Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport

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Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport
Moisant Field
Louis Armstrong Airport logo.png
Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport - Louisiana.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of New Orleans
Operator New Orleans Aviation Board
Serves New Orleans
Location Kenner, Louisiana, U.S.
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 4 ft / 1 m
Coordinates 29°59′36″N 090°15′29″W / 29.99333°N 90.25806°W / 29.99333; -90.25806Coordinates: 29°59′36″N 090°15′29″W / 29.99333°N 90.25806°W / 29.99333; -90.25806
Website flymsy.com
Map
KMSY is located in Louisiana
KMSY
KMSY
KMSY is located in the US
KMSY
KMSY
Location of airport in Louisiana
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11/29 10,104 3,080 Asphalt/Concrete
2/20 7,001 2,134 Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Aircraft operations 127,753
Based aircraft 21
Passenger movement 11,139,421
Source: MSY[1] and FAA[2]

Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (IATA: MSYICAO: KMSYFAA LID: MSY) is an international airport in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States. It is owned by the city of New Orleans and is 11 miles west of downtown New Orleans,[3] the airport's address is 900 Airline Drive in Kenner, Louisiana. A small portion of Runway 11/29 is in unincorporated St. Charles Parish. Armstrong International is the primary commercial airport for the New Orleans metropolitan area and southeast Louisiana, the airport was formerly known as Moisant Field, and it is also known as Louis Armstrong International Airport and New Orleans International Airport. MSY covers 1,500 acres (607 ha) of land.

The current international scheduled passenger service destinations are Toronto, Panama City, Cancun, Punta Cana, London, and Frankfurt.

At an average of 4.5 feet (1.4 m) above sea level, MSY is the 2nd lowest-lying international airport in the world, behind only Amsterdam's Schiphol International Airport in the Netherlands, which is 11 feet (3.4 m) below sea level. Prior to Hurricane Katrina, MSY served 9.7 million passengers per year, nearly all of them non-connecting. In 2016 it served 11,139,421 passengers, an all-time record for the airport and 4.4% more than 2015.[4]

MSY opened after World War II, replacing the older New Orleans Lakefront Airport (which kept the NEW and KNEW airport codes and now serves general aviation) as the city's main airport. MSY was renamed in 2001 after Louis Armstrong, the famous jazz musician from New Orleans.

In January 2016, the airport began replacement of the current terminal by starting construction on a new terminal located on the north side of the airfield, the terminal is slated to have 35 gates, which can be expanded to 42 gates in the future.

History[edit]

The airport in the 1960s

Plans for a new airport began in 1940, as evidence mounted that the older Shushan Airport (New Orleans Lakefront Airport) was too small.

The airport was originally named Moisant Field after daredevil aviator John Moisant, who died in 1910 in an airplane crash on agricultural land where the airport is now located. Its IATA code MSY was derived from Moisant Stock Yards, as Lakefront Airport retained the "NEW" code.[5] In World War II the land became a government air base, it returned to civil control after the war and commercial service began at Moisant Field in May 1946.

On September 19, 1947 the airport was shut down as it was submerged under two feet of water in the wake of the 1947 Hurricane's impact.

When commercial service began at Moisant Field in 1946, the terminal was a large, makeshift hangar-like building—a sharp contrast to airports in then-peer cities. A new terminal complex, designed by Goldstein Parham & Labouisse and Herbert A. Benson, George J. Riehl and built by J. A. Jones Company, debuted in 1959 towards the end of Mayor DeLesseps "Chep" Morrison's administration, the core of this structure forms much of the present-day facility.[6] Retired United States Air Force Major-General Junius Wallace Jones served as airport director in the 1950s, during his term, the airport received many improvements.

The April 1957 Official Airline Guide (OAG) listed 74 weekday departures: Delta Air Lines 26, Eastern Air Lines 25, National Airlines 11, Capital Airlines 5, Southern Airways 4, and Braniff International Airways 3. Pan American World Airways had six departures each week while TACA, a Central American airline, had four.

