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Low comedy

Low comedy, in association to comedy, is a dramatic or literary form of popular entertainment without any primary purpose other than to create laughter through boasting, boisterous jokes, scolding, fighting and other riotous activity. It is characterized by "horseplay", slapstick or farce. Examples include the throwing of a custard pie into another's face; this definition has expanded to include lewd types of comedy that rely on obvious physical jokes, such as, the wedgie. The term "Low Comedy" was coined by John Dryden in his preface to his play An Evening's Love; this type of comedy has been a fixture since Greek plays. For instance Sophocles once wrote a satyr play, no longer extant, about Satyrs who seek to persuade a king that they are worthy suitors of his daughter by bragging about their capacity for flatulence. Aristophanes claimed that he hoped his plays would not be too highbrow for the common people to understand though he acknowledged that his work presupposed a level of intelligence, not assumed.

The word Comedy is derived from a Greek phrase meaning either Song of Revelry or Song of The Village, the latter of which implies that it is meant for everyone including the lowest common denominator. Low comedy was first denoted as comedy for the commoners because it was most practiced by street performers. Over time as low comedy began to include lewd jokes and more physical comedy, more mainstream performers began to practice this type of comedy: stand-up comedians, etc; this type of comedy was employed in most cartoons. For instance in Porky's Duck Hunt Porky Pig is subjected to physical slapstick. A 1945 Bugs Bunny cartoon which parodied and lampooned Hermann Goring included a scene wherein Bugs tore off Goring's medals one by one and Goring's trousers fell off. Daffy Duck is shot by Elmer Fudd in Wabbit Season cartoons. Nickelodeon's The Fairly Odd Parents included as antagonists Vicky the Babysitter and Francis the Bully who would torment Timmy Turner, the protagonist, by giving him wedgies.

In the animated film Hoodwinked Too! Hood vs. Evil the singing goat character has objects dropped on him much to his annoyance for the sake of entertaining the audience. In the television series South Park the Kenny character is killed in various ways as a running gag. Low comedy in society is quite well known, it can be found in public and occupations, such as clowns and comedians. The term low is represented in association to low culture; this form of comedy is targeted and understood towards people who attain non-academic high school education, meaning this form of comedy is not restricted to high levels of education and knowledge. Low comedy is well popular today because it is considered suitable for all individuals; this form of comedy connects to popular culture by its easy to understand style. Low comedy, has lacked appreciation from most of society and is looked down upon in contrast to high comedy; the sole purpose of low comedy is to evoke laughter in people. Because there is no contextual message in most forms of low comedy, it is not respected.

This does not undermine the fact that it is still an effective form of comedy for its reputation to cause laughter. The classification of things considered to be low comedy changes over time; as society changes, so do the ideas about what high and low comedy are. For example, due to the overdoing of sitcoms in the past, it is now considered shrill, low society where everyone talk-screeches in some sub-human, mock-sophisticated language of incessant insult; some Sitcoms are somewhere in between High comedy. For instance the Simpsons has Homer Simpson get electrocuted or otherwise hurt, has Bart Simpson get strangled by his father, gets Apu shot by Snake Jailbird, hits Sideshow Bob with rakes and has Milhouse Van Houten receive wedgies, yet the Simpsons has satirized political issues like gun control and genetic engineering as well as gay marriage and immigration and has parodied classic films and literature. Today, low comedy can be seen in any production. Sitcoms base most of the plot on this type of comedy because of society influencing productivity and considering it a low form of comedy.

Modern adaptations of Shakespeare's plays use low comedy to convey a different understanding of the play. As You Like It for example is the story of a woman named Rosalyn who meets her male love interest while disguised as a man and inadvertently arouses the affection of a woman named Phoebe who rejects her male suitor because she is in love with the man that Rosalyn is pretending to be. High comedy The Three Stooges, three comedic performers who used slapstick humour, they have been explicitly described as Low Comedy entertainment

Mineral Water Bowl

The Mineral Water Bowl is an annual American NCAA Division II college football bowl game between teams from the Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference and an at large opponent hosted in Excelsior Springs, Missouri at Tiger Stadium. From 1948 to 1951, the Mineral Water Bowl was a high school bowl game to showcase the Excelsior Springs High School team against another Missouri high school squad in the school's Thanksgiving contest; the Missouri High School Athletic Association never sanctioned the contest and forbade Excelsior Springs from playing in the game after 1950, after the 1951 contest featuring two different schools, the high school Mineral Water Bowl was no more. In 1954, the game was revived as a small-college game; as of 1957, it was one of 11 NCAA sanctioned bowl games. The bowl game continued until 1975, when declining interest lead to the game being discontinued for a second time. In 1992 the bowl was again revived, this time as a National Junior College Athletic Association bowl game.

