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Lock Haven, Pennsylvania

Lock Haven is the county seat of Clinton County, in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. Located near the confluence of the West Branch Susquehanna River and Bald Eagle Creek, it is the principal city of the Lock Haven Micropolitan Statistical Area, itself part of the Williamsport–Lock Haven combined statistical area. At the 2010 census, Lock Haven's population was 9,772. Built on a site long favored by pre-Columbian peoples, Lock Haven began in 1833 as a timber town and a haven for loggers and other travelers on the river or the West Branch Canal. Resource extraction and efficient transportation financed much of the city's growth through the end of the 19th century. In the 20th century, a light-aircraft factory, a college, a paper mill, along with many smaller enterprises, drove the economy. Frequent floods in 1972, damaged local industry and led to a high rate of unemployment in the 1980s; the city has three sites on the National Register of Historic Places—Memorial Park Site, a significant pre-Columbian archaeological find.

A levee, completed in 1995, protects the city from further flooding. While industry remains important to the city, about a third of Lock Haven's workforce is employed in education, health care, or social services; the earliest settlers in Pennsylvania arrived from Asia between 12000 BCE and 8000 BCE, when the glaciers of the Pleistocene Ice Age were receding. Fluted point spearheads from this era, known as the Paleo-Indian Period, have been found in most parts of the state. Archeological discoveries at the Memorial Park Site 36Cn164 near the confluence of the West Branch Susquehanna River and Bald Eagle Creek collectively span about 8,000 years and represent every major prehistoric period from the Middle Archaic to the Late Woodland period. Prehistoric cultural periods over that span included the Middle Archaic starting at 6500 BCE. First contact with Europeans occurred in Pennsylvania between 1500 and 1600 CE. In the early 18th century, a tribal confederacy known as the Six Nations of the Iroquois, headquartered in New York, ruled the Indian tribes of Pennsylvania, including those who lived near what would become Lock Haven.

Indian settlements in the area included three Munsee villages on the 325-acre Great Island in the West Branch Susquehanna River at the mouth of Bald Eagle Creek. Four Indian trails, the Great Island Path, the Great Shamokin Path, the Bald Eagle Creek Path, the Sinnemahoning Path, crossed the island, a fifth, Logan's Path, met Bald Eagle Creek Path a few miles upstream near the mouth of Fishing Creek. During the French and Indian War, colonial militiamen on the Kittanning Expedition destroyed Munsee property on the Great Island and along the West Branch. By 1763, the Munsee had abandoned other villages in the area. With the signing of the first Treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1768, the British gained control from the Iroquois of lands south of the West Branch. However, white settlers continued to appropriate land, including tracts in and near the future site of Lock Haven, not covered by the treaty. In 1769, Cleary Campbell, the first white settler in the area, built a log cabin near the present site of Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania, by 1773 William Reed, another settler, had built a cabin surrounded by a stockade and called it Reed's Fort.

It was the westernmost of 11 primitive forts along the West Branch. In response to settler incursions, encouraged by the British during the American Revolution, Indians attacked colonists and their settlements along the West Branch. Fort Reed and the other white settlements in the area were temporarily abandoned in 1778 during a general evacuation known as the Big Runaway. Hundreds of people fled along the river about 50 miles from Fort Reed. In 1784, the second Treaty of Fort Stanwix, between the Iroquois and the United States, transferred most of the remaining Indian territory in Pennsylvania, including what would become Lock Haven, to the state; the U. S. acquired the last remaining tract, the Erie Triangle, through a separate treaty and sold it to Pennsylvania in 1792. Lock Haven was laid out as a town in 1833, it became the county seat in 1839, when Clinton County was created out of parts of Lycoming and Centre counties. Incorporated as a borough in 1840 and as a city in 1870, Lock Haven prospered in the 19th century because of timber and transportation.

