Santa Monica Mountains
The Santa Monica Mountains is a coastal mountain range in Southern California, paralleling the Pacific Ocean. It is part of the Transverse Ranges, because of its proximity to densely populated regions, it is one of the most visited natural areas in California. Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area is located in this mountain range, the range extends approximately 40 miles east-west from the Hollywood Hills in Los Angeles to Point Mugu in Ventura County. The mountain range contributed to the isolation of this vast coastal plain before regular transportation routes reached western Ventura County, the eastern mountains form a barrier between the San Fernando Valley and the Los Angeles Basin, separating the Valley on the north and west-central Los Angeles on the south. The Santa Monica Mountains are parallel to Santa Susana Mountains, which are located north of the mountains across the San Fernando Valley. The range is of height, with no particularly craggy or prominent peaks outside the Sandstone Peak.
While often rugged and wild, the hosts a substantial amount of human activity. Houses, roads and recreational centers are dotted throughout the Santa Monica Mountains, a number of creeks in the Santa Monica Mountains are part of the Los Angeles River watershed. Beginning at the end of the San Fernando Valley the river runs to the north of the mountains. After passing between the range and the Verdugo Mountains it flows south around Elysian Park defining the easternmost extent of the mountains, the Santa Monica Mountains have more than 1,000 archeology sites of significance, primarily from the Californian Native American cultures of the Tongva and Chumash people. The mountains were part of their homelands for over eight thousand years before the arrival of the Spanish. The Spanish mission system had a impact on their culture and by 1831. Geologists consider the northern Channel Islands to be an extension of the Santa Monicas into the Pacific Ocean. The range was created by repeated episodes of uplifting and submergence by the Raymond Fault that created complex layers of sedimentary rock, volcanic intrusions have been exposed, including the poorly named, Sandstone Peak the highest in the range at 3,111 feet.
Malibu Creek, which eroded its own channel while the mountains were slowly uplifted, the Santa Monica Mountains have dry summers with frequent coastal fog on the ocean side of the range and wet, cooler winters. In the summer, the climate is dry, which makes the range prone to wildfires. Snow is unusual in the Santa Monica Mountains, since they are not as high as the nearby San Gabriel Mountains. The highest slopes of the central and western Santa Monica Mountains average as much as 27 inches of rain per year, the bulk of the rain falls between November and March
Soka University of America
Soka University of America is a four-year liberal arts university located in Aliso Viejo, the United States. It has a graduate and an undergraduate program, a much larger and older sister school, Soka University of Japan, is located in Hachiōji, Tokyo. SUA encompasses both a liberal arts college and a graduate school offering a Masters program in Educational Leadership. SUA hosts the Pacific Basin Research Center and the academic journal Annals of Scholarship, the school is noted for being in the top three in terms of first-year student happiness in the United States as measured by retention rates. SUA is a secular and nonsectarian university founded by Daisaku Ikeda, Makiguchi was an elementary school principal, strongly influenced by John Dewey and American educational progressivism. This student-centered and humanistic philosophy, he argued, made the purpose of education an effort to lead students to happiness, Education, he asserted, should be directed toward creating value for the individual and society.
Makiguchi was a pacifist and an ardent believer in religious liberty, jailed by Japanese authorities during World War II for ideas and actions inimical to the war effort, he died in prison on 18 November 1944. Ikeda describes the founding of SUA as the fruition of the dreams of Makiguchi, in 1987, SUA was formed as a not-for-profit organization incorporated in the state of California. Initially it was a graduate school located on the 588-acre former Gillette−Brown Ranch in Calabasas. Originally the location was the site of pre-Columbian Talepop, a settlement of the Chumash people and it was within the Mexican land grant Rancho Las Virgenes in the 19th century. In the 1920s, it became the estate of King Gillette with a mansion designed by Wallace Neff. In 1986, CUT sold the 219 acres property to Soka University of Japan, Soka University of America, originally called Soka University of Los Angeles, initially operated a small ESL school at the Calabasas campus, enrolling just under 100 students.
