Charles de Saint-Évremond
Charles de Marguetel de Saint-Denis, seigneur de Saint-Évremond was a French soldier, hedonist and literary critic. After 1661, he lived in exile in England, as a consequence of his attack on French policy at the time of the Peace of the Pyrenees, he is buried in Westminster. He wrote for his friends and did not intend his work to be published, although a few of his pieces were leaked in his lifetime; the first full collection of his works was published in London after his death. He was born at the seat of his family in Normandy, he was a pupil of the Jesuits at the College de Paris. For a time he studied law in Paris at the College d'Harcourt, he soon, took to arms, in 1629 went with Marshal Bassompierre to Italy. He served through great part of the Thirty Years' War, distinguishing himself at the siege of Landrecies, when he was made captain. During his campaigns he studied the Spanish and Italian languages. In 1639 he met Gassendi in Paris, became one of his disciples, he was present at the battles of Rocroi, Nördlingen, at Lerida.
For a time he was attached to Condé, but offended him by a satirical remark and was deprived of his command in the prince's guards in 1648. During the Fronde, Saint-Évremond was a steady royalist; the duke of Candale gave a command in Guienne to Saint-Évremond, who had reached the grade of maréchal de camp. He is said to have pocketed 50,000 livres in less than three years from this office, he was one of the numerous victims involved in the fall of Fouquet in 1661. His letter to Marshal Créqui on the Treaty of the Pyrenees, said to have been discovered by Colbert's agents at the seizure of Fouquet's papers, seems a inadequate cause for his disgrace. Saint-Évremond fled to the Netherlands and to England, where he was kindly received by Charles II and was pensioned. After James II's flight to France, Saint-Évremond was invited to return. Hortense Mancini, the most attractive of Cardinal Mazarin's group of attractive nieces, came to England in 1670, set up a salon for love-making and witty conversation, here Saint-Évremond was for many years at home.
He died aged ninety on 29 September 1703 and was buried in Westminster Abbey, where his monument still is in Poets' Corner, close to that of Prior. Saint-Évremond never authorised the printing of any of his works during his lifetime, though Barbin in 1668 published an unauthorised collection, but he empowered Des Maizeaux to publish his works after his death, they were published in London, reprinted. His masterpiece in irony is the so-called Conversation du maréchal d'Hocquincourt avec le père Canaye, classed with the Lettres provinciales, his Œuvres meslées, edited from the manuscripts by Silvestre and Des Maizeaux, were printed by Jacob Tonson, with a notice by Des Maizeaux. His correspondence with Ninon de l'Enclos, whose fast friend he was, was published in 1752. Modern editions of his works are by Hippeau, C Giraud, a selection with a notice by M. de Lescure. Among his plays is one called Politick Would-be, modelled on a character from Ben Jonson's Volpone. Œuvres mêlées, Les Académistes Retraite de M. le duc de Longueville en Normandie Lettre au marquis de Créqui sur la paix des Pyrénées Conversation du maréchal d’Hocquincourt avec le Père Canaye Réflexions sur les divers génies du peuple romain Seconde partie des œuvres meslées, Sur nos comédies De quelques livres espagnols, italiens et français Réflexions sur la tragédie ancienne et moderne Défense de quelques pièces de Corneille Parallèle de M. le Prince et de M. de Turenne Discours sur Épicure Pensées sur l’honnêteté Considérations sur Hannibal Jugement sur Tacite et Salluste L’idée de la femme qui ne se trouve point Jugement sur les sciences où peut s’appliquer un honnête homme Dissertation sur la tragédie d’Alexandre Fragment d’une lettre écrite de La Haye De la seconde guerre punique De l’éloquence, tirée de Pétrone La matrone d’Éphèse Les Opéra, Éd.
Robert Finch et Eugène Joliat, Genève, Droz, 1979. Œuvres en prose, Éd. René Ternois, Didier, 1962. La Comédie des académistes, Éd. Louis d'Espinay Ételan, Paolo Carile et al. Paris, Nizet, 1976. Entretiens sur toutes Éd. David Bensoussan, Desjonquères, 1998. ISBN 2-84321-010-0 Écrits philosophiques, Éd. Jean-Pierre Jackson, Alive, 1996. ISBN 2-911737-01-6 Réflexions sur les divers génies du peuple romain dans les divers temps de la république, Jovene, 1982. Conversations et autres écrits philosophiques, Aveline, 1926. Lettres, Éd. intro. René Ternois, Didier, 1967. Maximes et œuvres diverses, Paris, Éditions du Monde Moderne, 1900–1965. Pensées d’Épicure précédées d'un Essai sur la morale d’Épicure, Payot 1900. Http://frenchphilosophes.weebly.com/saint-evremond.html Discours sur Épicure. Paris: Claude Barbin, 1684. Œuvres meslées de M. D. *** de S. Évremont. Paris: Claude Barbin, 1693. Œuvres meslées Tome I. Paris: Claude Barbin, 1670. Œuvres meslées Tome II. Paris: Claude Barbin, 1671. Œuvres meslées Tome III.
