Lion Gate

The Lion Gate was the main entrance of the Bronze Age citadel of Mycenae, southern Greece. It was erected during the 13th century BC, around 1250 BC in the northwest side of the acropolis and is named after the relief sculpture of two lionesses or lions in a heraldic pose that stands above the entrance; the Lion Gate is the sole surviving monumental piece of Mycenaean sculpture, as well as the largest sculpture in the prehistoric Aegean. It is the only monument of Bronze Age Greece to bear an iconographic motif that survived without being buried underground, the only relief image, described in the literature of classical antiquity, such that it was well known prior to modern archaeology; the greater part of the cyclopean wall in Mycenae, including the Lion Gate itself, was built during the second extension of the citadel which occurred in the Late Helladic period IIIB. At that time, the extended fortifications included Grave Circle A, the burial place of the 16th-century BC royal families inside the city wall.

This grave circle was found east of the Lion Gate, where a peribolos wall was built. After the expansion, Mycenae could be entered by two gates, a main entrance and a postern, while the most extensive feature was undoubtedly the remodeling of the main entrance to the citadel, known as the Lion Gate, in the northwestern side built circa 1250 BC; the Lion Gate was approached by a natural engineered ramp on a northwest-southeast axis. The eastern side of the approach is flanked by the steep smooth slope of the earlier enceinte; this was embellished with a new facade of conglomerate. On the western side a rectangular bastion was erected, 14.80 m long and 7.23 m wide, built in pseudo-ashlar style of enormous blocks of conglomerate. The term "Cyclopean" was therefore applied to imply that the ancient structures had been built by the legendary race of giants whose culture was presumed to have preceded that of the Classical Greeks, as described in their myths. Between the wall and the bastion, the approach narrows to a small open courtyard measuring 15 m × 7.23 m serving to limit the numbers of attackers on the gate.

The bastion on the right side of the gate facilitated defensive actions against the attackers' right hand side, which would be vulnerable as they would carry their shields on their left arms. At the end of the approach stands the Lion Gate; the Lion Gate is a massive and imposing construction, standing 3.10 m wide and 2.95 m high at the threshold. It narrows; the opening was closed by a double door mortised to a vertical beam that acted as a pivot around which the door revolved. The gate itself consists of two great monoliths capped with a huge lintel that measures 4.5×2.0×0.8 m. Above the lintel, the masonry courses form a corbelled arch, leaving an opening that lightens the weight carried by the lintel; this relieving triangle is a great limestone slab on which two confronted lionesses or lions carved in high relief stand on either sides of a central pillar. The heads of the animals were fashioned separately and are missing; the pillar is a Minoan-type column, placed on top of an altar-like platform upon which the lionesses rest their front feet.

It has been suggested that lions were not present in Greece at the time showing some sort of hierarchy in power with them fashioned on this monumental gate. Early imagery of a deity, found at Knossos presents a goddess flanked by two lionesses, establishing a continuity in religious imagery when a deity is represented abstractly by a column, it identifies the species of feline, because of the characteristic tuft at the end of the tail, not present in any other feline species. Speculation exists that the animal figures are male lions. One author believes that the Mycenaean artist did not indicate the sex of lions by the genital organs on any artifact known to have been recovered from an excavation. Neither were teats indicated on the body of the lions to indicate. Furthermore, he asserts that on the Lion Gate relief, cuttings on the side of the neck of the lion to the left of the spectator indicate that the animal represented is male, for the cuttings were where the ends of the mane of the animal were fitted to provide additional support to the block of steatite, on which the head and mane of the animal were carved.

He asserts that the same section of the lion to the right fails to show the same characteristic because it has weathered badly, but that he detects remnants of one cutting which indicate to him that a similar provision was made for the head of that lion. He presumes that both animals can be considered lions and not lionesses. Griffins or sphinxes have been depicted on opposite sides of a column on gems and gold rings but always with wings; the absence of wings indicates that the animals were lions. The imposing gate of the citadel with the representation of the lionesses or lions was an emblem of the Mycenaean kings and a symbol of their power to both subjects and foreigners, it has been argued that the lionesses are a symbol of the goddess Hera. The Lion Gate may be compared to the gates of the Hittite Bronze Age citadel of Hattusa, in Asia Minor. Since the heads of the animals were of a different material from their bodies and were fashioned to look toward those approaching below, a number of scholars have suggested that they were composite beasts sphinxes, in the typical Middle Eastern tradition.

