Loyola Marymount University is a private Jesuit and Marymount research university in Los Angeles, California. It is located on the west side of the city and is scenically positioned atop the bluffs overlooking Playa Vista. LMU is the parent school to Loyola Law School located in downtown Los Angeles. LMU offers 60 major and 55 minor undergraduate programs across 6 undergraduate colleges; the Graduate Division offers 51 master's degree programs, one education doctorate, one doctorate in juridical science, one juris doctorate and 12 credential programs. As of 2019, Loyola Marymount University is one of the largest Roman Catholic universities on the U. S. West Coast with just under 9,700 undergraduate and law school students. LMU's sports teams are called the Lions and compete at the NCAA Division I level as members of the West Coast Conference in 19 sports. Loyola Marymount University traces its history through Loyola College, founded in 1917 as the successor to St. Vincent's College, founded in 1865, Marymount College, founded in 1933 with its roots in Marymount School, founded in 1923.
The names "Loyola" and "Marymount" have long been associated with Catholic higher education in countries around the globe. Saint Ignatius Loyola, founder of The Society of Jesus, sanctioned the foundation of his order's first school in 1548; the Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary have conducted educational institutions since their establishment in France in 1849 by Father Jean Gailhac. These two traditions of education have come together in Los Angeles as Loyola Marymount University; the present university is the direct heir to the pioneer Catholic college and first institution of higher learning in Southern California, St. Vincent's College and run by the Vincentians until 1911. In 1865, the Vincentian Fathers were commissioned by Bishop Thaddeus Amat y Brusi to found St. Vincent's College for boys in Los Angeles. Father John Asmuth, was the first President Rector. Classes were held for two years in the Lugo Adobe on the east side of the Plaza while a new building was being finished; the historic home, aptly donated by Don Vicente Lugo, was one of few two-story adobes in town.
The house stood in the empty lot across Alameda Street between the Union Station. After two years, the college and school moved into a new, brick building several blocks south by the lower plaza, Pershing Square; the brick building was replaced with a larger one in stone that became a familiar landmark for its stately, central tower topped by a mansard roof. The 7th street property, now called St. Vincent's Place, took up the block bounded by Fort, 6th, 7th streets; when St. Vincent's moved to a new campus, the old building became US Army Headquarters, in 1907, the large Bullock's department store was built and operated here until 1983. Today, the site is in the heart of Los Angeles's Jewelry District. In 1869, St. Vincent's was accredited by the state. In 1887, the college moved to a new, more majestic campus—bounded by Grand Avenue, Washington Boulevard, Hope Street, 18th—which would have a chapel, residence hall, a traditional, brick-and-ivy complex housing classrooms and lecture halls. Like the second college building by Pershing Square, the new retained a tall, central tower topped with St. Vincent's trademark mansard roof.
While the campus underwent many expansions, the athletic program grew, the Catholic Collegiates competed against Occidental's Presbyterians and USC's Methodists. St. Vincent's athletes were recruited into professional sports. During this era, from St. Vincent's College graduated many alumni who would become famous in the history of Los Angeles, among whom were Isidore Dockweiler, Eugene Biscailuz and Leo Carrillo. In 1911, the Vincentians, who had led the college since its founding the century before, were replaced with the Jesuits, who moved the college to a larger property; as planning began on developing a 20th-century university, enrollment was folded into a new college called "Los Angeles College" that would soon evolve into Loyola. The old campus became St. Vincent's School. In 1922, St. Vincent's historic campus was sold. Over time, the historic buildings of old St. Vincent's College have been torn down and replaced, including with the Grand Olympic Auditorium and large, open parking lots.
When the Vincentians pulled out of educational ministry in Los Angeles in 1911, Bishop Thomas Conaty asked the Jesuits to come to Los Angeles and take over St. Vincent's College. Not wishing to assume any of the college's debt, the Jesuits, founded Los Angeles College in 1911, they opened their high school division and folded the board and students of St. Vincent's College into Los Angeles College at a new location made up of several bungalows at Avenue 52, Highland Park, Los Angeles. Father Richard A. Gleeson, was the first Jesuit President but the board of the college was composed of Vincentian Fathers. Rapid growth prompted the Jesuits to seek a new campus on Venice Boulevard in 1917. However, in 1918 the name was once again changed to Loyola College of Los Angeles. Graduate instruction began in 1920 with the foundation of a separate law school. Though instruction at the undergraduate level remained exclusive to male students, women were admitted to the law school; the law school was the second in Los Angeles to admit Jewish students.
