SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lupercal

The Lupercal was a cave at the southwest foot of the Palatine Hill in Rome, located somewhere between the temple of Magna Mater and the Sant'Anastasia al Palatino. In the legend of the founding of Rome and Remus were found there by the she-wolf who suckled them until they were rescued by the shepherd Faustulus. Luperci, the priests of Faunus, celebrated certain ceremonies of the Lupercalia at the cave, from the earliest days of the City until at least 494 AD. In January 2007, Italian archaeologist Irene Iacopi announced that she had found the legendary cave beneath the remains of Emperor Augustus's house, the Domus Livia, on the Palatine. Archaeologists came across the 15-meter-deep cavity. On 20 November 2007, the first set of photos were released showing the vault of the grotto, encrusted with colourful mosaics, pumice stones and seashells; the center of the ceiling features a depiction of the symbol of the Roman Empire. Archaeologists are still searching for the entrance of the grotto, its location below Augustus' residence was thought to be significant.

Adriano La Regina, Professor Fausto Zevi and Professor Henner von Hesberg denied the identification of the grotto with Lupercal on topographic and stylistic grounds. They concluded that the grotto is a nymphaeum or underground triclinium from Neronian times; the current scholarly consensus is that the grotto is not the Lupercal and that the cave was located lower southwest, closer to piazza Sant'Anastasia al Palatino. Casa Romuli

The Muckers

The Muckers are a football hooligan firm linked to the football club Blackpool F. C.. They take their name from a colloquialism meaning good friend. Although Blackpool are a small club, there is a long history of hooliganism, which had all but disappeared until recent times. Part of the reasons given for this history of violence is that a feature of Blackpool life is fighting as in the summer months groups of young men would visit the resort, giving the locals ample opportunity to fight whenever they wanted. Benny, one of the leaders of another firm associated with Blackpool, Bennys Mob stated that “Blackpool is full of mobs in the Summer. You could be fighting every week.” Whilst many other Firms have retained the same name throughout their history such as the Chelsea Headhunters or the Inter City Firm who follow West Ham, there have been a number of names for the various firms who follow Blackpool – Rammy Arms Crew, Bennys Mob, BISONS (or Bisons Riot Squad, now The Muckers. In 1985, when hooliganism was rife in England, the BBC Six O'Clock News had a special report in which they listed the worst Football gangs creating mayhem across England.

They listed the six worst clubs: Millwall F. C. Chelsea F. C. Leeds United A. F. C. Bristol City F. C. Blackpool F. C. West Ham United F. C, it was the culmination of years of hooliganism surrounding Blackpool. On 24 August 1974, 17-year-old Blackpool fan Kevin Olsson was stabbed to death at the back of the Spion Kop, Bloomfield Road at Blackpool's home match with Bolton Wanderers. In 2009, Blackpool supporters raised money for a memorial plaque for Olsson. In August of that year, on the 35th anniversary of his death, the plaque was unveiled on the front of the North-West Corner, beside the club shop; the first organised Firm, known as the Rammy Arms Crew, began in those years, taking their name from the pub they drank in, the Ramsden Arms, opposite Blackpool North Railway Station. The Rammys' most famous moment was when they led the England fans charge into Italians in Turin at the Italy vs England match in 1980; as a result of which, at least one member of the Rammy Arms Crew would adorn the jacket cover of one of the first hooligan books, ‘‘Hooligans Abroad ‘‘ by John Williams.

In the late 1970s as Punk rock became popular in the UK, football fans would attend Punk Rock concerts. And in 1978 at a concert in Blackburn King Georges Hall a Skids concert was the scene of a near full-scale riot as a group of about 50 Blackpool fans clashed with over 250 Blackburn Rovers fans, disrupting the concert, before riot police were called in to restore order, as reported in the local Blackpool Evening Gazette. On 6 May 1978 at a concert by The Vibrators in Preston a young man from Preston was stabbed to death during clashes between Preston and Blackpool fans; this ushered in a new era of hatred between fans of the two clubs, following the attempts by Blackpool fans to burn down the Town End at Prestons Deepdale stadium the year before, when two fires were lit during a match between the two clubs. In 1978, Blackpool were relegated to the third tier of English football for the first time. Around the same time, a new, younger gang appeared, known as "Benny's Mob". Led by Benny, they would take on firms from numerous other clubs.