In 1990 SUA announced plans to build a future liberal arts college on campus, SUA appealed the eminent domain action. Soka University was prevented from developing any plans at the Calabasas property. The Graduate School held its first commencement in December 1995, the Aliso Viejo campus opened May 3,2001 to a freshman class of 120 students from 18 countries and 18 states. The former campus is now public parkland, known as King Gillette Ranch Park, in 2007 the Calabasas campus was closed and the Graduate School relocated to the Aliso Viejo campus. In 1995, the university bought 103 acres of rough-graded property for $25 million in Aliso Viejo, located in southern Orange County, California. It spent $225 million to build the first 18 buildings of the new campus, the architecture was designed in a style resembling an Italian hillside village in Tuscany, with red-tiled roofs and earth colors
As of the 2010 census, the citys population was 23,058, up from 20,033 at the 2000 census. The city was incorporated in 1991. It is noted for its residents and gated neighborhoods. The Leonis Adobe, a structure in Old Town Calabasas. It is generally accepted that the name of Calabasas is derived from the Spanish calabaza meaning pumpkin, some historians hold the theory that Calabasas is derived from the Chumash word calahoosa which is said to mean where the wild geese fly. Owing to vast presence of wild plants in the area. The following spring, hundreds of pumpkin seeds sprouted alongside the road, the area was named Las Calabasas - the place where the pumpkins fell. The festival has evolved from a fair to a significant annual event. The citys official logo, depicting a red-tailed hawk flying over the Santa Monica Mountains, symbolizes a commitment to preserving the natural beauty. This logo is featured on the Calabasas city flag which is flown in front of City Hall, the city is located in the southwest corner of the San Fernando Valley and comprises a portion of the Santa Monica Mountains.
It is 22 miles away from downtown Los Angeles and it is bordered by the Woodland Hills area of Los Angeles to the northeast, Topanga to the east, Malibu to the south, Agoura Hills to the west, and Hidden Hills to the north. The historic El Camino Real runs east–west through Calabasas as the Ventura Freeway 101, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.0 square miles. 12.9 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is covered by water, in a part of the city near Calabasas High School and A. C. Stelle Middle School, all of the public streets are named patriotically. These include Declaration Ave. America Way, Liberty Bell Rd. Paul Revere Dr. Founders Dr. Bon Homme Rd. one of the oldest neighborhoods in Calabasas is Park Moderne, or the Bird Streets. From Parkway Calabasas, Hidden Hills West, Calabasas Hills, Calabasas Park Estates, from Las Virgenes, Mountain View Estates, Monte Nido, Deer Springs, Stone Creek, El Encanto, Mont Calabasas, Malibu Canyon Park, The Colony at Calabasas, and Avalon Calabasas.
Mont Calabasas, a community on Las Virgenes Road, was annexed into the city of Calabasas in 2011, prior to annexation, the neighborhood was located in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County. From Lost Hills Road, Calabasas View, Saratoga Hills, Saratoga Ranch, Deer Springs, the 2010 United States Census reported Calabasas to have a population of 23,058. The population density was 1,780.4 people per square mile
How Green Was My Valley (film)
How Green Was My Valley is a 1941 drama film directed by John Ford. The movie, based on the 1939 Richard Llewellyn novel of the name, was produced by Darryl F. Zanuck. The movie features Walter Pidgeon, Maureen OHara, Anna Lee, Donald Crisp and it was nominated for ten Academy Awards, famously beating Citizen Kane for Best Picture along with winning Best Director, Best Cinematography, and Best Supporting Actor. The movie tells of the Morgans, a hard-working Welsh mining family living in the heart of the South Wales Valleys during the 19th century, the story chronicles life in the South Wales coalfields, the loss of that way of life and its effects on the family. The fictional village in the movie is based on Gilfach Goch, Llewellyn spent many summers there visiting his grandfather, in 1990, the movie was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry of the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. The Academy Film Archive preserved How Green Was My Valley during 1998, the movie begins with a monologue by an older Huw Morgan, I am packing my belongings in the shawl my mother used to wear when she went to the market.
