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Llanberis is a village and electoral ward in Gwynedd, northwest Wales, on the southern bank of the lake Llyn Padarn and at the foot of Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales. It is a centre for outdoor activities in Snowdonia, including walking, climbing, mountain biking and pony trekking, as well as water sports such as Scuba Diving; the community includes Nant Peris. Llanberis takes its name from an early Welsh saint, it is twinned with the Italian town of Morbegno in Lombardy. The ruins of Dolbadarn Castle, which were painted by Richard Wilson and J. M. W. Turner, stand above the village; the 13th century fortress is a grade I listed building. The church of St Padarn is grade II * listed. In the 18th century Llanberis was the home of the legendary strong woman Marged ferch Ifan. According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, the population of Llanberis was 1,844, with 74.7% of those aged 3 years and over able to speak Welsh, compared to 61.6% across Anglesey according to the Annual Population Survey.

Places of interest in and near the village include the Snowdon Mountain Railway, the National Slate Museum, the Llanberis Lake Railway, Llyn Padarn country park and Electric Mountain. Tours of Dinorwig Power Station are available from a purpose-built visitor centre; the village is a common starting point for ascents of Snowdon because the Llanberis Path begins in the village. Although it is the longest route, it is the least strenuous route to the summit following the line of the Snowdon Mountain Railway; this makes it the most popular walking route on the mountain. Dolbadarn Castle, a fortification built by the Welsh prince Llywelyn the Great during the early 13th century, is located at the base of the Llanberis Pass; the castle was important both militarily and as a symbol of Llywelyn's authority. It castle features a large stone keep, which historian Richard Avent considers "the finest surviving example of a Welsh round tower". In 1284 Dolbadarn was taken by Edward I of England, who removed some of its timbers to build his new castle at Caernarfon.

Dolbadarn was used as a manor house before falling into ruin. In the 18th and 19th century it was a popular destination for painters interested in Sublime and Picturesque landscapes, it is now owned by Cadw and managed as a tourist attraction, is protected as a grade I listed building. Llanberis Mountain Rescue Team deals with 150–200 incidents a year and is one of the busiest mountain rescue teams in the country; the team is run by volunteers who rely on donations from the public for funding. Llanberis Mountain Film Festival, held in annually in February, began in 2004, it was placed on hiatus in 2019 due to a lack of funding. It is the home of the Slateman Triathlon, it attracts over many more spectators over two days. It is a mountain triathlon which begins in Llyn Padarn, follows on the bike up to Capel Curig, finishes with a run in the Snowdonian mountains, it is the start and finish of the Snowdonia Marathon Bus services to Llanberis are provided by Arriva Buses Wales and Gwynfor Coaches. Former operator Padarn Bus, which went into receivership in 2014, was based in the town and ran several routes to it, including a number of open-top routes.

Another local bus company, Express Motors, based in Penygroes, ran services to Llanberis but had its bus licence revoked in 2017. The village used to be served by Llanberis railway station on a branch line of the Carnarvonshire Railway. Passenger services ceased in 1932; the heritage Snowdon Mountain Railway and Llanberis Lake Railway both have stations in the town, but serve as tourist attractions rather than local transport links. Llanberis Pass St Padarn's Church, Llanberis Llanberis' Website Llanberis Tourism Llanberis Mountain Rescue - Online home of the country's busiest mountain rescue team photos of Llanberis and surrounding area

Leticia González

Leticia González Herrero is a theoretical chemist, known for her work on molecular excited states ultrafast dynamics of DNA nucleobases and accurate simulations of transition metal complexes. Leticia González was born in Madrid and studied chemistry from 1989 to 1994 at the Autonomous University of Madrid. In 1995, she earned her master's degree from King's College London, she returned to Autonomous University of Madrid for her PhD, which she earned in 1998. She moved to the Free University of Berlin and completed her Habilitation in 2004. In 2007, she was appointed Professor for Theoretical and Physical Chemistry at the University of Jena. In 2011, she became Full Professor for Computational Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry and Scientific Computing at the University of Vienna. 2018: Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Lorraine 2014: Löwdin lecturer 2011: Dirac Medal of the WATOC 2006: Heisenberg Stipendium, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft 2005: Guest Professorship Award, Berliner Frauenförderung 2005: SIGMA-ALDRICH Award for best Young Researchers, Spanish Royal Society of Chemistry, Spain 1999: Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship 1999: Premio Extraordinario de Doctorado 1998/1999, Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Homepage of Leticia González' group at the University of Vienna ResearcherID profile Orcid profile

Aarno Maliniemi

Aarno Henrik Maliniemi was a Finnish historian, professor in church history at Helsinki University 1945–1960. Maliniemi was an expert on the medieval church, he studied early Finnish literature, was editor of a number of publications and bibliographies. Maliniemi was born in Oulu, he was awarded a doctor honoris causa by University of Uppsala in 1952 and by University of St Andrews in 1960. He died in Helsinki, aged 80. Der Heiligenkalender Finnlands Studier i Vadstena klosters bibliotek S. G. Elmgrenin muistiinpanot De Sancto Henrico Birgittalaisuudesta sekä kohtia Naantalin luostarin historiasta Zur Kenntnis des Breviarium Aboense Biografiakeskus: Photo Aarno Maliniemi

