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Provinces of South Africa

South Africa is divided into nine provinces. On the eve of the 1994 general election, South Africa's former homelands known as Bantustans, were reintegrated and the four existing provinces were divided into nine; the twelfth and sixteenth amendments to the constitution changed the borders of seven of the provinces. The Union of South Africa was established in 1910 by combining four British colonies: the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Transvaal Colony and the Orange River Colony; these colonies became the four original provinces of the Union: Cape Province, Transvaal Province, Natal Province and Orange Free State Province. Segregation of the black population started as early as 1913, with ownership of land by the black majority being restricted to certain areas totalling about 13% of the country. From the late 1950s, these areas were consolidated into "homelands" called "bantustans". Four of these homelands were established as quasi-independent nation states of the black population during the apartheid era.

In 1976, the homeland of Transkei was the first to accept independence from South Africa, although this independence was never acknowledged by any other country, three other homelands – Bophuthatswana and Ciskei – followed suit. On 27 April 1994, the date of the first non-racial elections and of the adoption of the Interim Constitution, all of these provinces and homelands were dissolved, nine new provinces were established; the boundaries of these provinces were established in 1993 by a Commission on the Demarcation/Delimitation of Regions created by CODESA, were broadly based on planning regions demarcated by the Development Bank of Southern Africa in the 1980s, amalgamated from existing magisterial districts, with some concessions to political parties that wished to consolidate their power bases, by transferring districts between the proposed provinces. South Africa’s provinces are governed, in different ways, on a national and local level. Nationally, there is the National Council of one of the houses of Parliament.

There is the provincial government and, below that, the administration of district and metropolitan municipalities. South Africa has two houses of parliament: the National Assembly, the National Council of Provinces; the second exists to ensure that the interests of each province are protected in the laws passed by the National Assembly. Each one of South Africa’s nine provinces sends 10 representatives to the National Council of Provinces. Six of these are permanent members of the council, four are special delegates; each province is governed by a unicameral legislature. The size of the legislature is proportional to population, ranging from 30 members in the Northern Cape to 80 in KwaZulu-Natal; the legislatures are elected every five years by a system of party-list proportional representation. The provincial legislature elects, from amongst its members, a Premier, the head of the executive; the Premier chooses an Executive Council consisting of between five and ten members of the legislature, the cabinet of the provincial government.

The Members of the Executive Council are the provincial equivalent of ministers. The powers of the provincial government are limited to specific topics listed in the national constitution. On some of these topics – for example, education and public housing – the province's powers are shared with the national government, which can establish uniform standards and frameworks for the provincial governments to follow; the provinces do not have their own court systems, as the administration of justice is the responsibility of the national government. Footnotes: Footnotes: † States for which the homeland was quasi-independent. Elections in South Africa Prince Edward Islands Proposals for South Africa to annex Lesotho Walvis Bay ISO 3166-2:ZA

Claws (TV series)

Claws is an American comedy-drama television series that premiered on TNT on June 11, 2017. The series was ordered for a first season containing 10 episodes on December 13, 2016, was developed as a half-hour, single-camera comedy for HBO. Set in Palmetto, the series is filmed in New Orleans. On July 12, 2017, TNT renewed the series for a second season, which premiered on June 10, 2018. On July 2, 2018, TNT renewed the series for a third season, which premiered on June 9, 2019. On October 1, 2019, TNT renewed the series for a final season. Five manicurists at the Nail Artisans salon of Manatee County, Florida enter the traditionally male world of organized crime when they begin laundering money for a neighboring pain clinic and work their way up to controlling their own criminal empire. Niecy Nash as Desna Simms: the owner of Nail Artisans, a nail salon in Manatee County, an associate of the Husser family, she launders money for one of their most profitable pill mills, so she can save up and buy a better salon.

She is in a relationship with Roller Husser, adopted son of Uncle Daddy. When Uncle Daddy withholds some of her earnings, she blames Roller, she and Virginia, with whom he was cheating on Desna with, attempt to kill him. It is revealed that Desna and her brother, spent their childhoods with abusive foster parents, explaining why she's so determined to build a life for herself, she gets permission to leave the mob, but is subsequently forced to continue laundering money for the Russian Mafia. Desna sets out to build her own crime family after her brother kills the head of the Russian mob. Carrie Preston as Polly Marks: a redheaded North Carolinian who helps manage Desna's criminal enterprises. A former professional con artist, pathological liar, skilled burglar, she only made parole for running a Social Security fraud scheme, her relationship with Desna is one of absolute loyalty. She forms a motherly bond with Marnie, an adolescent girl seeking to escape her own neglectful mother, trying to force Marnie into prostitution.

