Mötley Crüe is an American heavy metal band formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1981. The group was founded by bassist Nikki Sixx, drummer Tommy Lee, lead guitarist Mick Mars and lead singer Vince Neil. Mötley Crüe has sold over 100 million albums worldwide, they have achieved seven platinum or multi-platinum certifications, nine Top 10 albums on the Billboard 200 chart, twenty-two Top 40 mainstream rock hits, six Top 20 pop singles. The band experienced several short-term lineup changes in the 2000s; the members of Mötley Crüe have been noted for their hedonistic lifestyles and the androgynous personae they maintained. Following the hard rock and heavy metal origins on the band's first two albums, Too Fast for Love and Shout at the Devil, the release of its third album Theatre of Pain saw Mötley Crüe joining the first wave of glam metal; the band has been known for their elaborate live performances, which features flame thrower guitars, roller coaster drum kits, heavy use of pyrotechnics. Mötley Crüe's most recent studio album, Saints of Los Angeles, was released on June 24, 2008.
What was planned to be the band's final show took place on New Year's Eve, December 31, 2015. The concert was filmed for a theatrical and Blu-ray release in 2016. After two-and-a-half years of inactivity, Neil announced in September 2018 that Mötley Crüe had reunited and was working on new material. On March 22, 2019, the band released four new songs on the soundtrack for its Netflix biopic The Dirt, based on the band's New York Times best-selling autobiography; the soundtrack went to Number 1 on the iTunes All Genres Album Chart, Number 3 on Billboard Top Album and Digital Album sales chart, Number 10 on Billboard Top 200, Top 10 worldwide. The autobiography returned to New York Times Best Seller list at number 6 on Nonfiction Print and number 8 on Nonfiction Combined Print & E-Book. Mötley Crüe was formed on January 17, 1981, when bassist Nikki Sixx left the band London and began rehearsing with drummer Tommy Lee and vocalist/guitarist Greg Leon. Lee had worked with Leon in a band called Suite 19 and the trio practiced together for some time.
Sixx and Lee began a search for new members and soon met guitarist Bob Deal, better known as Mick Mars, after answering an advertisement that he placed in The Recycler that read: "Loud and aggressive guitar player available". Mars auditioned for Sixx and Lee, was subsequently hired. Although a lead vocalist named O'Dean was auditioned, Lee had known Vince Neil from their high school days at Charter Oak High School in Covina and the two had performed in different bands on the garage band circuit. Upon seeing him perform with the band Rock Candy at the Starwood in Hollywood, Mars suggested they have Neil join the band. At first Neil refused the offer, but as the other members of Rock Candy became involved in outside projects, Neil grew anxious to try something else. Lee asked again; the newly formed band did not yet have a name. Sixx has said that he told his bandmates that he was "thinking about calling the band "Christmas"; the other members were not receptive to that idea. While trying to find a suitable name, Mars remembered an incident that occurred when he was playing with a band called White Horse, when one of the other band members called the group "a motley looking crew".
He had remembered the phrase and copied it down as'Mottley Cru'. After modifying the spelling "Mötley Crüe" was selected as the band's name, with the stylistic decision suggested by Neil to add the two sets of metal umlauts inspired by the German beer Löwenbräu, which the members were drinking at the time. Other than the periods of February 1992 to September 1996 and of March 1999 to September 2004, the lineup of Neil, Sixx and Mars remained the same; the band soon met its first manager, Allan Coffman, the thirty-eight-year-old brother-in-law of a friend of Mars's driver. The band's first release was the single "Stick to Your Guns/Toast of the Town", released on its own record label, Leathür Records, which had a pressing and distribution deal with Greenworld Distribution in Torrance, California. In November 1981, its debut album Too Fast for Love was self-produced and released on Leathür, selling 20,000 copies. Coffman's assistant Eric Greif set up a tour of Canada, while Coffman and Greif used Mötley Crüe's success in the Los Angeles club scene to negotiate with several record labels signing a recording contract with Elektra Records in early 1982.