The forests of Clinton County and counties upriver held a huge supply of white pine and hemlock as well as oak, maple, cherry and magnolia. The wood was used locally for such things as frame houses, canal boats, wooden bridges, whole logs were floated to Chesapeake Bay and on to Baltimore, to make spars for ships. Log driving and log rafting, competing forms of transporting logs to sawmills, began along the West Branch around 1800. By 1830 before the founding of the town, the lumber industry was well established; the West Branch Canal, which opened in 1834, ran 73 miles from Northumberland to Farrandsville, about 5 miles upstream from Lock Haven. A state-funded extension called the Bald Eagle Cut ran from the West Branch through Lock Haven and Flemington to Bald Eagle Creek. A funded extension, the Bald Eagle and Spring Creek Navigation, eventually


Vignan Institute of Technology and Management is an engineering college in southern Odisha. It was established in 2009 by Naveen Patnaik, the chief minister of Odisha; the college has one workshop. It is a constituent college of Biju Patnaik University of Technology; this college was named after the creator of modern Odisha. The college provides 4 years Bachelor of Technology degrees in 6 disciplines of engineering: Civil Engineering, Computer Science Engineering and Telecommunication Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Electrical and Electronics Engineering and Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering. A three-year B. Tech degree for diploma holders as lateral entries is offered. All courses are full-time; the college provides 2 years Master of Technology degrees in 2 specializations: Machine Design and ETCEand Master of Business Administration degree Each academic year consists of two semesters and a summer term. The education system is organized around a credit system, which ensures continuous evaluation of a student's performance and provides flexibility to choose courses to suit the student's ability or convenience.

Each course is assigned credits depending upon the class hours. Intake into different degree courses in this institute is made only through a "Joint Entrance Examination" conducted each year by the government of Odisha; this year ojee sought its admission through jee-main known as "AIEEE". The details of the eligibility, medical requirements, procedure for admission etc. are given as per the information brochure of "OJEE"-2015. The college has year on year excellent placements. In the placement season 2014-15, the highest salary package had been Rs 3.2 Lakhs per annum offered to 5 students by TCS through off campus placements and rest of students are in good position. Although looking to the placement is not as per expectation but the pass out batches of 2013 and 2014 students are well placed in top MNC like IBM, TCS, COGNIZANT, CAPGEMINI, INFOSYS, ACCENTURE, ARICENT and in various public service like barc and most of the student pursuing their mtech studies in various iits, nits.../ But nowadays no placement available Registration is required at the beginning of each semester.

Students are allowed to appear for examination for registered courses only, should consult with the respective department heads for guidance before registration. Students are eligible to appear for examinations provided they attend a minimum of 75 per cent of their theory and sessional classes scheduled during the semester. Four existing branches and three new branches are offered by B. TECH: An additional department of Basic Science and Humanities is available; this department includes Mathematics, Chemistry, English and Management

New York's 13th congressional district

New York's 13th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in New York City, represented by Adriano Espaillat. The district is the smallest Congressional district by area in the U. S; the 13th district comprises a small portion of the western Bronx. The district includes the neighborhoods of Harlem, Marble Hill, Spanish Harlem, Washington Heights, portions of Morningside Heights and the Upper West Side; the Apollo Theater and Grant's Tomb are located within this district. From 2003 to 2013, the district included all of Staten Island and the neighborhoods of Bay Ridge, Dyker Heights, Gravesend in Brooklyn. Most of the territory located within the old 13th district is now located in New York's 11th congressional district. Various New York districts have been numbered "13" over the years, including areas in New York City and various parts of upstate New York. 1803-1809: Montgomery1847-1849: Albany1913-1945: Parts of Manhattan1945-1993: Parts of Brooklyn1993–2013: All of Staten Island Parts of Brooklyn2013–present: Parts of Manhattan, The Bronx In New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum.

Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, the final candidate votes. List of United States congressional districts New York's congressional districts United States congressional delegations from New York Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present 1996 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 1998 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2000 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2002 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2004 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives 2006 New York Election Results The New York Times 2008 New York Congress Returns, New York State Board of Elections Election Results 2010 The New York Times

Uttarakhand Police

The Uttarakhand Police is the law enforcement agency for the state of Uttarakhand in India. Uttarakhand Police comes under the direct control of Department of Home Affairs, Government of Uttarakhand; the Uttarakhand Police is headed by Director General of Police. Officers Director General of Police Additional Director General of Police Inspector General of Police Deputy Inspector General of Police Senior Superintendent of Police Superintendent of Police Additional Superintendent of Police Assistant SP or Deputy SP Sub-ordinates Inspector of Police Sub-Inspector of Police Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police Head Constable Senior Constable Constable