Preston portrays Lillian Marks, Polly's twin sister who pressures her to own up to her mistakes. Judy Reyes as Annalise "Quiet Ann" Zayas: the salon's lookout and Desna's enforcer, she is college-educated, with plans to become a teacher, but her career was ruined when she was convicted of attempting to murder her husband after he stabbed her girlfriend. Ann is lesbian, but has difficulty balancing her relationships with her role in the mafia when she falls for a police detective investigating the salon. Karrueche Tran as Virginia Loc: a former stripper for Uncle Daddy's strip club, She She's, but now works at Nail Artisans. Desna fires her and throws her out in disgust after finding out she is sleeping around with Roller and suspecting that Virginia was the one who told Roller about Polly's ankle bracelet. Virginia is accepted when she shoots Roller to defend Desna and proves her willingness to master the manicurist's trade, she becomes pregnant after having sex with Dean, but goes through with an abortion and says yes when he asks to marry her.

A failed assassination attempt causes her to lose an eye. She now runs the salon on Desna's behalf. Jenn Lyon as Jennifer Husser: Desna's oldest friend, right-hand woman, Bryce's wife, with whom she has one daughter and another from a previous relationship. Having lost more than a few relatives to the consequences of organized crime, she is adamant that Bryce not be part of his family's criminal business, but he does so nonetheless, causing a rift to form between her and Desna; when her family is absorbed by the Russians, she manages to keep her position at the salon thanks to Desna vouching on her behalf. However, an affair she has with a man named Hank threatens her marriage with Bryce, until they reconcile and she vows to be more faithful. Jack Kesy as Dwayne "Roller" Husser: Uncle Daddy's nephew, boyfriend to Desna and a high-powered drug dealer whose supposed death in the first episode triggers conflict between the Hussers and Desna's salon, it is revealed that he is alive, having been imprisoned by a woman as her sex slave.

He escapes and rejoins his family, but when his dealings with the Russians are exposed, he and his brother and uncle are forced to work for them. He's in love with Desna though he doesn't say it, he has sex with Desna and gets back together with her after she tried to kill him. He tries to shoot Desna but couldn't do it because she tells him she loves him, he finds himself helping Desna establish her criminal empire. Kevin Rankin as Bryce Husser: Jennifer's husband and Roller's brother, who joins the Dixie Mafia to get justice for Roller's death and takes over his narcotics racket, though he is struggling to control his own addiction; when Roller unexpectedly returns, the two clash over his success. Bryce is subsequently forced to relinquish control of his business to the Russians when they absorb the Husser family, is shot while taking part in an attack on his boss, Zlata, he and Jenn fix their relationship and try to leave the mob life behind, but return once they realize that they can't. Jason Antoon as Ken Brickman: a shady medical doctor who runs one of the Husser family's pill mills.

He suffers from emotional instability stemming from his failed marriage, but ends up finding a potential new romance with Polly. However, she dumps him. Harold Perrineau as Dean Simms: Desna's autistic brother whom she takes care of, he takes up bodybuil

USS Lake Tulare (ID-2652)

USS Lake Tulare was a cargo ship of the United States Navy that served during World War I and its immediate aftermath. Lake Tulare was laid down under a United States Shipping Board contract as the commercial cargo ship SS War Valour in 1917 by the Superior Shipbuilding Company in Superior, Wisconsin as hull number 530, her name was changed to SS Lake Tulare while she was under construction, she was launched on 15 December 1917 and completed in April 1918. On registration the 2,005 GRT ship was given official number 216066 and signal letters LJTD. Lake Tulare was 261 ft length overall, 251 ft length between perpendiculars, 43 ft 6 in breadth, 17 ft 9 in mean draft, depth of hold 20 ft and registry crew number of 28. Ownership remained with USSB during subsequent military service until sold in 1919. After her completion in 1918, the United States Army acquired her for use as a cargo ship; the U. S. Navy acquired Lake Tulare from the Army for use during World War I and assigned her the naval registry identification number 2652.

Lake Tulare was delivered to the Navy and commissioned as USS Lake Tulare at Cardiff, Wales on 19 October 1918. Lieutenant Commander A. G. Herbertson, USNRF, was in command at commissioning; the ship, armed with one 3-inch, 50 cal gun, was assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service for use as a coal transport between ports in the United Kingdom and France. Operating out of Cardiff, a major coal port, she performed these duties through the end of the war in November 1918 and into 1919. Transferred to the United States Food Administration on 1 March 1919, Lake Tulare carried food from British and French ports to Rotterdam in the Netherlands and Danzig, until 14 July 1919, when the Food Administration returned her to the Navy and she resumed military cargo runs. After steaming to New York City in the late summer of 1919, Lake Tulare was decommissioned on 15 September 1919 and was returned to the U. S. Shipping Board the same day; the Shipping Board sold Lake Tulare to the International Coal Transportation Company of New York City in 1919 which owned the ship into 1923.