The debut album was re-mixed by producer Roy Thomas Baker and re-released on August 20, 1982—two months after its Canadian Warner Music Group release using the original Leathür mixes—to coincide with the tour. During the "Crüesing Through Canada Tour'82", there were several publicized incidents. First, the band was arrested and released at Edmonton International Airport for wearing their spiked stage wardrobe through customs, for Neil arriving with a small carry-on filled with porn magazines. Customs had the confiscated items destroyed. Second, while playing Scandals Disco in Edmonton, a spurious "bomb threat" against the band made the front page of the Edmonton Journal
Miyakonojō Station is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line and Kitto Line in Miyakonojō, Japan, operated by Kyushu Railway Company. The station has a Midori no Madoguchi staffed ticket office. Japanese Government Railways opened Miyakonojō Station on 8 October 1913 as the eastern terminus of its Miyazaki Line which it had been extending eastwards from Yoshimatsu since 1912. On 11 Feb 1914, Miyakonojō became a through-station when the track was extended towards the northeast to Mimata. By 21 September 1917, the track had reached line was renamed the Miyazaki Main Line. By 1923, the track had reached north to link up with the track of the Nippō Main Line at Shigeoka; the entire stretch through Miyazaki, Miyakonojō to Yoshimatsu was redesignated as part of the Nippō Main Line on 15 December 1923. By this time, the extension of the track south and west towards Kagoshima from Miyakonojō had begun. On 14 January 1923, Japanese Government Railways opened the Shibushi Line from Miyakonojō through Nishi-Miyakonojō to Sueyoshi.
By 1932, various lines stretching to Kagoshima had been linked up and through-traffic had been achieved. The lines serving Miyakonojō were redesignated; the stretch to Yoshimatsu was designated as the Kitto Line with Miyakonojō as the eastern terminus. The other tracks, with lines of various names now linked up to Kagoshima were designated as part of the Nippō Main Line. With the privatization of Japanese National Railways, the successor to Japanese Government Railways, on 1 April 1987, the station came under the control of Kyushu Railway Company. In fiscal 2016, the station was used by an average of 1,111 passengers daily, it ranked 152nd among the busiest stations of JR Kyushu. List of railway stations in Japan Official website
Chamaecyparis formosensis is a species of Chamaecyparis, endemic to Taiwan, where it grows in the central mountains at moderate to high altitudes of 1000–2900 m. It is threatened by habitat over-cutting for its valuable timber, it is a slow-growing, but long-lived and large to large coniferous tree growing to 55–60 m tall with a trunk up to 7 m in diameter. The bark is red-brown, vertically fissured and with a stringy texture; the foliage is arranged in flat sprays. The juvenile leaves, found on young seedlings, are needle-like, 4–8 mm long and glaucous bluish-green; the cones are ovoid-oblong, 6–12 mm long and 4–8 mm diameter, with 8–16 scales arranged in opposite pairs, maturing in autumn about 7–8 months after pollination. It is most related to the Japanese Chamaecyparis pisifera, which differs in smaller globose cones 4–8 mm long with 6–10 scales; the wood is soft resistant to decay, scented. This has led to excessive harvesting. A small number of the oldest and largest specimens are protected as national monuments, but much of the general population of the species still remains unprotected.
Conifers Around the World: Chamaecyparis formosensis - Taiwan sawara cypress
Cauldron is a technothriller novel by Larry Bond. The book explores a fictional modern world war scenario, set in the 1990s and involving the dissolution of NATO. Economic upheaval around the world in the early 1990s becomes an opportunity for France and Germany to consolidate their power in Europe through an alliance called the European Confederation or EurCon. However, it is a continental partnership in name only; the instability and the countries' political differences with the United States causes the dissolution of NATO in 1996. The main plot takes place in 1998; because North African immigrants are flooding Europe looking for work, riots in France and Germany prompts both countries to force a number of former Warsaw Pact nations to accept them in various factories. The first of these is a Eurocopter plant in Hungary. To further ensure subservience to EurCon, military governments are installed in several countries; the Russian army launches a coup in Moscow as well and put the incumbent Russian president under house arrest.
Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia stand up against EurCon, which deploys combat troops to their borders. France negotiates with Russia to stop natural-gas shipments to Poland; the United States comes in to support Poland by sending an LNG tanker to Gdańsk. The U. S. Navy starts sending armed convoys to force a breakthrough of the Baltic Sea and keep the supply lines open. French oppression in Eastern Europe comes to a head in May 1998 when a people's uprising in Budapest results in the puppet regime's collapse. Seeing the turmoil as a potential harbinger for unrest, France orders military forces to subjugate the Hungarians days later; the French and Germans invade Poland two months after the attack on Hungary. Because of heavy opposition, the Poles figure out that the EurCon armies plan to envelop Polish forces in a pincer movement and pull them out to safe havens in Eastern Poland. Meanwhile, the US convoys in the North Sea are still on track for Poland. EurCon mobilizes their air forces to stop the Americans.