On the top of the pillar is a row of four discs representing rafters supporting a further piece of sculpture that has since b

Eric Moore (defensive end)

Eric Maurice Moore is a former American football defensive end. He was drafted by the New York Giants in the sixth round of the 2005 NFL Draft, he played college football at Florida State. Moore played for the New Orleans Saints, St. Louis Rams, Carolina Panthers, Florida Tuskers. Moore attended Pahokee High School, playing basketball, he earned All-South accolades by Fox Sports Net. He helped lead his team to the state finals as recording 123 tackles and 10 sacks. Moore played college football at Florida State where he played in 41 games, recording 82 tackles and 14 sacks, 30.5 stops for losses, 34 quarterback pressures, four fumble recoveries, four forced fumbles and eight pass deflections In 2001, Moore was a reserve defensive end in Florida State's final nine regular season games as a true freshman. He recorded 15 tackles with two stops for losses, he shared playing time at left end in 2002, finishing with 25 tackles, three sacks, eleven stops behind the line of scrimmage and nine pressures, despite missing three games after having his appendix removed mid-season.

Moore took over right defensive end duties in 2003, earning Second-team All-Atlantic Coast Conference honors. He made 25 tackles with 7.5 sacks, 12 stops behind the line of scrimmage and 15 pressures in twelve games. He finished his senior season in 2004 with 2.5 sacks and eight pressures. Moore was selected by the New York Giants in the sixth round in the 2005 NFL Draft. In his rookie season he played in eight games, recording five tackles, he made his debut against the Minnesota Vikings on November 13, 2005. He was released by the Giants on September 2, 2006. Moore was signed by the New Orleans Saints' practice squad on September 4, 2006, he was elevated to the 53-man roster on September 28, 2006, made four appearances, recording five tackles before being waived on November 7, 2006. Moore signed with the St. Louis Rams as a free agent on November 14, 2006, made three appearances with three tackles. After being inactive for the first game of the 2007 season, Moore was waived by the Rams on September 15, 2007.

He was re-signed to their practice squad on September 19, 2007, was elevated to the 53-man roster on November 15, 2007. Moore played in seven games including his career first start against the Atlanta Falcons in Week 13, he finished the 2007 season with his first career sack. In 2008 for the Rams, Moore made 10 tackles and recorded one sack, he was re-signed by the Rams on March 16, 2009. After spending the 2009 preseason with the Rams, Moore was placed on injured reserve on September 5, 2009, was released with an injury settlement on September 9, 2009. Moore signed with the Carolina Panthers' practice squad on November 17, 2009. After finishing the 2009 season on the Panthers' practice squad, he signed a reserved/future contract on January 4, 2010, he was released on September 4, 2010. Moore was added to the roster of the Florida Tuskers of the United Football League on October 4, 2010, spent the remainder of the 2010 season with the Tuskers; the New England Patriots signed Moore on December 3, 2010.

He was active for the first time in the Patriots' Week 14 win over the Chicago Bears, recording a strip-sack of Bears quarterback Jay Cutler in the game. In four games with the Patriots in 2010, Moore had 14 tackles, two sacks, two forced fumbles, he was released during final cuts on September 3, 2011. Moore was signed by the Virginia Destroyers on October 11, 2011. On December 10, 2011, Moore was re-signed by the Patriots, he was released on December 20, 2011. New England Patriots bio Carolina Panthers bio Florida State Seminoles bio

Maldaha (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Maldaha is an assembly constituency in Maldah district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The seat is reserved for scheduled castes; as per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 50 Maldaha covers Old Malda Municipality, Old Malda, Narhatta gram panchayat of English Bazar community development block, Aiho and Sreerampur gram panchayats of Habibpur community development block. Maldah is part of No. 7 Maldaha Uttar. It was earlier part of Malda. In the 2011 election, Bhupendranath Halder of Congress defeated his nearest rival Rahul Ranjan Das of CPI..# Swing based on Congress+Trinamool Congress vote percentages taken together in 2006. Note: New constituencies – 4, constituencies abolished – 3 In 2006 and 2001 state assembly elections, Subhendu Chowdhury of CPI won the Maldaha assembly seat defeating his nearest rivals Bhupendra Nath Halder of Congress and Phani Bhusan Roy of Trinamool Congress respectively. Contests in most years were multi cornered but only winners and runners are being mentioned.

Phani Bhusan Roy of Congress defeated Subhendu Chowdhury of CPI in 1996. Subhendu Chowdhury of CPI defeated Phani Bhusan Roy of Congress in 1991 and 1987. Phani Bhusan Roy of Congress defeated Subhendu Chowdhury of CPI in 1982. Subhendu Chowdhury of CPI defeated Phani Bhusan Roy of Congress in 1977. Mahammad Gafurur Rahaman of Congress won in 1972, 1971 and 1969. S. Mia of Congress won in 1967. Dharanidhar Sarkar of CPI won in 1962. Malda was a joint seat in 1957 and 1951. Nikunja Behari Gupta and Matla Murmu, both of Congress, won in 1957. Nikunja Behari Gupta of Congress and Raipada Das, won in independent India's first election in 1951