London Fashion Week is a clothing trade show that takes place in London twice a year, in February and September. Showcasing over 250 designers to a global audience of influential media and retailers, it is one of the ’Big Four’ fashion weeks, along with the New York and Paris. Organised by the British Fashion Council for the London Development Agency with help from the Department for Business and Skills, London Fashion Week first took place in October 1983, it ranks alongside New York and Milan as one of the'Big Four' fashion weeks. It presents itself to funders as a trade event that attracts significant press attention and benefit to taxpayers, it states that it is attended by over 5,000 press and buyers, has estimated orders of over £100 million. A retail-focused event, London Fashion Week Festival, takes place afterwards at the same venue and is open to the general public. On-schedule events used to take place either at the British Fashion Council's own show space, 180 Strand, or at external locations around central London.
During SS16 and AW16, British Fashion Council made the decision to host the designers' showrooms to the'Vinyl Factory', situated at the active car park in Soho, off Brewer Street. Following increasing numbers of anti-fur protesters, the London Fashion Week held in September 2018 is set to be the first major fashion week to be fur-free. In Spring 2010, London Fashion Week became the first of the Big four fashion weeks to offer designers showing collections on the catwalk at Somerset House the opportunity to broadcast their shows live on the Internet. In Summer 2012, London introduced London Collections: Men, in addition to the collections shows in spring / summer and autumn / winter. Since its first instalment, the showcase has grown by 67% and included 77 separate designers in June 2015. London Collections: Men was renamed from the Autumn/Winter 2017 season as London Fashion Week Men's, to help better reflect the growing consumer focus of the event. Following London Fashion Week each season, the 4-day London Fashion Week Festival known as London Fashion Weekend, offers a consumer-orientated fashion week experience.
Held at The Store Studios, 180 The Strand, LFWF allows consumers to shop a curated edit of designer collections at show exclusive prices, sit front row at catwalk shows by London Fashion Week designers, get a head start on the key trends of the coming season and listen to talks by industry experts. Fashion week List of fashion events London Fashion Week Official website London Fashion Film Festival
The Asian Century is the projected 21st-century dominance of Asian politics and culture, assuming certain demographic and economic trends persist. The concept of Asian Century parallels the characterization of the 19th century as Britain's Imperial Century, the 20th century as the American Century. A 2011 study by the Asian Development Bank found that an additional 3 billion Asians could enjoy living standards similar to those in Europe today, the region could account for over half of global output by the middle of this century, it warned, that the Asian Century is not preordained. The growing importance and emphasis of unity in Asia, as well as maturing and progressive relationships among countries in the region further solidify the creation of the 21st Asian Century. In 1924, Karl Haushofer used the term "Pacific age," envisaging the growth of Japan and India: "A giant space is expanding before our eyes with forces pouring into it which... await the dawn of the Pacific age, the successor of the Atlantic age, the over-age Mediterranean and European era."
The phrase Asian Century arose in the mid to late 1980s, is attributed to a 1988 meeting with People's Republic of China leader Deng Xiaoping and Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in which Deng said that'n recent years people have been saying that the next century will be the century of Asia and the Pacific, as if that were sure to be the case. I disagree with this view.' Prior to this, it made an appearance in a 1985 US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations hearing. It has been subsequently reaffirmed by Asian political leaders, is now a popularly used term in the media. Asia's robust economic performance over the three decades preceding 2010, compared to that in the rest of the world, made the strongest case yet for the possibility of an Asian Century. Although this difference in economic performance had been recognized for some time, specific individual setbacks tended to hide the broad sweep and general tendency. By the early 21st century, however, a strong case could be made that this stronger Asian performance was not just sustainable but held a force and magnitude that could alter the distribution of power on the planet.