Missing. Œuvres meslées Tome IV. Paris: Claude Barbin, 1681. Œuvres meslées Tome V. Paris, Claude Barbin, 1678. Œuvres meslées Tome VI. Paris: Claude Barbin. Œuvres meslées Tome VII. Paris: Claude Barbin, 1684. Œuvres meslées Tome VIII. Paris: Claude Barbin, 1684. Œuvres
The Lycée Louis-le-Grand is a prestigious secondary school located in Paris. Founded in 1563 by the Jesuits as the Collège de Clermont, it was renamed in King Louis XIV of France's honor after he extended his direct patronage to it in 1682, it offers both a sixth-form college curriculum, a post-secondary-level curriculum, preparing students for entrance to the elite Grandes écoles for research, such as the École normale supérieure, for engineering, such as the École Polytechnique, or for business, such as HEC Paris. Students at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand are called magnoludoviciens. Louis-le-Grand, founded in 1563, is located in the heart of the Quartier Latin, the traditional student district of Paris; the lycée is situated opposite the Sorbonne and adjacent to the Collège de France. Its southern side opens onto the place du Panthéon, the location of its historical rival, the Lycée Henri-IV; these two lycées are home to the oldest preparatory classes in France, which are viewed as the most selective in the country.
Because of this, Louis-le-Grand is considered to play an important role in the education of French elites. Many of its former pupils have become influential scientists, diplomats, prelates and writers. "The Jesuit College of Paris", wrote Élie de Beaumont in 1862, "has for a long time been a state nursery, the most fertile in great men". Indeed, former students have included writers Molière, Victor Hugo and Charles Baudelaire, revolutionaries Robespierre, the Marquis de Sade and Camille Desmoulins, as well as seven former presidents of the French Republic and countless other ministers and prime ministers, philosophers such as Voltaire, Emile Durkheim, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jean Cavaillès and Jacques Derrida, scientists Évariste Galois, Henri Poincaré and Laurent Schwartz, artists Eugène Delacroix, Edgar Degas and Georges Méliès. Renowned foreign students of the lycée include King Nicholas I of Montenegro, Léopold Sédar Senghor, Saint Francis de Sales. Admission to Louis-Le-Grand is competitive.
Its educational standards are rated and the working conditions are considered optimal due to its demanding recruitment of teachers. Louis-Le-Grand students achieve excellent results. In September 2008, LLG and the Abu Dhabi Education Council launched the Advanced Math and Science Pilot Class. There is a class designed for another for boys. Classes are taught by professors sent from France, the classes are exceptionally taught in English; the students who make up the Advanced Math and Science Pilot Class graduate at the end of the 12th grade and are awarded with a certificate of academic recognition by LLG. The final cohort of the program graduated in 2017 marking the end of the LLG-Abu Dhabi program Writers and social scientists Artists and composers Scientists Statesmen and politicians Other personalities During World War II, student Jacques Lusseyran founded the resistance group Volontaires de la Liberté. Sainte-Beuve refers to Louis-le-Grand as le collège des Jésuites à Paris. There are several courtyards at the school: Secondary education in France Education in France Lycée Louis-le-Grand http://www.fcpellg.fr/ http://peepllg.com https://www.louislegrand.net
The école Massillon is a private educational establishment under contract with the state with 1380 students. The establishment is under the control of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri, it is located in the 4th arrondissement of Paris. The establishment bears the name of Jean-Baptiste Massillon, a celebrated orator who gave the funeral oration for Louis XIV. There is a rue Massillon in the same arrondissement, located on the île de la Cité; the teaching covers classes from kindergarten to High School. The education covers the baccalauréat in general sections: science and economic and social. There are 5 classes in each level; the first classes are 5 in number. There are two dedicated classes in the S series, two dedicated classes in the ES. There is one class in the L series; the establishment is twinned with the Federal Ministry of Research. The UAI code for the establishment is 0 752 920 S for the college; the hôtel Fieubet was built by Jules Hardouin-Mansart, between 1676 and 1681, for Gaspard Fieubet, Chancellor of Queen Marie-Thérèse, as part of the former Royal Hotel of Saint-Pol.
