The Los Angeles City Council is the governing body of the City of Los Angeles. The council is composed of fifteen members elected from single-member districts for four-year terms; the president of the council and the president pro tempore are chosen by the council at the first regular meeting of the term. An assistant president pro tempore is appointed by the President; as of 2015, council members receive an annual salary of $184,610 per year, among the highest city council salary in the nation. Regular council meetings are held in the City Hall on Tuesdays and Fridays at 10 am except on holidays or if decided by special resolution. A current annual schedule of all Council meetings, broken down by committee, is available as a.pdf download from the Office of the City Clerk. Officers: President of the Council: Nury Martinez President Pro Tempore: Joe Buscaino Assistant President Pro Tempore: David Ryu Los Angeles was governed by a seven-member Common Council under general state law from 1850 to 1889, when a city charter was put into effect.
Under the first charter of the city, granted by the Legislature in 1889, the city was divided into nine wards, with a councilman elected from each one by plurality vote. The first election under that system was held on February 21, 1889, the last on December 4, 1906. Two-year terms for the City Council began and ended in December, except for the first term, which started in February 1889 and ended in December 1890; the term of office was lengthened to three years effective with the municipal election of December 4, 1906, the last year this ward system was in use. Between 1909 and 1925, the council was composed of nine members elected at large in a first-past-the-post voting system. Council membership in those years was as follows: City population in 1910: 319,200 Election: December 7, 1909 / Term: December 10, 1909, to December 13, 1911 Election: December 5, 1911 / Term: December 13, 1911, to July 1, 1913 Election: June 3, 1913 / Term: July 1913 to July 1915 Election: June 1, 1915 / Term: July 1915 to July 1917 Election: June 5, 1917 / Term: July 1917 to July 1919 City population in 1920: 576,700 Election: June 3, 1919 / Term: July 7, 1919, to July 5, 1921 Election: June 7, 1921 / Term: July 1921 to July 1923 Election: June 5, 1923 / Term: July 1923 to July 1925 Regular terms begin on July 1 of odd-numbered years until 2017 and on the second Monday in December of even-numbered years starting with 2020.
Los Angeles Common Council List of Los Angeles municipal election returns Chronological Record of Los Angeles City Officials: 1850—1938, Compiled under Direction of Municipal Reference Library City Hall, Los Angeles March 1938 Official website Map of Los Angeles City Council districts
"As Maine goes, so goes the nation" is a phrase that at one time was in wide currency in United States politics. The phrase described Maine's reputation as a bellwether state for presidential elections. Maine's September election of a governor predicted the party outcome of the November presidential election in 22 out of the 29 presidential election years from 1820 to 1932: 1820-1844, 1852, 1860-1880, 1888, 1896-1908 and 1920-1932. Maine's reputation as a bellwether began in 1840, when it elected Edward Kent, the Whig Party candidate, as Governor of Maine. Again in 1888 Maine voted solidly for Republican Party candidates, Republican Benjamin Harrison won the Presidential election despite losing the overall popular vote nationwide; the saying originated following this election. Beginning with its creation as a state in 1820 when it split off from Massachusetts, Maine held its elections for statewide and congressional offices in September, not in November as most other states did, due to warmer September weather and Maine's early harvest.
In subsequent election cycles, national political parties went to considerable lengths to win Maine's early Congressional and statewide elections, despite the state's small population and somewhat remote location. In 1936, Maine elected Republican Governor Lewis O. Barrows, an overwhelmingly Republican state legislature, an all-Republican congressional delegation in its early balloting, causing Republicans to trumpet the phrase predicting a national trend. While Maine had elected a Democratic Governor and two Democratic congressmen in both 1932 and 1934, the Democrats had been making gains in the Maine Legislature, so the Republican victories in Maine in September 1936 seemed indicative of a national Republican trend; that November, only Maine and Vermont were carried by Republican nominee Alf Landon over President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in the 1936 Presidential election, giving Landon only eight electoral votes, equalling the smallest total won by a major-party nominee since the beginning of the current U.
S. two-party system in the 1850s, destroying any credibility of the phrase. Landon had such a heavy defeat in the election that he did not win his home state, Kansas. Democratic strategist and F. D. R. campaign manager James Farley quipped "As Maine goes, so goes Vermont."From on, the party whose nominee won Maine's September gubernatorial election in presidential election years went on to win the November Presidential election only once, in 1952, when Republican Burton M. Cross was elected Governor, Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected to his first term as President. In 1957, Maine changed its election laws to hold all general elections in November, beginning in 1960 it held elections at the same time as the rest of the United States, ending the tradition of early voting. Since Maine relinquished its status as a presidential bellwether, Missouri, New Mexico and Ohio have held the title over various spans of time; as of 2020, the current bellwether state, most cited is Ohio, which has continuously been an accurate predictor of the national outcome of Presidential elections, since 1964.
Bellwether... So Goes the Nation Missouri bellwether
This is an inclusive list of science fiction television programs whose names begin with the letter K. Live-action Kamen Rider: Kamen Rider Kamen Rider X Kamen Rider Amazon Kamen Rider Stronger Kamen Rider Kamen Rider Super-1 Birth of the 10th! Kamen Riders All Together!! Kamen Rider Black Kamen Rider Black RX Kamen Rider Kuuga Kamen Rider Agito Kamen Rider Ryuki Kamen Rider 555 Kamen Rider Blade Kamen Rider Hibiki Kamen Rider Kabuto Kamen Rider Den-O Kamen Rider Kiva Kamen Rider Decade Kamen Rider G Masked Rider Kamen Rider: Dragon Knight Kamen Rider W a.k.a. Kamen Rider Double Kamen Rider OOO Kamen Rider Fourze Kamen Rider Wizard Kamen Rider Gaim Kamen Rider Drive Kamen Rider Ghost Kappatoo Kenny Starfighter Kids from OWL, The Killjoys Kinvig Knight Rider: Knight Rider Knight Rider 2000 Knight Rider 2010 Team Knight Rider Knight Rider Knight Rider Knights of God Krofft Supershow, The: Dr. Shrinker Electra Woman and Dyna Girl Kyle XY Animated Kaijudo: Rise of the Duel Masters Kiddy Grade Kino's Journey Knights of Sidonia Kong: The Animated Series