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Quebec City–Windsor Corridor

The Quebec City–Windsor Corridor is the most densely populated and industrialized region of Canada. As its name suggests, the region extends between Quebec City in the northeast and Windsor, Ontario in the southwest, spanning 1,150 kilometres. With more than 18 million people, it contains about half of the country's population, three of Canada's five largest metropolitan areas and eight of Canada's twelve largest metropolitan areas, all based on the 2016 census. In its relative importance to Canada's economic and political infrastructure, it has many similarities to the Northeast megalopolis in the United States; the name was first popularized by Via Rail, which runs frequent passenger rail service in the region in its service area known as "The Corridor". The corridor extends from Quebec City, Quebec, in the northeast to Windsor, Ontario, in the southwest, running north of the Saint Lawrence River, Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. For most of its length, the corridor runs through a narrow strip of farmland with the Canadian Shield to the north and the Appalachian Mountains or the Great Lakes to the south.

A drive of only a few minutes north from cities or towns along the eastern two-thirds of the corridor will show an abrupt change from flat farmland and limestone bedrock to the granite hills of the shield. The highways in this part of the corridor run right on the boundary of the shield, it is possible to observe the frequent change from limestone to granite in rockcuts along the way. There are, several wider areas of flat farmland, including the southwestern Ontario peninsula between Lake Huron and Lake Erie, the eastern Ontario delta from Ottawa to the junction of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence Rivers at Montreal, the Eastern Townships southeast of Montreal. There is a minor Great Lakes corridor of stratified limestone called the Niagara Escarpment; because of the moderating influence of the Great Lakes and the frequent influx of warm, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico, the corridor—particularly the western half—has a markedly warmer climate than the rest of central Canada. The rich soil and the warm climate mean that the flora and fauna in the corridor are similar to those in the deciduous forests of the eastern United States as far south as Virginia, rather than the evergreen boreal forest that covers most of central Canada up to the Arctic.

The forest in southwestern Ontario is referred to as Carolinian forest. According to the 2006 Canadian Census, more than 94% of Ontario's population lives in its portion of the corridor. Nearly half of Quebec's population lives in or close to Montreal and Quebec City. About half of Canada's total population live between Quebec Windsor; the three major census metropolitan areas in the Corridor are: Greater Toronto Area Greater Montreal National Capital Region The remaining census metropolitan areas along the corridor are: Other significant urban areas along the corridor include: Belleville, Chatham-Kent and Sarnia. During the French colonization, this area of New France was named Canada and was a single administrative unit under the governor-general. However, only the eastern third of the corridor, from Quebec City to Montreal, was settled; the major cross-country route used by voyageurs in the fur trade continued west from Montreal through the Canadian Shield along the Ottawa Valley to Lake Nipissing and Georgian Bay, passing far to the north of what would become the Ontario part of the corridor.

The lack of good farmland made that route unsuitable for settlement and the frequent portages made transportation in boats larger than canoes difficult. When the English-speaking United Empire Loyalists arrived in Canada after the American Revolution, they settled along the narrow strip north of the St. Lawrence River and lower Great Lakes, where good farm land was available and larger boats could be used for transportation, these people formed the English-speaking nucleus of what would be Ontario. Kingston was the principal city of the English half of the corridor, but Toronto outgrew it. During both the North American part of the Seven Years' War between Great Britain and France and the War of 1812 between United Kingdom and the United States, settlements along the corridor were at the centre of the conflicts. Ottawa was chosen as Canada's capital by Queen Victoria because it was further inland and thus less vulnerable to attack, though it is now considered part of the corridor; the Rideau Canal was constructed to provide a way to bypass the most vulnerable part of the corridor, from Cornwall to Kingston, where it lies directly on the U.

S. border. The construction of the Saint Lawrence Seaway during the late 1950s made it possible for some ocean-going vessels to travel the full length of the corridor and beyond to the upper Great Lakes, but resulted in the destruction of several villages in the Eastern Ontario portion of the corridor; the corridor is held together by a series of major transportation routes – water, road and air — all running close together and sometimes overlapping each other. These routes are anchored by Ontario Highway 401, the busiest highway in North America from Windsor leading into Quebec Autoroute 20 to Montreal and Quebec City; the oldest transportation route is the St. Lawrence River and Great Lakes, where the series of channels and locks that make up the St. Lawrence Seaway allow oce

Plauer See (Brandenburg)