They clashed with Sheffield United fans in 1982, when a Sheffield fan was stabbed during clashes between fans in the West Paddock at Bloomfield Road, while police were dealing with an incident in the South Stand involving the Rammy Arms Crew. The Blackpool Evening Gazette headline ran "Fan sought after Pool stabbing" as the police tried to find the person responsible. However, it was in 1984. In March, Rochdale F. C. were overwhelmed when 3,000 Blackpool fans descended on their Spotland Stadium when they had crowds of about 1,300. A mob of Blackpool fans went on the rampage causing “A trail of havoc” according to the Manchester Evening News headlines who continued, “21 cars were damaged, two parked vehicles overturned and 4 Police cars damaged.” By April, 1984 according to the Blackpool Evening Gazette, the police were worried about an army of about 200 hooligans and vowed to drive them out. In May 1984, Rammy Arms Crew and Benny's Mob led a weekend of violence and chaos in the seaside town of Torquay.

Police had made the game a 7:30 pm Saturday kick off with Torquay United to try and avoid trouble, but it backfired as hordes of Blackpool fans travelled down on the Friday instead and stayed over until Sunday, where they caused 24 hours of carnage. The local Torquay newspaper headline read, “Soccer Mob Storms Resort”. 61 Blackpool fans were arrested, 5 people treated for stab wounds, including a man from Liverpool, attacked with a carpet knife and received a 15-inch wound. Thousands of pounds worth of damage was done to the town with The Yacht House pub wrecked and a nightclub front demolished. Two Rammy Arms members were convicted of stealing a four poster bed from a luxury hotel. Helen Chamberlain a presenter of Sky Sports Soccer AM show, a Torquay United fan, would many years on the show state that “Blackpool fans are mad”; the following season saw. It saw Blackpool charged twice by The FA, who held two inquries into the Blackpool fans behaviour. Both times the club themselves were exonerated from blame.

In February 1985, Benny's Mob took revenge in Chester for an earlier season attack on them by Chester City fans. The game was held up for 15 minutes when a pre-planned invasion of 200 Blackpool fans ran onto the pitch tow

Jim Jackson (basketball)

James Jackson is an American retired professional basketball player. Over his 14 NBA seasons, Jackson was on the active roster of 12 different teams, tying the league record shared with Joe Smith, Tony Massenburg and Chucky Brown, he is a basketball analyst for Fox Sports 1, having worked for the Big Ten Network. Jackson was a 6'6", 220 pound shooting guard. Jackson started all four years at Macomber High School in Ohio; the former McDonald's All American led Macomber to the 1989 Division I state championship over Cleveland St. Joseph, he was high school teammates with former NFL safety Myron Bell. Jackson was a member of the Ohio State Buckeyes, he contributed, starting as a freshman for the 1989-1990 season, Jackson averaged 16.1 points and 5.5 rebounds per game while shooting 49.9% from the field. He played two more seasons through 1991-1992, earning consensus First Team All American honors in 1991 and 1992 UPI college basketball, the UPI player of the year in 1992. Jackson's number was retired at Ohio State in February 2001.

