Bonaly is an area on the south-western outskirts of Edinburgh and the northern slopes of the Pentland Hills, lying within the Parish of Colinton. It is a mix of post-war housing, pasture-land and heather moorland. Bonaly Burn has its sources in the hills above Bonaly and flows towards Oxgangs, where it becomes the Braid Burn; the Edinburgh City Bypass passes through Bonaly. The name Bonaly may be derived from Bàn àth Linne. An alternative suggestion is; the placename has appeared in spellings. Early variations include Banale in 1438, Bonala in 1538 and Bonally in 1531. Other variations include Bonala, Boneyley, Bonnalay and Bonaley. In Timothy Pont's detailed 1654 map of Scotland, it appears as a small settlement close to the Pentland Hills, labelled Bonely, appears on the Map of the Three Lothians in 1773 as Bonilie. Harrison Gardens and Harrison Place, in the Edinburgh district of Merchiston, were named Bonaly Road and Bonaly Place, they were renamed in 1965 to avoid confusion with similar addresses in Colinton.
Although now considered to be part of the Edinburgh suburb of Colinton, Bonaly was a small settlement in its own right. This existed on the banks of the Bonaly Burn, close to the present-day site of Bonaly Tower, until its destruction after 1811. There is no evidence to indicate when Bonaly was first settled, but the area has a long history of human occupation and the remains of an Iron Age hillfort may be seen at Clubbiedean, 2 km to the south-west. In the 12th century, Norman barons began to establish feudal estates; the lands of Bonaly formed part of the Barony of Redhall which included Redhall itself, Comiston, Dreghorn, Pilmuir and Colinton. The earliest mention of Bonaly may be from 1280, when it appears in an account of legal proceedings concerning straying livestock. In 1400, the Barony – and the ownership of Bonaly – was granted to Sir William Cunningham of Kilmaurs, by Robert III; some time after 1538, ownership passed to James Foulis. The Foulis family were supporters of the Royalist cause during the Civil War.
Their fortunes suffered badly after Cromwell's victorious campaign in Scotland and they were forced to sell off much of their lands. In the aftermath of Cromwell's campaign, English troops were billeted at Bonaly; the village of Bonaly is to have been home to a modest population of tenant farmers, living in cot-houses, raising livestock and practising the open field system of rig and furrow agriculture. They may have supplemented their income with weaving, it is difficult to estimate the size of the settlement at this time but the area under cultivation was extensive. Traces of rig and furrow cultivation strips can be seen in the hills high above Bonaly, on land that has now reverted to rough-grazing. By the 17th century, Bonaly appears to have been thriving and is mentioned in the Kirk Session records. In addition to the dwellings of the tenant farmers, there was a substantial farmhouse, several waulk mills, a skinnery, a distillery, a magnesia factory and a flax mill; these industries stood on the banks of the Bonaly Burn, used as a power-source, a supply of water and for carrying away waste.
Prior to the damming of its tributaries, the Lady Burn and the Dean Burn, Bonaly Burn would have provided a more powerful flow of water for milling. The community never had its own kirk, parishioners travelled to the kirk in Colinton to attend services. After several changes of ownership in the 17th century, Bonaly was bought in 1700 by Sir John Foulis of Woodhall. Sir John's Account Book contains frequent mentions of Bonaly, of the business he did there and of the rents he received from his tenants in the village; the 17th and 18th centuries were a time of radical change in the Scottish agricultural landscape, Bonaly included. The process of enclosure resulted in the disappearance of the small strips of land cultivated by tenant farmers as these were re-arranged into larger and more productive fields, surrounded by newly planted hedgerows. Bonaly Road – linking the village of Bonaly with Woodhall Road and Colinton – is to have been formed on its current line during this period and the hedgerows along the road may be the remnants of those planted at this time.
