The Lincoln cent is a one-cent coin, struck by the United States Mint since 1909. The obverse or heads side was designed by Victor David Brenner, as was the original reverse, depicting two stalks of wheat; the coin has seen several reverse, or tails and now bears one by Lyndall Bass depicting a Union shield. All coins struck by the United States government with a value of 1/100 of a dollar are called cents because the United States has always minted coins using decimals; the penny nickname is a carryover from the coins struck in England, which went to decimals for coins in 1971. In 1905, sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens was hired by the Mint to redesign the cent and the four gold coins, which did not require congressional approval. Two of Saint-Gaudens's proposed designs for the cent were adapted for the gold pieces, but Saint-Gaudens died in August 1907 before submitting additional designs for the cent. In January 1909, the Mint engaged Brenner to design a cent depicting the late president Abraham Lincoln, 1909 being the centennial year of his birth.
It was the first circulating design of a U. S. president on a coin, an idea, seen as too monarchical in the past, namely by George Washington. Brenner's design was approved, the new coins were issued to great public interest on August 2, 1909. Brenner's initials, on the reverse at its base, were deemed too prominent once the coins were issued, were removed within days of the release; the initials were restored, this time smaller, on Lincoln's shoulder, in 1918. Struck in 95% copper, the cent coin was changed for one year to steel in 1943 as copper was needed to aid in the war effort; the mint reverted to 95% copper until 1982, when inflation made copper too expensive and the composition was changed to zinc with an outer copper layer. Brenner's wheat reverse was replaced in 1959 by a depiction of the Lincoln Memorial designed by Frank Gasparro, for the sesquicentennial of his birth year; the Lincoln Memorial reverse was itself replaced in 2009 by four commemorative designs marking the bicentennial of Lincoln's birth.
Beginning in 2010, Bass's shield design was coined. In 1904, President Theodore Roosevelt wrote to his Secretary of the Treasury, Leslie Mortier Shaw, complaining that U. S. coinage lacked artistic merit, enquiring if it would be possible to engage a private artist, such as sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens, to prepare new coin designs. At Roosevelt's instructions, the Mint hired Saint-Gaudens to redesign the cent and the four gold pieces: the double eagle, half eagle, quarter eagle; as the designs of those pieces had remained the same for 25 years, they could be changed without an act of Congress. The Indian Head cent, which the Lincoln cent replaced, had been introduced in 1859. Saint-Gaudens conceived a flying eagle design for the cent, but at Roosevelt's request, developed it for the double eagle after learning that by law, an eagle could not appear on the cent. Writer and friend Witter Bynner recalled that in January 1907, Saint-Gaudens was ill with cancer, was carried to his studio for ten minutes a day to critique the work of his assistants on current projects, including the cent.
Saint-Gaudens sent Roosevelt a design in February for the obverse of the cent showing a figure of Liberty. Roosevelt suggested the addition of a Native American war bonnet, stating, "I don't see why we should not have a conventional head-dress of purely American type for the Liberty figure." In May 1907, Roosevelt instructed. Saint-Gaudens was by in declining health. With the redesign of the four gold denominations completed by 1908, Roosevelt turned his attention to the cent; the centennial of the birth of assassinated president Abraham Lincoln would occur in February 1909, large numbers of manufactured souvenirs were being issued. Many citizens had written to the Treasury Department, proposing a Lincoln coin, Roosevelt was interested in honoring his fellow Republican; this was a break with previous American numismatic tradition. S. coin had featured an actual person. Many writers had suggested a Lincoln half dollar, but that coin's design had been changed in 1892 and could not yet be altered without congressional approval.
By a lame duck in office, Roosevelt was reluctant to involve Congress. In late 1908, Roosevelt sat for sculptor Victor David Brenner, designing a medal for the Panama Canal Commission. While the contents of their conversations were never recorded, it appears they discussed Roosevelt's plans for coinage redesign. Roosevelt had admired a 1907 plaque of Lincoln, it is uncertain how Brenner was selected to design the cent, but in January 1909, Mint Director Frank A. Leach contacted Brenner to ask his fee for designing the coin. Brenner mentioned in his correspondence with Leach. Brenner's obverse design follows a profile of Lincoln he had used in other work, such as the desk plaque he made for the Gorham Manufacturing Company in 1907. Numismatic historian Roger Burdette suggests that Brenner based his work on an 1864 photograph of Lincoln taken at Mathew Brady's studio by one of his assistants. However, Burdette adds that in an April 1, 1909 letter, Brenner mentioned that in producing the design, he envisioned Lincoln read
Duang Jai Akkanee is a 2010 Thai lakorn 1 in 4 drama series 4 Hua Jai Haeng Khun Khao, aired on Channel 3. It starred Urassaya Sperbund; because of the conflict between 2 families from the fathers' generation and Ajjima have been enemies with each other since they were kids. When they grow up and take care of their own dairy farm which there's the white fence as a border, the quarrel and fight happens between them. However, under their harshness against each other, they secretly care about each other; when many incidents lead them to open their hearts to each other, they have to face the big barrier. Ajjima's father doesn't accept this son-in-law-to-be. Can Akkanee get through the barrier? Nadech Kugimiya as Akkanee Adisuan Urassaya Sperbund as Ajjima Potsawat Prin Suparat as Pathapee Adisuan Pakorn Chatborirak as Wayupak Adisuan Metanee Buranasiri as Pisarn Potsawat Krerk Chiller as P'Noo-Tor Chokchai Boonworametee as Sila Potsawat Panthila Fooklin as Pimnapa Jirayu Tantragool as Yai Benjapol Cheoyarun as Sak Santisuk Promsiri as Montree Adisuan Jintara Sukapat as Supansa Adisuan Ronadech Wongsaroj as Preuk Sumolthip Leungurai as Pachanee Kluay Chern-Yim as Pong Panomkorn Tungtatsawat as Kraipope Kimberly Ann Voltemas as Tipthara "Nam" Adisuan-Rajaput Chalida Vijitvongthong as Cha-Aim Vongvanitsakunkit Official website
Meeting Love, is Taiwanese Mandopop artist Rainie Yang's second Mandarin studio album. It was released by Sony Music Taiwan on 17 March 2006, it was available for pre-order and two editions were released including the Meeting Love, which includes four music videos and 40 minutes of highlight footage of Rainie Yang Meeting Love Celebration Concert. The album includes a duet, "甜心咒" with label-mate Evan Yo; the tracks "遇上愛" and "慶祝" were nominated for Top 10 Gold Songs at the Hong Kong TVB8 Awards, presented by television station TVB8, in 2006. The track, "遇上愛" won one of the Top 10 Songs of the Year at the 2007 HITO Radio Music Awards presented by Taiwanese radio station Hit FM; the album was awarded one of the Top 10 Selling Mandarin Albums of the Year at the 2006 IFPI Hong Kong Album Sales Awards, presented by the Hong Kong branch of IFPI. It is the sixth best selling album in Taiwan in 2006 with 78,000 copies sold. "甜心咒" Tian Xin Zhou - feat Evan Yo "可愛" Ke Ai "遇上愛" Yu Shang Ai "左邊" Zuo Bian "找不到" Zhao Bu Dao "慶祝" Qing Zhu.