And Im going from my valley, and this time, I shall never return. The valley and its villages are now blackened by the mines that fill the area. A young Huw, the youngest child of Gwilym Morgan, walks home with his father to meet his mother, Beth. His older brothers, Ivor, Gwilym Jr. and Owen all work in the mines with their father. Huws childhood is idyllic, the town, not yet overrun with mining spoil, is beautiful, Huw is smitten on meeting Bronwyn, a girl engaged to be married to his oldest brother, Ivor. At the boisterous wedding party Angharad meets the new preacher, Mr. Gruffydd, trouble begins when the mine owner decreases wages, and the miners strike in protest. Gwilyms attempt to mediate by not endorsing a strike estranges him from the miners as well as his older sons. Beth interrupts a late night meeting of the strikers, threatening to kill anyone who harms her husband, while returning home, crossing the fields in a snowstorm in the dark, Beth falls into the river. Huw dives in to save her with the help of the townspeople and he recovers with the help of Mr.
Gruffydd, which further endears him to Angharad. The strike is settled, and Gwilym and his sons reconcile. Angharad is courted by the owners son, Iestyn Evans. Mr Gruffydd loves her too, to the delight of the gossipy townswomen
Tarzan Escapes is a 1936 Tarzan film based on the character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs. It was the third in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Tarzan series to feature Johnny Weissmuller as the King of the Apes. Janes two cousins and Rita, arrive in Africa to tell Jane about a fortune left to her back in their world and they are led to Tarzans escarpment home by Captain Fry, a hunter with an agenda of his own. Jane convinces Tarzan to let her go back with Eric and Rita, but Captain Fry attempts to capture Tarzan to take him back to civilization so he can be put on public display, and actually succeeds in caging Tarzan. Frys plan goes wrong when the natives capture Tarzan in his cage, Tarzan manages to escape with the help of elephants and Cheeta, and guides whats left of Frys party through a cave passage filled with treacherous quicksands. Just before they exit the caves to safety, Tarzan forces Fry to go back the way they came as punishment for his betrayal. Fry starts to go back, seizes a heavy branch to attack Tarzan and Eric tell Jane that it is not necessary for her to return with them and that she belongs with Tarzan.
The film ends with Tarzan and Jane reunited at their tree house, Johnny Weissmuller as Tarzan Maureen OSullivan as Jane John Buckler as Captain John Fry Benita Hume as Rita William Henry as Eric Herbert Mundin as Rawlins E. E. McKay shot many of the scenes, but he was replaced by John Farrow in 1936 who re-shot much of the film. Richard Thorpe would finally get credit for directing the film, film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported an approval rating of 71%, based on 7 reviews, with a rating average of 6. 1/10. Tarzan Escapes at the Internet Movie Database Tarzan Escapes at the TCM Movie Database
Malibou Lake, California
Malibou Lake is a small and historic lake and community in the Santa Monica Mountains near Agoura Hills, California, USA. Located within Malibu Creek State Park, and almost completely surrounded by the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area and it was created in 1922 after a dam was built at the confluence of two creeks, the lake, and community of 250 residents are private. EBird shows data that Malibou Lake is a well travelled migratory bird stop, about 100 Hollywood movies have been filmed since the silent film period. A DVD made in 2007 has clippings of all made in the backdrop of the Malibou lake. They named it Humaliwo or the surf sounds loudly, the regions name, originally given by the Spanish, derives from this, as the Hu syllable is not stressed. At the turn of the 20th century, the Malibu area was going through a significant turning point, the original Chumash inhabitants were all but gone, and the Spanish who had civilized them had found their California in the hands of mostly Caucasian mountain men.
As the Santa Monica Mountains became a white, English-speaking community, despite being aware of the Spanish spelling of Malibu, those who settled the Cornell area often spelt it Malibou, so as to Anglicize it. In 1922, George Wilson and Bertram Lackey bought 350 acres of land near Cornell with the vision of creating a residential community surrounding a lake. In 1922, they formed the Malibou Lake Club For nearly four years Malibou Lake remained dry as a bone. Because of this, the Malibou Lake Mountain Club received harsh criticism from early cabin owners, finally on April 5,1926, a late spring storm produced nearly five inches of rain. The vast hillsides nearby drained millions of gallons of water into Medea and Triunfo Creeks, the founding members threw a party that lasted for days. The club land is rich with Live Oak and Sycamore trees, a historic 1936 clubhouse by well respected early Los Angeles architectural firm and Alpaugh stands today. A larger MLMC clubhouse burned down back in 1936,1936 fire and In 1961, Malibu Lake suffered severe drought and dried up.