Morva Hadaf

Morva Hadaf is one of the 182 legislative assembly constituencies of the state of Gujarat, India. It is located in Panchmahal district; the seat was formed after the delimitation exercise of 2008 and is reserved for members of Scheduled Tribes. This assembly seat represents the following segments, Morva Taluka Santrampur Taluka Villages – Sandh Paliya, Mankodiya, Kalibel Navaghara, Padhariya, Kanbina Moyla, Chunthana Muvada, Rafai, Nasikpur, Moyala Pad, Dhamotna Moyla, Charada, Nan Salai, Rambhemna Muvada, Vankdi, Kenpur, Umber, Motirel, Ora, Ambaliyat, Sarasva, Doli, Babri, Jaldada, Limdi Godhra Taluka Villages – Bhamaiya, Mirap, Gollav Devgad Baria Taluka of Dahod District Village – Gamdi 2012 - Savitaben Khant, Indian National Congress 2013 - Nimisha Sutar, Bharatiya Janata Party 2017 - Bhupendrasinh Vechatbhai Khant, Independent List of constituencies of Gujarat Legislative Assembly

Mesca Ulad

Mesca Ulad is a narrative from the Ulster Cycle preserved in the 12th century manuscripts the Book of Leinster and in the Lebor na hUidre. The title Mesca Ulad occurs only in the Book of Leinster version; the story is set during Samhain, follows the Uliad as they attempt to attend two feasts in the same night: the first at Dún Dá Bhenn to the north, the second at Cúchulainn's fortress in Dún Delgan to the east. The men become intoxicated at the first head south towards Kerry by accident. In Kerry, they are shown false hospitality by their traditional enemies the Munstermen, who offer them a place to stay; the Ulaid accept, the Munstermen light a bonfire beneath the wood and iron structure. The Ulaids survive. Book of Leinster: p 261b-268b. Second part missing. Middle Irish version. Lebor na hUidre: p 19a-20b. First part missing. Old Irish version. G4 or Yellow Book of Lecan: col. 959-972. Ed. XL or Adv. 72.1.40: p 49-68 Hennessy, William M.. Mesca Ulad: or, the Intoxication of the Ultonians. Todd Lecture Series 1.

Dublin, 1889. Based on LU and LL; the translation is reprinted in: The Cuchullin Saga in Irish literature. London, 1898. P. Cross and C. H. Slover. New York, 1936. 215–38. Watson, J. Carmichael. Mesca Ulad. Mediaeval and Modern Irish Series 13. Dublin, 1941. Based on LU and LL, with variants from YBL and Ed. XL. Edition available from CELT. Mac Gearailt, Uaitéar. "The Edinburgh Text of Mesca Ulad." Ériu 37: 133–80. Based on Ed. XL. Watson, J. Carmichael. "Mesca Ulad". Scottish Gaelic Studies 5: 1-34. Koch, John T.. In The Celtic Heroic Age, ed. John T. Koch and John Carey. 3d ed. Andover, 2000. 106–27. Provisional translation based on Watson's edition. Gantz, Jeffrey. "The Intoxication of the Ulaid." In: Early Irish Myths and Sagas. Harmondsworth, 1981. 188–217. Guyonvarc'h, C.-J.. "L'ivresse des Ulates." Ogam 12: 487-506. Carey, John. "Vernacular Irish Learning: Three Notes." Éigse 24: 37–44. de Paor, Áine. "The common authorship of some Book of Leinster texts." Ériu 9: 118–46. Ó Concheanainn, Tomás. "The manuscript tradition of Mesca Ulad."

Celtica 19: 13–30. Sayers, William. "Three charioteering gifts in Táin Bó Cúailnge and Mesca Ulad: immorchor deland, foscul díriuch, léim dar boilg." Ériu 32: 163–7. Sayers, William. "Portraits of the Ulster Hero Conall Cernach: A Case for Waardenburg's Syndrome?" Emania 20: 75–80. Thurneysen, Rudolf. Zu irischen Handschriften und Litteraturdenkmälern. Zweite Serie. Abhandlungen der königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen 14.3. Berlin, 1913. See no. 17 for Mesca Ulad. Watson, J. Carmichael. "Mesca Ulad: the redactor's contribution to the version." Ériu 13: 95-112

StopWatch (campaign)

StopWatch is a joint venture between a range of civil society organisations and human rights groups and campaigners. StopWatch was established to address concerns about the use of Stop and Search powers by police in the UK with regards to law, community relations and civil rights, its primary target is addressing the significant ethnic dis-proportionality in the use of stop and search. It aims to promote more effective methods of policing that do not have the same impact upon civil liberties and community relations; the StopWatch Campaign involves: Equanomics UK. StopWatch formed in the summer of 2010 in response to concerns about the use of a variety of stop and search powers. Following a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights that the power to search people without suspicion was illegal, amendments to Section 44 powers were proposed by the new Home Secretary Theresa May. Police officers were, in certain defined areas, able to use anti-terrorism legislation to stop people without requiring reasonable suspicion that they were involved in terrorism.

Under the new proposals police officers would no longer have this license. However, StopWatch has drawn attention to changes to the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 which would remove requirements for the collection of key data such as name, whether any injury or damage resulted from the incident. StopWatch was launched on the 18 October 2010 by the Reverend Jesse Jackson at Kings College London. Reverend Jackson's has addressed similar issues in the US with his Rainbow PUSH coalition in New York. One of StopWatch's key targets is a 50 % reduction in dis-proportionality in search figures. Since StopWatch formed statistics were released indicating that Black people were 26 times more to be stopped and searched. Members of StopWatch have stated that their aim is not to eliminate stop and search powers per se, rather to help create a more responsible, measured approach to its use and to Police officers’ interaction with the public generally. StopWatch official website