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Liverpool

Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England. As of 2018, the population is 494,814. Liverpool is the ninth-largest English district by population, the largest in Merseyside and the Liverpool City Region, it lies within the United Kingdom's sixth-most populous urban area. Liverpool's metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in the United Kingdom, with a population of 2.24 million. Liverpool is on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary, lay within the ancient hundred of West Derby in the southwest of the county of Lancashire in North West England, it became a borough in 1207 and a city in 1880. In 1889, it became a county borough independent of Lancashire, its growth as a major port was paralleled by the expansion of the city throughout the Industrial Revolution. Along with handling general cargo and raw materials such as coal and cotton, the city merchants were involved in the Atlantic slave trade. In the 19th century, it was a major port of departure for English and Irish emigrants to North America.

Liverpool was home to both the Cunard and White Star Line, was the port of registry of the ocean liners RMS Titanic, RMS Lusitania, RMS Queen Mary, RMS Olympic. Liverpool is the seventh most visited city in the UK, it is noted for its culture and transport links. The city is associated with the arts music. Since the city has continued to produce hundreds of notable musical acts—musicians from Liverpool have produced 56 No. 1 hit singles, more than any other city in the world. Liverpool has a long-standing reputation as the origin of countless actors and actresses, comedians, novelists and sportspeople; the city has the second highest number of art galleries, national museums, listed buildings in the UK. The Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City includes the Pier Head, Albert Dock, William Brown Street. In sports, the city is best known for being the home of Premier League football clubs Liverpool and Everton, with matches between the two being known as the Merseyside derby; the annual Grand National horse race takes place at Aintree Racecourse.

Several areas of the city centre were granted World Heritage Site status by UNESCO in 2004. The city celebrated its 800th anniversary in 2007 and was named the 2008 European Capital of Culture, which it shared with the Norwegian city of Stavanger. Liverpool's status as a port city has attracted a diverse population drawn from a wide range of cultures and religions from Ireland and Wales; the city is home to the oldest Chinese community in Europe. Natives and residents of the city of Liverpool are referred to formally as Liverpudlians, but most as Scousers, a reference to "scouse", a form of stew; the word "Scouse" has become synonymous with the Liverpool accent and dialect. The name comes from the Old English lifer, meaning thick or muddy water, pōl, meaning a pool or creek, is first recorded around 1190 as Liuerpul. According to the Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, "The original reference was to a pool or tidal creek now filled up into which two streams drained"; the place appearing as Leyrpole, in a legal record of 1418, may refer to Liverpool.

Other origins of the name have been suggested, including "elverpool", a reference to the large number of eels in the Mersey while another such suggestion is derivation from Welsh llyvr pwl meaning "expanse or confluence at the pool". The adjective "Liverpudlian" is first recorded in 1833. King John's letters patent of 1207 announced the foundation of the borough of Liverpool. By the middle of the 16th century, the population was still around 500; the original street plan of Liverpool is said to have been designed by King John near the same time it was granted a royal charter, making it a borough. The original seven streets were laid out in an H shape: Bank Street, Castle Street, Chapel Street, Dale Street, Juggler Street, Moor Street and Whiteacre Street. In the 17th century there was slow progress in population growth. Battles for control of the town were waged during the English Civil War, including an eighteen-day siege in 1644. In 1699, the same year as its first recorded slave ship, Liverpool Merchant, set sail for Africa, Liverpool was made a parish by Act of Parliament, although arguably the legislation of 1695 that reformed the Liverpool council was of more significance to its subsequent development.

Since Roman times, the nearby city of Chester on the River Dee had been the region's principal port on the Irish Sea. However, as the Dee began to silt up, maritime trade from Chester became difficult and shifted towards Liverpool on the neighbouring River Mersey; as trade from the West Indies, including sugar, surpassed that of Ireland and Europe, as the River Dee continued to silt up, Liverpool began to grow with increasing rapidity. The first commercial wet dock was built in Liverpool in 1715. Substantial profits from the slave trade and tobacco helped the town to prosper and grow, although several prominent local men, including William Rathbone, William Roscoe and Edward Rushton, were at the forefront of the local abolitionist movement. By the start of the 19th century, a large volume of trade was passing through Liverpool, the construction of major buildings reflected this wealth. In 1830, Liverpool and Manchester became the first cities to have an intercity rail link, through the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.

The population co

No Nay Never

For the Irish folk song, see: The Wild Rover No Nay Never is an American Thoroughbred racehorse. As a two-year-old he was unbeaten in three races and was best known for his exploits in Europe where he won the Norfolk Stakes at Royal Ascot in England and the Prix Morny in France, he was noted for his speed over sprint distances and was rated one of the best juvenile colts to race in Europe in 2013. As a three-year-old he won the Woodford Stakes and was narrowly beaten when favorite for the Breeders' Cup Turf Sprint. No Nay Never is an unusually large bay colt bred in Kentucky by Jayne Doi David Sparrow, he was sired by Scat Daddy who won the Champagne Stakes in 2006 and the Florida Derby in 2007 before his racing career was ended by injury. Scat Daddy's other offspring include the American Oaks winner Lady of Shamrock; as a foal in November 2011, No Nay Never was consigned by Hunter Valley Farm to the Keeneland Breeding Stock sale where he was bought for $170,000 by Chestnut Valley. The colt was returned to the sales at Keeneland in September 2012 where he was sold for $95,000 to Cromwell Bloodstock.