Attempts to resurrect the situation were initially unsuccessful, over the past few decades the community of Malibu Lake has proved successful in preserving the lake area and resisting various proposals for mass development in the area. Malibou Lake is located in the Santa Monica Mountains, half a mile south of Mulholland Highway and it can be reached via the Ventura Freeway, approximately 3 miles to the north. The Malibu Lake area includes parts of Point Dume and Thousand Oaks, the lake sits at the bottom of a sharp defile where the confluence of Medea and Triunfo Creeks forms Malibu Creek. Here, the canyon widens into a valley that includes the lake. The lake is situated in the midst of the Santa Monica Mountains Recreation Area, according to the official tourism portal, many large ranches had been set up here by Ronald Reagan
Gillette is a brand of mens safety razors and other personal care products including shaving supplies, owned by the multi-national corporation Procter & Gamble. Based in Boston, United States, it was owned by The Gillette Company, the Gillette Company was founded by King C. Gillette in 1901 as a safety razor manufacturer, under the leadership of Colman M. Mockler Jr. as CEO from 1975–91, the company was the target of three takeover attempts, from Ronald Perelman and Coniston Partners. On October 1,2005, Procter & Gamble finalized its merger with the Gillette Company, the Gillette Companys assets were incorporated into a P&G unit known internally as Global Gillette. In July 2007, Global Gillette was dissolved and incorporated into Procter & Gambles other two divisions, Procter & Gamble Beauty and Procter & Gamble Household Care. Gillettes brands and products were divided between the two accordingly, Gillettes subsidiaries Braun and Oral-B, among others, have been retained by P&G. The first safety razor using the new disposable blade went on sale in 1903, Gillette maintained a limited range of models of this new type razor until 1921 when the original Gillette patent expired.
In anticipation of the event, Gillette introduced a redesigned razor and offered it at a variety of prices in different cases and finishes, including the long running “aristocrat. Gillette continued to sell the original razor but instead of pricing it at $5, it was priced at $1, in 1932 the Gillette Blue Blade, so-named because it was dipped in blue lacquer, was introduced. It became one of the most recognizable blades in the world, in 1934 the Twist to Open design, was intuitionistic. It featured butterfly-like doors that made blade changing much easier than it had been, razor handles continued to advance to allow consumer to achieve a closer shave. In 1947, the new Super Speed model, a TTO design, was introduced and this was updated in 1955, with different versions being produced to shave more closely—the degree of closeness being marked by the color of the handle tip. In 1955, the first adjustable razor was produced and this allowed for an adjustment of the blade to increase the closeness of the shave.
The model, in versions, remained in production until 1988. The Super Speed razor was again redesigned in 1966 and given a black resin coated metal handle and it remained in production until 1988. A companion model, The Knack, with a plastic handle, was produced from 1966 to 1975. In Europe, the Knack was sold as Slim Twist and G2000 from 1978 to 1988, a version known as G1000 was made in England and available until 1998. A modern version of the Tech, with a thin handle, is still produced and sold in several countries under the names 7 Oclock, Nacet, Rubie
Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician and actor who was the 40th President of the United States, from 1981 to 1989. Before his presidency, he was the 33rd Governor of California, from 1967 to 1975, after a career as a Hollywood actor and union leader. Raised in a family in small towns of northern Illinois, Reagan graduated from Eureka College in 1932. After moving to Hollywood in 1937, he became an actor, Reagan was twice elected President of the Screen Actors Guild, the labor union for actors, where he worked to root out Communist influence. In the 1950s, he moved into television and was a speaker at General Electric factories. Having been a lifelong Democrat, his views changed and he became a conservative and in 1962 switched to the Republican Party. In 1964, Reagans speech, A Time for Choosing, in support of Barry Goldwaters foundering presidential campaign, Building a network of supporters, he was elected Governor of California in 1966. Entering the presidency in 1981, Reagan implemented sweeping new political, in his first term he survived an assassination attempt, spurred the War on Drugs, and fought public sector labor.