Sir John Foulis was keen to improve his lands and, as well as enclosing existing farmland, brought areas of moorland under cultivation. Whilst the new farming methods were more productive, they required less labour and the village of Bonaly is to have declined as farmers left to seek other employment. In the 18th century, the northern portion of Bonaly was acquired by James Gillespie, a Colinton merchant, mill-owner and philanthropist. In his will, Gillespie left a legacy to fund the establishment of a charitable school, known as Gillespie's Hospital; the Bonaly Farm premises were part of the legacy bequeathed to this school. A southern portion, including the village of Bonaly, was leased by Lord Cockburn, he developed the 17th century farmhouse into a country house and, in doing so, ordered the destruction of the village. In his own words he:...began by an annual lease of a few square yards and a scarcely habitable farm-house but, realizing the profanations of Auburn, I have destroyed a village, erected a tower, reached the dignity of a twenty-acred laird.
The buildings in the village were demolished and the inhabitants evicted. Bricked-up windows and a doorway can be seen close to the entrance of Bonaly Outdoor Centre where t
Comely Bank is an area of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. It is situated between Stockbridge and Craigleith; the ground was part of Sir William Fettes' estate. The original development was a terrace of Georgian town-houses built to face the main east-west road leading to Stockbridge; this still stands today. The Victorian writer Thomas Carlyle lived in Comely Bank Road between 1819 and 1821 before achieving literary success. At that time, the terrace at the western end of the road was the last row of houses in Edinburgh before the village of Blackhall. Although there was a burst of tenemental construction in the late 19th century, due to other more prestigious developments around the city the area was not built out until the 1930s. Flora Stevenson School 1900 by John Alexander Carfrae St Stephen's Church 1901 by J. N. Scott & Alexander Lorne Campbell St Ninian's Episcopal Church 1921 by John More Dick Peddie & Walker Todd Thomas Carlyle Rev James Browne DD author, lived at 11 Comely Bank John Wilson Ewbank RSA, lived at 5 Comely Bank The cemetery was begun in 1896 and laid out by George Washington Browne.
The cemetery has lost its original southern entrance and its ornate gate piers now lead only into a modern housing estate. It is now only accessible on Crewe Road. There has been much vandalism in the cemetery, it is notable due to an abnormally high number of war graves, due to its juxtaposition to two of the city's hospitals in WW2. This includes Britain's youngest in-service death: Reginald Earnshaw only 14 years old. There are few graves of note:- Jeannie Cockburn a rare female war grave from WW1 Clive Franklyn Collett MC and bar WW1 flying ace Sir Patrick George Don-Wauchope Baronet Reginald Earnshaw Merchant Navy. UK's youngest war grave William Miller Frazer RSA, landscape artist William Murray Frier centenarian Alexander Gamley and Fanny Vince Gamley stone by Henry Snell Gamley John Adam Porter Scotland's first Isle of Man TT winner Thomas Ross architect and partner in MacGibbon & Ross Dr Arthur Wilson sculpture by Henry Snell Gamley
Barnton is a suburb of Edinburgh, located in the north-west of the city, between Cramond and Corstorphine Hill and west of Davidsons Mains. Part of the area was traditionally known as "Cramond Muir" in reference to Cramond to the north, it is home to the Royal High School of Edinburgh deigned by Reid and Forbes in 1964. Braehead House, a complex house centred on a 15th c remodelled Scottish tower house hides amongst modern housing; the Royal Burgess Golfing Society, one of the oldest golf societies in the world with a clubhouse dating from 1896. Cargilfield Preparatory School lies to the north; the most notable landmark is the former Barnton Hotel at the junction of Whitehouse Loan and Queensferry Road which dates from 1895 and was converted to flats in 2016. The White House dates from 1615, it was extended and remodelled by MacGibbon and Ross in 1895. The area centres on the paired streets of West Barnton Avenue; these stand on the former estate of Barnton House. All that remains is the ornate west gate pillars, designed by David Hamilton in 1810, on Whitehouse Loan at the west end of West Barnton Avenue.
