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Mackinac Bridge

The Mackinac Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the Upper and Lower Peninsulas of the U. S. state of Michigan. Opened in 1957, the 26,372-foot-long bridge is the world's 24th-longest main span and the longest suspension bridge between anchorages in the Western Hemisphere; the Mackinac Bridge is part of Interstate 75 and the Lake Michigan and Huron components of the Great Lakes Circle Tour across the straits. S. North Country National Scenic Trail; the bridge connects the city of St. Ignace on the north end with the village of Mackinaw City on the south. Envisioned since the 1880s, the bridge was designed by the engineer David B. Steinman and completed in 1957 only after many decades of struggles to begin construction; the bridge opened on November 1957, connecting two peninsulas linked for decades by ferries. A year the bridge was formally dedicated as the "world's longest suspension bridge between anchorages", allowing a superlative comparison to the Golden Gate Bridge, which had a longer center span between towers, the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge, which had an anchorage in the middle.

It remains the longest suspension bridge with two towers between anchorages in the Western Hemisphere. Much longer anchorage-to-anchorage spans have been built in the Eastern Hemisphere, including the Akashi Kaikyō Bridge in Japan, but the long leadups to the anchorages on the Mackinac make its total shoreline-to-shoreline length of five miles, longer than the Akashi-Kaikyo. The length of the bridge's main span is 3,800 feet, which makes it the third-longest suspension span in the United States and 20th longest suspension span worldwide, it is one of the world's longest bridges overall. The Algonquian peoples who lived in the straits area prior to the arrival of Europeans in the 17th century called this region Michilimackinac, understood to mean the Great Turtle; this is thought to refer to the shape of. This interpretation of the word is debated by scholars. Trading posts at the Straits of Mackinac attracted peak populations during the summer trading season; as exploitation of the state's mineral and timber resources increased during the 19th century, the area became an important transport hub.

In 1881 the three railroads that reached the Straits, the Michigan Central, Grand Rapids & Indiana, the Detroit, Mackinac & Marquette, jointly established the Mackinac Transportation Company to operate a railroad car ferry service across the straits and connect the two peninsulas. Improved highways along the eastern shores of the Lower Peninsula brought increased automobile traffic to the Straits region starting in the 1910s; the state of Michigan initiated an automobile ferry service between Mackinaw City and St. Ignace in 1923. Traffic backups could stretch as long as 16 miles. After the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge in 1883, local residents began to imagine that such a structure could span the straits. In 1884, a store owner in St. Ignace published a newspaper advertisement that included a reprint of an artist's conception of the Brooklyn Bridge with the caption "Proposed bridge across the Straits of Mackinac"; the idea of the bridge was discussed in the Michigan Legislature as early as the 1880s.

At the time, the Straits of Mackinac area was becoming a popular tourist destination following the creation of Mackinac National Park on Mackinac Island in 1875. At a July 1888 meeting of the board of directors of the Grand Hotel on Mackinac Island, Cornelius Vanderbilt II proposed that a bridge be built across the straits, of a design similar to the one under construction across the Firth of Forth in Scotland; this would help lengthen the resort season of the hotel. Decades went by with no formal action. In 1920, the Michigan state highway commissioner advocated construction of a floating tunnel across the Straits. At the invitation of the state legislature, C. E. Fowler of New York City put forth a plan for a long series of causeways and bridges across the straits from Cheboygan, 17 miles southeast of Mackinaw City, to St. Ignace, using Bois Blanc and Mackinac islands as intermediate steps. In 1923, the state legislature ordered the State Highway Department to establish ferry service across the strait.