Plauer See is a lake in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated to the west of the city of Brandenburg an der Havel, is one of a number of directly linked lakes, along with the Breitlingsee, Möserscher See and Wendsee; the lake has a surface area of 6.4 square kilometres, has a maximum depth of 6.7 metres. The navigable River Havel flows through the lake, entering from directly from the Breitlingsee, exiting downstream at Plaue; the Elbe–Havel Canal connects to the River Havel in the Plauer See, having transited the Wendsee. The Silo Canal enters the Plauer See via the Quenzsee. Navigation is administered as part of the Untere Havel–Wasserstraße. Media related to Plauer See at Wikimedia Commons

Cameron Dummigan

Cameron Dummigan is a Northern Irish professional footballer who plays as a defender for NIFL Premiership side Crusaders on loan from Irish side Dundalk. Born in Lurgan, County Armagh, Dummigan attended St Paul's Junior High School in the town and played for junior side Sunnyside,and local GAA side St Pauls before signing for Cliftonville. In July 2012, he was recruited by Championship side Burnley, signing a two-year scholarship with the club. Dummigan impressed during his time in the youth team winning the Player of the Year Award in his first season with the club. In the 2013–14 season he was fast-tracked into the Development Squad and featured on the bench as an unused substitute for first team matches against Watford and Southampton. In April 2014, he signed his first professional contract, signing a two-year deal until 2016. Dummigan was promoted to the first team in the summer of 2014 after Burnley had won promotion to the Premier League, was an unused substitute for the opening game against Chelsea, which ended in a 3–1 defeat.

He did however spend the majority of the season playing with the Development Squad featuring in friendlies. He started the 2015–16 season as back-up right back to Tendayi Darikwa, following the injury to Matt Lowton in pre-season, featuring on the bench for the first two games of the season. In October 2015, he was sent out on loan to League One side Oldham Athletic on a one-month youth loan deal, he made his professional debut in the 3–3 draw away to Gillingham, playing the full ninety minutes. At the end of the 2017–18 season, when Oldham were relegated to League Two, the club exercised an option to extend his contract. Dummigan has been capped at under-19 and under-21 level for Northern Ireland; as of match played 22 February 2019 Cameron Dummigan at Soccerbase

Associazione di Fondazioni e di Casse di Risparmio S.p.A.

Associazione di Fondazioni e di Casse di Risparmio S.p. A. is an Italian banking association. The members were the savings banks of Italy, or the foundation that originate from the reform trigger by Legge Amato. Banks originated from mounts of piety joined; the association was found in 1912 as Associazione fra le Casse di Risparmio Italiane. Due to Legge Amato, the savings banks became banking foundations and their respective "companies by shares". After 25 years of merger and acquisitions, only 24 member banks survived, with only 8 of them were owned by their original banking foundations, plus Banca Carige that went publicly owned; the rest of the savings bank that survived from their establishments until 1991, became part of Intesa Sanpaolo, UniCredit, Banco BPM, UBI Banca, BPER Banca, Banca Popolare di Bari, Credito Valtellinese, Banca Carige, Banca di Asti, Crédit Agricole Italia and other banking group. Moreover, two more savings banks and Biverbanca were not members of ACRI; the surviving banks were either independent banks, subsidiaries or minority owned by major banking group.

ACRI members owned 18.4% stake collectively in Cassa Depositi e Prestiti. The members involved in the investment fund F2i First and Second Fund. In 2015 85 out of 86 member foundations of ACRI had signed a memorandum of understanding with Ministry of Economy and Finance for the new regulation on the assets of the foundations. According to ACRI, the collective shareholders' equity of 87 out of 88 foundations were €41,243,344,914. However, the value of the assets were based on the historic price, such as the price of the shares of the bank. In 2016 the foundations were invited to invest back to banking sector by joining the private equity fund Atlante that aiming to recapitalize the weak bank and purchase the securitizated non-performing loan; as of 29 September 2017 Official website

The Illustrated Times Weekly Newspaper

The Illustrated Times Weekly Newspaper was a British newspaper and rival to The Illustrated London News published between 1855 and 1862. The publisher was the Fleet Street bookseller the editor was Henry Vizetelly. Henry Vizetelly had been part of the campaign in the 1850s for the repeal of the Stamp Act. Believing that success was imminent, he conceived of the idea of bringing out a cheap popular illustrated paper to compete with the near monopoly of Herbert Ingram's Illustrated London News with himself as editor. All the plans were laid accordingly. Vizetelly decided upon a bold course, his advertisements had been issued, he did not wish to break faith with the public. Accordingly, on the day appointed, the first number of the new paper duly appeared. For weeks it continued to be published without the stamp; the authorities barked loudly. Vizetelly was served with a writ for a £ 12,000 penalty; the absence of the tax stamp allowed the new paper to be published at the low price of twopence and it became a rapid success.