Much of the EurCon strike force is destroyed, a last-ditch attempt to destroy the U. S. fleet with ASMP nuclear-tipped missiles is thwarted. The failed nuclear attack forces the US to launch Operation Counterweight - a concerted strike on enemy facilities in France and Germany proper. A B-52 raid levels French resupply facilities in Metz while a surgical strike destroys France's S3 IRBM silos in the Plateau d'Albion, Vaucluse; some EurCon planes in the Polish front are sent home for local defense. Behind the scenes, the French seeks Russian intervention against the anti-EurCon forces, which are fighting delaying actions to buy time for the American troops disembarking in Gdańsk. CIA operatives make contact loyalist Russian officers and learn that the EurCon-Russia treaty will both lead to a massive Russian invasion of Europe and French support for an ultra-nationalist plan for Russia to forcibly re-create the Soviet Union. Although the negotiations are complete, the assassination team eliminates emissaries from both sides before the orders are transmitted.
The Russian President is rescued and Russian forces assembling at the Polish frontier waiting for the attack signal are ordered to withdraw instead. The EurCon attack is stopped when elements of the US 101st Airborne Division hold the line in a wooded area near the town of Swiecie in time for other US armored units to reinforce them. Angered at the lack of reconnaissance of the US lines, French commanders consider redirecting part of the other EurCon forces in Hungary to join the push north. A German colonel angry at the French holding back their troops while German forces are left to die as cannon fodder leads fellow troops in deserting the French; the Germans fight off a French attack on their command post. Word of the attack and the revelations about the Franco-Russian negotiations leads Germany to sever their ties with EurCon. With US assistance and the Netherlands declare war on France, which finds itself bereft of allies when the other EurCon member-states desert as well; the French Fifth Republic falls.
The murder prompts the newly established French Sixth Republic to take action against the DGSE and its associated organizations. With the war over, the United States hosts an international free-trade summit in London. US troops in Poland return home. Nicolas Desaix - Foreign Minister and President Ross Huntington III - industrialist and close friend of the U. S. President Wilhelm von Seelow - Bundeswehr colonel, elected into the Bundestag after the war; the book received positive reviews. Kirkus Reviews praised the novel for its cast of characters and accurate presentations of military tactics. George Leef of The Freeman praised the novel's plot as a potential result of a breakdown in free trade around the world and noted Desaix's ambitions for France as akin to Napoleonic glory. Publishers Weekly commended the book for prose that advances the plot, but stated that the "too warm and fuzzy" epilogue should have been left out
Residential Surveillance at a Designated Location is a form of detention used by authorities in the People's Republic of China against individuals accused of endangering state security. The detention occurs at a location, not disclosed to the family, can include guesthouses, hotels or disused official buildings; the measure has been used since 2015 against human rights lawyers, Falun Gong practitioners and dozens of others accused of political offences, including foreigners. Well known victims have included artist Ai Weiwei, Nobel Peace Prize-winning poet Liu Xiaobo and Swedish bookseller Gui Minhai; those under residential surveillance may be held for up to six months and may only speak with other parties with permission of the police. Residential surveillance at a designated location became available to police in 2012 when Article 73 of China's Criminal Procedure Law was amended to allow it. Articles 72 to 77 of the Criminal Procedure Law describe residential surveillance being for investigation of crimes relating to “endangering state security,” “terrorism” or “serious crimes of bribery."
This form of residential surveillance does not occur at the home of the suspect, but at a place designated by the police. Forced disappearance Caster, Michael; the People's Republic of the Disappeared: Stories from Inside China's System for Enforced Disappearances. Safeguard Defenders, 2017. Myers, Steven Lee. "In China, the Brutality of ‘House Arrest’". The New York Times
Antwun Echols is an American boxer, a world middleweight contender throughout the late 1990s and early 2000s. His hometown is Iowa. Echols turned professional in 1993 and in 1999 challenged IBF middleweight title holder Bernard Hopkins. Although Echols gave Hopkins a tough fight, he lost via decision; the following year he lost a rematch with this time losing via TKO in the 10th. In 2001 he fought a crowd-pleasing bout with Charles Brewer. Echols went down three times in round two, but recovered in round three to score a TKO win to capture the vacant NABA super middleweight title. In 2003 Echols got another opportunity for a title shot after the WBA Super Middleweight Title was vacated when Sven Ottke was upgraded to'Super' champion status, he lost a close decision. In 2005, Echols lost an IBF Middleweight Eliminator to Kingsley Ikeke when he was stopped in the tenth round. Since 2005, Echols is his run as a championship caliber fighter long ended. In his most recent bout in October 2015, Echols was stopped by Derrick Findley in three rounds, the seventh consecutive bout he was stopped in the third round.
On July 30, 2007 in Davenport, Echols was shot in the leg while trying to break up a fight. In 2013, when asked how many children he has, he replied "Twenty-three, I think," admitting it could be more. At the time, he was living with four children in Dade City, Florida. Professional boxing record for Antwun Echols from BoxRec Detailed Bio