Coming in its wake, global leadership in a range of significant areas—international diplomacy, military strength and soft power—might as a consequence, be assumed by one or more of Asia's nation states. Among many scholars have provided factors that have contributed to the significant Asian development, Kishore Mahbubani provides seven pillars that rendered the Asian countries to excel and provided themselves with the possibility to become compatible with the Western counterparts; the seven pillars include: free-market economics and technology, pragmatism, culture of peace, rule of law and education. Professor John West in his book'Asian Century … on a Knife-edge' argues: "Over the course of the twenty-first century, India could well emerge as Asia’s leading power. India’s economy is growing faster than China’s, a trend which could continue, unless China gets serious about economic reform. Further, India’s population will overtake China’s in 2022 and could be some 50% higher by 2100, according to the UN".
Population growth in Asia is expected to continue through at least the first half of the 21st century, though it has slowed since the late 20th century. At four billion people in the beginning of the 21st century, the Asian population is predicted to grow to more than five billion by 2050. While its percent of the world population is not expected to change, North American and European shares of the global population are expected to decline; the major driver is continued productivity growth in Asia in China and India, as living standards rise. Without converging with European or North American living standards, Asia's might produce half of global GDP by 2050; this is a large shift compared to the immediate post-cold war, when North America and Europe combined produced half of global GDP. A 2011 study by the Asian Development Bank stated that: "By nearly doubling its share of global gross domestic product to 52 percent by 2050, Asia would regain the dominant economic position it held some 300 years ago, before the industrial revolution.
The notion of the Asian Century assumes that Asian economies can maintain their momentum for another 40 years, adapt to shifting global economic and technological environment, continually recreate comparative advantages. In this scenario, according to 2011 modelling by the Asian Development Bank Asia's GDP would increase from $17 trillion in 2010 to $174 trillion in 2050, or half of global GDP. In the same study, the Asian Development Bank estimates that seven economies would lead Asia's powerhouse growth. Since China's economic reforms in the late 1970s and early 1990s, the Chinese economy has enjoyed three decades of economic growth rates between 8 and 10%; the Indian economy began a similar albeit slower ascent at the end of the 1980s and early 1990s, has averaged around 4% during this period, though growing over 8% in 2005, hitting 9.2% in 2006 before slowing to 6% in 2009 reaching 8.9% in 2010. Both of these developments involved policy of a degree of managed liberalisation of the economy as well as a turning outwards of the economy towards globalization.
The magnitude of this liberalisation and globalisation is still subject to debate. They were part of conscious decisions by key political leaders in India and the PRC; the population
2001 CK32 is a sub-kilometer asteroid and near-Earth object of the Aten group. It is a transient Venus co-orbital, a Mercury grazer as well as an Earth crosser, it was once designated as a hazardous asteroid. 2002 VE68 2012 XE133 2013 ND15 Further readingUnderstanding the Distribution of Near-Earth Asteroids Bottke, W. F. Jedicke, R. Morbidelli, A. Petit, J.-M. Gladman, B. 2000, Vol. 288, Issue 5474, pp. 2190–2194. A Numerical Survey of Transient Co-orbitals of the Terrestrial Planets Christou, A. A. 2000, Vol. 144, Issue 1, pp. 1–20. Debiased Orbital and Absolute Magnitude Distribution of the Near-Earth Objects Bottke, W. F. Morbidelli, A. Jedicke, R. Petit, J.-M. Levison, H. F. Michel, P. Metcalfe, T. S. 2002, Vol. 156, Issue 2, pp. 399–433. Transient co-orbital asteroids Brasser, R. Innanen, K. A. Connors, M. Veillet, C. Wiegert, P. Mikkola, S. Chodas, P. W. 2004, Vol. 171, Issue 1, pp. 102–109. The population of Near Earth Asteroids in coorbital motion with Venus Morais, M. H. M. Morbidelli, A. 2006, Vol. 185, Issue 1, pp. 29–38.
Asteroid 2012 XE133: a transient companion to Venus de la Fuente Marcos, C. de la Fuente Marcos, R. 2013, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 432, Issue 2, pp. 886–893. 2001 CK32 data at MPC List of Potentially Hazardous Asteroids 2001 CK32 at NeoDyS-2, Near Earth Objects—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Obs prediction · Orbital info · MOID · Proper elements · Obs info · Close · Physical info · NEOCC 2001 CK32 at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters