George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, known as Lord Byron, was an English poet and politician who became a revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence, is considered one of the leading figures of the Romantic movement. He is regarded as one of the greatest English poets and remains read and influential. Among his best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, he travelled extensively across Europe in Italy, where he lived for seven years in the cities of Venice and Pisa. During his stay in Italy he visited his friend and fellow poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. In life Byron joined the Greek War of Independence fighting the Ottoman Empire and died of disease leading a campaign during that war, for which Greeks revere him as a national hero, he died in 1824 at the age of 36 from a fever contracted after the First and Second Siege of Missolonghi. His only legitimate child, Ada Lovelace, is regarded as a foundational figure in the field of computer programming based on her notes for Charles Babbage's Analytical Engine.
Byron's illegitimate children include Allegra Byron, who died in childhood, Elizabeth Medora Leigh. Ethel Colburn Mayne states that George Gordon Byron was born on 22 January 1788, in a house on 16 Holles Street in London, his birthplace is now occupied by a branch of the English department store John Lewis. However, Robert Charles Dallas in his Recollections states. Byron was the son of Captain John "Mad Jack" Byron and his second wife, the former Catherine Gordon, a descendant of Cardinal Beaton and heiress of the Gight estate in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Byron's father had seduced the married Marchioness of Carmarthen and, after she divorced her husband, he married her, his treatment of her was described as "brutal and vicious", she died after giving birth to two daughters, only one of whom survived, Byron's half-sister, Augusta. To claim his second wife's estate in Scotland, Byron's father took the additional surname "Gordon", becoming "John Byron Gordon", he was styled "John Byron Gordon of Gight".
Byron himself used this surname for a time and was registered at school in Aberdeen as "George Byron Gordon". At the age of 10 he inherited the English Barony of Byron of Rochdale, becoming "Lord Byron", dropped the double surname. Byron's paternal grandparents were Vice-Admiral the Hon. John "Foulweather Jack" Byron, Sophia Trevanion. Vice Admiral John Byron had circumnavigated the globe and was the younger brother of the 5th Baron Byron, known as "the Wicked Lord", he was christened at St Marylebone Parish Church as "George Gordon Byron", after his maternal grandfather George Gordon of Gight, a descendant of James I of Scotland, who had committed suicide in 1779. "Mad Jack" Byron married his second wife for the same reason that he married her fortune. Byron's mother had to sell her land and title to pay her new husband's debts, in the space of two years, the large estate, worth some £23,500, had been squandered, leaving the former heiress with an annual income in trust of only £150. In a move to avoid his creditors, Catherine accompanied her profligate husband to France in 1786, but returned to England at the end of 1787 to give birth to her son on English soil.
He was born on 22 January in lodgings at Holles Street in London. Catherine moved back to Aberdeenshire in 1790, his father soon joined them in their lodgings in Queen Street, but the couple separated. Catherine experienced mood swings and bouts of melancholy, which could be explained by her husband's continuingly borrowing money from her; as a result, she fell further into debt to support his demands. It was one of these importunate loans that allowed him to travel to Valenciennes, where he died in 1791; when Byron's great-uncle, the "wicked" Lord Byron, died on 21 May 1798, the 10-year-old boy became the sixth Baron Byron of Rochdale and inherited the ancestral home, Newstead Abbey, in Nottinghamshire. His mother proudly took him to England, but the Abbey was in an embarrassing state of disrepair and, rather than living there, she decided to lease it to Lord Grey de Ruthyn, among others, during Byron's adolescence. Described as "a woman without judgment or self-command," Catherine either spoiled and indulged her son or vexed him with her capricious stubbornness.