More and more people used ferries to cross the straits each year, as they did, the movement to build a bridge increased. Chase Osborn, a former governor, wrote: Michigan is unifying itself, a magnificent new route through Michigan to Lake Superior and the Northwest United States is developing, via the Straits of Mackinac, it cannot continue to grow as it ought with clumsy and inadequate ferries for any portion of the year. By 1928, the ferry service had become so popular and so expensive to operate that Michigan Governor Fred W. Green ordered the department to study the feasibility of building a bridge across the strait; the department deemed estimating the cost at $30 million. In 1934, the Michigan Legislature created the Mackinac Straits Bridge Authority to explore possible methods of constructing and funding the proposed bridge; the Legislature authorized the Authority to seek financing for the project. In the mid-1930s, during the Great Depression, when numerous infrastructure projects received federal aid, the Authority twice attempted to obtain federal funds for the project but was unsuccessful.

The United States Army Corps of Engineers and President Fr

Matteo Mancuso

Matteo Mancuso is an Italian jazz and rock guitarist from Palermo, Sicily. Mancuso has been called a virtuoso on the guitar. Mancuso does not use a guitar pick and he uses a unique finger-style right hand technique. Mancuso was born in 1996 in Palermo, he started playing guitar with his father Vincenzo at the age of 10. He went on to study classical guitar in the high school in Palermo. Mancuso has played with many of Sicily's musicians. "He continues to play with his father Vincenzo Mancuso with whom he plays a wide repertoire from Django Reinhardt to contemporary jazz."Mancuso performed at NAMM 2019 in Los Angeles. He performed at the Young Guitarist Festival in Bangkok, Thailand. In 2017, Mancuso founded a trio called “SNIPS”, which includes Salvatore Lima, on drums and Riccardo Oliva on bass. SNIPS is Jazz\Fusion band and their music is based on rearrangements of popular fusion standards and original compositions; the trio has played at the Musika-Expo in Rome and in April at Musikmesse in Frankfurt.

Mancuso has developed a unique finger style technique: at times he uses his picking hand like Wes Montogomery and he switches to using a rest stroke with his index finger and middle finger to pick the strings like a classical guitar player. Mancuso is followed by a large international audience on the internet. "There's this Italian kid on the internet—Matteo Mancuso. He's something, he plays an SG and he does this flamenco-style thing. I mean, he's a virtuoso beyond virtuosos." Tosin Abasi Mancuso is sponsored by Yamaha and Line 6. Mancuso plays a Yamaha Revstar 720B equipped with 2 VT5 humbuckers, he uses a Line 6 Helix LT pedalboard and a Fractal AX8. Early on Mancuso played a Gibson SG guitar. Mancuso used MAMA pickups in his guitar. Matteo Mancuso in 2014 developing his fingerstyle technique Matteo Mancuso in 2018 developing his fingerstyle technique Fingerstyle guitar Mancuso in 2014 developing his finger-style method Mancuso in 2018

Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1988

Germany was represented by mother and daughter duo Maxi & Chris Garden with the song "Lied für einen Freund", at the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest, which took place on 30 April in Dublin. "Lied für einen Freund", written by prolific Eurovision duo Ralph Siegel and Bernd Meinunger, was the winner of the German national final, held on 31 March. Maxi & Chris Garden had finished second in the 1987 German final; the final was held at the Frankenhalle in hosted by Jenny Jürgens. 12 songs took part and the winner was chosen by a panel of 600 people, selected as providing a representative cross-section of the German public. Among the other participants was Cindy Berger, who had represented Germany as half of Cindy & Bert in 1974. One of the songs which failed to qualify for the 1988 German national final, "Das Beste" by male/female duo Duett became embroiled in controversy when it was entered by the same performers in the 1990 Austrian selection, which it duly won in dramatic circumstances after the female singer had appeared to faint onstage during the initial performance.

