Todd Storz

Robert Todd Storz headed a successful chain of American radio broadcasting stations and is credited with being the foremost innovator of the Top 40 radio format. Robert Todd Storz was the grandson of Omaha brewer Gottlieb Storz, his father, Robert H. Storz, positioned himself as a "shaker" in Omaha, Nebraska, he joined his eldest brother Adolph in running the Storz Brewing Company, became active in local associations and activities. Indeed, Robert Storz played a role in getting the U. S. Air Force's Strategic Air Command headquarters to relocate to Omaha in 1957. SAC's huge and growing payroll portended good business for Storz beer. Having no interest in the beer business, young Todd Storz was far more attracted to the potential of broadcast radio, he built a crude AM radio crystal receiver when he was only eight, from on, was “hooked” on radio. In 1940 Todd passed the Federal Communications Commission amateur ham radio license examination, set up his receiver and transmitter on the third floor of the family home.

Robert H. enrolled Todd at the prestigious Choate school in Connecticut, hoping that his son would pay more attention to academics than to radio. Instead, he became president of the Choate Radio Club. In 1942, he transferred to the University of Nebraska at Lincoln, where he put an unlicensed AM station on the air, though it was shut down by the FCC. Todd served as a warrant officer junior grade in the Signal Corps; when he mustered out in 1946, he enrolled in a 12-week radio course sponsored by NBC and Northwestern University. Next, he took a low-paying “jack-of-all-trades” job at KWBW in Hutchinson, Kansas, to gain some commercial radio experience, he returned to Omaha in 1947 to take on a sales position at KFAB—and to marry Elizabeth Ann Trailer. In mid-April 1949, Robert and Todd Storz announced their purchase of KOWH-AM and its FM companion outlet KOAD from the owners of the Omaha World Herald; the elder Storz was named president and his son became vice-president and general manager. For the first two years under Storz management, KOWH followed industry practice and offered a varied “conglomeration of programming” that resulted in only four percent of Omaha homes listening once to the station in a sample week.

By mid-1951 however, KOWH began to turn around as Todd observed that audience ratings rose when recorded music was played but declined when talk shows were aired. He concluded. By the fall of 1953, all of KOWH's programming was being produced in-house, featuring local announcers, recorded popular music, a wide array of promotional jingles. In an era when network and local radio were relying on a more staid variety of short programs designed to appeal to a specific slice of the available audience for a finite amount of time, the Storz operation offered a single program type—recorded hit music—during all of its broadcast hours. Ratings showed that KOWH's music appealed to the largest percentage of audience of any independent radio outlet in the country. Playing popular music, repeating the top-selling hits most was the main engine driving KOWH's phenomenal audience growth; this was the beginning of a radio revolution, which would soon expand to six other Storz stations, beginning with WTIX, New Orleans in 1953, which became phenomenally successful despite having a weak signal.

Todd Storz went on to buy WHB in Kansas City in 1954, WDGY in Minneapolis/St. Paul in January 1956, WQAM in Miami in May 1956, KOMA in Oklahoma City in 1958, KXOK in St. Louis in 1960. Most of the acquisitions enjoyed top-notch technical facilities. Storz could afford their purchase. Other station operators took notice of the Storz phenomenon and began to program similar tightly-formatted Top-40 music. In January 1961 Todd's wife of fourteen years filed for divorce. A month Storz announced that the company had designated a Miami Beach building as the company's new national headquarters. In retrospect, there were several good reasons for Storz to move his home and office from Omaha to Miami Beach. Doing so would distance him from his failed marriage, remove him somewhat from his father's close scrutiny, provide him with a fresh location more in keeping with a modern, upbeat corporate identity, offer hoped-for relief from a persistent sinus condition and migraine headaches, bring him closer to the woman who soon become his second wife–station WQAM's receptionist.

But the changes were short-lived. On April 13, 1964, Todd Storz was found dead at his Miami Beach home, he was about three and a half weeks shy of his 40th birthday. The coroner's report cited “pulmonary congestion and edema” and “marked coronary and aortic narrowing” as the probable causes. However, a second cause of death might have been barbiturate intoxication; the drug in question was Tuinal, sometimes prescribed to insomniacs to help induce sleep. Tuinal was known to be dangerous because the amount of the drug that induces drowsiness is only less than the amount that can lead to death, but the specific cause of Todd's premature death was never determined. Robert H. Storz took over the operation of the Storz Broadcasting Company, shifting the headquarters back to Omaha. With Todd gone, his vision, of how compelling radio could be, relied upon the station managers and staff he had trained. But, as former Storz station manager Deane Johnson put it, “Todd's death brought about a shift from a'programming company' to a'money company.'

“ That is a succinct description of the shift in the Storz stations' focus that t

1895 Wimbledon Championships

The 1895 Wimbledon Championships took place on the outdoor grass courts at the All England Lawn Tennis Club in Wimbledon, United Kingdom. The tournament ran from 8 July until 15 July, it was the 19th staging of the Wimbledon Championships, the first Grand Slam tennis event of 1895. There were 18 competitors for the men's singles title, 9 for the ladies' singles and 7 pairs entered the gentleman's doubles; the meeting recorded its only loss, of 33 pounds. The tournament saw the Wimbledon Championship's first royal visitors when the Crown Princess of Austria, Princess Stéphanie of Belgium and Prince Edmund Batthyany-Strattmann watched the Gentleman's Doubles Challenge Rounds on 15 July; the entry fee was £1 and 1 shilling for the gentleman's singles with the same amount levied per gentleman's doubles pair. The entry fee for the ladies singles was 6 pence. Ground admission for the whole meeting was 7s 6d. Daily entry for the first three days cost a shilling. A reserved covered seat on Centre Court for the duration of the championship cost 7s 6d or a shilling per day.

Wilfred Baddeley defeated Wilberforce Eaves 4–6, 2–6, 8–6, 6–2, 6–3 Charlotte Cooper defeated Helen Jackson 7–5, 8–6 Herbert Baddeley / Wilfred Baddeley defeated Wilberforce Eaves / Ernest Lewis 8–6, 5–7, 6–4, 6–3 Alan Little. Wimbledon Compendium, 2006. All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. ISBN 978-1-89903-925-8. Official Wimbledon Championships website