During his re-election bid, Reagan campaigned on the notion that it was Morning in America, foreign affairs dominated his second term, including ending of the Cold War, the bombing of Libya, and the Iran–Contra affair. Publicly describing the Soviet Union as an empire, and during his famous speech at the Brandenburg Gate. Jack, a salesman and storyteller, was the grandson of Irish Catholic immigrants from County Tipperary, Reagan had one older brother, John Neil Reagan, who became an advertising executive. As a boy, Reagans father nicknamed his son Dutch, due to his fat little Dutchman-like appearance and Dutchboy haircut, Reagans family briefly lived in several towns and cities in Illinois, including Monmouth and Chicago. In 1919, they returned to Tampico and lived above the H. C, Pitney Variety Store until finally settling in Dixon. After his election as president, residing in the upstairs White House private quarters, for the time, Reagan was unusual in his opposition to racial discrimination, and recalled a time in Dixon when the local inn would not allow black people to stay there.
Reagan brought them back to his house, where his mother invited them to stay the night and have breakfast the next morning, after the closure of the Pitney Store in late 1920 and the familys move to Dixon, the midwestern small universe had a lasting impression on Reagan. Reagan attended Dixon High School, where he developed interests in acting and his first job was as a lifeguard at the Rock River in Lowell Park in 1927. Over a six-year period, Reagan reportedly performed 77 rescues as a lifeguard and he attended Eureka College, a Disciples-oriented liberal arts school, where he became a member of the Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity, a cheerleader, and studied economics and sociology. While involved, the Miller Center of Public Affairs described him as an indifferent student and he majored in economics and sociology, and graduated with a C grade
Tora! Tora! Tora!
Tora. is a 1970 Japanese-American historical war film that dramatizes the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. The title is the Japanese codeword used to indicate that complete surprise had been achieved, in August 1939, a trade embargo imposed by the United States is depriving a belligerent Japan of raw materials. Influential army figures and politicians push through an alliance with Germany and Italy in September 1940, the newly appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Combined Fleet Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto reluctantly orders the planning of a preemptive strike on the U. S. Pacific Fleet anchored at Pearl Harbor, believing that Japans best hope of achieving control of the Pacific Ocean is to annihilate the fleet at the outset of hostilities. Air Staff Officer Minoru Genda is chosen to mastermind the operation while his old Naval Academy classmate Mitsuo Fuchida is selected to lead the attack, monitoring the transmissions are U. S. Army Col. Bratton and U. S. Navy Lt. Commander Kramer. Short recommends parking all aircraft at the base on the runways, several months pass with diplomatic tensions continuing to escalate between the U. S.
and Japan. As the Japanese ambassador continues negotiations to stall for time, the Japanese fleet sorties into the Pacific, at dawn on December 7, the Japanese fleet launches its aircraft. As a result, the Japanese achieve complete surprise and a joyous commander Fuchida, riding in a Nakajima B5N Kate, sends the code to begin the attack, meeting no opposition, the Japanese planes savage Pearl Harbor with a series of attacks. The damage to the base is catastrophic with the Americans suffering severe casualties. Seven battleships are sunk or heavily damaged. Hours after the attack is over, General Short and Admiral Kimmel finally receive Marshalls telegram warning of impending danger, in Washington, the Secretary of State Cordell Hull is stunned on learning of the attack and urgently requests confirmation before receiving the Japanese ambassador. The message that was transmitted to the Japanese embassy in 14 parts – a declaration of war – was meant to be delivered to the Americans at 1,00 pm,30 minutes before the attack.
