Lewis Allan Reed was an American musician, singer and poet. He was the rhythm/lead guitarist and principal songwriter for the rock band The Velvet Underground and had a solo career that spanned five decades; the Velvet Underground was not a commercial success during its existence, but became regarded as one of the most influential bands in the history of underground and alternative rock music. After leaving the band in 1970, Reed released twenty solo studio albums, his second, was produced by David Bowie and arranged by Mick Ronson, brought mainstream recognition. The album is considered an influential landmark of the glam rock genre, anchored by Reed's most successful single, "Walk on the Wild Side". After Transformer, the less commercial but critically acclaimed Berlin reached No. 7 on the UK Albums Chart. Rock'n' Roll Animal sold and Sally Can't Dance peaked at No. 10 on the Billboard 200. Reed cleaned up in the early 1980s, returned to prominence with New Sensations, reaching a critical and commercial career peak with his 1989 album New York.
Reed participated in the reformation of the Velvet Underground in the 1990s, made several more albums, including a collaboration album with John Cale titled Songs for Drella, a tribute to their former mentor Andy Warhol. Magic and Loss would become Reed's highest-charting album on the UK Albums Chart, peaking at No. 6. He contributed music to two theatrical interpretations of 19th century writers, one of which he developed into an album titled The Raven, he married his third wife Laurie Anderson in 2008, recorded the collaboration album Lulu with Metallica. He died in 2013 of liver disease. Reed's distinctive deadpan voice, poetic lyrics and experimental guitar playing were trademarks throughout his long career. Reed has been inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame twice. Lewis Allan Reed was born on March 2, 1942, at Beth El Hospital in Brooklyn and grew up in Freeport, Long Island. Reed was Sidney Joseph Reed, an accountant, his family was Jewish. Reed said that although he was Jewish, his real god was roll.
Reed went on to Freeport Junior High School. His sister Merrill, born Margaret Reed, said that as an adolescent, he suffered panic attacks, became awkward and "possessed a fragile temperament" but was focused on things that he liked music. Having learned to play the guitar from the radio, he developed an early interest in rock and roll and rhythm and blues, during high school played in several bands, he began experimenting with drugs at the age of 16. His first recording was, his love for playing music and his desire to play gigs brought him into confrontation with his anxious and unaccommodating parents. His sister recalled that during his first year in college he was brought home one day, having had a mental breakdown, after which he remained "depressed and unresponsive" for a time, that his parents were having difficulty coping. Visiting a psychologist, Reed's parents were made to feel guilty as inadequate parents, consented to electroconvulsive therapy. Reed appeared to blame his father for the treatment.
He wrote about the experience in his 1974 song, "Kill Your Sons". Reed recalled the experience as having been traumatic and leading to memory loss, he believed. After Reed's death, his sister denied the ECT treatments were intended to suppress his "homosexual urges", asserting that their parents were not homophobic but had been told by his doctors that ECT was necessary to treat Reed's mental and behavioral issues. Upon his recovery from his illness and associated treatment, Reed resumed his education at Syracuse University in 1960, studying journalism, film directing, creative writing, he was a platoon leader in ROTC. In 1961, he began. Named after a song by pianist Cecil Taylor, the program featured doo wop and blues, jazz the free jazz developed in the mid-1950s. Reed said that when he started out he was inspired by such musicians as Ornette Coleman, who had "always been a great influence" on him. Reed's sister said that during her brother's time at Syracuse, the university authorities had tried unsuccessfully to expel him because they did not approve of his extracurricular activities.