By the time the 1959 airport terminal building opened, the name Moisant International Airport was being used for the New Orleans facility, at some point in the next few decades, the name was changed to New Orleans International Airport. In July 2001, to honor the 100th anniversary of Louis Armstrong's birth (August 4, 1901), the airport's name became Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport.[7]

During the administration of Morrison's successor, Vic Schiro, the government sponsored studies of the feasibility of relocating New Orleans International Airport to a new site, contemporaneous with similar efforts that were ultimately successful in Houston (George Bush Intercontinental Airport) and Dallas (Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport). This attempt got as far as recommending a site in New Orleans East; a man-made island was to be created south of I-10 and north of U.S. Route 90 in a bay of Lake Pontchartrain. In the early 1970s it was decided that the current airport should be expanded instead, leading to the construction of a lengthened main terminal ticketing area, an airport access road linking the terminal to I-10, and the present-day Concourses A and B. New Orleans Mayor Sidney Barthelemy, in office from 1986 to 1994, later reintroduced the idea of building a new international airport for the city, with consideration given to other sites in New Orleans East, as well as on the Northshore in suburban St. Tammany Parish. Only a couple months before Hurricane Katrina's landfall, Mayor Ray Nagin again proposed a new airport for New Orleans, this time to the west in Montz, Louisiana, these initiatives met with the same fate as 1960s-era efforts concerning construction of a new airport for New Orleans.

In the summer of 2001, in commemoration of the centennial of Armstrong's birth, New Orleans's main airport was renamed Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport.

Post–Hurricane Katrina capacity restoration[edit]

Armstrong Airport, June 2007

MSY reopened to commercial flights on September 13, 2005, with four flights operated by Delta Air Lines to Atlanta and a Northwest Airlines flight to Memphis. Slowly, service from other carriers began to resume, with limited service offered by Southwest Airlines, Continental Airlines, and American Airlines. Eventually, all carriers announced their return to MSY, with the exception of America West Airlines (which merged into US Airways two weeks later) and international carrier TACA; in early 2006, Continental Airlines (since merged into United Airlines) became the first airline to return to pre-Katrina flight frequency levels, and in September 2006, to pre-Katrina seat capacity levels.

All international service into MSY was suspended while the FIS facility was closed post-Katrina, the facility reopened to chartered flights arriving from London, Manchester, Bournemouth, and Nottingham, UK—all carrying tourists in for Mardi Gras and set to depart aboard a cruise liner.

In May 2010, AirTran announced new daily nonstop service to its hub in Milwaukee utilizing Boeing 717 twin jet aircraft, which then commenced on October 7, 2010,[8] this route marked MSY's first all-new city addition since 1998. AirTran was acquired by Southwest Airlines, which in turn began operating the route; in November 2010, United Airlines announced resumption of daily nonstop service to San Francisco, the largest pre-Katrina domestic market that had yet to resume service to New Orleans. On July 16, 2012, Spirit Airlines announced nonstop service from Dallas-Fort Worth to New Orleans, commencing in January 2013. Spirit became the first all-new domestic carrier, and second all-new carrier overall (after WestJet) to announce service to MSY, since 1998.

MSY served 9,785,394 passengers in 2014, exceeding for the first time in the post-Katrina era the total passenger count of 9,733,179 achieved in 2004, the last full calendar year prior to Katrina's landfall in August 2005. A new record passenger count was set by the airport in 2015. 10,673,301 passengers were served, eclipsing the earlier record of 9.9 million passengers, set in 2000. This was surpassed by another new record for traffic of 11,139,421 passengers in 2016.

Incentives to airlines[edit]

On November 21, 2006, the New Orleans Aviation Board approved an air service initiative to promote increased service to Armstrong International:

  • Airlines qualify for a $0.75 credit per seat toward terminal use charges for scheduled departing seats exceeding 85% of pre-Katrina capacity levels for a twelve-month period.
  • Airlines qualify for a waiver of landing fees for twelve months following the initiation of service to an airport not presently served from New Orleans.

