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MIT Radiation Laboratory

The Radiation Laboratory called the Rad Lab, was a microwave and radar research laboratory located at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It was first created in October 1940 and operated until 31 December 1945 when its functions were dispersed to industry, other departments within MIT, in 1951, the newly formed MIT Lincoln Laboratory; the use of microwaves for various radio and radar uses was desired before the war, but existing microwave devices like the klystron were far too low powered to be useful. Alfred Lee Loomis, a millionaire and physicist who headed his own private laboratory, organized the Microwave Committee to consider these devices and look for improvements. In early 1940, Winston Churchill organized what became the Tizard Mission to introduce US researchers to several new technologies the UK had been developing. Among these was the cavity magnetron, a leap forward in the creation of microwaves that made them practical for the first time. Loomis arranged for funding under the National Defense Research Committee and reorganized the Microwave Committee at MIT to study the magnetron and radar technology in general.

Lee A. DuBridge served as the Rad Lab director; the lab expanded, within months was larger than the UK's efforts, running for several years by this point. By 1943 the lab began to deliver a stream of ever-improved devices, which could be produced in huge numbers by the US's industrial base. At its peak, the Rad Lab employed 4,000 at MIT and several other labs around the world, designed half of all the radar systems used during the war. By the end of the war, the US held a leadership position in a number of microwave-related fields. Among their notable products were the SCR-584, the finest gun-laying radar of the war, the SCR-720, an airborne interception radar that became the standard late-war system for both US and UK night fighters, they developed the H2X, a version of the British H2S bombing radar that operated at shorter wavelengths in the X band. The Rad Lab developed Loran-A, the first worldwide radio navigation system, known as "LRN" for Loomis Radio Navigation. During the mid- and late-1930s, radio systems for the detection and location of distant targets had been developed under great secrecy in the United States and Great Britain, as well as in several other nations, notably Germany, the USSR, Japan.

These operated at Very High Frequency wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum and carried several cover names, such as Ranging and Direction Finding in Great Britain. In 1941, the U. S. Navy coined the acronym'RADAR' for such systems; the potential advantages of operating such systems in the Ultra High Frequency region were well known and vigorously pursued. One of these advantages was a critical need for detection systems on aircraft; the primary technical barrier to developing UHF systems was the lack of a usable source for generating high-power microwaves. In February 1940, researchers John Randall and Harry Boot at Birmingham University in Great Britain built a resonant cavity magnetron to fill this need. Shortly after this breakthrough, Britain's Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Roosevelt agreed that the two nations would pool their technical secrets and jointly develop many urgently needed warfare technologies. At the initiation of this exchange in the late summer of 1940, the Tizard Mission brought to America one of the first of the new magnetrons.

On October 6, Edward George Bowen, a key developer of RDF at the Telecommunications Research Establishment and a member of the mission, demonstrated the magnetron, producing some 15,000 watts of power at 3 GHz, i.e. a wavelength of 10cm. American researchers and officials were amazed at the magnetron, the NDRC started plans for manufacturing and incorporating the devices. Alfred Lee Loomis, who headed the NDRC Microwave Committee, led in establishing the Radiation Laboratory at MIT as a joint Anglo-American effort for microwave research and system development using the new magnetron; the name'Radiation Laboratory', selected by Loomis when he selected the building for it on the MIT campus, was intentionally deceptive, albeit obliquely correct in that radar uses radiation in a portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. It was chosen to imply the laboratory's mission was similar to that of the Ernest O. Lawrence's Radiation Laboratory at UC Berkeley. At the time, nuclear physics was regarded as theoretical and inapplicable to military equipment, as this was before atomic bomb development had begun.