It was well illustrated, well written, energetically conducted. The office was at 2 Catherine Street, Strand, on a site subsequently covered by the Gaiety Theatre and Restaurant. Among the artists who worked for the paper were Julian Portch, an excellent all-round draughtsman, good at battle-scenes, Edouard Monn, Gustave Doré, H. Valentine, Gustave Janet, A. J. Palmer, Kenny Meadows, Harrison Weir, G. Cruikshank, Myles Birket Foster, C. H. Bennett, W. McConnell. Media related to Illustrated Times at Wikimedia Commons

Ekman spiral

The Ekman spiral is a structure of currents or winds near a horizontal boundary in which the flow direction rotates as one moves away from the boundary. It derives its name from the Swedish oceanographer Vagn Walfrid Ekman; the deflection of surface currents was first noticed by the Norwegian oceanographer Fridtjof Nansen during the Fram expedition and the effect was first physically explained by Vagn Walfrid Ekman. The effect is a consequence of the Coriolis effect which subjects moving objects to an apparent force to the right of their direction of motion in the northern hemisphere. Thus, when a persistent wind blows over an extended area of the ocean surface in the northern hemisphere, it causes a surface current which accelerates in that direction, which experiences a Coriolis force and acceleration to the right of the wind: the current will turn to the right as it gains speed; as the flow is now somewhat right of the wind, the Coriolis force perpendicular to the flow's motion is now directed against the wind.

The current will reach a top speed when the force of the wind, of the Coriolis effect, the resistant drag of the subsurface water balance, the current will flow at a constant speed and direction as long as the wind persists. This surface current drags on the water layer below it, applying a force in its own direction of motion to that layer, repeating the process whereby that layer becomes a steady current further to the right of the wind, so on for deeper layers of water, resulting in a continuous rotation of current direction with changing depth; as depth increases, the force transmitted from the driving wind declines and thus the speed of the resultant steady current decreases, hence the tapered spiral representation in the accompanying diagram. The depth to which the Ekman spiral penetrates is determined by how far turbulent mixing can penetrate over the course of a pendulum day; the diagram above attempts to show the forces associated with the Ekman spiral as applied to the Northern hemisphere.

The force from above is in red, the Coriolis force is in dark yellow, the net resultant water movement is in pink, which becomes the force from above for the layer below it, accounting for the gradual clockwise spiral motion as you move down. The first documented observations of an oceanic Ekman spiral were made in the Arctic Ocean from a drifting ice flow in 1958. More recent observations include: SCUBA diving observations during a study of upwelling water transport through a kelp forest on the west coast of South Africa in 1978 The 1980 Mixed Layer Experiment Within the Sargasso Sea during the 1982 Long-Term Upper Ocean Study Within the California Current during the 1993 Eastern Boundary Current experiment Within the Drake Passage region of the Southern Ocean North of the Kerguelan Plateau during the 2008 SOFINE experiment Common to several of these observations spirals were found to be'compressed', displaying larger estimates of eddy viscosity when considering the rate of rotation with depth than the eddy viscosity derived from considering the rate of decay of speed.

Though in the Southern Ocean the'compression', or spiral flattening effect disappeared when new data permitted a more careful treatment of the effect of geostrophic shear. The classic Ekman spiral has been observed under sea ice, but observations remain rare in open-ocean conditions; this is due both to the fact that the turbulent mixing in the surface layer of the ocean has a strong diurnal cycle and to the fact that surface waves can destabilize the Ekman spiral. Ekman spirals are found in the atmosphere. Surface winds in the Northern Hemisphere tend to blow to the left of winds aloft. Ekman transport Ekman layer Secondary flow Upwelling AMS Glossary, mathematical description A. Gnanadesikan and R. A. Weller, 1995 · "Structure and instability of the Ekman spiral in the presence of surface gravity waves" · Journal of Physical Oceanography 25, pp. 3148–3171. J. F. Price, R. A. Weller and R. Pinkel, 1986 · "Diurnal cycling: Observations and models of the upper ocean response to diurnal heating and wind mixing" · Journal of Geophysical Research 91, pp. 8411–8427.

J. G. Richman, R. deSzoeke and R. E. Davis, 1987 · "Measurements of near-surface shear in the ocean" · Journal of Geophysical Research 92, pp. 2851–2858. Field, J. G. C. L. Griffiths, E. A. S. Linley, P. Zoutendyk and R. Carter, 1981 Wind-induced water movements in a Benguela kelp bed. Coastal Upwelling. F. A. Richards, Washington D. C. American Geophysical Union: 507-513. ISBN 0-87590-250-2