Both halves of the avenue possess a series of large villas dating from the early 20th century. The west avenue in particular has several modern blocks of flats. Barnton Quarry, a former stone quarry in the area, is the site of an underground bunker which, in the event of nuclear war, would have served as the regional seat of government for Scotland from 1961 until its abandonment in 1985. Robert Barton of Over Barnton Alexander Carmichael, compiler of Carmina Gadelica Col John James McIntosh Shaw, military surgeon and pioneer of plastic surgery J. K. Rowling a current resident Robert Blyth Greig lived on West Barton Avenue
The Cowgate is a street in Edinburgh, located about 550 yards southeast of Edinburgh Castle, within the city's World Heritage Site. The street is part of the lower level of Edinburgh's Old Town, which lies below the elevated streets of South Bridge and George IV Bridge; the Cowgate can be quite gloomy and dark in sections. It meets the Grassmarket at Holyrood Road to the east; the street's name is recorded from 1428, in various spellings, as Cowgate and in 1498 as Via Vaccarum. It is derived from the medieval practice of herding cattle down the street on market days. Gate is a Scots language word for "way" or "road", a cognate of similar words in other Germanic languages. Describing the street in the 1581 edition of their atlas of major cities Civitates orbis terrarum, Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg said the Cow Gate was where "...the noble families and city councillors have their residences, together with other princely houses and palaces most handsome to behold."Between the mid 18th and mid 20th centuries the Cowgate was a poor overcrowded slum area.
In the 19th century it was home to much of the city's Irish immigrant community and nicknamed "Little Ireland". In the evening of 7 December 2002, a fire started above the Belle Angele nightclub off the Cowgate, it swept up through the eight storey structure to other buildings on Cowgate and above it on South Bridge. The complicated nature of the buildings, with narrow alleys and entrances from the same building onto streets at different heights, complicated efforts to fight the fire, was called a "rabbit warren" by Lothian and Borders Fire Brigade, it took. 150 people were forced to flee the flames. The University of Edinburgh School of Informatics on South Bridge was badly damaged. Little current research data was lost in the fire due to offsite backups. In 2005 work began on a new building, the Informatics Forum, occupied mid-2008. Destroyed was the Gilded Balloon, a major venue for the Edinburgh Fringe, offices for both the Gilded Balloon and Underbelly venues housed in an 1823 listed warehouse by Thomas Hamilton.
The Gilded Balloon moved to premises in Teviot Row House. The First Minister of Scotland appealed to the UNESCO World Heritage Fund for money to assist in the redevelopment of the site; the site has been temporarily used as a Fringe venue again, becoming the C venues' Urban Garden during the 2007 and 2008 Festival. The gap site was acquired by the property developer Whiteburn, who were granted planning permission in January 2009 to build a new mixed-use development using the site and existing adjacent buildings. Construction began in 2012 and was completed in late 2013; the main components of the development are a small Sainsbury's supermarket, a 259-bed Ibis Hotel, restaurants, a nightclub and a vennel. In 2016, protesters camped out in Cowgate to prevent the building of luxury hotel by Jansons Property; the protesters argued that the development might damage Edinburgh's UNESCO status, would displace homeless people, would remove a medical facility for the homeless and would block the natural light of the Edinburgh Central Library.
MSP Andy Wightman offered his support to the campaign. The oldest building lies to the west end, but is sandwiched between other larger buildings and missed, it stands on the south side of the street, just west of where George IV Bridge crosses over the Cowgate. This is the Magdalen Chapel, a 16th-century almshouse chapel built with monies left by Michael MacQueen in 1537. Work was completed in 1544 and it operated as a hospital almshouse under the control of MacQueen's widow, Janet Rynd until her death in 1553, when it passed to the Incorporation of Hammermen; the entrance as seen from the Cowgate was rebuilt in 1613. The spire was added in 1620. St Cecilia's Hall by Robert Mylne was built for the Musical Society of Edinburgh in 1763, it now houses a small Georgian concert space and an important collection of early keyboard instruments owned by Edinburgh University. St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church stands at the east end of the Cowgate, it dates from 1772 but was extensively remodelled in 1929 following demolition of the tenements along the north side of the Cowgate which obscured its frontage.
