Alabama Hills, California
Alabama Hills is an unincorporated community in the Alabama Hills, in Inyo County, California. It lies at an elevation of 4534 feet; the community was named after the CSS Alabama
Shoshone is a census designated place in Inyo County, United States. The population was 31 at the 2010 census, down from 52 at the 2000 census; the town was founded in 1910. Although small, it is notable as a southern gateway to Death Valley National Park; the commercial district of the town, including a Post Office, gas station, restaurant and coffee house, is just north of the southern intersection of California State Routes 127 and 178. Shoshone has a single 2,380 foot airstrip across SR 127 from the commercial district, it gets about 58 flights per month. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 28.7 square miles, over 99% of it land. It is 14 miles east of Epaulet Peak, at an elevation of 1585 feet. Shoshone is at the junction of California State Route 127 and California State Route 178. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Shoshone has a cold desert climates, abbreviated "BWk" on climate maps. Shoshone was founded in 1910 by a Death Valley businessman.
The town remains owned by his descendants. A post office operated at Shoshone from 1915, closed for part of 1920. Shoshone was a stop on the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad which shut down in 1940; the 2010 United States Census reported that Shoshone had a population of 31. The population density was 1.1 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Shoshone was 28 White, 1 African American, 1 Native American, 0 Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 0 from other races, 1 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0 persons; the Census reported that 31 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 17 households, out of which 2 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2 had a female householder with no husband present, 0 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 4 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 0 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6 households were made up of individuals and 4 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 1.82. There were 6 families; the population was spread out with 3 people under the age of 18, 0 people aged 18 to 24, 13 people aged 25 to 44, 10 people aged 45 to 64, 5 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males. There were 31 housing units at an average density of 1.1 per square mile, of which 17 were occupied, of which 5 were owner-occupied, 12 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 16.7%. 9 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 22 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 52 people, 26 households, 17 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 1.8 people per square mile. There were 34 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.46% White, 5.77% Native American, 5.77% from two or more races. 7.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 26 households out of which 15.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.22. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 11.5% under the age of 18, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, 38.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 56 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $66,250, the median income for a family was $61,750. Males had a median income of $31,406 versus $41,500 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $27,051. There were no families and 4.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including no one under 18 and no one over 64.
In the California State Legislature, Shoshone is in the 8th Senate District, represented by Republican Andreas Borgeas, the 26th Assembly District, represented by Republican Devon Mathis. In the United States House of Representatives, Shoshone is in California's 8th congressional district, represented by Republican Paul Cook. Shoshone Village Website Landing at Shoshone Airport The Shoshone Museum, Shoshone, CA Amargosa Conservancy, Shoshone, CA Death Valley Lodging
A frontage road is a local road running parallel to a higher-speed, limited-access road. A frontage road is used to provide access to private driveways, houses, industries or farms. Where parallel high-speed roads are provided as part of a major highway, these are known as local-express lanes. A frontage lane is a paved path, used for the transportation and travel from one street to another. Frontage lanes related to a frontage road, are common in metropolitan areas and in small rural towns. Frontage lanes are technically not classified as roads due to their purpose as a bridge from one road to another, due to the architectural standards that they are not as wide as a standard road, or used as as a standard road, street, or avenue. Frontage roads provide access to homes and businesses which would otherwise be cut off by a limited-access road and connect these locations with roads which have direct access to the main roadway. Frontage roads give indirect access to abutting property along a freeway, either preventing the commercial disruption of an urban area that the freeway traverses or allowing commercial development of abutting property.
At times, they add to the cost of building an expressway due to costs of land acquisition and the costs of paving and maintenance. However, the benefits of developing nearby real estate can more than offset the cost of building the frontage roads. Furthermore, a frontage road may be a part of an older highway, so the expense of building a frontage road may be slight, and the cost to purchase access rights from adjacent property may exceed the costs to build frontage roads. Conversely, the existence of a frontage road can increase traffic on the main road and be a catalyst for development. A backage road is a similar concept, but lies on the back side of the land parcels that abut the controlled access's right of way. Like the frontage road, it serves to provide access to those parcels as an alternative to a frontage road. There are several advantages to using frontage roads. One advantage is to separate local traffic from through traffic; when frontage roads are lacking in an urban area, the highway is used as a local road, reducing speeds and increasing congestion.