Jackson elected to forgo his final year of eligibility and was drafted by the Dallas Mavericks with the fourth overall pick of the 1992 NBA Draft after his junior season at OSU. Jackson's rookie year was abbreviated due to a lengthy contract dispute where he held out for most of the season; as a result, he appeared in only 28 games in his first season in the league. He started in all 82 games the following season, averaging 19.2 points, 4.8 rebounds, 4.6 assists in 37.4 minutes per game. With the drafting of Jamal Mashburn and Jason Kidd in the following two seasons, the trio was nicknamed the "Three J's". During the 1994-95 season, Jackson averaged 25.7 points and 5.1 rebounds, finishing 5th in the NBA in scoring. However, he suffered an ankle injury after 51 games that year. Jackson came back to average 19.6 points in 1995-96. However, controversy surrounded the Mavericks as a rift between Jason Kidd and Jackson emerged. In the middle of the 1996-1997 season, Jackson was traded to the New Jersey Nets along with Sam Cassell, Eric Montross, George McCloud, Chris Gatling for Shawn Bradley, Ed O'Bannon, Robert Pack, Khalid Reeves.

Jackson played and started in only 31 games with the Nets to finish the 1996-1997 season averaging 16.5 points and 5.9 rebounds per game with them. The following off-season, the Nets coveted a college prospect, forward Keith Van Horn out of Utah. In a bidding war with the Chicago Bulls among other teams, they traded Jackson along with Eric Montross and their two first round picks Tim Thomas and Anthony Parker to the Philadelphia 76ers for Michael Cage, Don MacLean, Lucious Harris, the rights to Van Horn, the second overall pick in the 1997 draft. Jackson played in 48 games for the 76ers in the 1997-1998 season averaging 13.7 points and 4.7 rebounds per game with decreased minutes from previous seasons. Jackson was reported to be unhappy with his reduced role and shooting while playing with Allen Iverson, viewed as the 76ers' franchise player. In the middle of the 97-98 season, the 76ers traded Jackson along with Clarence Weatherspoon to the Golden State Warriors for Joe Smith and Brian Shaw.

All four players would be free agents at the end of the season, with the 76ers fearing an inabiity to re-sign Jackson and the Warriors fearing an inability to re-sign Smith. Although Jackson saw an increased role as the Warriors’ starting shooting guard, averaging 18.9 points, 5.6 rebounds, 40.6 minutes per game for the remainder of the 97-98, he disliked playing for a losing franchise. In the offseason, Jackson signed with the Portland Trail Blazers. Jackson was limited in the 1998-99 season with numerous injuries, he averaged 8.4 points and 2.6 rebounds in 24 minutes per game, statistical career lows for him at that time. Despite having talent and depth, the Trail Blazers were plagued by injuries, attitude problems on the court, legal problems off the court. In an effort to clean up their image and team chemistry in the 1999 off-season, the Trail Blazers traded or chose not to re-sign many of their players. Jackson, talented but troubled Isaiah Rider were both traded to the Atlanta Hawks for Steve Smith and Ed Gray.

For the 1999-2000 season, Jackson played in 79 games for the Hawks averaging 16.7 points and 5 rebounds per 35 minutes. Jackson suited up for only 17 games for the Hawks in the 2000-2001 season. After voicing his displeasure with losing, Jackson was traded with Larry Robinson and Anthony Johnson in January 2001 to the Cleveland Cavaliers for Brevin Knight. Hailing from nearby Toledo and a product of Ohio State, Jackson's trade to the Cavaliers was viewed as a homecoming of sorts. Additionally, Jackson was happy to be part of a team that, as an early season success story, was eyeing the playoffs for the 2000-2001 season despite a run of injuries to a number of key players. Playing in 39 games and starting only 26 of them, Jackson's statistics for the Cavaliers were modest, 10.3 points and 3.7 rebounds in only 29.2 minutes per game. The Cavaliers went on to miss the playoffs that season. Jackson did not receive any other team in the following off-season. At the start of 2001-2002 season, Jackson did not have a team, but signed with the Miami Heat in December 2001.

The Heat with a shallow bench, signed Jackson to mitigate the effects of injuries to key players. Jackson averaged 10.7 points and 5.3 rebounds in 33.2 minutes per game, appearing as a starter in some games as injuries warranted. Again, Jackson did not receive any other team in the following offseason. For the start of 2002-2003 season, Jackson again did not have a team. For the