However, it was not decoded and transcribed in time, with the result that the attack took place while the two nations were still at peace. The distraught Japanese ambassador, helpless to explain the late ultimatum, noting that nothing would infuriate the Americans more he concludes, I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve. The film was deliberately cast with actors who were not true box-office stars, the original cast list had included many Japanese amateurs. Despite a breakthrough in intelligence, they had received limited warning of the risk of aerial attack. Recognizing that a balanced and objective recounting was necessary, Zanuck developed an American-Japanese co-production and he was helped out by his son, Richard D. Zanuck, who was chief executive at Fox during this time. Tora. took three years to plan and prepare for the eight months of principal photography, the film was created in two separate productions, one based in the United States, directed by Richard Fleischer, and one based in Japan
A backlot is an area behind or adjoining a movie studio, containing permanent exterior buildings for outdoor scenes in filmmaking or television productions, or space for temporary set construction. Some movie studios build a variety of sets on the backlot. There are streets that comprise an assortment of styles, Victorian to suburban homes. An example of this is Forty Acres in Culver City, California or, in the case of Universal Studios, the home of Norman Bates from the Hitchcock movie Psycho. The shells, or façades, on a studio backlot are usually constructed with three sides and a roof, often missing the back wall and/or one of the side walls. The interior is a space, with no rooms, and from the back of the structure one can see the electrical wires, pipes and scaffolding. Ladders are usually built into the structure, allowing performers to climb to a window or the roof to perform scenes. Not all the buildings and houses are shells, some are closed in with a fourth wall. When not otherwise in use, they serve as facilities for lighting.
When in use, the structures are dressed by adding doors, window treatments, l-shaped temporary walls are placed inside of doors to give the illusion of an interior. When not in use, the structures are stripped of this dressing. Television shows such as Moonlighting and Its Garry Shandlings Show broke the fourth wall and gave audiences a peek of life on the other side of the camera. All the sets on a studio backlot are built so that what seems large, or as if it covers miles of ground on the big or small screen, today many studio backlots are gone or nearly gone. There are several reasons for this, los Angeles, like the rest of the United States, went through an economic boom after World War II. This caused real estate prices and property taxes linked to market value to rise dramatically. At the same time, during the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, global movie audiences were annoyed by films that were supposedly set all over the world. The primitive special effects technology of the era made it difficult to remove clues, audiences wanted to see actors in locations which were both exotic and authentic, as opposed to tacky Hollywood copies.
The box office failure of the 1968 film Camelot was blamed in part on this issue, many were razed and the land was either sold to developers or repurposed for theme parks or office buildings
The Claretians, a community of Roman Catholic priests and brothers, were founded by Saint Anthony Claret in 1849. Their ministries are highly diverse and vary depending on the needs of the area and they focus on seeing life through the eyes of the poor and respond to the biggest need at the time. They have a devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Their formal title is the Congregation of Missionaries, Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary, but they are popularly known as the Claretians. Claret had been thinking for a time about preparing priests to proclaim the Gospel. Only 20 days after the CMFs founding, Claret received news of his appointment as Archbishop of Cuba, the Congregation was left under the guidance of one of the co-founders, Esteban Sala, who died in 1858. Another co-founder, José Xifré, took over the directorship, under his leadership the Congregation established its came first mission was in Equatorial Guinea. In the Year 1973 through the instrumentality of Fr Christian Ihedoro, with the coming of the Revolution of 1868, the Congregation was suppressed by the state and all the Missionaries had to seek refuge in France.
Archbishop Claret went into exile there and he played a major role editing the Constitutions, which the Holy See approved on February 11,1870, only a few months before his death. At this time the institute had its first holy martyr, Francisco Crusats, the missionaries often faced extreme hardships. Of the eleven that made up the first expedition to Cuba all, in 1949 all the missionaries were expelled from China. In May 2000 Father Rhoel Gallardo was murdered by Islamic separatists in Mindanao, the Claretians work is as diverse as its priests. They live together in community and serving in a variety of ministries devoted to social concerns and issues of justice, within each community the Claretians share daily prayer and meal preparation. Claretians work in parishes, foreign missions, periodical publishing, outreaches to young people, summer camps and they attend to the needs of immigrants and families. They lead trips for the leaders of tomorrow with leadership training. There are more than 3,000 Claretian priests and brothers ministering in more than 65 countries on five continents and they publish the magazine U. S.
Catholic. The Congregation has a devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. The Congregation has made significant contributions to Marian studies, the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Rome, had come to Southern California by way of Mexico in the early 1900s, working in Los Angeles inner city missions