Both the National Library of Scotland and the Edinburgh Central Library have their lower floors on the Cowgate, with public access being on George IV Bridge above. Janet Boyman, executed for witchcraft on 29 December 1572. James Connolly, Irish revolutionary was born in 1868 at number 107 Cowgate. Football club Hibernian F. C. was founded by congregants of St Patrick's Roman Catholic Church in the Cowgate in August 1875 - the club was based at St Patrick's until the early 1890s, cups the club won from this period are still displayed in the church. Canon John Gray and priest was a curate at St. Patrick's. Venerable Margaret Sinclair lived at Blackfriars Street, just off the Cowgate. Map showing the Cowgate Chapter XXXI - The Cowgate in Old and New Edinburgh by James Grant, published by Cassell in the 1880s'SoCo' proposal for the Cowgate fire gap site
The Canongate is a district of Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland. The name is inherited from the burgh of the Canongate founded by David I of Scotland c.1143. It was bought by the adjacent city of Edinburgh in 1636 but it remained a semi-autonomous burgh under its own administration of bailies chosen by Edinburgh magistrates, until its formal incorporation into the city in 1856; the burgh gained its name from the route that the canons of Holyrood Abbey took to Edinburgh - the canons' way or the canons' gait, from the Scots word gait meaning "way". In more modern times, the eastern end is sometimes referred to as part of the Holyrood area of the city; as well as Queensberry House, now incorporated in the new Scottish Parliament Building complex, the Canongate contains other historic buildings including Huntly House, the Canongate Tolbooth and the Canongate Kirk, opened in 1691 replacing Holyrood Abbey as the parish church of the Canongate. The church is still used for Sunday services as well as weekday concerts.
The Canongate owes its existence to the establishment of Holyrood Abbey in 1128. King David I, who established the Abbey, gave the surrounding area to the Augustinian canons resident at Edinburgh Castle in the form of a regality; the King gave leave to the canons to establish a burgh between the abbey and Edinburgh, as it was the only burgh within the regality it was given the status of burgh of regality of Canongate. The area controlled by the abbey included the lands of Broughton, areas around the Pleasance and North Leith, giving the canons access to a port. Holyrood Palace was developed from the 14th Century onwards as successive monarchs made increasing use of the Abbey for political events such as parliaments and royal councils; the word "Pallais" appears in a reference to the royal lodgings in the reign of James IV, but they were first converted to palace buildings by James V in 1525. The burgh of Canongate had a sometimes turbulent relationship with Edinburgh; the main reason for this was the continual battle over their exact boundaries up until their unification in 1856, an event which proved unpopular with the former's townsfolk.
King James VI of Scotland's accession to the throne of England in 1603 began the long and slow decline of the Canongate. The loss of the royal court from the Holyrood Palace affected the wealth of the surrounding area; this was compounded by the union of the parliaments in 1707, as up until Edinburgh had been the location of the Parliament of Scotland with the Canongate providing a fashionable suburb for the dwellings of the political class. The North Bridge opened in 1772, provided a new and more convenient route to Leith bypassing the Canongate which had until been the main route from Edinburgh to its port of Leith via Easter Road causing more neglect to the residential area, taken over by industrial premises including breweries and a large gasworks; the Canongate was an important district during the Scottish Enlightenment because of the presence of the Canongate Theatre, of which one of the proprietors was Lord Monboddo. The philosopher David Hume performed in a play staged there. Writing in 1824, Robert Chambers said of the Canongate, "As the main avenue from the palace into the city, it has borne upon its pavements the burden of all, beautiful, all, gallant, all that has become interesting in Scotland for the last six or seven hundred years".
Sir Walter Scott writing in 1827 stated. Such is the ancient motto attached to the armorial bearings of the Canongate, and, inscribed, with greater or less propriety, upon all the public buildings, from the church to the pillory, in the ancient quarter of Edinburgh which bears, or rather once bore, the same relation to the Good Town that Westminster does to London"; the area has seen various attempts at improvements and slum clearance, including various schemes by Ebenezer James MacRae in the 1930s and Sir Robert Hurd in the 1950s in traditional style replicating original facades. Another scheme, completed in 1969, by the Basil Spence practice was in modern style but in proportion to surrounding buildings. Due to the redevelopment of the 1950s/60s the once overcrowded and poverty-stricken area suffered from serious depopulation. From the 1960s onwards the Canongate area became notably less industrial, with all of the breweries closing. Residential redevelopment began on former industrial sites in the 1990s and 2000s with flats and other commercial operations being built south of the main road, reversing the decline in population.
