was elected to the House of Commons of Canada during the conscription election of 1917 as a Unionist Member of Parliament for Fort William, Ontario. A member of the Liberal Party before the war, he supported Conservative Prime Minister Robert Borden's pro-conscription Union government, formed as a result of the Conscription Crisis of 1917. Manion remained with the Conservative Party after the war; the new prime minister, Arthur Meighen, appointed him Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment in 1921.
He spent most of the 1920s on the opposition benches, except for a few months in 1926 when he served as a minister in the second Meighen administration, including the position of Postmaster-General. Following the federal election of 1930, the new Conservative Prime minister R. B. Bennett appointed Manion Minister of Railways and Canals. However, the economic crisis of the Great Depression destroyed the Bennett government, Manion, with many others, lost his seat in the 1935 election. According to historian Roy Piovesana, Manion's loss was attributable to his failure to cultivate his Fort William riding. Despite not having a seat, Manion won the 1938 Conservative leadership convention with backing of an "improbable coalition" of Orange Order delegates from Ontario and delegates from Quebec. Conservative Party members hoped that his Catholicism and marriage to a French-Canadian, Yvonne Desaulniers, would help the party in Quebec where the perception of the Tories as being anti-French and anti-Catholic Orangemen had hurt their prospects.
Manion entered the House of Commons through a by-election in 1938 in London. He subsequently campaigned against conscription despite the fact that he had joined the Unionists in 1917 because he favoured the draft. Manion moved the Conservatives to the left and was criticized as a socialist due to his call for action against unemployment and his desire to, in his words, "bring a greater measure of social justice to all our citizens."He hoped to come to power due to the unpopularity of the King government and his brokerage of an agreement with the Union Nationale Premier of Quebec, Maurice Duplessis in which he promised federal funds for unemployment relief in Quebec in exchange for the Union Nationale's support for the Conservatives in the federal election. The onset of World War II and the re-emergence of conscription as an issue in Canada stymied Manion's hopes. In the 1939 Quebec election the federal Liberals warned that the Duplessis government's support for Manion would lead to conscription, despite Manion's claims that he opposed mandatory military enlistment.
The defeat of the government of Maurice Duplessis in Quebec dashed Manion's hopes of building an electoral alliance with the conservative premier. As well, his stand against conscription turned much of the Tory base in Ontario against the leader. King had promised Manion that he would not call an election due to the war but reversed his pledge and called a March 1940 general election taking Manion's Tories by surprise and unprepared, they campaigned under the name "National Government" with the platform of forming a wartime coalition government. The renamed Tories were unable to make any gains from their 1935 result, Manion failed to win his seat, leading to his resignation as party leader two months later. Manion was subsequently appointed director of Civilian Air Raid Defence, he died in 1943. Conscription Crisis of 1944 Liberal-Unionist Manion, Robert James. A surgeon in arms. Toronto: McClelland, Goodchild & Stewart, 1918. Manion, R. J. Life is an adventure. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1936. Naugler, Harold Adelbert.
R. J. Manion and the Conservative Party 1938-1940. M. A. thesis 1966, Queen's University, Ont. Piovesana, Roy H. Robert J. Manion member of Parliament for Fort William 1917-1935. Thunder Bay: Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, 1990. Works by R. J. Manion at Faded Page Works by or about Robert James Manion at Internet Archive Robert James Manion – Parliament of Canada biography Works by Robert James Manion at Project Gutenberg
The 2009 Stanley Cup playoffs of the National Hockey League began on April 15, 2009, after the 2008–09 regular season. The sixteen teams that qualified, eight from each conference, play a best-of-seven series for the conference quarterfinals and championships, the conference champions will play a best-of-seven series for the Stanley Cup; the Columbus Blue Jackets made their first appearance in the playoffs in their nine-year history. They had been the only franchise to have not made the playoffs. Home teams set a record by going 13-2 in the openers of all the series combined. There were no playoff games played in the Province of Ontario as this was the first time that the modern Ottawa Senators and the Toronto Maple Leafs both missed the playoffs in the same year; this was the most recent time that the Carolina Hurricanes were in the playoffs until 2019. The Finals ended on June 12, 2009, with the Pittsburgh Penguins defeating the Detroit Red Wings four games to three to win the championship.