Ernest Lawrence was an active participant in forming the Rad Lab and recruited many key members of the initial staff. Most of the senior staff were Ph. D. physicists who came from university positions. They had no more than an academic knowledge of microwaves, no background involving electronic hardware development, their capability, however, to tackle complex problems of any type was outstanding. In life, nine members of the staff were recipients of the Nobel Prize for other accomplishments. In June 1941, the NDRC became part of the new Office of Scientific Research and Development administered by Vannevar Bush, who reported directly to President Roosevelt; the OSRD was given unlimited access to funding and resources, with the Rad Lab receiving a large share for radar research and development. Starting in 1942, the Manhattan Project absorbed a number of the Rad Lab physicists in

List of Lethal Legion members

The Lethal Legion is a team of fictional characters that appear in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The first version of the Legion appears in The Avengers #78. 2, #1. The teams were created by John Buscema. Avengers #78 - 79 Grim Reaper - Madman with a hand replaced by a scythe that harbours powerful technology. Living Laser - An inventor of advanced lasers. Man-Ape - One of Wakanda's greatest warriors who performed a forbidden ritual that gave him superhuman strength. Power Man - Gained superhuman strength and durability due to an ionic ray. Swordsman - A master swordsman with different weapons in his sword. Avengers #164 - 166 Count Nefaria - A crime lord and one of the world's wealthiest men. Living Laser Power Man Whirlwind - A mutant who can rotate his body at superhuman speed. West Coast Avengers vol. 2, #1 - 2 Grim Reaper - Black Talon - A voodoo sorcerer who can create and control zombies. Goliath - A man who can grow up to 60 ft. Man-Ape - Nekra - A death-spirit. Ultron - A powerful and intelligent robot.

Marvel Age Annual #1 Attuma - An Atlantean barbarian. Batroc the Leaper - A skilled French combatant. Beetle - An engineer who invented a battlesuit that enables flight and has other functions. Black Tiger - Kurr'fri - A member of the Saurians that Ms. Marvel had encountered. Gorilla-Man - Piledriver - Porcupine - A criminal with a battle suit based on a porcupine. Sabretooth - A beast-like mutant. Thundra - A super-strong woman. Trapster - A criminal skilled with adhesives. Unicorn - Whirlwind - Wrecker - A criminal with an enchanted crowbar giving him superhuman strength. Avengers West Coast #98 - 100 Hangman Axe of Violence - A demonically-enhanced Lizzie Borden with an axe replacing one hand. Coldsteel - A demonically-enhanced Josef Stalin, now an 8 ft. giant with superhuman strength. Cyana - A demonically-enhanced Lucrezia Borgia with poisoned claws. Zyklon - A demonically-enhanced Heinrich Himmler who can belch deadly gas fumes from his mouth. Dark Reign: Lethal Legion #1 - 3 Grim Reaper - Nekra - Absorbing Man - A thug, given a potion enabling him to absorb the properties of whatever he touched.

Grey Gargoyle - A French chemist who can turn people to stone for an hour by touching them. Tiger Shark - A criminal with the DNA of a shark. Mister Hyde - A scientist who developed a formula that gives him superhuman strength. Wonder Man - Given superhuman strength and durability by an ionic ray. Avengers #676 Blood Brothers - Two Roclites. Captain Glory - A Kree, a captain in the Kree Armada. Drall - An Endrionic gladiator. Mentacle - A Rigellian with four tentacles for legs who has psychic abilities. Metal Master II - An Astran who admired the works of his predecessor; the Other - An unspecified alien. The following are members of the Lethal Legion in The Super Hero Squad Show and it's related media: Abomination Batroc the Leaper Crimson Dynamo Doctor Doom Doombots Egghead Enchantress Fin Fang Foom Impossible Man Juggernaut Klaw The Leader Manoo Megataur Melter MODOK Mole Man Moloids Mystique Plantman Pyro Ringmaster Sabertooth Skurge Screeming Mimi Tana Nile Toad Trapster Tricephalous Whirlwind Wrecking Crew Bulldozer Piledriver Thunderball The Wrecker Zzzax

2019–20 North Alabama Lions women's basketball team

The 2019–20 North Alabama Lions women's basketball team represented University of North Alabama during the 2019–20 NCAA Division I women's basketball season. They were led by head coach Missy Tiber in her seventh season at North Alabama; the Lions played their home games at the Flowers Hall in Florence, Alabama as members of the Atlantic Sun Conference. This season is North Alabama's second of a four-year transition period from Division II to Division I; as a result, the Lions are not eligible for NCAA postseason play but can participate in the ASUN Tournament. The Lions finished the 2019 -- 10-6 to finish tied in third place in ASUN play, they received an invitation to play in the Women's Basketball Invitational, where they advanced to the semifinals before losing to North Texas. The season marked the first of a four-year transition period from Division II to Division I. Source