Whilst much of this development has a modern appearance, some attempt has been made in terms of layout to retain the "fishbone" pattern characteristic of the Royal Mile. As of 2006, the redevelopment of former industrial land to the north of the Canongate, once occupied by Victorian gasworks and a bus garage, has proved controversial due to the original proposal, now abandoned, to demolish some of the replacement buildings from the 1930s. Above all, the construction of the new Scottish Parliament Building on the site of the old Younger's Abbey Brewery has led to a resurgence of the area's vitality with the Canongate becoming the centre of Scottish political life; the Royal Mile Primary School known as Milton House Public School, is a non-denominational state school that provides primary education for 5- to 11-year-old children. It was designed in 1886 by architect for the Edinburgh Board of Education. Within the school, there is a nursery which caters for 3- to 5-year-old children; as the school is so central to the Canongate community, its pu
Cammo is a north-western suburb of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. It is south of A90, at the edge of the city 6 miles from the city centre; the name could have originated either in Scottish Gaelic or Cumbric. In the former case it would be an adjectival form of Gaelic cambas'bay. Creek'; this element would refer to a bend of the river in this context, as Cammo is inland. To the west of the housing area there is the former estate of Cammo House; the house was built for John Menzies in 1693, the surrounding parkland was laid out between 1710-26 by Sir John Clerk of Penicuik. In 1741, the estate passed to the Watsons of Saughton; the house was bequeathed to the National Trust for Scotland in 1975 but, in 1977, the house was torched twice by vandals. The house was reduced to its external ground floor walls. In 1980 the City of Edinburgh Council declared it a Wilderness Park; the Council now operates a ranger service. Cammo is thought to have been the inspiration for the "House of Shaws" in Robert Louis Stevenson's novel Kidnapped.
Cammo Tower is a 19th-century water tower for Cammo House. Other remains include the ruined stable block, a formal canal, a bridge, the lodge which now houses a small visitor centre; the grounds are now used by people for walking in, although other sections remain as farmland, used for cattle grazing. Alexander Charles Stephen zoologist lived at 17 Cammo Crescent Baillie, Simon J; the private world of Cammo Bell, Raymond MacKean Literary Corstorphine: A reader's guide to West Edinburgh, Leamington Books, Edinburgh 2017 Cant, Villages of Edinburgh volumes 1 & 2, John Donald Publishers Ltd. Edinburgh, 1986-1987. ISBN 0-85976-131-2 & ISBN 0-85976-186-X Cowper, Alexandra Stewart Corstorphine Village, 1891, Edinburgh University Extra-Mural Association Dey, W. G. Corstorphine: A Pictorial History of a Midlothian Village, Mainstream Publishing ISBN 1851583661 Harris, Stuart; the Place Names of Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Gordon Wright Publishing. P. 144. ISBN 0-903065-83-5. Sherman, Robin Old Murrayfield and Corstorphine Cammo Estate Park https://www.friendsofcammo.org
Duddingston is a former village in the east of Edinburgh, next to Holyrood Park. The estate wherein Duddingston Village now lies was first recorded in lands granted to the Abbot of Kelso Abbey by David I of Scotland between 1136–47, is described as stretching from the Crag to the Magdalene Bridge; this land grant included the settlement known by the name of Treverlen or Traverlin, in the western part of it. There are several possibilities for the etymology of "Treverlen": "tref + gwr + lên" meaning "place of the learned man" "tref + y + glyn" with lenition following the definite article, meaning "place of the learned women" "tre + war + lyn" meaning "the farm at or on the loch" "traefor llyn" meaning "settlement by the lake of reeds and/or rushes"All these names originate in the Celtic Brythonic languages, which pre-date the use of the Gaelic or Saxon tongues in Scotland, suggesting that they may go back to the time of some of the earliest settlements on Arthur's Seat; the last two names, in particular, fit well as a possible name for the Celtic crannog settlement which stood in the southernmost corner of Duddingston Loch.