That year the ship was sold to K. Th. Einersen of Kristiana, Norway. In 1924, she was sold to Skibs. A/S Manitowoc of Kristiana, renamed Bestik. In 1931, Bestik was sold to the China Merchants Navigation Company of Shanghai and renamed Hai Hsiang. Hai Hsiang was sold again to William Hunt and Company, Ltd. of Shanghai. On 8 December 1941, Japanese aircraft sank Hai Hsiang at Szechuen, China, her wreck was scrapped. NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive: Lake Tulare

Ken Webb

Ken Webb is an English cyclist who at 42 claimed the world record for distance cycled in a year. He calculated that on 7 August 1972 he passed the 75,065 miles set by another Briton, Tommy Godwin, that he finished the year with 80,647 miles, he rode on to claim the record for 100,000 miles in 448 days. Both records appeared in the Guinness Book of Records but were removed. In 1911 the weekly magazine, Cycling began a competition for the greatest distance cycled in a single year; the first holder was Marcel Planes of France, with 34,666 miles. The distance was untouched for more than 20 years. Followed a succession of claims in the 1930s, including two by an Australian professional, Ossie Nicholson, one by a one-armed vegetarian named Walter Greaves and another by Charles de Gaulle's chauffeur, René Menzies. In 1939 the distance leapt from 65,127 miles by an Englishman, Bernard Bennett, to 75,065 miles established by Tommy Godwin. In 2016, under the supervision of the Ultra Marathon Cycling Association, Kurt Searvogel broke Tommy Godwin's record by riding 76,076 miles in one year.

On 14 May 2017 Amanda Coker broke Searvogel's UMCA and Guinness World record when she finished her year with 86,573.2 miles. Ken Webb, from Gossops Green, intended to attempt the record when he retired after a working life that included 12 years with the Fleet Air Arm. Unemployment as a project engineer at 42 advanced his plans, he set off from Fleet Street, London the heart of the British newspaper industry, at noon on 1 September 1971. Webb had little support from sponsors. By 10 November he took a job at Gatwick Airport, near his home, he spoke of working there, riding 220 miles a day after work and sleeping two or three hours a night. He averaged better than 223 miles a day, sent witnessed postcards to Cycling's office to log his progress and used a different odometer each month to support the distance shown on the cards. Webb rode one day with a reporter from Cycling. Bingham quoted Webb as saying: "People ask how it is that I account for a greater mileage between places than the road signs indicate.

I tell them that I don't always ride straight from one place to the other, that sometimes I make detours - as you've seen this morning, when we went a few miles out of our way looking for the right road to Maldon. And what they don't seem to realise either is that when I arrive anywhere I might not seek anyone to sign a card until I've refreshed myself in a café, sometimes 30 minutes after stopping." He finished the year record £134 in debt after cashing his life insurance policies, using his redundancy payments and using his pension fund. He completed his 100,000-mile ride outside Buckingham Palace after 448 days, he knew throughout his ride. He was followed at times by cyclists checking his riding and Cycling received calls asking what he had claimed, his distances appeared in the Guinness Book of Records but vanished from editions. Webb insisted that he had ridden the distance, that he sent thousands of check cards to Cycling, that his 13 odometers had been sealed by their maker and returned for checking.

He said he wrote to the editor of the Guinness Book of Records to ask why his name had been deleted but that he got no reply. He said

Ringe, Denmark

Ringe is a town with a population of 6,110 on Funen in central Denmark. It is the seat of Faaborg-Midtfyn Municipality, was the seat of the now abolished Ringe municipality; the main office of Rynkeby Foods, a major Danish producer of juice and squash, is located in Ringe. Johannes Gandil a Danish amateur footballer, silver medallist at the 1908 Summer Olympics Jens Laursøn Emborg a Danish organist and composer Erik Eriksen a Danish politician and 15th Prime Minister of Denmark, 1950-1953 Aksel Bender Madsen a Danish furniture designer during the Danish modern period. Palle Lykke a Danish cyclist, competed at the 1956 Summer Olympics Thierry Tribondeau a French bobsledder Henriette Bonde-Hansen a Danish operatic soprano Ann Spejlsgaard a Danish sport shooter, selected for the 2004 Summer Olympics Anne Sofie Madsen an avant-garde Danish fashion designer Niclas Kirkeløkke a Danish handball player Media related to Ringe at Wikimedia Commons Faaborg-Midtfyn municipality

Roland Benschneider

Roland Benschneider is a German former footballer, working at FC Energie Cottbus as sports director. Born in Neuruppin, Benschneider honed his craft as a defender with FC Neubrandenburg and FC Energie Cottbus. In the 2000 -- 01 season he played for Tennis Borussia Berlin. Only one year into his stint at Borussia, the player, who grew in confidence during this period, moved to SV Eintracht Trier 05 in the Southern Regional League, where by 2002–03 he was to become a fully-fledged squad player. In the next season he moved to Arminia Bielefeld, whose league position he helped to boost in the subsequent weeks and months. Uwe Rapolder was to notice the player, he joined 1. FC Köln for €200,000. However, in the opening season Benschneider played only twelve full games. In the 2005–06 season he played as a substitute once again, scored his first goal against FC Schalke 04. In September 2011, Benschneider was hired as team manager at SV Elversberg, he had different roles in the club, he ended his time in the club in 2014 as sports director.

In April 2014, Benschneider joined FC Energie Cottbus. He signed a contract until 2016. Roland Benschneider at