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Los Angeles City College

Los Angeles City College is a public community college in East Hollywood, Los Angeles. A part of the Los Angeles Community College District, it is located on Vermont Avenue south of Santa Monica Boulevard on the former campus of the University of California, Los Angeles. From 1947 to 1955, the college shared its campus with California State University, Los Angeles known as Los Angeles State College of Applied Arts and Sciences, before the University moved to its present campus of 175 acres in the northeastern section of the City of Los Angeles, 5 miles east of the Civic Center; the LACC campus was a farm outside Los Angeles, owned by Dennis Sullivan. It is one of nine separate college campuses of the Los Angeles Community College District; when the Pacific Electric Interurban Railroad connected downtown Los Angeles and Hollywood in 1909, the area began to develop rapidly. In 1914, the LA Board of Education moved the teachers' Normal School to the site; the Italian Romanesque campus became the original campus of the University of California, Los Angeles in 1919.

In need of more space, UCLA moved to its present location in Westwood in 1929. On September 9, 1929, the campus opened its doors as Los Angeles Junior College with over 1,300 students and 54 teachers; the campus changed its name to Los Angeles City College in 1938. The California State University, Los Angeles was founded on July 2, 1947 by an act of the California legislature and opened for classes as Los Angeles State College on the campus of Los Angeles City College; as president of LACC, P. Victor Peterson became the acting president of the state college also. In 1949, when Howard S. McDonald became president of both Los Angeles State College and Los Angeles City College, they were housed in borrowed spaces with part-time faculty, he hired administrators to help him formally organize the colleges. Found a site within LA to house the new Cal State LA university; the Los Angeles Board of Education bought the LACC site for $700,000. The in-state tuition and fees for 2017-2018 were $1,220, out-of-state tuition and fees were $7,538.

There is no application fee. The school utilizes a semester-based academic year; the student-faculty ratio is 23-to-1. Total enrollment of 13,827 full-time 3,999 and part-time 9,828 students. P. Victor Peterson Howard S. McDonald John Lombardi Mary Gallagher California Community Colleges System Community, an NBC comedy series which shot on the LACC campus Official website

Thomas Lionel Hodgkin

Thomas Lionel Hodgkin was an English Marxist historian of Africa "who did more than anyone to establish the serious study of African history" in the UK. His wife was the Nobel Prize-winning scientist Dorothy Hodgkin. Thomas Lionel Hodgkin was born at Headington Hill, near Oxford. Named after his grandfather, the historian Thomas Hodgkin, he was the son of Robert Howard Hodgkin, Provost of Queen's College and Dorothy Forster Smith, daughter of the historian Alfred Lionel Smith. Hodgkin was an exhibitioner at Winchester and from 1928 to 1932 a classics scholar at Balliol College, Oxford where he held a Higgs Memorial scholarship in English, he obtained a Second in Classical Moderations in 1930 and a First in Literae Humaniores or "Greats" in 1932. A senior demyship at Magdalen College, Oxford, 1932–33, enabled him to travel. From 1934 to 1936 Hodgkin was in the Palestine civil service, for some time being a personal secretary to High Commissioner Wauchope. There, Hodgkin started to become critical of British imperialism.

Resigning from the colonial service after the April 1936 Arab uprising, he hoped to stay in Palestine but was ordered to leave by the British administration. Returning to London, where he stayed with his father's cousin Margery Fry and joined the Communist Party, Hodgkin tried training as a schoolteacher, before entering adult education, he met and married Dorothy Crowfoot in 1937. In 1939, declared ineligible for military service on medical grounds, Hodgkin became a Workers' Educational Association tutor in north Staffordshire. In September 1945 he became Secretary of the Oxford Delegacy for Extra-Mural Studies, a Balliol fellow, he first visited the Gold Coast in 1947, became interested in African history as well as the contemporary problems of African nationalism. Befriending Kwame Nkrumah in 1951, he published a pamphlet for the Union of Democratic Control supporting independence for the Gold Coast. In 1952 Hodgkin travelled in Africa. After publishing Nationalism in Colonial Africa, he became interested in Africa's Islamic history.