Another advantage occurs when the highway is just obstructed. This pushes traffic off the highway. Where an urban area has frontage roads, the traffic can bypass the obstruction or closure on the frontage road. Where an urban area has no frontage road, traffic is diverted onto and congests local roads, since there is no formal alternative. There are some disadvantages to using frontage roads; when frontage roads are used without controlling the access to the primary road, at every intersection where an intersecting road runs across the primary, the number of conflict points increases one fold for each frontage road, since each frontage road is itself another intersection. A highway with frontage roads can be difficult for pedestrians to cross, for a variety of reasons including, but not limited to when neither the primary road nor the crossing is elevated, or gaps in traffic are few and the intervals between those gaps is long; such examples include: US 190 in Louisiana. S. Route 69 in McAlester, Oklahoma.
A complex example is US 77/Commerce in Ardmore, Oklahoma at the Fourth Avenue intersection. Right turns from the central carriageways. Only can a vehicle make a right turn from the signal on the frontage road; the successor to the concept of service/frontage roads in urban freeways is the collector-express system, designed to handle spaced interchange ramps without disrupting through traffic. Unlike service roads, the collector lanes are high-speed full controlled-access lanes, conforming to freeway requirements; the collector lanes may be known as a collector/distributor road and slip ramps provide access to and from the express/mainline lanes. Frontage roads may feed from collector/distributor roads near some interchanges. In Argentina around Buenos Aires, frontage roads known as colectoras can be found next to freeways. Examples include Avenida General Paz, Ruta 8, Ruta 9 coming into Buenos Aires. Ontario: A freeway with a significant remaining network of service roads is the Queen Elizabeth Way.
However, most of the slip ramps between St. Catharines and Mississauga were removed during major reconstruction in the 1970s and 1990s. Service roads are no longer able to directly access the QEW. Nonetheless, the service roads are positioned too close to the QEW to widen the freeway unless all the private properties along the service road are bought out; this would be unlikely in the current political environment. The only remaining slip ramps connecting to service roads are on the QEW running through St. Catharines; these dangerous low-standard ramps are due to be replaced in a planned extensive reconstruction of the QEW, underway. Similar service roads and slip ramps exist along Highway 401 through Oshawa, but like through St. Catharines, these are in the process of being replaced with modern ramps. Highway 427 had its service roads repl
Cartago is a census-designated place in Inyo County, United States. Cartago is located on the west side of Owens Lake 3 miles north-northwest of Olancha, at an elevation of 3629 feet; the population was 92 at the 2010 census, down from 109 at the 2000 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.2 square miles, over 99% of it land. Located near the now abandoned settlement of Carthage, Cartago took its name from the Spanish name for ancient Carthage; the first post office at Cartago opened in 1918. During the heyday of mining in the area, Cartago was a steamboat port for shipment of ore; the 2010 United States Census reported that Cartago had a population of 92. The population density was 78.5 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Cartago was 63 White, 0 African American, 7 Native American, 0 Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 11 from other races, 11 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16 persons; the Census reported that 92 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized.
There were 44 households, out of which 11 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 18 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5 had a female householder with no husband present, 2 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 0 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 18 households were made up of individuals and 4 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09. There were 25 families; the population was spread out with 19 people under the age of 18, 9 people aged 18 to 24, 18 people aged 25 to 44, 30 people aged 45 to 64, 16 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 124.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 135.5 males. There were 55 housing units at an average density of 46.9 per square mile, of which 44 were occupied, of which 28 were owner-occupied, 16 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%.