The hotel was frequented by Jean de La Fontaine and Madame de Sévigné. The hotel was decorated by Le Vicotte. From 1814 to 1857, the hotel was a sugar refinery. In 1857, Count Pierre de Lavalette bought the hotel and with architect Jules Gros transformed it into a Baroque Italo-Spanish pastiche, doubling the size of the right wing with sculpted decoration. At the end of 1872, rue de Turenne, some priests from the Oratory began to educate youth. However, it was only from 10 October 1877. On 3 April 1877, abbé Nouvelle bought the hôtel Fieubet. On 10 October of the same year, the building took its first 150 students. In 2016, the lycée was ranked 16th out of 112 at departmental level in terms of teaching quality, 63rd at national level; the ranking is based on three criteria: the bac results, the proportion of students who obtain their baccalauréat after studying at the establishment for their last two years, value added. The école Massillon is rich in cultural and international diversity, works with numerous associations, including many humanitarian organisations, a student investment club, multilingual debating societies, educational associations such as a theatre club run by Xavier Maly as well as a chess club which in 2011 won a student tournament.
2007 Primary school: 310 students. College: 580 students. Lycée: 400 students. Total: 12902008 Primary school: College: Lycée: Total:2009 Primary school: College: Lycée: Total:2010 Primary school: College: Lycée: Total:2011 Primary school: College: Lycée: Total:2012 Primary school: College: 571 students. Lycée: Total: 1336 students. Michel Anthonioz Alain de Greef Academic writer Frédéric Vitoux Pierre Messmer Sara Forestier Cécile de Ménibus Charles Consigny There is another school named Massillon in Clermont-Ferrand, which has classes from kindergarten to high school and prepares for general baccalaureate. Other schools run by the Oratorians: Collège de Juilly Collège de Vendôme École Massillon École Saint-Érembert École Saint-Martin-de-France École Saint-François École Saint-Philippe Neri Collège des Oratoriens de Joyeuse. Hôtel Fieubet Official site Alumni
2nd arrondissement of Paris
The 2nd arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is colloquially referred to as deuxième. Known as Bourse, this arrondissement is located on the right bank of the River Seine; the 2nd arrondissement, together with the adjacent 8th and 9th arrondissements, hosts an important business district, centred on the Paris Opéra, which houses the city's most dense concentration of business activities. The arrondissement contains the former Paris Bourse and a large number of banking headquarters, as well as a textile district, known as the Sentier, the Opéra-Comique's theatre, the Salle Favart; the 2nd arrondissement is the home of the largest movie theater in Paris. The 2nd arrondissement is the home of most of Paris's surviving 19th-century glazed commercial arcades. At the beginning of the 19th century, most of the streets of Paris were dark and lacked sidewalks. A few entrepreneurs copied the success of the Passage des Panoramas and its well-lit and paved pedestrian passageways.
By the middle of the 19th century, there were about two dozen of these commercial malls, but most of them disappeared as the Paris authorities paved the main streets and added sidewalks, as well as gas street lighting. The commercial survivors are – in addition to the Passage des Panoramas – the Galerie Vivienne, the Passage Choiseul, the Galerie Colbert, the Passage des Princes, the Passage du Grand Cerf, the Passage du Caire, the Passage Lemoine, the Passage Jouffroy, the Passage Basfour, the Passage du Bourg-L'abbé, the Passage du Ponceau; the 2nd arrondissement is Paris's smallest arrondissement, with a land area of just 0.992 km2 The 2nd arrondissement reached its peak of settlement in the years before 1861, although it has only existed in its current shape since the re-organization of Paris in 1860. As of the last census, the population was 19,585, while the number of jobs provided there was 61,672 – this despite a land area of only 0.992 km2, making it the arrondissement with the densest concentration of commercial activity in the capital, with an average of 62,695 jobs per km2.
¹The peak of population occurred before 1861, but thearrondissement was created in 1860, so we do not have figures before 1861. The French newspaper L'Obs has its head office in the arrondissement. Bourbon has its head office in the arrondissement. All Nippon Airways has its Paris Office in the arrondissement. China Airlines has its France office in the arrondissement. Aigle Azur's registered office is in the arrondissement. In terms of state-operated schools, the second arrondissement has three nursery schools, five primary schools, one high school; the nursery schools are École Maternelle Dussoubs, École Maternelle Saint Denis, École Maternelle Vivienne. The primary schools are École Élémentaire Beauregard, École Élémentaire Dussoubs, École Élémentaire Etienne Marcel, École Élémentaire Jussienne, École Élémentaire Louvois. Collège César Franck is the sole state-operated high school in the arrondissement.École Élémentaire Privée Saint-Sauveur is the sole private primary school institution in the second arrondissement.
