Luxor is a city in Upper Egypt and the capital of Luxor Governorate. The population numbers 506,535, with an area of 417 square kilometres; the modern city sprawls to the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Waset known as Nut and to the Greeks as Thebes or Diospolis, Luxor has been characterized as the "world's greatest open-air museum", as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city. Opposite, across the River Nile, lie the monuments and tombs of the west bank Necropolis, which includes the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens. Thousands of tourists from all around the world arrive annually to visit these monuments, contributing to the economy of the modern city; the primary name used prior to Arabic conquest was Sahidic Coptic ⲡⲁⲡⲉ which comes from Demotic Ỉp.t "the adyton". The Greek forms Ἀπις and Ὠφιεῖον come from the same source; the name Luxor is a literal translation of another Greek and Coptic toponym and comes from the Arabic al-ʾuqṣur, lit. "the palaces" or "the castles" from the collective plural of qaṣr, which may be a loanword from the Latin castrum "fortified camp".
Luxor was the ancient city of Thebes, the great capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom, the glorious city of Amun to become the god Amun-Ra. The city was regarded in the Ancient Egyptian texts as wꜣs.t, which meant "city of the sceptre", in Demotic Egyptian as tꜣ jpt, which the Greeks adapted as Thebai and the Romans after them Thebae. Thebes was known as "the city of the 100 gates", sometimes being called "southern Heliopolis", to distinguish it from the city of Iunu or Heliopolis, the main place of worship for the god Ra in the north, it was often referred to as niw.t, which means "city", was one of only three cities in Egypt for which this noun was used. The importance of the city started as early as the 11th Dynasty, when the town grew into a thriving city. Montuhotep II who united Egypt after the troubles of the first intermediate period brought stability to the lands as the city grew in stature; the Pharaohs of the New Kingdom in their expeditions to Kush, in today's northern Sudan, to the lands of Canaan and Syria saw the city accumulate great wealth and rose to prominence on a world scale.
Thebes played a major role in expelling the invading forces of the Hyksos from Upper Egypt, from the time of the 18th Dynasty to the 20th Dynasty, the city had risen as the political and military capital of Ancient Egypt. The city attracted peoples such as the Babylonians, the Mitanni, the Hittites of Anatolia, the Canaanites of Ugarit, the Phoenicians of Byblos and Tyre, the Minoans from the island of Crete. A Hittite prince from Anatolia came to marry with the widow of Tutankhamun, Ankhesenamun; the political and military importance of the city, faded during the Late Period, with Thebes being replaced as political capital by several cities in Northern Egypt, such as Bubastis and Alexandria. However, as the city of the god Amun-Ra, Thebes remained the religious capital of Egypt until the Greek period; the main god of the city was Amun, worshipped together with his wife, the Goddess Mut, their son Khonsu, the God of the moon. With the rise of Thebes as the foremost city of Egypt, the local god Amon rose in importance as well and became linked to the sun god Ra, thus creating the new'king of gods' Amon-Ra.
His great temple, at Karnak just north of Thebes, was the most important temple of Egypt right until the end of antiquity. The city was attacked by Assyrian emperor Assurbanipal who installed the Libyan prince on the throne, Psamtik I; the city of Thebes fell in significance. However, Alexander the Great did arrive at the temple of Amun, where the statue of the god was transferred from Karnak during the Opet Festival, the great religious feast. Thebes remained a site of spirituality up to the Christian era, attracted numerous Christian monks in the Roman Empire who established monasteries amidst several ancient monuments including the temple of Hatshepsut, now called Deir el-Bahri. Luxor Temple Luxor International Airport Karnak Temple Luxor Museum Mummification Museum Winter Palace Hotel Valley of the Kings Valley of the Queens Medinet Habu The Ramesseum Deir el-Medina Tombs of the Nobles Deir el-Bahari Malkata Colossi of Memnon Al-Asasif cemetery Luxor has a hot desert climate like the rest of Egypt.
Aswan and Luxor have the hottest summer days of any other city in Egypt. Aswan and Luxor have nearly the same climate. Luxor is one of the driest cities in the world. Average high temperatures are above 40 °C during summer During the coldest month of the year, average high temperatures remain above 22 °C while average low temperatures remain above 5 °C; the climate o
The 399th Tactical Missile Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit. The unit was formed in 1985 by the consolidation of two inactive units; the 399th Bombardment Group was activated in March 1943 and served as an Operational Training Unit as a Replacement Training Unit until it was disbanded in March 1944 when the Army Air Forces reorganized its training and support units in the United States. The 589th Tactical Missile Group was a TM-61 Matador training unit, which served in Florida from 1957 through 1958; the wing's first predecessor was the 399th Bombardment Group, activated at Davis-Monthan Field, Arizona on 1 March 1943, but made two moves the following month, arriving at Wendover Field, Utah on 27 April. The group was composed of the 604th, 605th, 606th, 607th Bombardment Squadrons. At Wendover, it served as an Operational Training Unit for Consolidated B-24 Liberator units until August; the OTU program involved the use of an oversized parent unit to provide cadres to "satellite groups"The group became a Replacement Training Unit.
Like OTUs, RTUs were oversize units, however their mission was to train individual pilots and aircrews. Following this mission change, the 399th was reassigned from Second Air Force to Fourth Air Force moved to March Field, California in December. However, the Army Air Forces was finding that standard military units like the 399th, which were assigned personnel and equipment based on inflexible tables of organization were not proving well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly, it adopted a more functional system in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit, manned and equipped based on the station's requirements; the 399th Group was disbanded, along with its elements and supporting units at March was used to form the 420th AAF Base Unit. The second predecessor of the wing was the 589th Tactical Missile Group, activated at Orlando Air Force Base, Florida on 8 March 1957 as a training unit for the TM-61 Matador cruise missile; the group formed part of the 4504th Tactical Missile Wing.