After 1999, the bowl was reclassified as an NCAA bowl game, this time for Division II. Representatives from the Mid-America Intercollegiate Athletics Association and Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference are chosen yearly for the game; the top-placing team in each conference not receiving a bid to the NCAA Division II National Football Championship playoffs receives an invitation to compete. In 2009 the MIAA announced plans to compete in the Kanza Bowl in Topeka, Kansas against teams from the Lone Star Conference. Due to financial difficulties and lack of finding a core sponsor, the Kanza Bowl was cancelled for the 2013 season; the Live United Texarkana Bowl, the Heritage Bowl, the C. H. A. M. P. S. Heart of Texas Bowl are the only other NCAA Division II bowl games at this time; the Pioneer Bowl in North Carolina was suspended following the 2012 game. The Dixie Rotary Bowl in Utah was suspended in 2009; this list is for appearances in the Mineral Water Bowl since the 2000 edition, when the bowl became a postseason NCAA Division II game.

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F minor

F minor is a minor scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A♭, B♭, C, D♭, E♭. Its key signature consists of four flats, its relative major is A-flat major and its parallel major is F major. Its enharmonic equivalent, E-sharp minor, has eight sharps, including the double sharp F, which makes it used; the F natural minor scale is: Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The F harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are: Famous pieces in the key of F minor include Beethoven's Appassionata Sonata, Chopin's Piano Concerto No. 2, Haydn's Symphony No. 49, La Passione and Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 4. Glenn Gould once said if he could be any key, he would be F minor, because "it's rather dour, halfway between complex and stable, between upright and lascivious, between gray and tinted... There is a certain obliqueness."Helmholtz once described F minor as harrowing and melancholy. Schubart described this key as "Deep depression, funereal lament, groans of misery and longing for the grave".

E-sharp minor is a theoretical key based on the musical note E♯ and consisting of the pitches E♯, F, G♯, A♯, B♯, C♯ and D♯. Its key signature has six sharps and one double sharp; the E-sharp natural minor scale is: Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The E-sharp harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are: Its relative major is G-sharp major, replaced by A-flat major, its parallel major, E-sharp major, is replaced by F major, due to the presence of 4 double-sharps in the E-sharp major scale causing it to be one of the more impractical key signatures in music to use. Although E-sharp minor is notated as F minor, it could be used on a local level, such as bars 17 to 22 in Johann Sebastian Bach's The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, Prelude and Fugue No. 3 in C-sharp major. Key Major and minor Chord Chord names and symbols Media related to F minor at Wikimedia Commons

Egg drop soup

Egg drop soup is a Chinese soup of wispy beaten eggs in boiled chicken broth. Condiments such as black or white pepper, finely chopped scallions and tofu are optional, but added to the soup; the soup is finished by adding a thin stream of beaten eggs to the boiling broth in the final moments of cooking, creating thin, silken strands or flakes of cooked egg that float in the soup. Egg drop soup using different recipes is known to be a simple-to-prepare soup in Vietnam, Korea and some East countries In the United States, egg drop soup is one of the main soups offered in American Chinese cuisine, is called egg flower soup, a literal translation of its Chinese name, on the menus of some restaurants. Cornstarch may be used to thicken it. In Chinese cuisine, egg drop soups have a thinner consistency than most common Western variants. Depending on the region, they may be garnished with ingredients such as tofu, bean sprouts and corn. In Japan, egg is dropped unscrambled as the topping for tsukimi udon or soba.

The moon-like appearance of the whole yolk is responsible for the name, which means "moon viewing." In Italy, stracciatella, a version made of egg and parmesan cheese, is a popular variant of egg drop soup. In France le tourin, a garlic soup, is made with egg whites which are drizzled into the soup in a similar way to how traditional egg drop soup is made. In Spain, the similar and traditional sopa de ajo uses egg whites to thicken the broth in a similar fashion. In Austria, egg drop soup is a simple, traditional recipe made for young children or sick people. Scrambled eggs are mixed with flour and poured into boiling soup in order to make small egg dumplings. Spices can be added to the egg-flour mixture according to taste. A similar recipe exists in Polish cuisine, with the egg-flour mixture either poured directly into soup, or into boiling water strained and added to a soup or sauce. For children simmering milk is used in place of soup. In Russia, semolina is boiled in the chicken stock before the eggs are whisked in for the more substantial fare, flavored with chopped scallion and black pepper.