Private secondary school institutions include École du 2nd Degré Général Privée Rene Reaumur, École Générale et Technologique Privée Lafayette, École du 2nd degré professionnel privée CTRE PRI ENS SOINS ESTHETIQUES, École du 2nd degré professionnel privée EC INTERNATIONALE DE COIFFURE, École du 2nd degré professionnel privée ECOLE DE BIJOUTERIE-JOAILLERIE, École technologique privée ITECOM INST TECHN COMMUNIC. Bibliothèque nationale de France historical building Galerie Colbert Opéra-Comique Paris stock exchange Passage des Panoramas Théâtre des Bouffes Parisiens Théâtre des Variétés Théâtre-Musée des Capucines, a perfume museum Tour Jean sans Peur, the last vestige of the Hôtel de Bourgogne Salle Feydeau Salle de la Bourse Théâtre de l'Hôtel de Bourgogne Rue de la Banque Place de la Bourse Boulevard de Bonne-Nouvelle Boulevard des Capucines Rue des Capucines Rue de Cléry Rue Étienne-Marcel Rue du Faubourg-Montmartre Boulevard des Italiens Rue du Louvre Rue Monsigny Boulevard Montmartre Rue Montmartre Rue Montorgueil Rue Notre-Dame des Victoires Avenue de l'Opéra Rue de la Paix Rue des Petits-Champs Boulevard Poissonnière Rue du Quatre-Septembre Rue Réaumur Rue de Richelieu Boulevard Saint-Denis Rue Saint-Denis Rue Saint-Sauveur Boulevard Sébastopol Rue de Turbigo Place des Victoires Le Guide du routard 2006: Paris.
54 Promenades en Famille. A Paris et en Île-de-France. 2nd arrondissement travel guide from Wikivoyage
4th arrondissement of Paris
The 4th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as quatrième; the arrondissement known as Hôtel-de-Ville, is situated on the right bank of the River Seine. The 4th arrondissement contains the Renaissance-era Paris City Hall, rebuilt between 1874 and 1882, it contains the Renaissance square of Place des Vosges, the overtly modern Pompidou Centre, the lively southern part of the medieval district of Le Marais, which today is known for being the gay district of Paris.. The eastern parts of the Île de la Cité as well as the Île Saint-Louis are included within the 4th arrondissement; the 4th arrondissement is known for its little streets, cafés, shops but is regarded by Parisians as expensive and congested. It is desirable for those wanting a mix of many cultures. With a land area of 1.601 km2, the 4th arrondissement is the third smallest arrondissement in the city. It is bordered to the west by the 1st arrondissement, to the north by the 3rd, to the east by the 11th and 12th, to the south by the Seine and the 5th.
The peak of population of the 4th arrondissement occurred before 1861, though the arrondissement was defined in its current shape only since the re-organization of Paris in 1860. In 1999, the population was 30,675, the arrondissement hosted 41,424 jobs. ¹The peak of population in this area occurred before 1861, but thearrondissement was created in 1860, so there are not accurate figures before 1861. The Île de la Cité has been inhabited since the 1st century BC, when it was occupied by the Parisii tribe of the Gauls; the Right Bank was first settled in the 5th century. Since the end of the 19th century, le Marais has been populated by a significant Jewish population, the Rue des Rosiers being at the heart of its community. There are a handful of kosher restaurants. Since the 1990s, gay culture has influenced the arrondissement, with new residents opening a number of bars and cafés in the area by the town hall. Bazar de l'Hôtel de Ville department store Berthillon Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal Centre Georges Pompidou Hôtel-Dieu hospital Hôtel de Sens Hôtel de Sully, on the site of a former orangery Hôtel de Ville Le Marais Rue des Rosiers Lycée Charlemagne Maison européenne de la photographie Marché aux fleurs, Place Louis Lépine Musée Boleslas Biegas, Musée Adam Mickiewicz, Salon Frédéric Chopin Musée de la Magie Notre-Dame de Paris Pavillon de l'Arsenal Prefecture of Police Quai des Célestins Saint-Jacques Tower St-Gervais-et-St-Protais Church Saint-Louis-en-l'Île Church Salle des Traditions de la Garde Républicaine Former Temple and prison Temple du Marais Place de la Bastille, including the July Column Place de l'Hôtel de Ville Place de Grève Place des Vosges Place du Chatelet Place Saint-Gervais, outside the doors of the St-Gervais-et-St-Protais Church Rue de Rivoli Square Barye The official guide, partner of the Paris Tourist office 4th arrondissement travel guide from Wikivoyage Site of the Mayor of the 4th arrondissement L'Indépendant du 4e Posts in English by an inhabitants of the 4th arrondissement since 2008: dailylife, heritage...