58 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 34 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 109 people, 40 households, 25 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 68.7 people per square mile. There were 49 housing units at an average density of 30.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 76.15% White, 2.75% Native American, 20.18% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. 38.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 40 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.5% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.36. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 142.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 127.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $34,375, the median income for a family was $50,625. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $7,083 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $14,699. There were no families and 5.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 27.3% of those over 64. In the state legislature, Cartago is in the 8th Senate District, represented by Republican Andreas Borgeas, the 26th Assembly District, represented by Republican Devon Mathis. Federally, Cartago is in California's 8th congressional district, represented by Republican Paul Cook
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
Death Valley Junction, California
Death Valley Junction is a tiny Mojave Desert unincorporated community in Inyo County, California, at the intersection of SR 190 and SR 127, in the Amargosa Valley and just east of Death Valley National Park. The zip code is 92328, the elevation is 2,041 ft, the population fewer than 4; the default format for wired phone numbers in this community is 852-xxxx. Death Valley Junction is home to the Amargosa Opera House and Hotel, where resident Marta Becket staged dance and mime shows from the late 1960s until her last show in February 2012. Becket died in 2017; the hotel is still operating next to the opera house, but beyond these maintained areas, the town is in a state of disrepair. There is no gas station, only one restaurant, the Amargosa Cafe; the town is owned by the non-profit Amargosa Opera House Inc. which runs the Opera House and cafe The community's location, 27 miles east-southeast of Furnace Creek Inn, on the east side of Death Valley is south of Nevada's Amargosa Valley and near Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge.
East/South East, 27 miles, is Nevada. South on SR127 is the town of California; the closest straight-line distance to the Nevada state line is five miles northeast. Government documents show an effort by the Timbisha Shoshone tribal government to acquire about 7,200 acres in the area during 1999 to 2000; this includes areas for residences and the official federal sanction to use some government lands for traditional ceremonies. In 2017 the tribe constructed a cannabis grow facility on the land; the town was created in 1907 when the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad was constructed through the Amargosa Valley and a spur from their main line was built to the Lila C. borax mine in the hills to the west. The town was owned by Robert Tubb, who operated a saloon and brothel; the town first appears on the 1910 Furnace Creek Quandrangle USGS topographic map. In 1914, the Death Valley Railroad started operating between Ryan and Death Valley Junction, it carried borax until 1928. From 1923 to 1925 the Pacific Coast Borax Company constructed buildings in the town, hiring architect Alexander Hamilton McCulloch to design a Spanish Colonial Revival whistle stop centered at the hotel and office complex building, now known as the Amargosa Opera House and Hotel.
The town began to decline in the mid-20th century. However, in 1967 dancer and actress Marta Becket happened to visit due to an automobile repair, she became enamored with the theater, with help from benefactors, she leased purchased, the hotel and theater complex. The Death Valley post office opened in 1908 and transferred to Furnace Creek Ranch in 1961; the Amargosa post office opened in 1962, changed its name to Death Valley Junction in 1968. In 1980 the town was included in the National Register of Historic Places as the "Death Valley Junction Historic District." When the Death Valley Railroad was established in 1914, it used 3.19 miles of tracks belonging to the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad east-southeast of Death Valley Junction to Horton. Local wired telephones were manual telephone service until the 1980s. To reach a phone in Death Valley Junction when the area was under manual service required dialing the operator and asking for "Death Valley Junction, Toll Station". Placing an outbound call required lifting the receiver and waiting for an operator.
The operator who answered was in Los Angeles. Death Valley Junction is now in area codes 442 and 760. In the state legislature, Death Valley Junction is in the 18th Senate District, represented by Democrat Robert Hertzberg, the 26th Assembly District, represented by Republican Devon Mathis. Federally, Death Valley Junction is in California's 8th congressional district, represented by Republican Paul Cook. "Shotgun" Kitty Tubb - wife of the original owner of the town, Robert Tubb Marta Becket - retired actress, dancer and painter Harry Rosenberg - engineer, instrumental in creating useful alloys of titanium The town that Zane Grey helped build The Amargosa Opera House and Hotel Ghost Towns of Death Valley: Death Valley Junction
Aspendell is an unincorporated community in Inyo County, California. It lies at an elevation of 8409 feet. Aspendell is located at 37°14′17″N 118°35′54″W