A simple egg dough dumplings similar to lazy vareniki or the Ukrainian halušky are a frequent addition in the southern regions. In Cyprus and Greece the egg is beaten and slowly stirred in the soup so it does not curdle. Lemon and rice are the additional ingredients besides the chicken stock to make avgolemono. "How to Make Egg Drop Soup". Archived from the original on 2012-02-07

Rouge Bouquet (poem)

"Rouge Bouquet" or "The Wood Called Rouge Bouquet" is a lyric poem written in 1918 by American poet, essayist and soldier Joyce Kilmer. The poem commemorates during an intense German artillery bombardment of an American trench position in the Rouge Bouquet wood near the French village of Baccarat on 7 March 1918 that resulted in the loss of 19 American soldiers with the 165th Infantry Regiment, 42nd Rainbow Division. Kilmer was a sergeant in the New York National Guard's "The Fighting 69th Regiment", part of the 165th Infantry Regiment involved in the attack. Kilmer composed the poem after the bombardment, it was first read over their graves in March 1918; the poem was first published in the 16 August 1918 issue of "Stars and Stripes", two weeks after Kilmer's death in battle on 30 July 1918 during the Second Battle of the Marne. The poem was read over Kilmer's own grave. To this day, it is a tradition of the Fighting 69th to read the poem at memorial services for fallen members of the regiment.

The reader will notice that at several points the words fall into the rhythm of "Taps". In a wood they call the Rouge Bouquet There is a new-made grave to-day, Built by never a spade nor pick Yet covered with earth ten metres thick. There lie many fighting men, Dead in their youthful prime, Never to laugh nor love again Nor taste the Summertime. For Death came flying through the air And stopped his flight at the dugout stair, Touched his prey and left them there, Clay to clay, he hid their bodies stealthily In the soil of the land they fought to free And fled away. Now over the grave abrupt and clear Three volleys ring. Go to sleep! Slumber well where the shell screamed and fell. Let your rifles rest on the muddy floor, You will not need them any more. Danger’s past. Never fear but in the skies Saints and angels stand Smiling with their holy eyes On this new-come band. St. Michael’s sword darts through the air And touches the aureole on his hair As he sees them stand saluting there, His stalwart sons.

And up to Heaven’s doorway floats, From the wood called Rouge Bouquet A delicate cloud of bugle notes That say: “Farewell! Farewell! Comrades true, born anew, peace to you! Your souls shall be where the heroes are And your memory shine like the morning-star. Brave and dear, Shield us here. Farewell!”

SETI (The Kovenant album)

SETI is the fourth studio album by the Norwegian industrial metal band, The Kovenant, was released in 2003 through Nuclear Blast. With their second Norwegian Grammy, The Kovenant toured Europe and the United States to promote the album. While in the United States the band found a new member, who would play guitars with Psy Coma. Deciding to take a break from recording music the band went their separate ways after they returned to Europe. During 2002 a remastered version of In Times Before the Light and a re-release of Nexus Polaris took place. By November 2002 the band decided to record a fourth album. In 2003 the new album SETI was released and the band decided to do more touring than last time; however this conflicted with Von Blomberg's other projects and it was decided that he would leave the band. Prior to the release of the actual album, Nuclear Blast issued an EP, SETI Club, consisting of two songs and "club versions" of another two songs from SETI. Soon two other members were recruited, Küth on drums and Brat on keyboards.

With these new members The Kovenant again toured Europe and the USA. Lex Icon - vocals, keyboards Psy-Coma - guitars, programming Von Blomberg - drums Siggi Bemm - additional bass, mixing, mastering Jan Kazda - bass Eileen Küpper - vocals Erik Ljunggren - programming, sound design Markus Staiger - executive producer Joachim Luetke - cover concept, design Espen Tollefsen - photography Dennis Koehne - engineering assistant Dan Diamond - producer, mixing SETI at Nuclear Blast SETI at Encyclopaedia Metallum