He took part-time appointments at Northwestern University and McGill University, was joint secretary of a commission on reform of Ghana's universities, in 1962 returned to Ghana for three years to head the new Institute of African Studies at the University of Ghana. From 1965 until his 1970 retirement he was Lecturer in the Government of New States at Oxford University. "Hating Italy", Red Rags: Essays of Hate from Oxford, ed. R. C. Carr, London: Chapman & Hall, 1933, 161–176 Nationalism in Colonial Africa Nigerian Perspectives African Political Parties Vietnam: the Revolutionary Path C. Allen and R. W. Johnson, eds. African Perspectives: papers in the history and economics of Africa presented to Thomas Hodgkin Michael Wolfers, Thomas Hodgkin: Wandering Scholar - A Biography E. C. Hodgkin, Thomas Hodgkin. Letters from Palestine, 1932-36 Michael Wolfers & Elizabeth Hodgkin, Thomas Hodgkin: Letters from Africa, 1947-56

Riad al-Asaad

Riad Mousa al-Asa'ad is a former military commander of the Free Syrian Army. He was a former Colonel in the Syrian Air Force who defected in July 2011. A number of his family members were executed by the Syrian government. Despite the similar surname, he is not a member of, nor related with, Syria's ruling al-Assad family. Following the outbreak of violence in Syria in March 2011, Colonel Riad al-Asa'ad had announced his defection from the Syrian Air Force on the 4th of July 2011, he joined the Free Officers Movement after this defection. On the 29th of July 2011, al-Asa'ad along with other defectors declared the establishment of the Free Syrian Army, with the intention of fighting an insurgent war to overthrow the government of Bashar al-Assad. Colonel Asa'ad opposes any exile solution for Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, seeks for fighting until his government is overthrown. On 22 September 2012, the rebel Free Syrian Army announced that it had moved its command centre from Turkey to "liberated areas" inside Syria.

In November 2012, in order to get more support from Saudi Arabia, the FSA leadership was still planning to move into Syria, a FSA general al-Sheikh said. The same general falsely claimed that the FSA moved its centre in Syria in September 2012. After UN military observers entered Syria, al-Asa'ad announced a ceasefire for all forces, committed to the Kofi Annan peace plan for Syria. However, after a few days he has reannounced continuation of attacks led by rebels because the government of Bashar al-Assad, according to him, did not make peace as promised. On 31 May 2012, al-Asa ` ad urged failed. Colonel Kasim Saaduddin, a member of the FSA, stated that al-Asa'ad does not have control over the Free Syrian Army, which al-Asa'ad himself denied in the interview. On 8 December 2012, in Antalya, Asa'ad was replaced by Brigadier General Salim Idris as effective military commander of the Free Syrian Army. Riad al-Asa'ad has received criticism from some opposition protesters in the city of Salamiyah.

A protest on 3 August 2012 claimed that "Mr. General Riad al-Asa'ad, while our city protested for the first time, you were working for Assad's regime". In an interview with the Voice of Russia made in early August 2012, al-Asa'ad claimed that the Syrian government attempted to assassinate him several times and for that reason, he is being guarded by the Turkish intelligence. On 25 March 2013, he was the victim of a car bomb explosion near Mayadin, in eastern Syria, he was taken to Turkey for treatment. In his 2015 book, The Syrian Jihad, analyst Charles Lister cites a "senior Ahrar al-Sham leader" as telling him the rebel group had "secretly traced back to Jabhat al-Nusra." Riad al-Asa'ad has made controversial statements such as suggesting that suicide bombing is "an integral part of revolutionary action, of Free Syrian Army action."In an undated video uploaded on 26 March 2013, Colonel Riad al-Asa'ad defended al-Nusra Front, describing them as, "our brothers in Islam". As part of the interview, he asserted that the FSA had provided direct support for al-Nusra in order to aid their fight against the Ba'ath government.

In a 2016 interview with Turkish daily newspaper Yeni Şafak, Asa'ad said that the Democratic Union Party was more dangerous than ISIL, adding that ISIL was a temporary fraction in the area while the PYD is a cause of permanent devastation which brings long term crisis to the region. He asserted that the existence of PYD and ISIL violence was connected with the continuation of the Assad regime and that extremism in Syria would be vanished if Assad left power, he stated that the PYD and its armed wing People's Protection Units aimed to establish a separate Kurdish state in northern Syria but it would not be possible. The group, he said, was spreading hatred among Turkmens, Arabs and Kurds living in the area, he asserted that the group, which claims to defend Kurds, both was supported by the U. S. military and regime forces, had killed hundreds of Arabs and Kurds who opposed their Marxist-Socialist strategy. "U. S. is responsible as Assad and Iran for killing hundreds of thousands of civilians in Syria," the FSA commander said.

He stated that PYD was a plan of U. S. and Europe to sabotage Syrian people's resistance the Free Syrian Army. In late August 2017, Riad al-Asa'ad attended a conference in Idlib, held by Tahrir al-Sham, which established the Syrian Salvation Government on 2 November. Riad al-Assad said that “Tahrir al-Sham has declared that it will be dissolve itself, an external and internal demand”, he said that they “did not attend the conference and we did not communicate with them after it ended, either”. However, the Hawar Kilis Operations Room, part of the Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army, condemned al-Asa'ad and accused him of conspiring with al-Qaeda. Riad al-Asaad on Twitter