They became just the second team, after the 1971 Montreal Canadiens, to win the championship after losing the first two games of the series on the road. Boston Bruins, Northeast Division champions, Eastern Conference regular season champions – 116 points Washington Capitals, Southeast Division champions – 108 points New Jersey Devils, Atlantic Division champions – 106 points Pittsburgh Penguins – 99 points Philadelphia Flyers – 99 points Carolina Hurricanes – 97 points New York Rangers – 95 points Montreal Canadiens – 93 points San Jose Sharks, Pacific Division champions, Western Conference regular season champions, President's Trophy winners – 117 points Detroit Red Wings, Central Division champions – 112 points Vancouver Canucks, Northwest Division champions – 100 points Chicago Blackhawks – 104 points Calgary Flames – 98 points St. Louis Blues – 92 points Columbus Blue Jackets – 92 points Anaheim Ducks – 91 points During the first three rounds home ice is determined by seeding number, not position on the bracket.
In the Finals the team with the better regular season record has home ice. In each round, the highest remaining seed in each conference is matched against the lowest remaining seed; the higher-seeded team is awarded home ice advantage, which gives them a possible maximum of four games on their home ice, with the lower-seeded team getting a possible maximum of three. In the Stanley Cup Finals, home ice is determined based on regular season points. Thus, the Detroit Red Wings had home ice advantage in the Stanley Cup Finals; each best-of-seven series followed a 2–2–1–1–1 format. This means that the higher-seeded team had home ice for games one and two and if necessary and seven, while the lower-seeded team had home ice for games three, if necessary, game six. For an NHL-record 32nd time, the Bruins and Canadiens were facing each other; the Boston Bruins entered the playoffs after finishing the regular season with the best record in the Eastern Conference with 116 points. The Montreal Canadiens qualified for the postseason as the eighth seed with 93 points, winning the tiebreaker over the Florida Panthers based on the season series.
Boston swept Montreal, four games to none, scoring at least four goals in each win. With the score tied 2–2 entering the third period of game one, Bruins captain Zdeno Chara scored a power play goal at 11:15 and Phil Kessel added an empty net score in the closing seconds to clinch the victory. Boston scored three power play goals, including two from Marc Savard, en route to a 5–1 victory in game two. Game three resembled game one in that both teams fought to a 2–2 tie midway through the game, but like the first contest the Bruins scored the go-ahead winning goal again; this time it was Michael Ryder at 17:21 in the second period. Montreal scored in the first minute of game four off the stick of Andrei Kostitsyn, but Boston went on to dominate the rest of the game, grabbing two goals from Ryder in a 4–1 victory, to win the series; the Washington Capitals entered the playoffs as the second seed in the Eastern Conference after winning the Southeast Division with 108 points. The New York Rangers earned the seventh seed with 95 points.
The Washington Capitals overcame a three games to one deficit to win the series. The Rangers won the first game by a 4–3 score, with Brandon Dubinsky scoring the game winner at 11:43 in the third period. Capitals head coach Bruce Boudreau benched starting goaltender Jose Theodore and replaced him with Simeon Varlamov for game two, after Theodore allowed four goals on just 21 shots; the goaltending change was not effective as New York netminder Henrik Lundqvist stopped all 35 Washington shots to give the Rangers a 1–0 victory in the following game. Varlamov responded in game three by stopping all 33 Ranger shots, Alexander Semin scored two goals, to give the Capitals a 4–0 victory. However, Lundqvist stopped 38 of 39 shots, including 10 of 11 from the stick of Alexander Ovechkin, to give the Rangers a 2–1 victory in game four; the Capitals limited the Rangers to just 20 shots to win 4–0 in Game 5. Fourth liner Matt Bradley scored two goals in the game and Lundquist was pulled after allowing four goals on 14 shots.
Washington erupted in game six to score five goals, including powerplay markers from Mike Green and Ovechkin, for a 5–3 victory. After game six, the league suspended Capitals forward Donald Brashear for both a pre-game altercation with Rangers forward Colton Orr and what was ruled to be a late hit on Blair Betts, in which the Rangers center suffered an orbital eye s