The long jump is a track and field event in which athletes combine speed and agility in an attempt to leap as far as possible from a take off point. Along with the triple jump, the two events that measure jumping for distance as a group are referred to as the "horizontal jumps"; this event has a history in the Ancient Olympic Games and has been a modern Olympic event for men since the first Olympics in 1896 and for women since 1948. At the elite level, competitors run down a runway and jump as far as they can from a wooden board 20 cm or 8 inches wide, built flush with the runway into a pit filled with finely ground gravel or sand. If the competitor starts the leap with any part of the foot past the foul line, the jump is declared a foul and no distance is recorded. A layer of plasticine is placed after the board to detect this occurrence. An official will watch the jump and make the determination; the competitor can initiate the jump from any point behind the foul line. Therefore, it is in the best interest of the competitor to get as close to the foul line as possible.
Competitors are allowed to place two marks along the side of the runway in order to assist them to jump accurately. At a lesser meet and facilities, the plasticine will not exist, the runway might be a different surface or jumpers may initiate their jump from a painted or taped mark on the runway. At a smaller meet, the number of attempts might be limited to four or three; each competitor has a set number of attempts. That would be three trials, with three additional jumps being awarded to the best 8 or 9 competitors. All legal marks will be recorded but only the longest legal jump counts towards the results; the competitor with the longest legal jump at the end of competition is declared the winner. In the event of an exact tie comparing the next best jumps of the tied competitors will be used to determine place. In a large, multi-day elite competition, a set number of competitors will advance to the final round, determined in advance by the meet management. A set of 3 trial round jumps will be held in order to select those finalists.
It is standard practice to allow at a minimum, one more competitor than the number of scoring positions to return to the final round, though 12 plus ties and automatic qualifying distances are potential factors.. For record purposes, the maximum accepted; the long jump is the only known jumping event of Ancient Greece's original Olympics' pentathlon events. All events that occurred at the Olympic Games were supposed to act as a form of training for warfare; the long jump emerged because it mirrored the crossing of obstacles such as streams and ravines. After investigating the surviving depictions of the ancient event it is believed that unlike the modern event, athletes were only allowed a short running start; the athletes carried a weight in each hand. These weights were swung forward, it was believed that the jumper would throw the weights behind him in midair to increase his forward momentum. Swinging them down and back at the end of the jump would change the athlete's center of gravity and allow the athlete to stretch his legs outward, increasing his distance.
The jump itself was made from the bater. It was most a simple board placed on the stadium track, removed after the event; the jumpers would land in. The idea that this was a pit full of sand is wrong. Sand in the jumping pit is a modern invention; the skamma was a temporary area dug up for that occasion and not something that remained over time. The long jump was considered one of the most difficult of the events held at the Games since a great deal of skill was required. Music was played during the jump and Philostratus says that pipes at times would accompany the jump so as to provide a rhythm for the complex movements of the halteres by the athlete. Philostratus is quoted as saying, "The rules regard jumping as the most difficult of the competitions, they allow the jumper to be given advantages in rhythm by the use of the flute, in weight by the use of the halter." Most notable in the ancient sport was a man called Chionis, who in the 656 BC Olympics staged a jump of 7.05 metres. There has been some argument by modern scholars over the long jump.
Some have attempted to recreate it as a triple jump. The images provide the only evidence for the action so it is more well received that it was much like today's long jump; the main reason some want to call it a triple jump is the presence of a source that claims there once was a fifty-five ancient foot jump done by a man named Phayllos. The long jump has been part of modern Olympic competition since the inception of the Games in 1896. In 1914, Dr. Harry Eaton Stewart recommended the "running broad jump" as a standardized track and field event for women. However, it was not until 1948 that the women's long jump was added to the Olympic athletics programme. There
The Congregation of the Maronite Lebanese Missionaries was founded at the monastery of Kreim – Ghosta in 1865 by Father Youhanna Habib, Emeritus Archbishop of Nazareth later. An earlier community died out; the Congregation, as a Clerical Religious Congregation of patriarchal jurisdiction, enjoys special consideration from the Patriarch and Bishops. The official title of the Congregation's leader is "Superior General of The Congregation of the Maronite Lebanese Missionaries", he is addressed as Father General; as of 2019 the Superior General is the Very Reverend Father Maroun Moubarak, MLM, he oversees 4 bishops, 99 priests, 5 seminarians, 5 novices. The Congregation of the Maronite Lebanese Missionaries grew and according to the founders' notes "the people started coming to see the missionaries seeking assistance and listening to their talks and guidance; the priests went all over Lebanon preaching and hearing confessions... and the people loved them and respected their way". This Congregation takes part in all kinds of missionary work, because "We are in need of mission's project", as Father Stephan Kozah, one of the founders of the Congregation and its first Superior General, repeated many times.