Her drinking disgusted him and he mocked her for being short and corpulent, which made it difficult for her to catch him to discipline him. Byron had been born with a deformed right foot. However, Byron's biographer, Doris Langley-Moore, in her 1974 book, Accounts Rendered, paints a more sympathetic view of Mrs Byron, showing how she was a staunch supporter of her son and sacrificed her own precarious finances to keep him in luxury at Harrow and Cambridge. Langley-Moore questions the Galt claim. Upon the death of Byron's mother-in-law Judith Noel, the Hon. Lady Milbanke, in 1822, her will required that he change his surname to "Noel" so as to inherit half of her estate, he obtained a Royal Warrant, allowing him to "take and use the surname of Noel only" and to "subscribe the said surname of Noel before all titles of honour". From that point he signed himself "Noel Byron", it is speculated that this was so that his initials would read "N. B.", mimicking those of his hero, Napoleon Bonaparte. Lady Byron succeeded to the Barony of Wentworth, becoming "Lady W
Invictaway was an express commuter coach service from Kent to London in the 1980s and 1990s, was a holding company for the emerging Arriva group. As a legal entity of the Maidstone & District bus company, after the cessation of the Invictaway coach services, the Invictaway company legal lettering persisted as a holding company for the Arriva subsidiaries in Kent, some London operations; this company was based in the Armstrong Road M&D depot in Maidstone. This ceased in 1997 when the operations were reconstituted as Arriva London and Arriva Southern Counties; the Invictaway brand was introduced in the early 1980s for the M&D Maidstone and Medway to London routes numbered in the 9XX range, the Gatwick service 900, along with a black livery. The Invictaway liveries all included the White horse of Kent, as a visual link to the county of Kent, the operating area of the services; the black livery was applied to Leyland Leopards and Leyland Atlantean double deckers. A 919 coach route between London and Tenterden using dual purpose Leyland Leopards had existed since 1979, although this was not branded Invictaway.
The Invictaway branding was applied to the interior of vehicles. The Invictaway livery's base colour was changed to a green based livery, based on the National Bus Company's coach livery, the Invictaway names were reduced in size. With the privatisation of the NBC, the Invictaway livery was retained, with the NBC chevrons removed. In 1992 the green livery was simplified, with the introduction of some double deck coaches, long wheelbase Leyland Olympians with ECW bodywork, with distinctive sloped top front windows; the forward stripes were removed, the M&D logo sloped along the leading edge. While the coaches wore Invictaway livery, as part of the M&D fleet, they could be seen on other local services when the need arose, were used on tours further afield; some of the last coaches to wear the M&D Invictaway livery were a batch of J registered Plaxton 321 bodied Leyland Tigers. In the summer of 1995, the Invictaway services were rebranded into the Green Line network; the Kent version of the Green Line livery retained a reference to the Invictaway operation with the inclusion of the white horse.
This was applied to two Plaxton Paramount 3500 bodied coaches As an Arriva group sister company, this was applied to some Kentish Bus coaches for Gravesend Green Line services, an M&D Duple Laser bodied Leyland Tiger. Coach transport in the United Kingdom London commuter routes 781 and 784 List of bus operators of the United Kingdom
In mathematics, a multiple arithmetic progression, generalized arithmetic progression or a semilinear set, is a generalization of an arithmetic progression equipped with multiple common differences. Whereas an arithmetic progression is generated by a single common difference, a generalized arithmetic progression can be generated by multiple common differences. For example, the sequence 17, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 … is not an arithmetic progression, but is instead generated by starting with 17 and adding either 3 or 5, thus allowing multiple common differences to generate it. A finite generalized arithmetic progression, or sometimes just generalized arithmetic progression, of dimension d is defined to be a set of the form where x 0, x 1, …, x d, L 1, …, L d ∈ Z; the product L 1 L 2 ⋯ L d is called the size of the generalized arithmetic progression. If the cardinality equals the size, the progression is called proper. Generalized arithmetic progressions can be thought of as a projection of a higher dimensional grid into Z.