When the song's previous history subsequently came to light, Austrian broadcaster ORF had no choice but to disqualify it as a clear violation of Eurovision rules, handing the 1990 Austrian ticket to original runner-up Simone Stelzer. On the night of the final the duo performed 11th in the running order, following Ireland and preceding Austria. At the close of voting, "Lied für einen Freund" had received 48 points, placing Germany 14th of the 21 entries; the German jury awarded its 12 points to contest winners Switzerland. Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest Eurovision Song Contest 1988


Irregularia is an extant infraclass of sea urchins that first appeared in the Lower Jurassic. These particular sea urchins are distinguished from other sea urchins by their irregular shape: the anus and even the mouth are no more at the two poles of the test, creating a bilateral symmetry instead of the classical 5-fold symmetry of echinoderms; the group includes the well known heart urchins, as well as flattened sand dollars, sea biscuits and some other forms. Most of them live inside the sediment, moving in thanks to their particular spines, feed on its organic fraction. Super-order Atelostomata fossil family Acrolusiidae Mintz, 1968 † fossil family Collyritidae d'Orbigny, 1853 † fossil family Disasteridae Gras, 1848 † order Holasteroida order Spatangoida fossil family Tithoniidae Mintz, 1968 † fossil genus Atlasaster Lambert, 1931 † fossil family Desorellidae Lambert, 1911a † order Echinoneoida fossil family Galeropygidae Lambert, 1911a † fossil genus Grasia Michelin, 1854 † fossil order Holectypoida † fossil family Menopygidae Lambert, 1911 † fossil genus Mesodiadema Neumayr, 1889 † super-order Neognathostomata familia Apatopygidae Kier, 1962 fossil family Archiaciidae Cotteau & Triger, 1869 † order Cassiduloida order Clypeasteroida fossil family Clypeidae Lambert, 1898 † fossil family Clypeolampadidae Kier, 1962 † order Echinolampadoida fossil family Nucleolitidae L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847 † fossil family Pygaulidae Lambert, 1905 † fossil genus Pygolampas Saucède, Dudicourt & Courville, 2012 † fossil order Oligopygoida Kier, 1967 † fossil family Pygasteridae Lambert, 1900 † fossil family Pygorhytidae Lambert, 1909b † Barnes, Robert D..

Invertebrate Zoology. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. P. 981. ISBN 0-03-056747-5. Kroh A, Mooi R. "Irregularia". World Echinoidea Database. World Register of Marine Species

Shell Busey

Shell Busey is a Canadian radio and television personality and home improvement expert. He was the host of the Home Discovery Show until July 2011, a talk radio show on the Corus Radio Network, he is the creator of the HouseSmart Home Services Referral Network, a conglomerate of over 170 different trades, home services and home products available across Canada. In addition to being a guest on other radio shows, Busey makes numerous public appearances at home shows and charity events. Busey and his wife live in Surrey, British Columbia. Shell Emerson Busey was born in Owen Sound, Ontario on November 25, 1942, he was the third of five children. Busey's father Emerson worked for many years for the now-demolished Kennedy Foundry in Owen Sound, was credited for inventing the “Shaper Plane”, a machine that would shave down large ship propellers to their desired final shapes. Emerson became a tool and die maker for RCA Victor. Shell Busey didn't care much for schoolwork as a young man; as a youth Busey delivered The Globe and Mail in the morning and The Toronto Star and Owen Sound's local Sun Times in the evening on his bicycle.

Busey moved on from paper delivery to delivering prescription drugs for Bill Murphy's Drug Store in Owen Sound. At the age of 13, Busey entered the Industrial Program at Owen Sound Collegiate and Vocational Institute, where he took instruction in cabinetry, plumbing, motor mechanics and drafting. One of his teachers, Bill Graham, helped. In 1961, at age 18, Busey began work as a stock boy at Beaver Lumber in Owen Sound, he earned himself a sales desk position. Beaver Lumber's store manager, Roy Kennedy, recommended Busey for the Beaver Lumber Management Training program. Busey attended the program in Oakville, attaining his management certificate in 1965, that year, at the age of 22, he assumed the role of assistant manager at Beaver Lumber in Barrie, Ontario. After less than a year, Busey received another promotion and, with his wife Frankie, moved to Orangeville, where he assumed the role of store manager—at age 23, the youngest in the entire Beaver Lumber chain. From 1968 to 1974, Busey transferred to several Beaver Lumber locations across the province from Sault Ste.