Archbishop Youhanna Habib's wish when he addressed the first members, constitutes a good summary of the Congregation's goals: "The best thing for me that I see you before my death spread as Jesus' disciples around the world and the east, proclaiming the Good News, tolerating the need and death out of love for the One who shed His blood for us". So, the Congregation of the Maronite Lebanese Missionaries is a community working to announce the gospel anywhere, in the east or the west, without hesitation or delay. 1. The Virgin Mary, Mother of Divine Grace 2. St. John: Apostle & Evangelist, Our Patron Saint Christ, dying on the cross, entrusted his virgin mother to St. John, he thought to be a cousin of Jesus, by the sister of the Virgin Mary. John worked as a fisherman with his brother James, his father Zebedee and his partner Simon working on the shores of the sea of Galilee. John and his brother were followers of John the Baptist and Jesus. John the Baptist referred to Jesus with the words "Behold the Lamb of God!"
John left his life as a fisherman to follow Jesus. He followed Jesus as one of his disciples. In the interval between the Resurrection and the Ascension John returned to his home at the Sea of Galilee with Peter; when Christ appeared on the shore John was the first to recognize him. John went to work in Jerusalem and at Ephesus preaching the ministry of Jesus and was responsible for the conversion of many people, he died of natural causes in AD99 of natural causes. How Saint John the Evangelist is represented in Christian Art It is helpful to be able to recognize Saint John the Evangelist in paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts and other forms of Christian art. Saint John the Evangelist is represented in Christian Art with a Sacramental cup with a winged serpent issuing from it; this is in allusion to the legend that when Aristodemus, the priest of Diana, challenged him to drink a cup of poison, St. John made the sign of the Cross upon it, drained its contents, which proved innocuous.
As Evangelist, St. John is attended by an eagle, since that bird soars higher into the heavens than any other, so his soul, in virtue of its singular purity, mounted up to receive the light of Divine Wisdom; the Congregation of the Maronite Lebanese Missionaries exists today in Lebanon and around the world where the Maronites are present. Current mission locations include: Monastery of the Holy Savior in Kreim – Ghosta, the Mother House. Monastery of Our Lady of Deliverance, Mayrouba. Monastery of St. John the Beloved, Jounieh. Shrine of Our Lady of Lebanon and pastoral service since 1908. Apostles College in Jounieh – School from Elementary to High School grades. Maronite Orphanage and Cadmus College in Tyre – School from elementary to high school grades. Major Seminary of St. John The Beloved. In addition, there is an school under construction in Edde, Batroun. There is a printing press used for the liturgical and religious publications among them those of the Patriarch and others. Amongst these is the publication of Al Manarat, a magazine discussing religious topics in depth.
There is an associated radio station called "The Voice of Charity" which began broadcasting in 1984. There is a TV channel "TV Charity" founded in 2009 the channel based in Keserwan that serves as an apostolate of the Lebanese Maronite Missionaries. Main show topics include theology, education, social issues, daily Church news and intercultural exchange. Charity TV offers shows for entertainment, special programs for children and teens. A particular tradition is that one of the Congregation fathers gives an annual retreat for the Patriarch and Bishops. Buenos Aires, Argentina: The mission was established in 1901. In 1931 a mission was set up in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and it includes a parish and pastoral center. In 1931 a mission, the Parish and Pastoral Center, was set up in Johannesburg, South Africa, in 1991 another church was founded in response to the growing community. In 2012 a mission, the Pastoral Work Mission, was started in Bethlehem, South Africa, as the Benefice of the Church. 12 priests are helping in the missionary work in the U.