In April 1958, the group's missile squadron, the 24th Tactical Missile Squadron was transferred to the 588th Tactical Missile Group, when the 588th's 17th Tactical Missile Squadron deployed to Taiwan independently and plans were developed to deploy the 588th to Osan Air Base, South Korea. Although the 24th engaged in crew training at Orlando, it never received any missiles; the squadron did, deploy to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, where it launched TM-61 Matador missiles under the guidance of the 6555th Guided Missile Squadron. The group was inactivated on 8 June 58, when its training functions were assigned directly to the 4504th Wing's 4504th Missile Training Squadron; the 399th Bombardment Group was reconstituted in July 1985 and consolidated with the 589th Tactical Missile Group as the 399th Tactical Missile Wing, but has not been active since. 399th Bombardment GroupConstituted as 399th Bombardment Group on 15 February 1943Activated on 1 March 1943 Disbanded on 31 March 1944Reconstituted and consolidated with the 589th Tactical Missile Group as the 399th Tactical Missile Wing on 31 July 1985399th Tactical Missile WingConstituted as the 589th Tactical Missile Group on 9 November 1956Activated on 8 March 1957 Inactivated on 8 June 1958Consolidated with the 399th Bombardment Group as the 399th Tactical Missile Wing on 31 July 1985 II Bomber Command, 1 March 1943 Second Air Force, 6 October 1943 IV Bomber Command, 3 December 1943 – 31 March 1944 4504 Tactical Missile Wing, 8 March 1957 – 8 June 1958 24th Tactical Missile Squadron: 15 March 1957 – 25 April 1958 589th Support Squadron: 15 March 1957 – 8 June 1958 604th Bombardment Squadron: 1 March 1943 – 31 March 1944 605th Bombardment Squadron: 1 March 1943 – 31 March 1944 606th Bombardment Squadron: 1 March 1943 – 31 March 1944 607th Bombardment Squadron: 1 March 1943 – 31 March 1944 Davis-Monthan Field, Arizona, 1 March 1943 Gowen Field, Idaho 10 April 1943 Wendover Field, Utah, 27 April 1943 March Field, California, 3 December 1943 – 31 March 1944 Orlando Air Force Base, Florida, 8 March 1957 – 8 June 1958 Consolidated B-24 Liberator, 1943-1944 Martin TM-61 Matador, 1957-1958 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.
Craven, Wesley F. The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved 17 December 2016. Goss, William A. "The Organization and its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF". In Craven, Wesley F; the Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Maurer, Maurer, ed.. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016. Maurer, Maurer, ed.. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved 17 December 2016. Mindling, George. U. S. Air Force Tactical Missiles, 1949-1969: The Pioneers. Raleigh, NC: Lulu Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0-557-00029-6. LCCN 2008908364. Mueller, Robert. Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6. Retrieved 17 December 2016
Arcatao is a small town in the Department of Chalatenango, El Salvador. Arcatao is located 32 km east from Chalatenango at the border with the Republic of Honduras in a small valley between the mountains. Rivers include Lempa River, Zazalapa River and the Guayampoque River, its little villages are: Cerro Grande, Las Vegas, Los Sitios and Los Filos. Population: 800 inhabitants in 1992, 2,895 in 2004 and about 2,990 in 2007; the principal source of income comes from the agricultural sector. With its temperate climate most of the year and the heavy rainfall during the winter season, the soil is rich in nutrients allowing the growth of many crops like. Fruits include mangoes, jocotes, bananas and paternas. Other industries are the manufacturing of iron implements, like. Monetary aid received from relatives working outside of El Salvador. One of the roads is semi-paved and goes north-west bound, linking with other villages like Nueva Trinidad, San Jose Las Flores and Los Ranchos; this road in the near future will be part of the Route which will benefit many other cities along the border with Honduras.
This project will start in Metapan ending in La Union. The other road goes south-east. There is another road linking with Guarita in Honduras and another goes east, which connects to La Virtud in Honduras as well. Autobuses travel to San Salvador daily. There is a public School from 1st to 12th grade. Computer training and a public library is available. Gualsinga River, should be called "the crystal river" due to this being one of the last crystalline waters in the country. Eramon mount Located at 3,000 feet above the sea level; the place where Arcatao was settled about 300 years ago. Las Ventanas mount. From this last natural wonder, with an altitude of 2,600 feet above sea level, you can enjoy the majesty of Honduran best lands, parts of other Salvadoran areas like lakes and volcanoes. There are two Patronal festivities: the first is on February 2. "Dia de la Candelaria" and August 24 "Dia de San Bartolome Apostol". During these two holy days, for about three or four days prior to the holy day, the community meets and celebrates with different activities, like El Correo, with people wearing costumes, the exploding sparks everywhere.
Tianguis or swap-meets are taking place at the central plaza where typical food is served in every corner. Arcatao is quiet. There is gangs interrupting the peace of the people; the PNC or Civil Nacional Police is 24 hours on watch, to serve. One Medical Center is available however is operating at 80% of its potential. At the present, this Center is in need of outsiders' support due to its facility being too small for the number of patients in need of medical services, it does not have sufficient Medical Assistants to reach 100% of desired performance. Madison, United States