London is a city in southwestern Ontario, along the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor. The city had a population of 383,822 according to the 2016 Canadian census. London is at the confluence of the Thames River 200 km from both Toronto and Detroit; the city of London is a separated municipality, politically separate from Middlesex County, though it remains the county seat. London and the Thames were named in 1793 by John Graves Simcoe, who proposed the site for the capital city of Upper Canada; the first European settlement was between 1804 by Peter Hagerman. The village was founded in 1826 and incorporated in 1855. Since London has grown to be the largest southwestern Ontario municipality and Canada's 11th largest metropolitan area, having annexed many of the smaller communities that surrounded it. London is a regional centre of healthcare and education, being home to the University of Western Ontario, Fanshawe College, several hospitals; the city hosts a number of musical and artistic exhibits and festivals, which contribute to its tourism industry, but its economic activity is centred on education, medical research and information technology.
London's university and hospitals are among its top ten employers. London lies at the junction of Highway 401 and 402, connecting it to Toronto and Sarnia, it has an international airport and train and bus stations. Prior to European settlement, the present site of London was occupied by several Neutral and Ojibwe villages, which were driven out by the Iroquois by circa 1654 in the Beaver Wars. Archaeological investigations in the region show that indigenous people have resided in the area for at least 10,000 years; the current location of London was selected as the site of the future capital of Upper Canada in 1793 by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe, who named the village, founded in 1826. It did not become the capital Simcoe envisioned. Rather, it was an administrative seat for the area west of York. Locally, it was part of the Talbot Settlement, named for Colonel Thomas Talbot, the chief coloniser of the area, who oversaw the land surveying and built the first government buildings for the administration of the western Ontario peninsular region.
Together with the rest of southwestern Ontario, the village benefited from Talbot's provisions not only for building and maintaining roads but for assignment of access priorities to main routes to productive land. Crown and clergy reserves received preference in the rest of Ontario. In 1814, the Battle of Longwoods took place during the War of 1812 in what is now southwest London at Reservoir Hill Hungerford Hill. In 1832, the new settlement suffered an outbreak of cholera. London proved a centre of strong Tory support during the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837, notwithstanding a brief rebellion led by Charles Duncombe; the British government located its Ontario peninsular garrison there in 1838, increasing its population with soldiers and their dependents, the business support populations they required. London was incorporated as a town in 1840. On 13 April 1845, a fire destroyed much of London, largely constructed of wooden buildings. One of the first casualties was the town's only fire engine.
The fire burned nearly 30 acres of land, destroying 150 buildings, before it burned itself out that day. One fifth of London was destroyed in the province's first million-dollar fire. Sir John Carling, Tory MP for London, gave three events to explain the development of London in a 1901 speech: the location of the court and administration in London in 1826, the arrival of the military garrison in 1838, the arrival of the railway in 1853; the population in 1846 was 3,500. Brick buildings included a jail and court house, large barracks. London had a fire company, a theatre, a large Gothic church, nine other churches or chapels, two market buildings. In 1845, a fire destroyed 150 buildings but most had been rebuilt by 1846. Connection with other communities was by road using stages that ran daily. A weekly newspaper was published and mail was received daily by the post office. On 1 January 1855, London was incorporated as a city. In the 1860s, a sulphur spring was discovered at the forks of the Thames River while industrialists were drilling for oil.
The springs became a popular destination for wealthy Ontarians, until the turn of the 20th century when a textile factory was built at the site, replacing the spa. Records from 1869 indicate a population of about 18,000 served by three newspapers, churches of all major denominations and offices of all the major banks. Industry included several tanneries, oil refineries and foundries, four flour mills, the Labatt Brewing Company and the Carling brewery in addition to other manufacturing. Both the Great Western and Grand Trunk railways had stops here. Several insurance companies had offices in the city; the Crystal Palace Barracks, built in 1861, an octagonal brick building with eight doors and forty-eight windows, was used for events such the Provincial Agricultural Fair of Canada West held in London that year. It was visited by Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor-General John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar and Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald. Long before the Royal Military College of Canada was established in 1876, there were proposals for military colleges in Canada.
Staffed by British Regulars, adult male students underwent three-month-long military courses from 1865 at the School of Military Instruction in London. Established by Militia General Order in 1865, the school enabled Off
Eva Baltasar is a Catalan poet and writer. She has a bachelor's degree in Pedagogy from the University of Barcelona, she has published ten books of poetry, which have earned numerous awards including the 2008 Miquel de Palol, the 2010 Benet Ribas, the 2015 Gabriel Ferrater. Permafrost is her first novel, it received the 2018 Catalan Booksellers Award. Permagel. Club Editor, 2018 Laia. Columna, 2008 Atàviques feres. Cossetània Edicions, 2009 Reclam. Institut d'Estudis 2010 Dotze treballs. Pagès, 2011 Medi aquàtic. Pagès, 2011 Poemes d'una embarassada. Pagès, 2012 Vida limitada. Món de Llibres, 2013 Animals d'hivern. Edicions 62, 2016 Neutre. Bromera, 2017 Invertida. Lleonard Muntaner, 2017 Permafrost. Penguin Random House, 2018 2008 Miquel de Palol Prize for Laia 2008 Ramon Comas i Maduell Prize for Atàviques feres 2010 Benet Ribas Prize for Dotze treballs 2010 Les Talúries Prize for Reclam 2010 Màrius Torres Prize for Medi aquàtic 2011 Jordi Pàmias Prize for Poemes d'una embarassada 2013 Miquel Àngel Riera Prize for Vida limitada 2015 Gabriel Ferrater Prize for Animals d'hivern 2016 Mallorca Prize for Invertida 2016 Ibn Jafadja Prize for Neutre 2018 Llibreter Award for Permagel 2018 L'illa dels llibres Award for Permagel
Combe railway station serves the village of Combe in Oxfordshire, England. It is on the Cotswold Line; this station and all trains serving. On weekdays, one train a day in each direction serves the station: the 08:13 to Didcot Parkway and the 17:35 to Moreton-in-Marsh. There are no trains at weekends, it was opened as Combe Halt by the Great Western Railway in 1935 having two platforms. In 2012, it was equipped with the modern Customer Information display screen now found on most First Great Western stations, plus an automatic train announcement system; the station is about half a mile from the hamlet of Combe East End. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Robertson, Kevin.
Great Western Railway Halts. 1. Pinner: Irwell Press. ISBN 1-871608-17-1