On January 17, 2008, the city's aviation board voted on an amended incentive program that waives landing fees for the first two airlines to fly nonstop into a city not presently served from the airport. Under the new ruling, landing fees will be waived for up to two airlines flying into an "underserved destination airport." The incentive previously referred to service to a "new destination airport."

The airport is also continuing its incentive to airlines that reach 85% of their pre-Katrina flight frequencies.

International service[edit]

As of November 2017, Armstrong International has nonstop flights to Canada, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Panama, the United Kingdom, and Germany.

Vacation Express offers seasonal flights to Cancún and Punta Cana operated by Swift Air. Delta Air Lines and United Airlines also offer seasonal weekend flights to Cancún as well. Air Canada Express has been providing flights from Toronto–Pearson since October 2010.[9]

Choice Aire began nonstop service to San Pedro Sula, Honduras in December 2016. British Airways and Condor Flugdienst have respectively announced scheduled flights to London and Frankfurt beginning in March 2017 and May 2017. British Airways has now begun their new service and is operating Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner aircraft on their nonstop route to London Heathrow Airport, while Condor is flying Boeing 767-300ER aircraft nonstop to Frankfurt.[10][11]

Terminals and concourses[edit]

The inside of MSY's Concourse C
West Terminal, completed in 1996

Louis Armstrong International has two terminals, East and West, connected by a central ticketing alley. Attached are four concourses, A, B, C and D, the vaulted arrivals lounge at the head of Concourse C and the adjacent, western half of the ticketing alley are the remaining portions of the airport's 1959 terminal complex.

Concourse A[edit]

Concourse A opened in 1974 and has 6 Gates: A1, A3, A5, A6, A7, A8. Most recently home to Northwest Airlines (since merged with Delta Air Lines) and US Airways (since merged with American Airlines), this concourse is closed until further notice.

Concourse B[edit]

Concourse B opened in 1974 and has 11 Gates: B1, B2, B4, B5, B7-B12, B15. Southwest Airlines (Gates B2, B4, B5, B7, B8, B9) and GLO Airlines (Gate B15) operate out of this concourse. Gate B1 space has been taken over by TSA for passenger screening, and the gate is no longer in use. Gates B10, B11, and B12 are currently vacant.

Concourse C[edit]

Except customs pre-cleared flights, all nonstop international arrivals are handled by Concourse C, this concourse also contains both common-use and overflow gates, available for infrequent services and charter flights as well.

Concourse C opened on March 18, 1992[12] and was remodeled in 2007, according to a design by Manning Architects, after being damaged in a tornado the previous February.[13]

Concourse D[edit]

The newest concourse, D, opened on December 23, 1996 and houses a Delta Air Lines Sky Club in between gates D2 and D4, the sole such airline club remaining at Armstrong.[14] Originally completed with only six gates, Concourse D received a six-gate rotunda addition, designed by Sizeler Thompson Brown,[15] and inaugurated in 2011, this rotunda includes gates D7-12[16]