The last Celtic owner of the Treverlen estates is said to have been Uviet the White who owned it from at least 1090 onwards. By 1128, though, at the founding of Holyrood Abbey, the lands of Arthur's Seat seem to have become divided between the Royal Demesne and the estates of Treverlen belonging to Uviet the White. For confirmation of what passed in 1128 at the forming of Holyrood Abbey and the passing of the lands to Kelso Abbey, we can look to the "Charter of Confirmation, Granted to the Monks of Kelso of King Malcolm IV". Malcolm IV of Scotland inherited the throne from his grandfather David I of Scotland, was called upon to confirm many such gifts of land in case of disputes; this he did, in the above-mentioned charter, confirming the given entitlement of Traverlin, with its due bounds, as Vineth and possessed and enjoyed it, with all the easements of the adjoining strother, called Cameri. Malcolm goes on to state that in his grandfather's time Alfwyn, Abbot of Halyrude and Ernald, Abbot of Kelso, came to an agreement concerning a dispute between them over The Crag, which allowed for the lands of The Crag and Traverlin to pass to the church of Kelso, in exchange for the ten-pounds-lands they had in "Hardiggasthorn, near Northamtun".
The name was superseded during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries by "Dodinestun" from "Dodin’s Estate". This name change came about just after the lands and estates were given to Kelso Abbey by David I; the Abbey feued the estate to one Dodin de Berwic, from his name, an Anglo-Norman knight. It was Dodin who changed the name of the settlement, as by 1150 he was referring to himself as "Dodin of Dodinestoun".. This last may be misleading, though, as there was a toft near Berwick-Upon-Tweed referred to as Dodin's Town, with which he is quite to have had connections. However, it seems that the names are connected through branches of the same Norman family. Thereafter the village is though not always, referred to as Duddingston, with quite a wide range of spellings. For instance, from heraldic sources we are told that in May 1290 Edward I granted a protection against proceedings for debts to William de Dodingstone, burgess of Edinburgh. With quite a different spelling, but six years we are told the name is that of a locality near Edinburgh, Eleyne de Duddynggeston, of that county, swore fealty to Edward I.
The kirk, built on the newly gifted lands went by the name Duddingston Kirk, but the name Treverlen still survived into the next century as the parish name, being confirmed as such in a list of 13 parishes belonging to Kelso in 1200, which leads one to suspect there had been a kirk on the site previously. The name has now been given to the new park being built on the site of the former Portobello High School and St John's Primary School. Duddingston Loch has been used for ice-skating and curling boasting a curling house, for several centuries. In the 17th and 18th century the village was a centre for the coal and salt mining industry, but was known for its weaving industry, in particular for a cloth known as Duddingston Hardings. Bonnie Prince Charlie held a council of war in a house in the village, shortly before the Battle of Prestonpans in 1745. In the same year, James Hamilton, 8th Earl of Abercorn purchased the Duddingston Estate from the Duke of Argyll. Lord Abercorn commissioned the architect Sir William Chambers to design Duddingston House in the Palladian style, this was completed by 1768.
The loch provided the setting for Henry Raeburn's painting of The Skating Minister, painted in the 1790s, as well as the less famous but atmospheric painting by Charles Lees called Skaters on Duddingston Loch by Moonlight. Dr. James Tytler, author and encyclopedist, lived in Duddingston. Robert Burns knew him, describing him as a mortal who wandered the precincts of Edinburgh in leaky shoes, a sky-lighted hat and unlikely breeches, who yet was responsible for at least three quarters of Elliot's Encyclopædia Britannica. In 1774 he was living on the Holyrood Abbey "sanctuary lands" to avoid his creditors. After his wife left him and their children in 1775, he was known thereafter to be co-habiting with at least one, if not two women, one of