Luke Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located 7 miles west of the central business district of Glendale, in Maricopa County, United States. It is about 15 miles west of Arizona. Luke AFB is a major training base of the Air Education and Training Command, training pilots in the F-16 Fighting Falcon. On 31 March 2011 it was announced that the F-35 Lightning II would replace the F-16 as the primary training aircraft at Luke, although the date of deployment of the new aircraft to Luke and reorganization plans were not announced. On 16 July 2013, the Air Force announced that Luke AFB will house a total of 144 F-35A Lightning IIs, it is a designated Superfund site due to a number of groundwater contaminants. Luke Air Force Base was named after Second Lieutenant Frank Luke. Lt Luke is a posthumous Medal of Honor recipient and the number two United States ace in World War I. Born in Phoenix in 1897, the "Arizona Balloon Buster" scored 18 aerial victories during World War I in the skies over France.
Lieutenant Luke was shot down at Murvaux between Verdun and Stenay, France, on 29 September 1918, after he had destroyed three enemy balloons. Surviving the crash of his Spad, Lieutenant Luke drew two pistols and fired on German soldiers, killing several of them before he was killed. Luke Field, Hawaii Territory was named in his honor. In 1940, the U. S. Army sent a representative to Arizona to choose a site for an Army Air Corps training field for advanced training in conventional fighter aircraft; the city of Phoenix bought 1,440 acres of land which they leased to the government at $1 a year effective 24 March 1941. On 29 March 1941, the Del. E. Webb Construction Co. began excavation for the first building at what was known as Litchfield Park Air Base. Another base known as Luke Field, in Pearl Harbor, released its name so the Arizona base could be called Luke Field. Advanced flight training in the AT-6 began at Luke in June that same year; the first class of 45 students, Class 41 F, arrived 6 June 1941 to begin advanced flight training in the AT-6, although a few essential buildings had been completed.
Flying out of Sky Harbor Airport until the Luke runways were ready, pilots received 10 weeks of instruction and the first class graduated 15 August 1941. Then-Captain Barry Goldwater served as director of ground training the following year. During World War II, Luke Field was the largest fighter training base in the Army Air Forces, graduating more than 12,000 fighter pilots from advanced and operational courses earning the nickname, "Home of the Fighter Pilot"; the base was under the control of the 37th Flying Training Wing, Western Flying Training Command, AAF Flying Training Command. During the years of World War II, more than 17,000 pilots trained at Luke Field, making it the largest single engine advanced flying training school in the U. S. More than a million hours of flying were logged in the AT-6 Texan, along with some transitioning to P-40 Warhawk fighters and the P-51 Mustang and P-47 Thunderbolt. Although continually modified during the war years, the course of advanced flight training at Luke averaged about 10 weeks and included both flight training and ground school.
60 hours of flying instruction covered formation flying and instrument flying, as well as a bit of aerial acrobatics. About 20 additional hours of flight practice concentrated on gunnery training. Ground school, or classroom training for the advanced flying course, varied from about 100 to 130 hours and was intermingled with flight time in the aircraft. Cadets flew in the morning and attended ground school in the afternoons, or flew training missions in the afternoon after a morning of ground school. At the peak of the training program at Luke, some students were required to attend night classes. Ground school included instruction in navigation, flight planning, radio equipment and weather. By 7 February 1944, pilots at Luke had achieved a million hours of flying time. A World War II film "A Guy Named Joe" included some footage filmed at Luke. By 1946, the number of pilots trained dropped to 299 and the base was deactivated 30 November that year. Soon after combat started in Korea, Luke field was reactivated on 1 February 1951 as Luke Air Force Base, part of the Air Training Command under the reorganized United States Air Force.
A steady pipeline of trained bomber-escort pilots was needed by Strategic Air Command, the mission of Luke AFB was to augment the jet fighter combat crew training in operation at Nellis AFB. The school at Luke was designated by ATC as the USAF Air Crew School; the program was to be conducted by the Federalized Michigan Air National Guard 127th Fighter Group, which had transferred from Continental Air Command to ATC, effective 10 February. The wing moved from Romulus Airport, Michigan, to Luke on 23 February, on 1 March ATC established the USAF Air Crew School at Luke. Fighter-bomber training began on 1 March 1951 in the P-51 Mustang, being replaced by early-model F-84C Thunderjets. Effective 5 March, the 127th was redesignated as the 127th Pilot Training Wing. On 1 November 1952, the active-duty 3600th Flying Training Wing replaced the Air National Guardsmen. ATC flying training squadrons at Luke included: 3601st Fighter Interceptor Squadron, 1 November 1952 – 31 December 1957 3602d Fighter Interceptor Squadron, 20 November 1952 – 31 December 1957 3603d Fighter Interceptor Squadron, 20
Fancott Woods and Meadows is a 13.3 hectare Site of Special Scientific Interest near the hamlet of Fancott in Bedfordshire. It was notified under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, the local planning authority is Central Bedfordshire Council; the site is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire. The meadows are ancient ridge and furrow, are unimproved neutral grassland traditionally managed for hay and grazing. Plants include cowslips, ragged-robin, great burnet, common spotted orchid, red fescue, meadow fescue, crested dog’s-tail, sweet vernalgrass and meadowsweet. More a variety of herbs that were common in old meadows but now rare in the county grow there, such as pepper saxifrage, green-winged orchid, saw-wort and adder's tongue; the woodland is made up of pedunculate oak and alder species. In the spring, a large number of bluebells cover the woodland, along with primroses and field maple; the wood is the only recorded site in the county for the hybrid sedge Carex pseudaxillaris.
There is a small pond. There is access from Luton Road north of Fancott
The 1994 Quebec general election was held on September 12, 1994, to elect members of the National Assembly of Quebec, Canada. The Parti Québécois, led by Jacques Parizeau, defeated the incumbent Quebec Liberal Party, led by Premier Daniel Johnson Jr. Johnson had succeeded Robert Bourassa as Liberal leader and Premier. Both his father, Daniel Sr. and brother, Pierre-Marc, had served as premiers of Quebec as leaders of different parties. This election was significant for Quebec history, because it set the stage for the 1995 Quebec referendum on independence for Quebec from Canada. In this referendum, the PQ's proposals for sovereignty were narrowly defeated. Mario Dumont, a former president of the Liberal party's youth wing, leader of the newly formed Action démocratique du Québec, won his own seat, but no other members of his party were elected. In Saint-Jean there was a tie between incumbent Liberal candidate Michel Charbonneau and PQ candidate Roger Paquin. A new election was won by Paquin by a margin of 532 votes.