Blessed Thomas Holford Catholic College is a secondary school based in Altrincham, Greater Manchester. The school specialises in maths and computing, is named after Blessed Thomas Holford, a 16th-century priest from Cheshire; the college has a strong Catholic identity, all pupils are required to wear uniform. The school's principal is Mr J Cornally MBE; the college puts special emphasis on maths and computing, follows the Key Stage process. At Key Stage 3 in year 7 & 8, the pupils take the following subjects: English Maths Science Religious Education Design Technology - Woodwork, food technology, graphic design, music, PSHCE Computer Science French/Spanish History Geography Physical Education Drama For GCSE, the pupils take core subjects including English language, English literature, Mathematics, RE, computer science or BTEC and PE although not to complete as a GCSE. Pupils choose from a variety of additional subjects, including history, art, child care, physical education, food technology, business studies, music, textiles, German, Spanish.
BTEC courses for art and sport are available. Pupils have to take at least one, but not more than three, of History, Geography and French. Out of all the other subjects a maximum of two can be chosen. In 2019, the school was above national average for Section 48 and got outstanding as well in 2012 and 2009 by Ofsted; the school has a UEFA-standard FieldTurf artificial grass football pitch, opened in April 2007 by Bobby Charlton. The pitch, which cost £1 million to install, was used by the England national football team for training prior to an away game against Russia at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, as it uses the same surface as the Russian pitch
The Parson of Panamint is a lost 1916 American Western silent film directed by William Desmond Taylor and written by Julia Crawford Ivers and Peter B. Kyne; the film stars Dustin Farnum, Winifred Kingston, Pomeroy Cannon, Howard Davies, Colin Chase and Ogden Crane. The film was released on September 1916, by Paramount Pictures. Dustin Farnum as Philip Pharo Winifred Kingston as Buckskin Liz Pomeroy Cannon as Chuckawalla Bill Howard Davies as Bud Deming Colin Chase as Chappie Ellerton Ogden Crane as Absolom Randall Jane Keckley as Arabella Randall Tom Bates as Crabapple Thompson The Parson of Panamint on IMDb
Leviathan is a 1989 science fiction horror film directed by George P. Cosmatos and written by David Webb Peoples and Jeb Stuart, it stars Peter Weller, Richard Crenna, Ernie Hudson, Daniel Stern as the crew of an underwater geological facility stalked and killed by a hideous mutant creature. Its creature effects were designed by Academy Award-winning special effects artist Stan Winston; the film was released around the same time as other, similarly-themed'underwater' science fiction and horror films including The Abyss and DeepStar Six, received negative reviews from critics, citing numerous similarities to films such as Alien and The Thing. Miss Martin, the CEO of Tri-Oceanic Corp. hires geologist Steven Beck to supervise an undersea mining operation for six months. The crew consists of members Dr. Glen'Doc' Thompson, Elizabeth'Willie' Williams, Buzz'Sixpack' Parrish, Justin Jones, Tony DeJesus Rodero, Bridget Bowman and G. P. Cobb. While working outside their deep sea station in a pressure suit, Sixpack discovers a Soviet shipwreck, Leviathan.
The crew salvage a safe from Leviathan, finding records detailing the deaths of several crew members as well as a video log from the captain. Sixpack finds a flask of vodka which he shares with Bowman. Doc and Beck review the captain's video, they discover that Leviathan was scuttled. The following morning, Sixpack feels sick and Doc discovers lesions along his back, he dies a few hours but Doc and Beck keep it quiet to avoid a panic. Doc does not have the chance to examine Bowman. While Beck and Doc confer with Martin on the surface, Bowman begins feeling ill, she finds Sixpack's corpse, mutating and growing. When Bowman's hair starts falling out, she realizes. Beck and Doc request emergency evacuation, but Martin reports a severe storm on the surface that will delay evacuation for 12 hours. Doc finds, her body is taken to sickbay. When the crew discovers the mutating bodies, they decide to dump both of them in the ocean; as they are about to "flush" the cadavers, the body bag begins squirming. Believing someone inside may be alive, the crew opens it.
The creature inside claws Cobb. They realize; the mutagen was mixed with the vodka that the crew, Sixpack and Bowman, drank. The ship was scuttled. A tentacle was severed. Jones goes for help, he asks Cobb to watch the door, but when he searches for a weapon, the creature assimilates DeJesus and rips its way out of the kitchen. It grows tentacles that attack the crew; the creature attacks the medical bay, devouring plasma from the cooler. This inspires Beck to use a pint of his blood to attract the beast attempt to flush it the same way they did with the Sixpack and Bowman creature. Doc ejects the escape pods so that no one can risk bringing the mutagen to the surface. Beck consults with Martin for emergency evacuation. Martin assures them that they will not be left behind, but that she cannot carry out the rescue because of a hurricane. Cobb's injuries worsen, causing him to infect Doc. Williams escapes as Jones try trapping the creature, they escape to another part of the station. The crew tries accessing weather information through the computer.