Daynara Lopes Ferreira de Paula is a Brazilian butterfly swimmer. Rooted in São Caetano do Sul as a child, at 11 years old, she won sponsorship to compete across the country; as a Minas Tênis Clube's sportsman, her first major involvement was in 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. At 18, she won her Olympic berth in the last Brazilian trials, the Maria Lenk Trophy in Rio de Janeiro. Daynara got it done in the 100-metre butterfly playoffs, where she swam a time of 59.30 seconds - five hundredths time below the FINA index. This time broke the South American record of Gabriella Silva, 59.79 seconds. In Beijing, she finished 34th in the 100-metre butterfly. At the 2009 World Aquatics Championships in Rome, finished 10th in the 100-metre butterfly, reached the 50-metre butterfly final, finishing in 8th place. In the 50-metre butterfly semifinals, she broke the South American record, with a time of 25.85 seconds. In November 2009, at the Stockholm leg of the 2009 FINA Swimming World Cup, broke the South American record in the 100-metre butterfly and the 50-metre butterfly.
Daynara was suspended for 6 months in 2010 after returning a positive doping test for the diuretic furosemide. Competing at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, Daynara finished 10th in the 50-metre butterfly, 21st in 100-metre butterfly, 17th in the 4×100-metre medley and 13th in the 4×100-metre freestyle. At the 2011 Pan American Games in Guadalajara, she won the silver medal in the 100-metre butterfly and in the 4×100-metre freestyle, won bronze in the 4×100-metre medley, she was in 9th place in the 100-metre freestyle. She participated in her second Olympics in 2012 Summer Olympics in London, where she finished 26th in the 100-metre freestyle and 33rd in the 100-metre butterfly. At the 2012 FINA World Swimming Championships in Istanbul, she ranked 16th in the 50-metre butterfly, 10th in the 100-metre butterfly and 10th in the 4×100-metre medley. In the 4×100-metre medley heats, along with the Brazilian team, broke the South American record with a time of 3:57.66. At the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, in the 4×100-metre freestyle, she broke the South American record, with a time of 3:41.05, along with Larissa Oliveira, Graciele Herrmann and Alessandra Marchioro.
The Brazilian team finished in 11th place, did not advance to the final. She finished 15th in the 100-metre butterfly. 20th in the 50-metre butterfly. and 12th in the 4×100-metre medley, along with Etiene Medeiros, Larissa Oliveira and Beatriz Travalon. At the 2014 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships in Gold Coast, she finished 5th in the 4x100-metre freestyle relay, along with Graciele Herrmann, Etiene Medeiros and Alessandra Marchioro. At the 2014 FINA World Swimming Championships in Doha, Daynara de Paula broke the South American record in the semifinals of the Women's 50 metre butterfly, with a time of 25.54. She finished 8th in the final. Daynara was in another finals: she finished 5th in the Women's 4 × 50 metre medley relay, along with Etiene Medeiros, Ana Carla Carvalho and Larissa Oliveira, she swam the Women's 100 metre butterfly, where she finished in 11th place. At the 2015 Pan American Games in Toronto, Canada, de Paula won two medals in two Brazilian relays: in the 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay and in the 4 × 100 metre medley relay.
She finished 4th in the 100 metre butterfly. At the 2015 World Aquatics Championships in Kazan, she finished 6th in the 4 × 100 metre mixed freestyle relay, along with Bruno Fratus, Larissa Oliveira and Matheus Santana, breaking the South American record with a time of 3:25.58. At the 2016 Summer Olympics, she finished 16th in the Women's 100 metre butterfly, she competed in the Women's 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay, finishing 11th, in the Women's 4 × 100 metre medley relay, finishing 13th. At the 2019 Pan American Games held in Lima, she won two medals in the Brazilian relays: one of them, swimming in the finals - silver in the Women's 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay, one by participating at heats: bronze in the Women's 4 × 100 metre medley relay, she finished 6th in the Women's 100 metre butterfly and 7th in the Women's 100 metre freestyle. Swimming at the 2009 World Aquatics Championships List of South American records in swimming List of Brazilian records in swimming Evans, Hilary. "Daynara de Paula".