Concourse D has 12 operating Gates: D1 – D12. Delta Air Lines (Gates D2, D4, D6, D8, D10, D12), United Airlines (Gates D1, D3, D5, D7, D9, D11), and Air Canada Express (Gate D7) operate from Concourse D.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Refs
Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson [17]
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma [18]
Allegiant Air Cincinnati, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Charlotte–Concord, Orlando/Sanford, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, St. Petersburg/Clearwater
Seasonal: Cleveland, Indianapolis
[19]
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare (ends January 8, 2018), Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Philadelphia, Washington–National [20]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Philadelphia, Washington–National [20]
British Airways London–Heathrow [21]
Copa Airlines Panama City [22]
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt [23]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia
Seasonal: Cancún, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma (begins February 10, 2018)[24]
[25]
Delta Connection Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia,
Seasonal: Boston (begins February 10, 2018),[26] Salt Lake City
[25]
Frontier Airlines Austin, Denver, Long Island/Islip, Orlando, Philadelphia, San Antonio
Seasonal: Providence
[27]
JetBlue Airways Boston, Fort Lauderdale, New York–JFK [28]
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Hobby, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Nashville, Oakland, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh,[29] Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento (begins March 18, 2018),[30] San Antonio, San Diego, San Jose (CA) (begins April 8, 2018),[31] St. Louis, Tampa, Washington–National
Seasonal: Cancún (begins April 14, 2018),[32] Indianapolis, New York–LaGuardia
[33]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn (begins March 8, 2018), Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Newark, Orlando, Tampa [34][35]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Cancún
[36]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [36]
Vacation Express Seasonal: Cancún, Punta Cana [37]
Virgin America San Francisco [38]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
DHL Aviation
operated by Air Transport International
Cincinnati, Memphis
DHL Express
operated by Ameriflight
Houston–Intercontinental
FedEx Express Fort Lauderdale, Memphis, Tampa
UPS Airlines Albany (GA), Louisville

Statistics[edit]

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at MSY, 2001 through 2016[39][40]

Year Passengers Year Passengers
2001 9,567,651 2011 8,548,375
2002 9,251,773 2012 8,600,989
2003 9,275,690 2013 9,207,636
2004 9,733,179 2014 9,785,394
2005 7,775,147 2015 10,673,301
2006 6,218,419 2016 11,139,421
2007 7,525,533
2008 7,967,997
2009 7,787,373
2010 8,203,305

Top domestic destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from MSY (June 2016 – May 2017)[41]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 739,070 Delta, Southwest, Spirit
2 Houston–Intercontinental, Texas 377,190 Spirit, United
3 Los Angeles, California 314,280 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit
4 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 304,750 American, Spirit
5 Houston–Hobby, Texas 295,010 Southwest
6 Dallas–Love, Texas 250,970 Southwest
7 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 237,250 American, Spirit, United
8 Charlotte, North Carolina 220,240 American
9 Denver, Colorado 211,900 Frontier, Southwest, United
10 New York–JFK, New York 175,180 Delta, JetBlue

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On November 16, 1959 National Airlines Flight 967, a Douglas DC-7 flying from Tampa to New Orleans crashed into the Gulf of Mexico.[42] All 42 passengers and crew were killed.
  • Eastern Air Lines Flight 304 operated with a Douglas DC-8 flying from New Orleans International Airport to Washington Dulles International Airport crashed on February 25, 1964 nine minutes after takeoff. All 51 passengers and 7 crew members were killed.
  • On March 20, 1969, Douglas DC-3 N142D, leased from Avion Airways for a private charter, crashed on landing, killing 16 of the 27 passengers and crew members on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic non-scheduled passenger flight from Memphis International Airport, Tennessee.[43]
  • On July 9, 1982, Pan Am Flight 759, en route from Miami to Las Vegas, departed New Orleans International. The Boeing 727-200 jetliner took off from the east–west runway (Runway 10/28) traveling east but never gained an altitude higher than 150 feet (46 m). The aircraft traveled 4,610 feet (1405 m) beyond the end of Runway 10, hitting trees along the way, until crashing into a residential neighborhood. A total of 153 people were killed (all 145 on board and 8 on the ground), the crash was, at the time, the second-deadliest civil aviation disaster in U.S. history. The National Transportation Safety Board determined the probable cause was the aircraft's encounter with a microburst-induced wind shear during the liftoff. This atmospheric condition created a downdraft and decreasing headwind forcing the plane downward. Modern wind shear detection equipment protecting flights from such conditions is now in place both onboard planes and at most commercial airports, including Armstrong International.
  • On May 24, 1988 TACA Flight 110 was forced to glide without power and make an emergency landing on top of a levee east of New Orleans International Airport after flame-out in both engines of the Boeing 737-300 in a severe thunderstorm. There were no casualties and the aircraft was subsequently repaired and returned to service.
  • On March 21, 2015, sixty-three-year-old Richard White walked into the airport armed with a machete and Molotov cocktails and began attacking TSA agents. He was subsequently shot and killed by a Jefferson Parish Sheriff's Deputy.