This projection is only if the generalized arithmetic progression is proper. Formally, an arithmetic progression of N d is an infinite sequence of the form v, v + v ′, v + 2 v ′, v + 3 v ′, …, where v and v ′ are fixed vectors in N d, called the initial vector and common difference respectively. A subset of N d is said to be linear if it is of the form, where m is some integer and v, v 1, …, v m are fixed vectors in N d. A subset of N d is said to be semilinear; the semilinear sets are the sets definable in Presburger arithmetic. Freiman's theorem Nathanson, Melvyn B.. Additive Number Theory: Inverse Problems and Geometry of Sumsets. Graduate Texts in Mathematics. 165. Springer. ISBN 0-387-94655-1. Zbl 0859.11003
Bálint László is an ethnic Hungarian politician in Serbia. László is the leader of the HHM, first chairman of HHM, representative of the Hungarian National Council. László was born in a city in the northern parts of Serbia, known as Vojvodina, he finished his elementary studies in the Miloš Crnjanski elementary school with a Vuk-degree in his hand. After this he studied and finished his secondary studies at the Svetozar Marković High School as a social science and language specialist. In 2009, he got his degree as a geographer at the University of Szeged. In 2011, he finished his master studies in the same university, became a Land development geographer. In his university years, he did a lot of student jobs; the situation of Hungarians in Vojvodina is one of his main interests. Since he was 16, he became founder and member of various civil organizations both in Vojvodina and in Hungary, he was founder and chairman of the Youth Organization of the party VMDP in 2006 and was leader of it for two years.
In 2008, he resigned from every position of his to become founder and leader of HHM Hungarian Hope Movement, a party full of young prospects in politics. At present, he is the chairman of HHM, he attended many youth-politic and social-development conferences. Renewing the ethnic Hungarian society in Vojvodina, strengthening the belief and national identity of young people and raising the standards of living for every citizen are just some of his main goals. In 2010, he became a member of the Hungarian National Council; the Szekeres László foundation elected him as its member in 2011. Since October, 2011, he is member of the Hungarian representatives of the Carpathian-basin Forum and the Foundation of Advocacy of the European Minorities. February, 2009 – founder and leader of the Hungarian Hope Movement June, 2010 – Elected member of the Hungarian National Council in Serbia August, 2010 – Member of the Language use Committee of the Hungarian National Council January, 2011 – Member of the board of trustees of the Szekeres László Foundation October, 2011 – Member of the Hungarian representatives of the Carpathian-basin Forum and the Foundation of Advocacy of the European Minorities For two years he was the founder and chairman of Youth Organization of the Hungarian Democratic Party of Vojvodina.
Organized numerous charity and art events, helped the youth to prepare for the political life. For a year and a half he was the coordinator of the Youth Organization of the Hungarian Democratic Party of Vojvodina, his major activities were: business connections and consultation, taking part in seminars, organizing community programs and charity events. For two years he was the co-founder and a member of presidency of the Vojvodinian KITTI Network NGO. For six months he was a member of “Present” in Subotica, he organized a Balassi event, a youth academic conference. For three years he was a member of the board of trustees and the assigned executive of Vojvodina in The Foundation of Young Hungarians without Borders, he did occasional student jobs as a member of three school associations in several cities. Worked two months in a Subotica – based editing room for television; as a Serbian presidential observant he contributed in the US. For one year he was a personal financier in Fundamenta – Lakáskassza, as Komaja Kft.'s joint proprietor.
He had a professional practice for six months within the confines the Social Development office of Subotica. For five years he was a hired footballer in the Palić football club. Since March 2011 he is the referee in Csongrád Megyei Labdarúgó Szövetség. Since January 2012 he is the referee in Football Association of the City of Subotica
The common cicadabird known as the slender-billed cicadabird, is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It is found in Australia, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. The species is placed in the reinstated genus Edolisoma by most authors; the common cicadabird was described as a "great speciator" by Mayr & Diamond and Pedersen et al. described how this species colonized and diversified across the Indo-Pacific island region and Australia in the Pleistocene. Numerous subspecies have been described: E. t. amboiense E. t. aruense E. t. edithae E. t. emancipatum E. t. grayi E. t. heinrothi E. t. kalaotuae E. t. matthiae E. t. melvillense E. t. meyerii E. t. muellerii E. t. nehrkorni E. t. nisorium E. t. numforanum E. t. obiense E. t. pelingi E. t. pererratum E. t. rooki E. t. rostratum E. t. tagulanum E. t. tenuirostre E. t. timoriense ABID Images On the HBW Internet Bird Collection Species factsheet - BirdLife International
Co=ge=we=a, The Half-Blood: A Depiction of the Great Montana Cattle Range is a 1927 Western romance novel by Mourning Dove known as Hum-Ishu-Ma, or Christine Quintasket. It is one of the earliest novels written by an indigenous woman; the novel includes the first example of Native American literary criticism. Cogewea, the eponymous protagonist, is a woman of mixed-race ancestry, both Indigenous and Euro-American, who feels caught between her two worlds, she works on the ranch of her sister and white brother-in-law in Montana, where she is respected for her talents and skills. A European American from the East, Alfred Densmore, joins the ranch as an inexperienced ranch-hand. Cogewea is torn between the world of her white father and that of her Okanagan grandmother, Stemteema, her work was supported by editor Lucullus Virgil McWhorter, an American anthropologist and activist for Native Americans. He threatened Four Seas Press, in order to get the novel published. Controversy has developed over changes in the novel.