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Joseph Addison was an English essayist, poet and politician. He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lancelot Addison, his name is remembered alongside that of his long-standing friend Richard Steele, with whom he founded The Spectator magazine. His simple prose style marked the end of the mannerisms and conventional classical images of the 17th century. Addison was born in Milston, but soon after his birth his father, Lancelot Addison, was appointed Dean of Lichfield and the family moved into the cathedral close, his father was a scholarly English clergyman. He was educated at Charterhouse School, where he first met Richard Steele, at The Queen's College, Oxford, he excelled in classics, being specially noted for his Latin verse, became a fellow of Magdalen College. In 1693, he addressed a poem to John Dryden, his first major work, a book of the lives of English poets, was published in 1694, his translation of Virgil's Georgics was published in the same year. Dryden, Lord Somers and Charles Montague, 1st Earl of Halifax, took an interest in Addison's work and obtained for him a pension of £300 a year to enable him to travel to Europe with a view to diplomatic employment, all the time writing and studying politics.
While in Switzerland in 1702, he heard of the death of William III, an event which lost him his pension, as his influential contacts and Somers, had lost their employment with the Crown. Addison returned to England at the end of 1703. For more than a year he remained unemployed, but the Battle of Blenheim in 1704 gave him a fresh opportunity to distinguish himself; the government Lord Treasurer Godolphin, commissioned Addison to write a commemorative poem about the battle, he produced The Campaign, received with such satisfaction that he was appointed Commissioner of Appeals in Halifax's government. His next literary venture was an account of his travels in Italy, Remarks on several parts of Italy, &c. in the years 1701, 1702, 1703, published in 1705 by Jacob Tonson. In 1705, with the Whigs in power, Addison was made Under-Secretary of State and accompanied Lord Halifax on a diplomatic mission to Hanover, Germany. A biography of Addison states: "In the field of his foreign responsibilities Addison's views were those of a good Whig.
He had always believed that England's power depended upon her wealth, her wealth upon her commerce, her commerce upon the freedom of the seas and the checking of the power of France and Spain."In 1708 and 1709, Addison was a Member of Parliament for the borough of Lostwithiel. He was soon appointed secretary to the new Lord Lieutenant of Lord Wharton. Under the direction of Wharton, he was an MP in the Irish House of Commons for Cavan Borough from 1709 until 1713. In 1710, he represented Malmesbury, in his home county of Wiltshire, holding the seat until his death in 1719, he remained there for a year. He helped form the Kitcat Club and renewed his friendship with Richard Steele. In 1709, Steele began to publish the Tatler, Addison became a regular contributor. In 1711 they began The Spectator; this paper, a daily, was published until 20 December 1714, interrupted for a year by the publication of The Guardian in 1713. His last publication was The Freeholder, a political paper, in 1715–16, he wrote the libretto for Thomas Clayton's opera Rosamond, which had a disastrous premiere in London in 1707.
In 1713 Addison's tragedy Cato was produced, was received with acclamation by both Whigs and Tories. He followed this effort with The Drummer. In 1712, Addison wrote Cato, a Tragedy. Based on the last days of Marcus Porcius Cato Uticensis, it deals with conflicts such as individual liberty versus government tyranny, Republicanism versus Monarchism, logic versus emotion, Cato's personal struggle to retain his beliefs in the face of death, it has a prologue written by an epilogue by Samuel Garth. The play was a success throughout the British Empire, it continued to grow in popularity in America, for several generations. It is cited by some historians as a literary inspiration for the American Revolution, being known to many of the Founding Fathers. General George Washington sponsored a performance of Cato for the Continental Army during the difficult winter of 1777–78 at Valley Forge. According to John J. Miller, "no single work of literature may have been more important than Cato" for the leaders of the American revolution.
Scholars have identified the inspiration for several famous quotations from the American Revolution in Cato. These include: Patrick Henry's famous ultimatum: "Give me liberty or give me death!". Nathan Hale's valediction: "I regret that I have but one life to give for my country.". Washington's praise for Benedict Arnold in a letter: "It is not in the power of any man to command success. In 1789, Edmund Burke quoted the play in a letter to Charles-Jean-François Depont entitled Reflections on the revolution in France, saying that the French people may yet be obliged to go through more changes and "to pass, as one of our poets says,'through great varieties of untried being,'" before their state obtains its final form; the poet referred to is Addison and the passage quoted is from Cato: "Through what variety of untried being, th