Marie to Windsor to Oakville, moving from manager to supervisor. In 1974 Shell Busey and his young family moved to British Columbia where Busey would manage the western Canada division of Saveway Stores. At the time, Saveway was a brand new cash-and-carry arm of the Beaver Lumber Group, Busey was supervising the changeover of four locations: Ladner, Langley and Surrey. In addition, Busey was responsible for the supervision of Beaver Lumber stores in Prince George, Fort St. John, Vanderhoof and the Yukon. Busey left Beaver Lumber in 1975 to take on a position as merchandise manager for Independent Retail Lumber Yard Building Supplies. In 1976, upon the request of Beaver Lumber, Busey travelled to Whitehorse to set up the first Beaver Lumber franchise in the Yukon. Upon his return to Delta, B. C. became a consultant to the Surrey Co-op in Cloverdale. In 1977, Busey purchased a Windsor Plywood franchise with his wife Frankie. Busey and his wife turned the once struggling franchise into an award-winning successful business.

Less than two years Busey opened a satellite location on Scott Road in Surrey, which he called Ye Olde Hardware Store. The business didn't do as well as he had hoped and he sold the store in 1980. Busey and Frankie expanded their original Windsor Plywood store and, in 1981, purchased a second franchise in Coquitlam, B. C. In the spring of 1983 the Buseys decided to leave the Windsor Plywood franchise and operate independently, first as Mr. Build Centre, changing the name to Build-it Centre. In 1983 Busey began hosting his own home improvement radio program called The Build-It Show on CJOR, a talk radio station in Vancouver; the radio program became more popular than he had imagined, CJOR set up a small studio in Busey's office at the Build-It Centre in Delta. Busey would serve customers during the commercial breaks. Busey sold the Coquitlam Build-It Centre in 1985, the location in Delta in 1987, his career as a radio personality continued with CJOR, until he was approached by a Canadian FM network called CKO, which would broadcast The Build-It Show right across Canada.

However, the CKO station struggled to survive. Busey returned to CJOR. By the late 1980s, Busey was well known for his radio shows throughout most of western Canada. In 1988 BC Hydro asked Busey to become the spokesperson for their new PowerSmart program, requesting that he host a radio program encouraging the people of British Columbia to become more energy-conscious; because they wanted province-wide exposure for the program, BC Hydro allied with CKNW in Vancouver, which had the means through their subsidiary Western Information Network — the first owned satellite-based radio network in Canada. Busey made his first foray into network radio across B. C. with the BC Hydro Home Ideas Show, a call-in home renovation program. The Home Ideas Show gave Busey the opportunity to see just about every corner of B. C. when he hit the road with the PowerSmart Tour. Busey would broadcast his radio show via satellite from the small towns he visited, educating people to become more energy-conscious. After his 10-year contract with BC Hydro came to an end, Cloverdale Paint became the new sponsor for Busey's radio program, renamed the Home Discovery Show.

Shell Busey was replaced in early July 2011 by hosts Steve Seaborn. The Home Discovery Show was more popular than ever

Astrakhan electoral district (Russian Constituent Assembly election, 1917)

The Astrakhan electoral district was a constituency created for the 1917 Russian Constituent Assembly election. The electoral district covered parts of the Astrakhan Governorate, excluding the areas of the Bukey Horde and the Kalmyk Steppe; the account of U. S. historian Oliver Henry Radkey is incomplete, with some votes missing. In Astrakhan town, the Bolsheviks got 9,556 votes, the Kadets 8,981 votes, the Muslim list 6,376 votes, the SRs 4,310 votes, the Cossack list 3,900 votes, the Mensheviks 1,486 votes and the Popular Socialists 191 votes; the Bolsheviks won 53.4% of the votes in the Astrakhan garrison