News on Marais in Paris
Charles Perrault was a French author and member of the Académie Française. He laid the foundations for a new literary genre, the fairy tale, with his works derived from earlier folk tales; the best known of his tales include Le Petit Chaperon Rouge, Cendrillon, Le Chat Botté, La Belle au bois Dormant and Barbe Bleue. Some of Perrault's versions of old stories have influenced the German versions published by the Brothers Grimm more than 100 years later; the stories continue to be printed and have been adapted to opera, ballet and film. Perrault was an influential figure in the 17th-century French literary scene, was the leader of the Modern faction during the Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns. Perrault was born in Paris to a wealthy bourgeois family, the seventh child of Pierre Perrault and Paquette Le Clerc, he attended good schools and studied law before embarking on a career in government service, following in the footsteps of his father and elder brother Jean. He took part in the creation of the Academy of Sciences as well as the restoration of the Academy of Painting.
In 1654, he moved in with his brother Pierre, who had purchased the position of chief tax collector of the city of Paris. When the Academy of Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres was founded in 1663, Perrault was appointed its secretary and served under Jean Baptiste Colbert, finance minister to King Louis XIV. Jean Chapelain, Amable de Bourzeys, Jacques Cassagne were appointed. Using his influence as Colbert's administrative aide, he was able to get his brother, Claude Perrault, employed as designer of the new section of the Louvre, built between 1665 and 1680, to be overseen by Colbert, his design was chosen over designs by Gian Lorenzo François Mansart. One of the factors leading to this choice included the fear of high costs, for which other architects were infamous, second was the personal antagonism between Bernini and leading members of Louis's court, including Colbert and Perrault; as Perrault further describes in his Memoirs, the king harbored private resentment at Bernini's displays of arrogance.
The king was so displeased with Bernini's equestrian statue of him that he ordered it to be destroyed. In 1668, Perrault wrote La Peinture to honor Charles Le Brun, he wrote Courses de tetes et de bague, written to commemorate the 1662 celebrations staged by Louis for his mistress, Louise-Françoise de La Baume le Blanc, duchesse de La Vallière. Perrault was elected to the Académie française in 1671, he married Marie Guichon, age 19, in 1672. In 1669 Perrault advised Louis XIV to include thirty-nine fountains each representing one of the fables of Aesop in the labyrinth of Versailles in the gardens of Versailles; the work was carried out between 1672 and 1677. Water jets spurting from the animals' mouths were conceived to give the impression of speech between the creatures. There was a plaque with a caption and a quatrain written by the poet Isaac de Benserade next to each fountain. Perrault produced the guidebook for the labyrinth, Labyrinte de Versailles, printed at the royal press, Paris, in 1677, illustrated by Sebastien le Clerc.
Philippe Quinault, a longtime family friend of the Perraults gained a reputation as the librettist for the new musical genre known as opera, collaborating with composer Jean-Baptiste Lully. After Alceste was denounced by traditionalists who rejected it for deviating from classical theater, Perrault wrote in response Critique de l'Opéra in which he praised the merits of Alceste over the tragedy of the same name by Euripides; this treatise on Alceste initiated the Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns, which pitted supporters of the literature of Antiquity against supporters of the literature from the century of Louis XIV. He was on the side of the Moderns and wrote Le Siècle de Louis le Grand and Parallèle des Anciens et des Modernes where he attempted to prove the superiority of the literature of his century. Le Siècle de Louis le Grand was written in celebration of Louis XIV's recovery from a life-threatening operation. Perrault argued that because of Louis's enlightened rule, the present age was superior in every respect to ancient times.
He claimed that modern French literature was superior to the works of antiquity, that, after all Homer nods. In 1682, Colbert forced Perrault into retirement at the age of 56, assigning his tasks to his own son, Jules-Armand, marquis d'Ormoy. Colbert would die the next year, Perrault stopped receiving the pension given to him as a writer. Colbert's bitter rival succeeded him, François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, removed Perrault from his other appointments. After this, in 1686, Perrault decided to write epic poetry and show his genuine devotion to Christianity, writing Saint Paulin, évêque de Nôle. Just like Jean Chapelain's La Pucelle, ou la France délivrée, an epic poem about Joan of Arc, Perrault became a t