Hurricane Katrina[edit]

The airport was closed to commercial air traffic on August 28, 2005, shortly before Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans, and it remained closed as floods affected the city, the Associated Press reported on August 31 that MSY would receive humanitarian flights, and that the airport "has no significant airfield damage and had no standing water in aircraft movement areas", although the airport did, as the article put it, "[sustain] damage to its roofs, hangars and fencing."[44] In early September, the airport opened only to military aircraft and humanitarian flights, and served as a staging center for evacuees, the airport reopened to commercial flights on September 13, 2005.[45]

February 2006 tornado[edit]

At about 2:30 EST in the morning on February 2, 2006, a tornado touched down on the grounds of MSY, the damage from the tornado was significant but primarily confined to Concourse C, where American, United, AirTran Airways, and international arrivals were based. Many temporary repairs dating from Hurricane Katrina failed, including one roof patch, forcing airlines based in the concourse to relocate operations to vacant gates. Jetways and other ground equipment also sustained damage, the damage was confirmed by the National Weather Service as being caused by a tornado rated F1.[citation needed] By later that year, the tornado related damage had been repaired.

Ground transportation[edit]

Bus[edit]

Bus service between the airport and downtown New Orleans is provided by New Orleans Regional Transit Authority Airport Express Route 202 and Jefferson Transit bus E-2.[46]

Hotel shuttle[edit]

Airport Shuttle has services to most hotels and hostels in the Central Business District of New Orleans for $20 per person (one-way) and $38 per person (round-trip).[47]

Future plans[edit]

On December 21, 2015, the New Orleans Aviation Board, along with the Mayor of New Orleans and City Council, approved a plan to build a new $598 million terminal building on the north side of the airport property with two concourses and 30 gates.[48] Construction began January 2016, with Hunt-Gibbs-Boh-Metro listed as the contractor at-risk, the terminal was scheduled to be finished in October 2018, five months behind the originally targeted completion date of May 2018, which would have been in time for New Orleans' 300th anniversary.

Because of faster than expected growth at the airport, in March 2017 the New Orleans Aviation Board voted to add an approximate $178 million expansion to the new terminal complex bringing the total construction cost to $993 million, adding a third concourse and increasing the number of gates to 35,[49] with the additional expansion the anticipated opening date has been moved to February 2019 so that the entire complex can open at once.

There will be a centralized security checkpoint with all new shops and restaurants behind the security checkpoint, including a number of restaurants run by local chefs.[50] A new garage with 2,190 parking spaces is also planned,[49] along with a new, privately funded airport hotel. Airlines flying out of MSY have also, at their expense, funded the construction of a $39 million fuel system.[51][52]