While some scholars believe his edits were typical for the genre and his time, others consider McWhorter to be a second author of the novel. McWhorter denied having that large a role; the novel opens with a description of the frontier landscape and introduces Cogewea, a young Okanagan, multiracial. Her Okanagan grandmother describes her as an free-speaking young woman. A well-loved figure on her white brother-in-law's ranch, Cogewea is well-educated in Okanagan folklore and values through her grandmother, but she feels a tension between her two cultures. Cogewea grapples with having received a western education at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in central Pennsylvania, the model of Indian boarding schools, where children were forced to give up their languages and cultures. One rancher, Silent Bob, tells a new rancher, Alfred Densmore, that Cogewea is heir to a large property and fortune, though she is not. Densmore tries to steal Cogewea's money through seduction, proposing marriage. Cogewea's grandmother uses storytelling and Okanagan traditions to convince Cogewea that Densmore will take advantage of her.
After a period of indecision, Cogewea refuses Densmore's proposal. He ends up taking Cogewea captive, but after he realizes that she has little financial worth, he leaves her to die in the wilderness. In the end, a mixed-race rancher named. In a twist of fate, Cogewea inherits part of her white father’s fortune, she marries him. Cogewea: the eponymous main character is a young woman who has a love for nature and is a skilled horse rider, she loved by many at the HB Ranch. Like most members of the ranch, her heritage is Euro-American, her name means'chipmunk'. James'Jim' Lagrinder: The multi-racial foreman of the HB Ranch is described as "the best rider on the Flathead." He listens to Cogewea, while she considers him to be family, he calls her "sis," he hopes he can kindle a romance with her. Stemteema: Cogewea's grandmother, who raised Cogewea and her sisters and Julia, she does not trust the Shoyapee. She tells a series of stories to Cogewea, warning her of impending danger after Cogewea falls in love with the antagonist, Alfred Densmore.
Each of her warnings come true. Alfred Densmore: The greenhorn easterner whom Cogewea hires, he is told by Silent Bob that Cogewea possesses a fortune in land and capital, not true. He devises a plan to seduce Cogewea and steal her money. Mary: Cogewea's sister, quiet but distrusts white culture, she ends up marrying Frenchy, a European but respects Indigenous culture and identity. Julia: Cogewea's sister who has married a white man who owns the HB Ranch, she has assimilated into white culture. Silent Bob: A comical prankster cowboy, he may be a parody of Owen Wister's taciturn eponymous hero in The Virginian. Bob tells Densmore that Cogewea has money and land, leaving her vulnerable to Denmore's machinations. However, Bob breaks from his stock mold to tell Cogewea the truth about Densmore. Frenchy: A minor character who marries into Cogewea's family; the major theme of the novel is the conflict which Cogewea feels as a "half-breed", caught between the Indian and white worlds and change. Cogewea's two sisters: Mary and Julia represent the two paths Cogewea could choose.
Mary has maintained a traditional way of life with the guidance of her grandmother, while Julia has married a white man and assimilated into American culture. Her husband, John Carter, is described warmly. Another major theme is the perils of marriage. Densmore insists on a traditional indigenous marriage ceremony between himself and Cogewea, but Cogewea's grandmother believes their union will lead to abuse. In Chapter XIX, "The Story of Green-Blanket Feet," Stemteema warns Cogewea that "the fate of green-blanket feet is for you, my grandchild, unless you turn from him " The fate Stemteema refers to is the escape by an Indian woman, Green-Blanket Feet, from a situation of domestic violence; this is heartbreaking, as in most Indian cultures, children are considered to be born to the mother's family. Densmore does commit viol