At Syracuse University, he studied under poet Delmore Schwartz, who he said was "the first great person I met", they became friends. He credited Schwartz with showing him how "with the simplest language imaginable, short, you can accomplish the most astonishing heights." One of Reed's fellow students at Syracuse in the early 1960s was the musician Garland Jeffreys. Jeffreys recalled Reed's time at Syracuse: "At four in the afternoon we'd all meet at The Orange Grove. Me, Delmore and Lou; that would be the center of the crew. And Delmore was the leader - our q
Unanderra is a suburb of Wollongong in New South Wales, Australia. It is located 10 km south-west of the Wollongong CBD, it is bordered to the west by Farmborough, Cordeaux Heights and Farmborough Heights in the Mount Kembla foothills, the north by Figtree, the east by Berkeley and Flagstaff Hill, site of the Nan Tien Temple, the south by Kembla Grange. Unanderra is both a residential suburb to the west of the Princes Highway and industrial, to the east. Along the highway is a strip of commercial ventures such as a Woolworth's and several speciality stores. Two distinctive and beautiful buildings in Unanderra are the Catholic Church and the Syriac Orthodox Church; the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church was opened in 1954 and subsequently extended in 1997 and is located at 48 Princes Highway, Unanderra. Saint Thomas Syriac Orthodox Church in Central Road, was opened in 2007. There are a number of locally owned service providers within the Unanderra area including Electricians, Pest Controllers, Lawn Mowing Services and House Cleaners.
Unanderra has several local attractions including an old school building, several historic houses and a community centre. The community centre is housed in the former Central Illawarra Municipal Council Chambers, opened in 1901; this operated until the merging of the North Illawarra and Central Illawarra chambers to create the City of Greater Wollongong in 1947. The Unanderra Branch Library opened in 1955 within the centre and was enlarged in 1960; the suburb lies on the Illawarra coastal plain, with its west border in the lower foothills of Mount Kembla. From the highway it is possible to see Mount Kembla and it has a distinctly different shape compared to other views of it. At the time of its founding it was known as Charcoal or Charcoal Creek, the name of a prominent waterway through the area. From the late 19th century Unanderra served as a gateway to the Sydney Municipal markets for produce from the surrounding area as well as South Kembla, Cordeaux Valley and as far away as Goondarrin. On 20 August 1932, Unanderra became the junction for the scenic and heavily-graded railway to Moss Vale.
The Unanderra Hotel was built in 1956 and has since undergone a refurbishment to be one of the area's most-visited attractions
Buena Park Downtown Buena Park Mall, is an enclosed shopping mall located on La Palma Avenue in Buena Park, United States, near Knott's Berry Farm. Owned by Coventry Real Estate Advisors, the mall is anchored by Bed Bath & Beyond, TJ Maxx, Ross Dress For Less, Walmart with one vacant space last occupied by Sears; as of 2007 it is the 20th largest mall in Orange County, with around 1,100,000 square feet of retail space. It has languished in sales, however. Built in 1961, the Buena Park Mall was one of the first malls in Orange County, anchored by JCPenney and May Company California. A United Artists movie theater opened in August 1984, to close in 1999. May Company closed in January 1993 as one of the 12 J. W. Robinson's and May Company stores closing due to the merging of the two department stores to form Robinson's-May and in November of that same year, the closed May Company became a discount chain Fedco; the mall was neglected in the 1980s and 1990s as the local retail market changed. In 1995 a group controlled by the Pritzker family of Chicago bought the mall for $41 million from Australia's City Freeholds, Inc. and planned a $120 million renovation.
The modernization was stalled for several years. After FedCo closed, the leaseholder sought to sublet the space to Gigante, a Mexican supermarket chain, opposed a major renovation. Target, which had acquired FedCo in 1999, refused to allow the lease to be transferred to another discount retailer. In late 2001, the city of Buena Park itself paid $3.2 million to take over the Fedco lease and transfer it to Walmart, which now occupies the space. Completed in 2003, the renovation replaced the former JCPenney with a new Krikorian Theaters multiplex. Burlington Coat Factory, a addition, closed in 2005 and was replaced with Steve & Barry's which closed in 2008. Tower Records operated in the mall until the demise of the chain in 2007; the Chicago eatery Portillo's opened their first Southern California outlet at the mall in 2005, next to the Pat & Oscar's, along the La Palma edge of the parking lot. Steve & Barry's closed in 2009. Circuit City was one of the principal stores of Buena Park Place, but closed in 2009 due to its bankruptcy.
On November 7, 2019, it was announced that Sears would be closing this location as part of a plan to close 96 stores nationwide. The store closed on February 2020 making it the last original anchor store to close. Official website