SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

The Velvet Underground

The Velvet Underground was an American rock band formed in 1964 in New York City by singer/guitarist Lou Reed, multi-instrumentalist John Cale, guitarist Sterling Morrison, drummer Angus MacLise. The band was active between 1965 and 1973, was managed by the pop artist Andy Warhol, serving as the house band at the Factory and Warhol's Exploding Plastic Inevitable events from 1966 to 1967, their debut album, The Velvet Underground & Nico, was released in 1967 to critical indifference and poor sales but has become critically acclaimed. The provocative subject matter, musical experiments, nihilistic attitudes explored in the band's work proved influential in the development of punk rock and new wave music. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked the band No. 19 on its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". In 2017, a study of AllMusic's catalog indicated the Velvet Underground as the fifth most cited artist influence in its database; the band was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame in 1996 by Patti Smith.

The foundations for what would become the Velvet Underground were laid in late-1964. Singer/songwriter/guitarist Lou Reed had performed with a few short-lived garage bands and had worked as a songwriter for Pickwick Records. Reed met John Cale, a Welshman who had moved to the United States to study classical music upon securing a Leonard Bernstein scholarship. Cale had worked with experimental composers John Cage, Cornelius Cardew and La Monte Young, had performed with Young's Theatre of Eternal Music, though was interested in rock music. Young's use of extended drones would be a profound influence on the band's early sound. Cale was pleasantly surprised to discover that Reed's experimentalist tendencies were similar to his own: Reed sometimes used alternative guitar tunings to create a droning sound; the pair performed together. Reed's first group with Cale was the Primitives, a short-lived group assembled to issue budget-priced recordings and support an anti-dance single written by Reed, "The Ostrich", to which Cale added a viola passage.

Reed and Cale recruited Sterling Morrison — a college classmate of Reed's at Syracuse University — as a replacement for Walter De Maria, a third member of the Primitives. Reed and Morrison both played guitars, Cale played viola and bass and Angus MacLise joined on percussion to complete the initial four-member unit; this quartet was first called the Warlocks the Falling Spikes. The Velvet Underground by Michael Leigh was a contemporary mass market paperback about the secret sexual subculture of the early 1960s. According to Reed and Morrison, the group liked the name, considering it evocative of "underground cinema", fitting, as Reed had written "Venus in Furs", a song inspired by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch's book of the same name, which dealt with masochism; the band and unanimously adopted The Velvet Underground as its new name in November 1965. The newly named Velvet Underground performed in New York City, their music was much more relaxed than it would become: Cale described this era as reminiscent of beat poetry, with MacLise playing gentle "pitter and patter rhythms behind the drone".

In July 1965, Reed and Morrison recorded a demo tape at their Ludlow Street loft without MacLise, because he refused to be tied down to a schedule and would only turn up to band practice sessions when he wanted. When he returned to Britain, Cale attempted to give a copy of the tape to Marianne Faithfull, hoping she would pass it on to Mick Jagger, lead singer of the Rolling Stones. Nothing came of this, but the demo was released on the 1995 box set Peel Slowly and See. Manager and music journalist Al Aronowitz arranged for the group's first paying gig—$75 to play at Summit High School, in Summit, New Jersey, opening for the Myddle Class; when they decided to take the gig, MacLise abruptly left the group, protesting what he considered a sellout. "Angus was in it for art", Morrison reported. MacLise was replaced by the younger sister of Morrison's friend Jim Tucker. Tucker's playing style was rather unusual: she played standing up rather than seated and had an abbreviated drum setup of tom-toms, snare and an upturned bass drum, using mallets as as drumsticks, using cymbals.

When the band asked her to do something unusual, she turned her bass drum on its side and played standing up. After her drums were stolen from one club, she replaced them with garbage cans brought in from outside, her rhythms, at once simple and exotic, became a vital part of the group's music, despite Cale's initial objections to the presence of a female drummer. The group earned a regular paying gig at the Café Bizarre and gained an early reputation as a promising ensemble. In 1965, after being introduced to the Velvet Underground by filmmaker Barbara Rubin, Andy Warhol bec

Crazy Women

"Crazy Women" is a song recorded by American country pop artist LeAnn Rimes, released as the second single from her tenth studio album, Lady & Gentlemen, on December 10, 2010. The song peaked at number 40 on the Billboard Country Songs chart. "Crazy Women" is a country song written by Brandy Clark, Jessie Jo Dillon, Shane McAnally. In it, the female narrator contemplates that women are driven to craziness by their male counterparts; the song's first verse describes a woman torching her significant other's car while he is in a bar, in the second, finds him venting that he's the victim of undeserved scorn in spite of his cheating and lying ways. The bridge details that any woman, regardless of their outward appearance, has the capacity to be crazy if mistreated by her man; the song was recorded by one of its co-writers, Brandy Clark, for her 2013 debut album, 12 Stories. Bobby Peacock of Roughstock gave it four stars out of five, saying that it "makes itself known right away with crisp, gritty guitar".

He praised Rimes' vocals. It received a "thumbs up" from Karlie Justus of Engine 145, who called it "a successful, stylish thinking woman’s tale of revenge that holds up well despite its surface glitz." Digital Download"Crazy Women" — 3:23Other Versions"Crazy Women" - 3:21 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Cruiser (motorcycle)

A cruiser is a motorcycle in the style of American machines from the 1930s to the early 1960s, including those made by Harley-Davidson, Indian and Henderson. The riding position places the feet forward and the hands up, with the spine erect or leaning back slightly. Typical cruiser engines emphasize easy rideability and shifting, with plenty of low-end torque but not large amounts of horsepower, traditionally V-twins but inline engines have become more common. Cruisers with greater performance than usual, including more horsepower, stronger brakes and better suspension, are called power cruisers. Japanese companies began producing models evocative of the early cruisers in the mid-1980s, by 1997 the market had grown to nearly 60 percent of the US market, such that a number of motorcycle manufacturers including BMW, Moto Guzzi, Suzuki and Victory have or have had important models evocative of the American cruiser. Harley-Davidsons and other cruisers with extensive luggage for touring have been called, sometimes disparagingly or jocularly, baggers, or full baggers, as well as dressers, full dressers, or full dress tourers.

These terms may be used to refer to any touring motorcycle. Cruisers are the basis for custom motorcycle projects that result in a bike modified to suit the owner's ideals, as such are a source of pride and accomplishment. Power cruiser is a name used to distinguish bikes in the cruiser class that have higher levels of power, they come with upgraded brakes and suspensions, better ground clearance, premium surface finishes, as well as more exotic or modern muscular styling. Many power cruisers and Japanese cruisers of the 1980s have more neutral riding positions. While traditional cruisers have limited performance and turning ability due to a low-slung design, power cruisers or similar performance-oriented cruisers can be leaned farther for better cornering. Otherwise, customization can increase the bike's lean angle to enable cornering at higher speeds. Outline of motorcycles and motorcycling