Blake Debassige

Blake Debassige is a Native Canadian artist of the M'Chigeeng First Nation, born at West Bay on Manitoulin Island in Ontario on June 22, 1956. A leading member of the "second generation" of Ojibwa artists influenced by Norval Morrisseau, Debassige has broadened the stylistic and thematic range of this group. Debassige's paintings and graphics investigate traditional Anishabek teachings about the nature of cosmic order, the cycles of the seasons, the interdependence of animal and human life and the common principles at work in the world's great spiritual systems, he relates these themes to contemporary problems such as the destruction of the environment, the alienation of native youth and family dysfunction. Debassige married the Cree painter Shirley CheeChoo in 1978. Debosegai and toured by the Thunder Bay Art Gallery, July 12-September 8, 1985 The art of the Anishnawbek: three perspectives: exhibition held at the Royal Ontario Museum, 9 March 1996-Spring 1997 Political landscapes # two:sacred and secular sites: an exhibition of work by thirteen artists from two communities, co-curated by Debassige and Stephen Hogbin and hosted at the Tom Thomson Memorial Art Gallery, August 23-September 22, 1991 and the Ojibway Cultural Foundation and Kasheese Studio, West Bay, Manitoulin Island, Sept. 27-Oct.

20, 1991 Woodlands: Contemporary Art of the Anishnabe, curated by the Thunder Bay Art Gallery July 7-September 3, 1989 Manitoulin Island: The Third Layer, curated by the Thunder Bay Art Gallery April 3-May 24, 1987 Last Camp, First Song: Indian Art from the Royal Ontario Museum, curated by the Thunder Bay Art Gallery, June 15-July 31, 1983 Anishnabe mee-kun: a circulating exhibition of art by Anishnabe artists of the Manitoulin Island area. Exhibition held at West Bay, Manitoulin Island, Sept. 15-Oct. 20, 1980 McMichael Canadian Art Collection Ojibwe Cultural Foundation, Manitoulin Island Blake Debassige - Canadian Heritage Information Network Blake Debassige - Canadian Encyclopedia entry Smith, Theresa S.. "Beyond the Woodlands: Four Manitoulin Painters Speak Their Minds". American Indian Quarterly. 18: 1–24. Doi:10.2307/1185726. ISSN 0095-182X. JSTOR 1185726. Retrieved 2020-01-18. Penney, David W. Before and after the Horizon: Anishinaabe Artists of the Great Lakes. ISBN 978-1-58834-452-6. Roos, Stephanie Gaudette.

"Negotiating the line between native and Christian: Blake Debassige's Tree of life in context"

Smolny Convent

Smolny Convent or Smolny Convent of the Resurrection, located on Ploschad Rastrelli, on the bank of the River Neva in Saint Petersburg, consists of a cathedral and a complex of buildings surrounding it intended for a convent. This Russian Orthodox convent was built to house the daughter of Peter the Great. After she was disallowed succession to the throne, she opted to become a nun. However, her Imperial predecessor, Ivan VI, was overthrown during a coup d'état. Elizabeth accepted the offer of the Russian throne. Work on the convent continued with her royal patronage; the convent's main church, a blue-and-white building, is considered to be one of the architectural masterpieces of the Italian architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli, who redesigned the Winter Palace, created the Grand Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo, the Grand Palace in Peterhof and many other major St. Petersburg landmarks; the Cathedral is the centerpiece of the convent, built by Rastrelli between 1748 and 1764. The projected bell-tower was to become the tallest building in St. Petersburg and, at the time, all of Russia.

Elizabeth's death in 1762 prevented Rastrelli from completing this grand design. When Catherine II assumed the throne, it was found that the new Empress disapproved of the baroque style, funding that had supported the construction of the convent ran out. Rastrelli was unable to build the huge bell-tower he had planned and unable to finish the interior of the cathedral; the building was only finished in 1835 by Vasily Stasov with the addition of a neo-classical interior to suit the changed architectural tastes at the time. The cathedral was consecrated on 22 July 1835; the church was closed by the Soviet authorities in 1923. It was allowed to decay until 1982, when it became a concert hall; the faculties of sociology, political science and international relations of the Saint Petersburg State University are located in some of the buildings surrounding the cathedral. In April 2015 Smolny Cathedral was returned to the Russian Orthodox Church, will be converted back to its original purpose as a church.

The nearby Smolny Institute is named after the convent. The name "Smolny" derives from the location. In the early days of St. Petersburg the place at the edge of the city where pitch was processed for use in shipbuilding and maintenance; as a result, the locale was called "smolny" - the place of pitch. Smolny Cathedral