No Nay Never was sent into training with Wesley Ward. He raced in a hood. No Nay Never made his racecourse debut in a maiden race over four and a half furlongs on the synthetic Polytrack surface at Keeneland Racecourse on April 26. Ridden by Joel Rosario he started 8/10 favourite and led from the start, winning by two lengths from Solitary Ranger, with a gap of six and a half lengths back to the rest of the nine runner field. In June, No Nay Never was sent to Europe to contest the Group Three Norfolk Stakes over five furlongs at Royal Ascot, his trainer, Wesley Ward, had had previous success at the Ascot meeting, winning the Windsor Castle Stakes with Strike the Tiger and the Queen Mary Stakes with Jealous Again in 2009. Ridden again by Rosario, No Nay Never started the 4/1 second favourite behind the Aidan O'Brien-trained Coach House in a field of fourteen runners; the American colt started poorly, bumping against the side of the starting stalls but took the lead, before being settled by Rosario.

He regained the lead inside the final furlong and won impressively by a length and a head from Coach House and Wind Fire. The winning time of 58.8 was a new course record for two-year-olds. After the race Rosario said "I'm happy to be here and it's awesome, he put it all together, took me to the lead and is a good horse". Two months No Nay Never returned to Europe for the Group One Prix Morny over 1200 m at Deauville Racecourse, despite concerns that the colt might struggle to show his best form on the soft turf, he was ridden by David Flores and started at odds of 7/4 with his main opposition expected to come from the fillies Vorda and Rizeena. The colt was among the leaders from the start before accelerating away from the field 200 m from the finish and winning by a length from Vorda, with Rizeena three quarters of a length away in third; the Racing Post described him as a "raw and explosive talent", whilst Ward expressed the opinion that his success should encourage more North American owners and trainers to try their horses in Europe.

The form of No Nay Never's win was boosted when Vorda and Rizeena won the Cheveley Park Stakes and the Moyglare Stud Stakes respectively. No Nay Never did not race again in 2013, with Wesley Ward saying that the colt would begin his 2014 campaign in North America before returning to Europe for the St James's Palace Stakes. In the official European ratings published in January 2014, No Nay Never tied with War Command as the third-best two-year-old of 2013, behind Toormore and the Cartier Award winner Kingston Hill. On his first appearance as a three-year-old, No Nay Never made his debut on dirt when he started 2/5 favourite for the Grade II Swale Stakes at Gulfstream Park on March 1, he took the lead early in the straight but was overtaken a furlong from the finish and beaten two and a half lengths by Spot. After a break of more than seven months, No Nay Never returned in the Grade III Woodford Stakes over five and a half furlongs at Keeneland Racecourse on October 4. Ridden by Mike Smith he disputed the lead from the start, went two lengths clear in the straight, held on to win by half a length from the four-year-old Mongol Bull.

After the race, Ward said that he was "leaning" towards running the colt in the Breeders' Cup Sprint. The colt's connections opted to bypass the Breeders' Cup Sprint, running instead in the Breeders' Cup Turf Sprint at Santa Anita Park on November 1. Ridden by Frankie Dettori, he started the 18/5 favourite against thirteen opponents, he took the lead inside the final furlong but was overtaken in the last strides by Bobby's Kitten and finished second in a blanket finish, half a length behind the winner. After the race Dettori said "They came so wide; the race went to plan and we just got robbed on the line". No Nay Never performs stallion duties at Coolmore Stud, his first progeny began racing in 2018. He sired more than 25 individual winners from his first crop, leading to an increase in his stud fee from €25,000 to €100,000 for the 2019 covering season. C = colt, f = filly, g = gelding No Nay Never is inbred 3 x 4 to Mr Prospector; this means that the stallion appears in both the third and the fourth generation of his pedigree

Georgian National Youth Palace

Georgian National Youth Palace the Viceregent Palace, is a historical building located on Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi, Georgia. It has served as the residence of the Imperial Viceroy of the Caucasus; the origin of the building traces its roots to the annexation of Georgia in 1801 by the Russian Empire. The palace was constructed in place of an earlier structure built for the Imperial High-Commissioner Pavel Tsitsianov, himself of Georgian origin, assigned to govern the newly-annexed lands; the current edifice was built in the mid-19th century and has since been expanded and remodeled several times to accommodate the needs of Viceroys, who were of high rank and stature, such as the Emperor's own son. In 1918, in the midst of the dissolution of the Russian Empire, the building housed the local government, the Transcaucasian Seim. On 26 May, of 1918, while the government was meeting, the Georgian representatives left the palace and, in the White Hall adjacent to the building, declared the creation of the First Georgian Republic.

In 1921, the Red Army invaded Georgia. The government of Soviet Georgia occupied the building until 1937, when it was decided to gift the building to the areas's children. On May 2, 1941 the Palace opened its doors for children. Today, there are 6 studios and 1 workshop in the Palace. In total about 550 hobby groups operate. Likani Palace Palace of Mukhrani Dadiani Palace official website