A new four-lane access road to the airport will route to I-10 via Loyola Drive,[53] the plans call for demolishing concourses A, B and C of the existing southside terminal complex, while repurposing concourse D for charter services and administrative offices. The airport currently has 34 gates but only uses 30 gates; the new terminal is designed for 35 gates, with an option to expand to 42.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ "Armstrong International Breaks All-Time Record High for Total Passengers - Press Room". Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  2. ^ http://www.gcr1.com/5010WEB/REPORTS/AFD03052015MSY.pdf
  3. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for MSY (Form 5010 PDF), effective March 10, 2011.
  4. ^ [1] Airport Sets Passenger Record
  5. ^ Welcome to the Best of New Orleans! Blake Pontchartrain March 29, 2005 Archived November 26, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Dedication Plaque of Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport – 2012". Airchive. 2CMedia. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Dedication Plaque of Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport – 2012". Airchive. 2CMedia. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  8. ^ "AirTran Airways – Press Release". Pressroom.airtran.com. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Air Canada adding service to New Orleans in ongoing expansion of transborder flying from Toronto hub". Quebec, Ontario, Louisiana: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Book Flights, Holidays & Check In Online - British Airways". Archived from the original on December 2, 2006. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Book & Plan". Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  12. ^ Chatelain, Kim (March 19, 1992). "Airport Concourse is Opened to Raves". The Times-Picayune. New Orleans. 
  13. ^ "Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport Concourse C - Manning Architects". 
  14. ^ Grissett, Sheila (December 24, 1996). "Airport's Big D New Concourse Sleek, Modern and Best of All, Shorter". The Times-Picayune. New Orleans. 
  15. ^ "Travel - Sizeler Thompson Brown Architects". Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  16. ^ Hammer, David (October 28, 2011). "New Orleans Airport Opens Concourse D Expansion". The Times-Picayune. New Orleans. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Flight Timetable". Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "Allegiant Air". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  20. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "Timetables". Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "Flight Schedule". Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "Timetable". Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  24. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/273406/delta-adds-seattle-new-orleans-weekends-service-in-1q18/
  25. ^ a b "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "Delta adds Boston – New Orleans service in 1Q18". RoutesOnline. Retrieved July 4, 2017. 
  27. ^ "Frontier". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "JetBlue Airlines Timetable". Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  29. ^ http://www.flypittsburgh.com/getattachment/Flights/Nonstop-Destinations/November-2017-Nonstop-Flights.pdf.aspx?lang=en-US
  30. ^ "Southwest adds five new destinations from Sacramento". Retrieved 11 November 2017. 
  31. ^ "Southwest announces new San Jose flights, adding eight nonstop cities". Retrieved 11 November 2017. 
  32. ^ "Southwest planning seasonal non-stop service between New Orleans, Cancun". Retrieved 11 November 2017. 
  33. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  34. ^ "Where We Fly". Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  35. ^ Benjamin Bearup (24 Aug 2017). "SPIRIT AIRLINES EXPANDS IN NEW ORLEANS". airwaysmag.com. Airways Magazine. Retrieved 24 Aug 2017. 
  36. ^ a b "Timetable". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  37. ^ "Vacation Express". Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  38. ^ "Alaska Airlines announces 13 new nonstop routes from the Bay Area". Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  39. ^ "Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport - Airport Data & Statistics". 
  40. ^ "Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport". 
  41. ^ "New Orleans, LA: Louis Armstrong New Orleans International (MSY)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  42. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-7B N4891C Gulf of Mexico." Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on December 23, 2009.
  43. ^ "N142D Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved February 9, 2011. 
  44. ^ "AP New Orleans News Online Breaking News & Headlines from Associated Press". nola.com. November 1, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  45. ^ Nossiter, Adam (September 13, 2005). "News > Nation > Hurricane Katrina – New Orleans airport reopens". SignOnSanDiego.com. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Jefferson Transport Bus Routes". Jefferson Parish Transport. Retrieved April 26, 2013. 
  47. ^ "Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport – Ground Transportation". Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport. Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  48. ^ "$598 million airport terminal contract gets New Orleans Aviation Board approval". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  49. ^ a b "New Orleans Aviation Board Votes To Expand, Finance Airport's North Terminal Project - Biz New Orleans - March 2017". www.bizneworleans.com. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  50. ^ "Armstrong Airport board approves restaurant lineup for new terminal". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 
  51. ^ "Bond Commission approves borrowing for New Orleans airport makeover". 
  52. ^ "New Orleans airport's new $807 million terminal to begin construction Jan. 4". NOLA.com. 
  53. ^ Vargas, Ramon Antonio. "Kenner council paves way for new $7 million airport access road". The Advocate. Retrieved 2017-05-20. 

External links[edit]