Williams asks the computer for a financial report from the company and they discover that Tri-Oceanic Corporation has declared them dead, labeling it an accident. The creature damages vital systems, causing the pressure to an implosion to occur, they decide to use their dive suits to escape. The creature is crushed by the lift as Beck escapes, they make it to the surface, calm and sunny. As they are met by a Coast Guard helicopter, the mutant tries to take Jones, he keeps it from escaping at the cost of his own life, Beck throws a demolition charge into the creature's mouth, causing it to explode. After they are dropped off on a Tri-Oceanic oil drilling platform, the two survivors are greeted by Martin. Martin tells them she believed they would make it, asking how Beck feels. Beck punches Martin in the face, knocking her out, answers her question by saying "Better. A lot better." Peter Weller as Steven Beck Richard Crenna as Dr. Glen'Doc' Thompson Amanda Pays as Elizabeth'Willie' Williams Daniel Stern as Buzz'Sixpack' Parrish Ernie Hudson as Justin Jones Michael Carmine as Tony'DeJesus' Rodero Lisa Eilbacher as Bridget'Bow' Bowman Hector Elizondo as G. P. Cobb Meg Foster as Ms. Martin Eugene Lipinski as Russian Captain Tom Woodruff Jr. as Lead Creature Leviathan was directed by George P. Cosmatos, who had directed the Sylvester Stallone-starring action films Rambo: First Blood Part II and Cobra.
The screenplay was written by David Webb Peoples and Jeb Stuart. Oscar-nominated and BSC Award-winning cinematographer Alex Thomson served as the film's director of photography. Four-time Oscar-winning visual effects designer Stan Winston was responsible for the creature effects. Leviathan was first released to theaters on March 17, 1989, it was shown at 1,393 theaters generating a box office receipt of $5,029,164 for its opening weekend. Leviathan was first released to DVD on September 29, 1998. Sean Carlson of IGN compared the DVD release of Leviathan to that of DeepStar Six, giving the DVD 8 of 10 stars, praising the video quality but critici
Events in the year 1924 in Turkey. 1924 Pasinler earthquake 2nd Parliament of Turkey President – Kemal Atatürk Prime Ministerİsmet İnönü Fethi Okyar Leader of the opposition – Kazım Karabekir Ruling party – Republican People's Party Main opposition – Progressive Republican Party 1st government of Turkey 2nd government of Turkey 3rd government of Turkey 31 January –Treaty of Lausanne was approved by the Italian parliament 29 February – Last public appearance of the caliph Abdülmecit II 3 March – Caliphate abolished Secularization of the education system Depolitization of the army 6 March – İsmet İnönü formed a new cabinet, because the ministries of General staff and the religion had been abolished on the 3rd of March 8 March – Religious courts abolished 15 April – Treaty of Lausanne signed by the British King 17 April – Treaty of Lausanne approved by the Japanese parliament 24 April – New constitution 25 August- Turkey – League of Nations agreement on the Musul issue 26 October – An internal political crisis named “Crisis of the commanders” because some high-ranking military personnel refused to give up their seats in the parliament 9 November – Progressive Republican Party was founded 21 November – After İsmet İnönü’s resignation Fethi Okyar formed the new cabinet 8 December – Kazım Karabekir was elected as the president of TCF 27 January – Rauf Denktaş, Leaders of Cypriot Turks 22 March – Osman F. Seden, film director 27 March – Bülent Oran, actor 28 September – Lale Oraloğlu, theatre actress 29 September – Şükrü Elekdağ, politician 1 November – Süleyman Demirel, prime minister 15 December – Ruhi Sarıalp, triple jump athlete 31 May – Fikriye, Atatürk’s relative and girlfriend 25 October – Ziya Gökalp, writer 5 November – Fatma Pesend Hanım, a wife of Ottoman sultan Abdülhamit II Turkey at the 1924 Summer Olympics